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Can a sociopath pass a psychological and personality test and come across as not being a sociopath?
A psychologist or psychometrist can probably give you a very clear answer on this. I think it may depend on at least two factors: the instrument being used, and the person's knowledge of how the instrument works. A person who is completely naive to psychological testing taking the MMPI, for example, would probably not be able to successfully 'fake' the results; the person's sociopathic tendencies would be picked up, or the inventory would be invalidated as a result of some sophisticated indicators that give the likelihood that the person answered frankly. Anything is possible, but the MMPI is well constructed and well researched; it would be very unlikely for a sociopath to figure out the structure of the inventory in one sitting.
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The main symptom is not feeling guilt for hurting others. Others are irresponsibility, drug problems, and problems with long-term relationships.
Sociopaths A sociopath is defined as an individual with a psychopathic personality - whose behaviour may often be antisocial or even criminal. A sociopath also lacks a sense …of moral responsibility and/or social conscience. Very often, sociopaths can become very controlling in relationships. Dictating what the other partner wears, who the partner can be friends with, what the partner does in their spare time and so on. In many cases, the control can escalate into domestic violence. Many sociopaths are very quick to marry their partner. They usually marry because:The partner provided a source of respectThe partner provided a safe mother/father figureThe partner has good financial assets (money in the bank, house, car, etc)The partner is easily submissive towards the other Recognising sociopaths Sociopaths are very good at lying and claim that their word is always correct and that everything is "their right". They also show a lack of remorse or guilt and have shallow emotions. They can be secretive and paranoid, keeping things to themselves while constantly accusing others of things. They show a lack of empathy towards others, particularly when someone is hurt. Some sociopaths (not all) may burst into laugher when they witness someone being hurt. Some psychological reports seem to suggest that sociopaths may also be risky gamblers, often losing large sums of money in casinos or online gambling websites. Many sociopaths were "criminal children", or juveniles - committing crime at an early age, particularly car theft, joy riding, mugging, burglary, assaulting police, unprovoked violence and disregard for public safety. Some are also known to have been or be cruel to animals. Sociopaths also show signs of increased sexual infidelity. Unusually demanding constant sex. During sexual intercourse, sociopaths tend to be violent and rough with their partners, sometimes staging a rape role-play. In extreme cases, sociopaths decide role-playing rape isn't enough. You If you want to try and keep your marriage to a sociopath (I personally don't recommend you do), then your partner will need large amounts of counselling. One thing you need to be aware of - nothing is your fault. Even if your sociopath partner claims you are to "blame" - you are not. It's common for sociopaths to blame everyone but themselves. You probably feel drained. Emotionally on edge. Exhausted. Weak. Scared. You probably feel a great deal of love for your partner, despite his/her sociopathic ways.This is what a psychopath relies on, to keep you under their wing. Your own fear and love is the only weapon they have against you. If your partner is not violent, you can suggest a counselling session, maybe marriage counselling. Your partner needs to see a professional in order to deal with the underlying issues that are causing him/her to be sociopathic. It's not something you can fix yourself, unfortunately. Look at it as a giant complex computer with millions of wires connected to it. Some of those wires are loose or plugged in the wrong places. That computer is the mind of a sociopath. So, unfortunately the only way to try and salvage the marriage is to get the partner to see a professional counsellor. Children If you have children, I thoroughly do not recommend sticking around with your partner, for their sake. Children, when they witness violence, tend to imitate what they have seen upon other people. Their constant worry for you will also negatively affect their education.Also, if one of the children speak out to a teacher, in order to try and save you (because they love you), by law, the teacher has to report such things to the authorities, to protect the children. This can result in the local government placing the children in protective care. Escape My personal advice and the advice of millions of people who were once in your position is to forget the marriage. A marriage is about loving and caring for one another. Not control, hurt and violence. Nobody should be scared of their own partner.The feelings of love you are feeling is probably being caused by a natural psychological