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Akhlak nabi Muhammad saw?
Al Qur'an. So .... how is akhlak Muhammad? read Al Qur'an and read Muhammad say about all connected with all items of Al Qur'an, called Hadist.
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Islam is the fastest growing religious belief system on earth. With no less than 1.6 billion followers, it is the second-largest religion in the world and is the dominant reli…gion throughout the Middle East and in many parts of Africa. It also has a growing community in Europe and the United States, and many of the tenets of the faith remain controversial. Like most religions, it has a long and ancient history and traces its lineage back to the 7th century.Before Islam had been founded as a belief system, the Arabic people worshipped a pantheon of Gods and lived in a nomadic tribal society. Hedjaz, an area that is believed to be west of present-day Saudi Arabia, was the largest commercial center of classical Arabia and was populated by a large tribe known as the Quraysh. Muhammad, the most revered figure in Islam other than God, was born to the large Quraysh tribe, and when he was around 40 years old, in the year 610, he claimed to have been visited by God. It was during this visit that he first started to write these heavenly revelations down in what was to become the revered holy text of the Islamic faith, the Qur'an.The writing of the Qur'an spanned several decades and began in 610 when the angel Gabriel, known as Jibril in the Arabic language, appeared to Muhammad in some caves near Mecca. Muslims claim that the divinity of Muhammad was proven at this point, because he was illiterate and could not read or write at the time of his vision. The angel revealed the first pages of the Qur'an to Muhammad, and he continued to work on the book until his eventual death in the year 632. After his death, the first caliph Abu Bakr as-Siddiq took up the mantle, and it was apparently completed between the years 653 and 656.Essential to the core of Islam is the belief that there is only one God, and his name is Allah. At the time, most people of the tribes of Arabia worshipped many Gods, and Allah was simply one of a great many. The belief that he is the one true God and has no equal is the absolute tenet of the faith, and it is this point that brings it into conflict with Christianity in particular. Muslims believe that only God should be worshipped, with no intercessors or intermediates, such as the many Saints or prophets that are commonly worshipped in other faiths. While Christians believe in a Holy Trinity, and essentially believe that Jesus was God in human form, Muslims believe that the human prophets are not divine, and are simply men who were working under the direction of the Supreme Being. For this reason, Jesus is a revered figure in Islam, and he is celebrated along with Muhammad, Moses, and Abraham, as messengers of the lord above.The two main divisions within the Islamic tradition are that of the Sunni and Shi'a Muslims. The divisions between these two groups are the largest and oldest in the history of Islam and the controversy continues to rage today. Though both groups agree on the fundamentals of Islam and share the belief that Allah is the only thing worthy of worship, they have many different historical experiences, and a significantly ethnic composition. The main cause of conflict is the question of who should have succeeded the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the faith after his death. The largest tribe chose Abu Bakr, a close Companion of Muhammad, but a smaller group which also included many of Muhammad's companions, believed that his son-in-law Ali should have been made the leader after the Muhammad appointed him so. Abu Bakr was eventually made leader of the faith regardless, and this controversy still causes conflict today.Both groups of Muslims accept the basic tenets of the faith, and Muhammad's word, that the Qur'an is the direct result of Allah's commands. They practice the unifying characteristics of Islam, including ritual prayer, fasting, and an essential pilgrimage to Mecca at some point during their lives. To this day, Muslims gather at mosques across the world to worship Allah, and face the most holy sites of ancient Arabia to pray, and study scripture together. Islam has greatly expanded from its relatively humble beginnings, and Muslims are now found almost everywhere on earth, with significant influence in Africa, Asia, all of the Americas, and Europe.The amazing spread of Islam is not surprising considering how aggressively the practice is pushed onto the children of those that practice Islam. The teachings of the faith promise punishment for those that do not believe in the words of the Qur'an, and the act of apostasy, or leaving the faith, is still punishable by death in most Muslim countries, even in many which are apparently allied with the United States, such as Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Indeed, in Saudi Arabia, a government executioner who uses a sword carries out the killings for apostasy or false prophecy. These are carried out publicly in Deera Square, and area in central Riyadh known locally as "Chop-chop square." This is despite the fact that all laws prohibiting religious conversion run contrary to Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.The issue of apostasy remains a thorny one in Islam, and the modern age has done little to quell the anger of Muslims over the issue. A 2010 poll by the Pew Research Center showed that 86 percent of Muslims in Jordan, 76 percent in Pakistan, and 51 percent of Nigerian Muslims agree with death penalty for leaving the faith. (MORE)