repressing effect to protect you, similar to Stockholm Syndrome (a condition in which kidnap victims develop love and feelings for their captor). The fact is, you do deserve better than being controlled and potentially being a target for physical and sexual violence.Escaping from a sociopathic marriage takes very careful planning. Taken from various sources from survivors accounts here is some advice to help you plan your escape:Learn your partners schedule. When is s/he out of the house? When does s/he work? When does s/he leave to socialise, gamble, etc? Where are the details and/or card to your marriage savings account? See if you can locate them. Remember where they are, don't touch them yet. Have a clear idea of where your "safe zones" are. Your safe zones are houses of families, houses of friends, hospitals, police stations or places with plenty of security (local government offices, banks, etc). Now once you have done the research, you can put your plan in action. When you know your partner is out, pack a bag. Make sure you have at least 5 or 7 days worth of clothes, some spending money, some identification (passport/birth certificate), the marriage savings account details (if you found them) and some small food supplies - tinned or dried food would be best. If you have children, pack a bag each for them too, but make sure they're light enough for the children to carry themselves. If you have a mobile phone, take that too. Leave the house while your partner is not in. First stop - the bank. Withdraw what you can from the marriage savings account. You're not breaking the law by withdrawing without permission, because the account is bound to you by marriage. This is your money too. Try any way you can to get to one of the main safe zones (houses, police or hospital). Use a bus if you need, particularly if you have children. I would advise going to the home of a family member, you can stay there under their protection. Once you have escaped, you need to begin a fresh start to your life. You can talk to the police about the abuse you have endured, to get some justice and compensation. You can talk to a solicitor to file a divorce without having to get in touch with the partner yourself (if you go to the police, a divorce would be easier because the law is on your side). You can also look around for homes to rent or look to housing associations for help. Because you are a victim, they will help you. If you have no nearby family or friends to run to, try seeking a domestic violence refuge or charity. The police and your local government can also help and point you in the right direction to get a roof over your head.Escaping will not be easy. But, according to the hundreds of survivors accounts I have seen (and basing this escape plan on) - it is worth it in the long run. You are not alone. There are allies on your side, including the most powerful one you can get - the law. Good luck.
Profile of the Sociopath This website summarizes some of the common features of descriptions of the behavior of sociopaths. . Glibness and Superficial Charm . Manipu…lative and Conning They never recognize the rights of others and see their self-serving behaviors as permissible. They appear to be charming, yet are covertly hostile and domineering, seeing their victim as merely an instrument to be used. They may dominate and humiliate their victims. . Grandiose Sense of Self Feels entitled to certain things as "their right." . Pathological Lying Has no problem lying coolly and easily and it is almost impossible for them to be truthful on a consistent basis. Can create, and get caught up in, a complex belief about their own powers and abilities. Extremely convincing and even able to pass lie detector tests. . Lack of Remorse, Shame or Guilt A deep seated rage, which is split off and repressed, is at their core. Does not see others around them as people, but only as targets and opportunities. Instead of friends, they have victims and accomplices who end up as victims. The end always justifies the means and they let nothing stand in their way. . Shallow Emotions When they show what seems to be warmth, joy, love and compassion it is more feigned than experienced and serves an ulterior motive. Outraged by insignificant matters, yet remaining unmoved and cold by what would upset a normal person. Since they are not genuine, neither are their promises. . Incapacity for Love . Need for Stimulation Living on the edge. Verbal outbursts and physical punishments are normal. Promiscuity and gambling are common. . Callousness/Lack of Empathy Unable to empathize with the pain of their victims, having only contempt for others' feelings of distress and readily taking advantage of them. . Poor Behavioral Controls/Impulsive Nature Rage and abuse, alternating with small expressions of love and approval produce an addictive cycle for abuser and abused, as well as creating hopelessness in the victim. Believe they are all-powerful, all-knowing, entitled to every wish, no sense of personal boundaries, no concern for their impact on others. . Early Behavior Problems/Juvenile Delinquency Usually has a history of behavioral and academic difficulties, yet "gets by" by conning others. Problems in making and keeping friends; aberrant behaviors such as cruelty to people or animals, stealing, etc. . Irresponsibility/Unreliability Not concerned about wrecking others' lives and dreams. Oblivious or indifferent to the devastation they cause. Does not accept blame themselves, but blames others, even for acts they obviously committed. . Promiscuous Sexual Behavior/Infidelity Promiscuity, child sexual abuse, rape and sexual acting out of all sorts. . Lack of Realistic Life Plan/Parasitic Lifestyle Tends to move around a lot or makes all encompassing promises for the future, poor work ethic but exploits others effectively. . Criminal or Entrepreneurial Versatility Changes their image as needed to avoid prosecution. Changes life story readily. . Other Related Qualities: . Contemptuous of those who seek to understand them . Does not perceive that anything is wrong with them . Authoritarian . Secretive . Paranoid . Only rarely in difficulty with the law, but seeks out situations where their tyrannical behavior will be tolerated, condoned, or admired . Conventional appearance . Goal of enslavement of their victim(s) . Exercises despotic control over every aspect of the victim's life . Has an emotional need to justify their crimes and therefore needs their victim's affirmation (respect, gratitude and love) . Ultimate goal is the creation of a willing victim . Incapable of real human attachment to another . Unable to feel remorse or guilt . Extreme narcissism and grandiose . May state readily that their goal is to rule the world
Sociopaths can ask themselves if they are one. The fact it they do recognize they are different from others and would like to know if they can put a name on it. The biggest …defining characteristic of one is not feeling guilt. Sociopaths don't connect with the needs of others or their feelings, a sociopath does not feel guilt. Ask yourself that question. Dont get it confused with fear or embarrassment, did you ever feel like what you did was wrong and regret doing it simply for that reason because it was harmful/hurtful/bad for someone else. So, have you felt guilt? Other characteristics are extreme arrogance, high intelligence, manipulative, lack of morales and conscience(derives from lack of connection to others), easily angered by small things, sadistic nature, taking aliases. Sincerely, A sociopath.
Sociopaths aren't always "bad guys". The scary, violent murderers you see on TV only represent the very low-funtcioning end of the spectrum. Chances are you've met many sociop…aths in your life. They blend, and many times maintain some semblance of a normal life. Educate yourself. _________________________________________________________________ Yes, it's incredibly rare, but yes. The sociopath is almost always the dominate personality, the second or other personalities being almost like internal victims, forced to see what the sociopath does without being able to respond until the switch. At least for me, both personalities are aware of the multiple, however only the "normal" empath personality, the secondary one that only rarely surfaces, can remember the events that my sociopathic one experienced. It's hard to explain what it feels like, as the Lizzy I want to tell people, I want to get help to make the other one go away and just be Lizzy. I want to get locked up or die or anything to get rid of Rachel. But as soon as I go back to the sociopath (rachel) I hate myself for thinking that, I hate myself for trusting, for being weak, for wanting to give away the secrets. I can only remember what happened when I was Lizzy for a few hours after the switch back then it's gone until I switch again.
Antisocial Personality Disorder is also known as psychopathy or sociopathy. Individuals with this disorder have little regard for the feeling and welfare of others. As a clini…cal diagnosis it is usually limited to those over age 18. It can be diagnosed in younger people if the they commit isolated antisocial acts and do not show signs of another mental disorder. Antisocial Personality Disorder is chronic, beginning in adolescence and continuing throughout adulthood. There are ten general symptoms:not learning from experienceno sense of responsibilityinability to form meaningful relationshipsinability to control impulseslack of moral sensechronically antisocial behaviorno change in behavior after punishmentemotional immaturitylack of guiltself-centeredness People with this disorder may exhibit criminal behavior. They perhaps do not work. If they do work, they are frequently absent or may quit suddenly. They do not consider other people's wishes, welfare or rights. They can be manipulative and may lie to gain personal pleasure or profit. They may default on loans, fail to provide child support, or fail to care for their dependents adequately. High risk sexual behavior and substance abuse are common. Impulsiveness, failure to plan ahead, aggressiveness, irritability, irresponsibility, and a reckless disregard for their own safety and the safety of others are traits of the antisocial personality. Socioeconomic status, gender, and genetic factors play a role. Males are more likely