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Islam, like Christianity, is composed of different denominations, subgroups that branch from the traditional religion. Sunni and Shia are the two major Islamic branches. The W…ahhabi Movement is a controversial subgroup of the Sunni branch. Founded in the mid-eighteenth century by Muhammad ibn Abd-al Wahhab, the conservative denomination strictly follows the teachings of the Koran and is an extreme religious sect.The founder of Wahhabism and the original state of Saudi Arabia, Muhammad ibn Abd-al Wahhab was born in the Najd region of the Arabian Peninsula in 1703. He studied Islam from a young age with his father and was part of a long lineage of scholars in the jurisprudence school of Hanbali. Labeled a poor student, he left the school without completing his training. Later he trained under several other scholars, learning about other followers of the Koran. The schools are part of the religious teachings in the Sunni branch of Islam. Known in the Islamic faith as Figh, the schools are an extension of Sharia Law as interpreted by the Sunni scholars. The Sunni interprets these extensions through study of the Koran and the hadith, which are the statement and actions of the Prophet Muhammad. Despite his heritage, a core part of Wahhabism teaches against one, absolute interpretation of the holy texts. This meant no single group of scholars could determine Muslim life.Ibn Taymiyyah was the major influence of Wahhabism. Born during 1263 in Harran, Mesopotamia, the Sheikh UL-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, is one first proponent of traditional Islam. According to Taymiyyah, only the first three generations of Salaf were proper role models for Muslims. A scholar of Hanbali, Taymiyyah would become critical of the interpretations of the sacred text. He did not trust interpretations of the Koran and Hadith, instead, believed in a strict adherence to the texts. An outspoken traditionalist, Taymiyyah was at odds with the government and jailed several times for his beliefs. On Sept. 26, 1328, he died in a Cairo prison.Defined as a return traditional Sunni Islam to tradition, the purification movement is the first known modern Islamic extremist group. It began soon after Muhammad ibn Abd-al Wahhab returned to his home town of Al-Uyayna in 1740. That is where he started preaching about reforming local practices and laws, citing the need for a return to purity. Sulaiman ibn Muhammad expelled Wahhab and his followers from the town; however, Muhammad ibn Saud offered them to settle in Diriyah that same year. The leader's sons were students of Wahhab and the two would agree to expand the teachings of Wahhabism.Wahhabism is intolerant of other religions. The teachings encourage violence against any person who does not adhere to their ultra-conservative practice of Islam, which makes the Wahhabi Movement dangerous. This intolerance extends to Muslims who follow different beliefs. Wahhabi contended they were not true Muslims, which was enough to execute them as non-believers by Wahhabi followers. It is a sin to kill a fellow Muslim, however under this doctrine, this sin only extended to pure Muslims. The group is still very active in the Arabian Peninsula today and is widely known for its influence on the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda. The founder and former leader of the extremist's, Osama bin Laden, was a follower of the sect.Religion is complicated and Islam is no exception. The radical branch of the Sunni only acknowledges the first three generations of the prophet, declaring all that follow impure. Although the Wahhabi Movement claims purist idealism, the violence perpetrated by its followers is a direct violation of the teachings of the Prophet Mohammad. The minority religious group continues to gain influence throughout the world despite the danger its ideals pose to the entire population.The Wahhabi Movement is a controversial subgroup of the Sunni branch. Founded in the mid-eighteenth century by Muhammad ibn Abd-al Wahhab, the conservative denomination strictly follows the teachings of the Koran and is an extreme religious sect. (MORE)
The calendar dates of Islamic holy days change each year because they are based on a lunar calendar of 354 days. As this is nine days shorter than the solar year, each holiday… will be observed earlier than the year before. This leads to the holidays cycling through the year several times over the course of your lifetime. Because of this, Islamic holy days are not associated with particular seasons in the same way most Western and Christian holidays are. There are only two official holy days in Islam, which are Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. However, there are a number of other important religious holidays that are observed as well.Al-Hijra is the Muslim New Year. It marks the day that the prophet Muhammad began his Hijra, or migration, from Mecca to Medina. This was an important event because Muhammad was able to establish a political base in Medina from which the religion of Islam was able to spread. The celebration of Al-Hijra reinforces the belief among Muslims that political and religious life should not be separate.The Day of Ashura is only celebrated by the Shi'ite branch of Islam, not the larger Sunni branch. It marks the anniversary of the death of Muhammad's grandson Hussein. Shi'ites believe that Hussein was the successor to Muhammad, and his martyrdom is commemorated as a day of mourning. It takes place on the 10th day of the first lunar month.Lailat Al Miraj falls on the 27th day of the seventh lunar month. It celebrates the nighttime journey of Muhammad from Mecca to Jerusalem, where he ascended to heaven at the site of the Dome of the Rock. Muhammad is said to have prayed with Abraham, Moses, and Jesus on this night. He also established the five daily prayers of Islam at this time. This holiday helps to remember the historical and religious connection between Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar; the entire month is considered holy. It is observed as a period of fasting, and the observance of this month is considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam. From sunrise to sunset, adult Muslims abstain from eating food and drinking any liquids. Meals are held during Ramadan early in the morning and late in the evening. In addition to fasting, Muslims are encouraged to recite the entire Koran over the course of the month. Giving to charity is another important activity that many emphasize during the month of Ramadan.Eid Al-Fitr is one of the two official holy days of Islam. It marks the end of the month of Ramadan. In contrast to the previous month, Eid Al-Fitr is a day of feasting on which Muslims are not permitted to fast. There is a special prayer that is recited in the morning in large congregations. Celebrations vary from country to country, but one thing that is common is eating many types of sweets .The Day of Arafa falls on the 9th day of the 12th lunar month. It is of special importance to those Muslims who are making the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. This marks the second day of the annual pilgrimage, in which pilgrims travel to a hillside where Muhammad gave his Farewell Sermon. It is said that this day marks the perfection of the religion and the completeness of Allah's blessings.Eid Al-Adha begins the day after Arafa and lasts for four days. It is a day to remember the prophet Abraham's submission to God's will and his willingness to sacrifice his own son. When Abraham passed God's test, he was stopped just before committing the act, and a ram was found nearby to be used in the place of his son for the sacrifice. Muslims who can afford to will sacrifice animals such as cows, goats, camels, or sheep. Every year, more than 100 million animals are slaughtered over the course of a couple days during Eid Al-Adha. The meat from the animals is to be split into three portions. The family keeps one part, another part is given to friends and relatives, and the third portion is donated to the poor.Submission to God's will is one of the fundamental tenets of Islam, so it should be no surprise that many of Islam's holy days revolve around observances of God's commandments. In particular, observing the fast during the month of Ramadan is stressed as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Many Muslim countries have hot climates, so it is quite a testament to the faith of the Muslim people that they are willing to abstain even from drinking water during the daytime for an entire month of the year.Eid Al-Fitr is one of the two official holy days of Islam. It marks the end of the month of Ramadan. In contrast to the previous month, Eid Al-Fitr is a day of feasting on which Muslims are not permitted to fast. (MORE)