to be antisocial than females. Those from lower socioeconomic groups are more susceptible. A family history of the disorder puts one at higher risk. There are many theories about the cause of Antisocial Personality Disorder including experiencing neglectful parenting as a child, low levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, and belief that antisocial behavior is justified because of difficult circumstances. Psychotherapy, group therapy, and family therapy are common treatments. The effects of medical treatment are inconclusive. Unfortunately, most people with Antisocial Personality Disorder reject treatment. Therefore, recovery rates are low. Here is a very different, minority perspective from someone who believes himself to be a sociopath:"Sociopath" is a misleading word: it implies a disorder, something wrong and unnatural with the person, and this couldn't be further from the truth. We, the people you refer to as sociopaths, have nothing wrong with us. We are necessary for the survival and sucess of the human species. Though we are found disporportionatly in prisons we are found with even greater frequency in your governments, your corporations, your military. Who else but someone devoid of concience could order thousands of soldiers to die, regardless of how noble the cause? Who can fire hundreds of workers to save a company from bankrupcy and then go to sleep that night? Who can so elegantly tell the lies that must be told, to protect the very people to whom the lies are told? It takes one of us to make those calls, the calls that the rest of humanity cannot make. It is no coincidence that our lack of guilt comes with abnormally high intelligence and charisma; we are born to lead, all our traits support this conclusion. We are born knowing it, and the rest of you know it when you see us. Its why you elect us, follow us, and gives your lives by our command. And yet a distressing number of us become the very thing you fear us all to be; criminals and abusers. This creates a cycle of ignorance, as all the "sociopaths" identified by the news are killers or wife-beaters, and so we identify this collection of gifts as evil, as pathological, and thus those of us in our proper roles feel the need to disguise ourselves for fear of being labeled evil. A simmilar cycle of ignorance has kept homosexuals oppressed for decades; homosexualty has been associated with childmolesters and perverts, drug use and desease, and it was called "evil" for this. We are not evil, you simply do not recognise the good ones as the same phenomena. Google "Sociopath" and all you find is ways to recover from contact with a sociopath, information advising you to run from relationsships with sociopaths, and misinformation that will claim that "sociopaths cannot feel love" or that we "cannot think of others as human beings" or that we are "parasitic". It is very distressing to discover, for a child who has always known that he was different, that he is a monster... that he is doomed to live a loveless life and become a criminal, that he will never be able to hold a job or raise a family. Indeed, one must wonder how often one of us discoveres what he is and buys into the paranoid misinformation and simply does what he is expected to do. Your question: "What is a sociopath?" is answered thusly: a sociopath is one of your potential leaders, labeled by the paranoid masses as something sick and evil, and is left no alternative but an evil path. "Sociopath" is a negative label which only serves to further alienate people who simply need to be allowed to embrace their gifts. Getting rid of this misleading term should be the first step towards fully understanding who we are and the role we play in this world. Comment on last answer The notion that all sociopaths are very clever is a myth. Many are failures who make others suffer for their inadequacies. Most sociopaths are profoundly chaotic types.It's a myth that sociopaths are born leaders. Instead of providing leadership, they treat others as their playthings, just as a bully or sadist does.A true leader has emotional maturity and earns respect. Fear isn't respect: the notion that the two are the same is pathetic. One cannot respect people who are incapable accept responsibility for their actions and constantly pretend to be victims when they are perpetrators.
Antisocial personality disorder (APD or sometimes ASPD) is a personality disorder which is often characterised by antisocial and impulsive behaviour. APD is generally (if cont…roversially) considered to be the same as, or similar to, the disorder that was previously known as psychopathic or sociopathic personality disorder. Approximately 3% of men and 1% of women have some form of antisocial personality disorder. A sociopath is a person who, usually due to a congenital brain disorder, but sometimes due to a trauma to the brain suffered at birth, cannot process emotional information the way other people do. They can understand emotion on a logical level, but they don't feel it themselves. The resulting lack of connection to other people, and the terrible frustration this brings, are the reasons for the behavior of a sociopath.