Islam is a string of ideologies that are considered more than a religion, but a way of life, enforcing laws to social life, jurisprudence, and the political and economic syste…ms. It stands at the foundations of state policy and, at the same time, Islam is the moral background that facilitates the return to the roots of religion. Historically speaking, Muslims consider that their religion is based on the visions and work of Prophet Muhammad. During the next two centuries after it emerged in the Arabic peninsula, Islam spread to North Africa, Syria, Somalia, Spain, Persia, and India.Islamic religion was founded in the 7th century in the Arabic peninsula, the territory presently occupied by Saudi Arabia. Prophet Muhammad is the founder of the religion and Mecca and Medina are the religious centers. Muhammad was born in 570 in Mecca, Arabia. His father died before he was born and his mother died when he was 6. By the time he was 40, he already had his first revelation and was true to his own conceptions about faith. He believed there was only one god, Allah and his visions became the foundations of the Koran. He died in 632 at Medina.In 615, during Muhammad's lifetime, a group of Muslims escaped the persecutions in Mecca and fled to Ethiopia, where they were offered protection. By that time, Islamic religion was already beginning to take shape in the Middle East and the Muslims brought the teachings of Prophet Muhammad with them. But Islamic faith began to spread to Africa in the 7th and 8th centuries, when the Umayyads brought the religion from the Middle East to the shores of North Africa. In 647 AD, the Muslim armies advanced toward Tripolitania, present day Libya, which they convert to Islam. Then, they began attacking Maghreb, a region in North Africa, west of Egypt. In the year 808, the Muslims founded Fes, a city in Morocco. The city soon became a refuge for Andalusian Muslims escaping the rebellions in Cordoba, southern Spain. By the 11th century, the religion already dominated the Mediterranean.Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa, a peninsula in East Africa. During the 7th century, when the Muslim armies were attacking the countries in North Africa, those fleeing the persecutions in the Arabic Peninsula traveled further and reached the eastern coast of the continent. At first, Islam was introduced on the northern coast of Somalia, a short while after the Hijra, the migration to Mecca and Medina in 1622. By the end of the 9th century, Muslims were already living along the northern coast. During the 9th and 10th centuries, Arab sailors founded colonies on the eastern African islands, such as the ones on Zanzibar.In West Africa, Islamization began around 990, when the Ghana Empire spread toward the Sahara Desert. Arab trade routes helped Islam travel to the center of Africa, where it was progressively accepted. In the 14th century, Mansa Musa, the 10th emperor of the Malian Empire, turned Islam into a state religion. In 1366, Makkura, a Christian kingdom in East Sudan, was converted to Islam. Aloa, the other Christian kingdom, was captured by the Muslims in 1504. Ahmad Gran, the Somali conqueror, tried to convert Ethiopia to Islam in the 16th century, but did not succeed. During the 18th and 19th centuries, Africa underwent a wave of religious reform. Islam spread even more and the Sokoto Caliphate was founded in 1809, which was later incorporated into Nigeria. By 1880, the religion already covered one third of the continent.Since it was introduced by the Muslims in the 7th century, Islam remained the main religion in Somalia. Most of the population is comprised of Sunni Muslims. However, throughout the centuries, small Christian communities have survived in the country in the Horn of Africa. But beginning with 1991, the political, economic, and military disarray in Somalia has made it hard for Christians to live in the country. Religious persecutions led to the death of 15 Christians in 2009 and at least eight other in 2010. The few Christians that have remained in the country are continuously persecuted without mercy and are forced to practice their faith in secret; otherwise, they risk being killed in front of their family. The Al-Shabaab military formation took control of most of south Somalia and they declared their purpose to eradicate all Christians in the country.Islam is the fastest spreading and the second most prevalent religion in the world. As a broad term, it refers to peace and obedience to Allah. The belief system and the fundamentals of the religion were written by Prophet Muhammad in the Koran. Historically speaking, Somalian culture is among the oldest in the world. With no functional government since 1991, characterized by a tense political and military situation, it stands true to Islam. Persecuting the few Christians that have remained in the country, religion in Somalia ironically continues to preach peace.Islamic religion prohibits consumption of pork, meat of animals that died of natural causes, alcoholic beverages, drugs, hunting as a sport, adultery, prostitution, divorce without good reason, and threatening with divorce. Forbidden actions are called "haram" and allowed actions are called "halal." Islam means "peace." (MORE)