Warning: only do this if someonme isnt truly dangerous and also not to anatagonize a "normal" personal you just dont like. How to outwit a sociopath: get nasty. We want to ref…rain from it because normal people dont act out this way, or our sense of decency or compassion holds us back. Its that sense of compassion that sociopaths take advantage of and use us to con us and reel us in again and again. Get tough and get nasty. Youre not going to lose your sense of compassion-we naturally understand limits, they dont. Keep your wits about you and chopper sic balls! 1. Realize its only about a power game of one-upmanship/control with them. Its their only source of power/energy. They have none of their own to generate. Dont allow their sweet talk/lies/false apologies to manipulate you. Dont talk to, explain, or try to understand them (except initially). If you do so, let it only be temporary. Whatever you do, catch the behavior in the beginning-and nip it in the bud. On another note--dont EVER blame yourself, Firstly, the sociopath will do enough of that for you--in order to manipulate and maintain control over you, and secondly, they are master manipulators and usually fool everyone, so its not just you. 2. Intially: go overboard with compassion for about 2 weeks to 6 months and give it your all to resolve conflicts to the best of your ability. Be a paragon of patience. Give them 3 chances or so, after that remove all traces of compassion for them or their behavior. This will clear your conscience letting you know you gave it your best shot to reach out to their humanity. In the meantime, collect a papertrail for future legal battles and acquire witnesses all with a sweet, smiling face plastered on the whole time. Jot down every note, episode and times and dates. Contact a lawyer and relay the notes. Especially if anything that smack of illegal takes place--dont be afraid to use it against them or trump up charges--as long as theyre true of course. There are "free" lawyers for the fianacially challeneged. Be firm, as sociopaths are notorius for crossing boundaries, but "legal" and fair. Not nasty as of yet. Gather allies! Make an emergency exit plan if neccessary to cover money, a place to stay and a vehicle. Be prepared for a restraining order if neccessary. 3. Have big balls when you step to the plate and dont back down-you need as much cunning or more to match them. They will connive, manipulate, con and steal, damage property, humiliate, one-up and insult you and throw tantrums and zero in on your every weakness. And do it for long-term. Let them know they have met their match. Dont let anyone-not even your parents or children get in the way (of course shield them from the conflict, dont badmouth in front of them, but dont let them be an excuse for not excercising military discipline and might). Wear a mask of steel. Be as stony cold as they are if you are to win. When the chips fall in the end, everything will come to light and people eventually will understand. Its only temporary and youre not only doing it for your own good or the good of the family, but its actually for their own good too. Sociopaths need to learn boundaries and limitations and the only way for that to happen is through (many) reprecussions. You are also creating a document of their behavior for any future victims to refer to if they investigate their past or file charges of their own. They will need it as a reference. If you can walk away unscathed, do so. If not, mentally prepare for a long battle and to take it all the way to the end. You have to be bigger and badder them them or at least appear to be so. DO NOT SHOW FEAR or hurt for that matter. Let them know youre no one to be trifled with. Bullies only understand bully. Dont bother trying to talk to or explain or get them to understand. Youve already tried that. That time is past. Become hell wheels. Also, as difficult as it sounds, be sure to take time out to relax and enjoy yourself w/out their influence to maintain peace of mind. Above all else, have the confidence and belief in yourself even if no one else does. You may stand alone--for now. All the more reason--you have to match and outdo the sociopaths overinflated sense of confidence. Let your sense of indignance, truth and integrity be your support. Sociopaths like to turn everyone against you and make you feel like your crazy or somethings wrong with you. They never take responsibility and love to BLAME and concoct stories of blame. They also are masters at manipulating public opinion against you so you must have absolute faith in yourself. Dont forget to gather evidence, lawyers, police reports and allies. Document, document, document. Paer trail, paper trail, paper trail. 