The religions of the world have helped define the society that exists today. Some of the largest religions in the world are Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhis…m. Islam and its millions of practitioners have forever changed the world due to their immigration throughout the Middle East, North Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. Thus, read on to learn more about Islam Muslim and the impact this religion has had on its followers worldwide.Islam is a religion that is most prevalent in North Africa, the Middle East, and South East Asia. There are also large Muslim communities in Europe, particularly in the eastern regions, in North America, and in Asia. In particular, there is a large population of Islamic followers currently in China. There are two main sects of the Islamic religion, which are Shi'a and Sunni. The Muslim holy book is called the Quran, or Koran, and it shares many of the same elements as the Bible from Christianity and the Torah from Judaism.Islam Muslim was created by the prophet Muhammad during his lifetime, which lasted from 570 to 632 B.C. It is said that he was a holy man who had the ability to view spiritual revelations that were sent to him from the angel Gabriel. Most of the original Muslims were slaves, and their conversion to Islam only further caused the ruling class to persecute them. After a period of persecution, a group made up of some of the original Muslims created the Constitution of Medina, which was a set of rules meant to govern Muslims in their daily lives.Both Sunni and Shi'a sects share the same common beliefs about Islam. The main difference between both groups stems from a centuries' old political dispute. After the Prophet Muhammad died, those who believed that the leadership of Islam should be passed down through the bloodline became Shi'a Muslims. In contrast, those who believed that the leadership of Islam should be passed down to the most capable leader became Sunni Muslims.Mecca is the most holy place of Islam, and it is located in modern day Saudi Arabia. Islamic followers choose to pray towards Mecca five times per day in order to respect the rules of the religion as well as the existence of Mecca. Mecca is important to any Islamic follower because it is believed to be the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad. Mecca was originally ruled by the ancestors of Mohammed, but as of 1925, it is now ruled by the royal family in Saudi Arabia.Islam Muslim is one of the largest religions in the world. Islam was established by the Prophet Mohammed in the early 600 B.C. There are two groups of Muslims, which are the Sunni and Shi'a sects. These two groups were originally formed as the result of political differences. The most holy site in Islam is Mecca, which is located in modern day Saudi Arabia. Although Mecca was originally ruled by the ancestors of the Prophet Mohammed, it is now owned and ruled by the royal family in Saudi Arabia.There are currently 2.2 billion Islamic followers in the world. Less than 15 percent of the Muslims of the world are Arab, and a majority of the followers of this religion can be found living in Southeast Asia. (MORE)
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The monuments and desert landscape of Egypt are breathtaking, but the unique culture is what really brings the country to life. Egypt hosts a unique mix of traditional Middle …Eastern cultures and Western influence. If you're considering traveling to this ancient land, learn some interesting Egyptian facts and information before your trip.On this travel site, you can find tons of interesting facts about Egypt's culture and people. Read through the values, pastimes and traditions of Egypt in a condensed article format. This site is great for getting a general overview of Egypt's unique culture.This site gives you essential information on the diverse customs and etiquette of Egypt. Find what to do when you're invited to someone's house, how to greet properly and what is involved in business etiquette. This site is helpful if you're planning a business trip or if you just want to be polite when greeting locals.If you want to learn about the culture of ancient Egypt before your trip, this is the place. The article gives in-depth information on the art and architecture of ancient Egypt. You can also find facts on the country's literature, music, religion and festivals.This somewhat lengthy article explains Egypt's culture from an artistic and nostalgic point of view. Browse through this interesting information if you want thorough and in-depth insight into the customs and culture of the Egyptian people. You can also find facts about folklore, village life and traditional foods.This USA Today article explains some of the most common festivals and holidays in the country. Learn about the exciting Moulid an-Nabi and the relaxing Sham al-Naseem, among others. You may even choose to plan your trip around these interesting events.Learn about Egypt's fascinating culture before your trip with these great Egyptian facts and information. Be sure to check a government website before your trip to find the current safety level and common diseases of the country.For inspiration, as you make your itinerary, read not only guide books and sites but also less systematic travel accounts. National Geographic is an excellent resource, featuring in-depth blurbs about various tourist destinations, photographs of Egypt's people and places, and feature-length articles to stimulate your imagination. (MORE)