4. Secret: Their weakness is they are a) unusually dependent on a specific person or set or persons for extreme need of security (or sense of control). b) on material comforts of sorts or both. c) their reputation. Go to any means to destroy any of these. Trust me, they would do the same given the chance and will. Luckily this only means revealing the truth to all pertinent peoples, sometimes with a litlle evidence to back you up. Anonymous emails will do fine as well. Find sabotaging ways to disconnect or expose them or deprive them of their security or material comforts--this is especially annoying to them since they are either overly materialistic or bad at procuring their own basic needs-including money, finances, work, food and sex. Withold, stop, sabotage or withdraw any of these. After all thats what they do to you. Antagonize them-with a blow of 1000 cuts. Even small pleasures and discomforts--have the TV disconnected, blow the fuse box to prevent the cable or TV--whatever they rely on for downtime--throw their favorite sneakers or T-shirts, gather evidence of their behavior and "innocently" deny it or reveal their behavior or information to their victims/security figures (although if its a parental figure, be prepared for them to deny or support their behavior, as every narcissist has an enabler behind him). In other words, fight fire with fire. Again, if you can walk away, do so. But if youre stuck with these a**holes, give it all you got! 5. Never let them see you hurt, your confidence shaken or that they "gotten to you" or one-upped you. If they call you crazy, say "Yeah Im crazy-you dont know how crazy I will take this, and if you dont back off Ill f- you up!" When they initiate a one-upmanship game, dont just one up them back--hit them immediately with the extreme. They wont expect it and unless they are truly crazy, they will retreat and come back later for a covert attack or manipulation. Anticipate this. Guard and protect yourself because if they findout or you reveal that youve been gathering intell or evidence on them, be ceratin they will do the same to you. So cover your a**. They will also try to engage you by opening with or asking questions or quietly gathering info on you--never let them in and never let them have the upper hand. 6. If they have broken any laws, or rules quietly gather evidence and then knock them out by bringing charges, complaints. If the police dont believe you or act like your harassing them or wasting their time--privately take the attitude of screw you a-holes, but in person be professional, insistent and firm. Dont lose it. They are there to do a job--to protect you. Dont let them forget that. Dont let them intimidate you either. I say this because they too are often taken in by the sociopaths lies/nature, especially if they are called repeatedly. Dont be shy though. Call them as many times as you need to. Even if its 10 times a day-thats what theyre there for thats their job, thats what their paid to do. Any witnesses, proof, video, audio or documentation will be of great benefit here. And as far as judges, there are appeals and concrete proof doesnt lie. After a crime is commited-there is always proof left behind. You just have to be swift-witted and have the peace of mind to collect it in a timely fashion. If they are abusive, be sure to get photos. If they rape you, get a rape kit done immediately. Otherwise its lost. Thats why its good to "feign" understanding and tolerance for a few months as needed-(even up to a year if need be) to gather and collect concrete evidence. 7. In addition to collecting evidence, alternate feigned ignorance and outlandish responses to the sociopath to outcrazy him. 8. Antagonize or ride him slowly by threatening him, his security and his image/reputation in small doses to the point were he breaks, then call the police to catch his rampage. Two word for you: restraining order. 9. Any of this sound familiar? Thats probably because this is what a sociopath will likely do to you. Catch him in the act, turn it around on him, and use his own tactics against him. You cannot talk to, reason with, use normal boundaries with sociopaths. They count on normal people doing so and thats how they get in, set up camp and "outwit" you. If you truly want to get rid of these jerks, you have to be firm and consistent--ironically the reason why he probably is a sociopath in the first place is that no one--especially parents growing up--were firm or consistent with boundaries or discipline with him. It was probably due to overindulgence, extreme disconnect and neglect, or a combination or alternation of the two. My first recommendation is get out while the going is good and cut your losses, but sometimes that simply isnt possible and your stuck with the person. If thats the case, commit to crazy. 10. Above all else, keep your distance, either emotionally or physically and do whatever it takes to maintain your peace of mind. Dont let this crazy person drive you crazy even if you have to resort to crazy temporaily to get them out of your life. Get out, take care of your health, get caring friends, a counselor, support, go for a run, get you nails done or your hair, read a book-whatever to unwind. Dont let them get the best of you remember--you have the upper hand. They want it, but you HAVE IT ALREADY. Good luck.
They can come across as really nice, kind, good hearted people. Sometimes they seem very social, while others are quiet and keep to themselves. Then you have the ones who aren…'t really a 'high functioning' sociopath, so you'll notice them always getting into trouble. They're really just like other people, except they don't feel things in the same way, and they usually have a lot of secrets they're hiding. Secrets, typically concerning their inner abnormal thoughts. They might try very hard to appear normal, but no matter how hard they try, they're not. They can be funny, giving, moody, charming, etc. And you might never know. But they are a sociopath. They could have strange outbursts, seem irritable, and somehow show a calm exterior, but inside they might be plagued with anxiety, and may have uncotrollable impulses.
Depends on their criminal history....If they have committed a felony, they may be put in prison, unless they have been deemed to be not guilty by reason of insanity. In …that case, they would be hospitalized in either a prison mental ward, or a maximum security hospital. It is highly unlikely that a sociopath has a clean record, but even in that case, not all of them can be institutionalized. Medications have been found to be ineffective in curing the "disease" as has psychotherapy.
Antisocial personality disorder, also known as sociopathic personality is defined as a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others and inability o…r unwillingness to conform to what are considered to be the norms of society. The disorder involves a history of chronic antisocial behavior that begins before the age of 15 and continues into adulthood. The disorder is manifested by a pattern of irresponsible and antisocial behavior as indicated by academic failure, poor job performance, illegal activities, recklessness, and impulsive behavior. Symptoms may include dysphoria, an inability to tolerate boredom, feeling victimized, and a diminished capacity for intimacy. It's been said, "If they apologize, then they don't really mean it. A sociopath does not feel remorse so you can't get them to be sorry." True... One has to have a conscience to "own up to" one's actions and theirdestructiveness, or else the confrontation will be perceived as anattack. This doesn't mean that sociopaths should not be confronted,only that until a way is found to change the way they learn, it won'thave the desired effect. Sociopaths are the way they are because, from birth onward, the brainof a sociopath stores learning information in a random, chaotic wayinstead of in the usual designated places in the cerebral cortex. Partof this involves lack of crucial neurotransmitters, but as of yet noone knows whether this lack is caused BY the brain abnormality or is the cause OF it. It's probably the former. Since their information -- including emotional information -- isscattered all over both brain hemispheres, it takes too long for thebrain to retrieve and process information, and the entire process ofsocialization becomes so ponderous that ultimately it fails. (See thebook "Without Conscience" by Robert Hare, PhD.) Since the entire cerebral cortex of a sociopath is almost never ata normal level of alertness (their waking brain waves resemble thewaves of a normal person in a light sleep, alpha waves), this may bethe crucial deficiency that cripples the developing child's ability todevelop many aspects of the human mind. As the child grows, some of thebasic mental and emotional skills the rest of the world takes so forgranted never develop, and crucial among these is the thing calledconscience. That one never develops at all. Some people may envy the apparent calm of a sociopath, but theirexistence is misery. They cannot connect with other human beings, andas babies they are so uncomfortable being held that they fight towriggle free of all but the most basic necessary contact. Theirheartbroken parents often blame themselves or the child, never knowingthat what is really wrong with the child is in his or her brain. Under the almost somnolent calm sociopaths project is a constantsense of restlessness and lack of fulfillment that is nothing other than thebasic need all people have to receive stimulation and support fromothers. But a sociopath has no way of receiving this even if it'soffered. The endless frustration of this, and a discomfort that theyare utterly incapable of articulating or even really understanding, is the source of much of their chronic anger and aggression. Plus, since they grow up in constant conflict with authority, theyare most often bitterly angry and sometimes violent adults, brittle andcombatative under a thin veneer of charm. Offered friendship, theyappear to respond, but quickly discover that they can get nothing fromit; they see the obvious pleasure of other people in such contact witheach other, and they often seek to "even it up" by stealing what theycan -- material goods, or even human lives. They are constantly toldhow "bad" they are, and by adulthood, most of them believe it. Andbehave accordingly. Sociopaths rarely feel true happiness. If they do, it is usually inthe condition that some kind of intervention -- such as one of thesmall number of medications made for other conditions that may alsohelp somewhat with theirs -- has taken place, and it will be fleeting.For all their frantic racing around, they are really very dead inside,and this is tragic beyond description. Imagine spending your entirelife trying to get your brain to wake up! And failing. Thousands oftimes. There are stories of people diagnosed as sociopaths who did improveto some degree, with the most ceaseless and diligent help. But sincethe vast majority of this huge body of people (there are more thanthree hundred million sociopaths on Earth) cannot get that kind ofattention, they turn to abusing those they envy, and often to crime. Itis certainly vengeance: "If I can't have any of this, why should you?"This is the real reason sociopaths lash out at strong and kind people.No matter what they say, they know that inside, they are always emptyand damaged beyond repair. Only in neuroscience is there hope for these incomplete people. Thekey lies in awakening the brain, which is risky because sociopaths aremuch more prone to seizures than the rest of the population, and that-- an uncontrolled blast of electrical discharge spreading through thebrain and causing violent convulsions -- is likely to be the firstresponse from brain pathways that, after years or even decades ofsilence, are suddenly flooded with impulses. But if the devices ofneurosurgeons can be tweaked to avoid this shock, and all else relatedto this idea is workable, it's feasible that small electronic devicesplanted in the brain (these already exist, but are not yet being usedfor mental illness) could open up a closed connection. That leaves us with the problem of whether a lifetime of scatteredinformation can ever be set into order. Probably the best that could behoped for would be a kind of retraining -- like what is now done withstroke survivors and head injury patients -- that would be bothintensive and compensatory. One of the things that would be necessary would be to try to socializethe person whose congenital birth defect made such a thing completelyimpossible before. Whatever intervention is used, be it drugs orcomputer chips or what have you, it would probably -- I'd say certainly-- be excruciating for the patient at first. With no knowledge of howto cope with the emotions the rest of the world has been dealing withall their lives, the recovering sociopath would be rendered asvulnerable as a baby. Which makes sense, because some of the most basicaspects of the human mind would be developing from the primordialstasis in which they had remained since birth! A person thus treated would never be fully normal, but the humanbrain is amazing in the way it adapts and continues to develop allthrough life. And given the utterly joyless and meaningless existence asociopath leads, any improvement is better than none. The matter of missing neurotransmitters in a sociopath is, ofcourse, another problem. Would "waking up" the cerebral cortexeventually stimulate production of these? Or would they have to besynthesized? Only time will tell. Just as science understands that epilepsy is not demonic possession,that people with dissociative conditions are not harboring ghosts ordevils in their bodies, and that depression is not a "deadly sin," itwould and will be able to prove that sociopathy happens for a reasonand that it can be dealt with. Sociopaths do very bad things. Butbranding them all "pure evil" isn't going to help anyone. It's justmore hate. I have commented elsewhere that the human brain is the greatest newfrontier in many ways. (Although I certainly have no lack of interestin space.) Sociopaths, along with other "hopeless cases" like peoplewith Alzheimer's disease, Down's syndrome, Asperger's, ADD, ADHD,autism, and the schizophrenias, along with more common disorders suchas depression and addiction, and so on, are a mystery, but scientistshave a way of hammering away at mysteries until they unravel them, and,be assured, they are well on their way to the core of this one. That will be fine by me.
Yes, a sociopath is one that has an antisocial personality disorder. They do not like to be around people and would prefer to be alone as much as possible.
Sociopathy/Psychopathy would be defined as a syndrome with strong behavioral features of impulsivity and fearlessness and a strong interpersonal domain comprised of aggressive… social relations, manipulation, rebelliousness, self-centeredness, and a tendency to externalize blame. One twin study suggests that psychopathy has a strong genetic component. The study demonstrates that children with anti-social behavior can be classified into two groups: those who were also callous acquired their behavior by genetic influences, and those who were not callous acquired it from their environment "The amygdala is crucial for stimulus-reinforcement learning and responding to emotional expressions, particularly fearful expressions that, as reinforcers, are important initiators of stimulus-reinforcement learning. Moreover, the amygdala is involved in the formation of both stimulus-punishment and stimulus-reward associations. Individuals with psychopathy show impairment in stimulus-reinforcement learning (whether punishment or reward based)and responding to fearful and sad expressions. It is argued that this impairment drives much of the syndrome of psychopathy. There is a strong genetic link and much evidence to support the idea that psychopathy is passed down and is biological. Psychopaths don't have the same physiological responses to fear that constrain the behaviour of normal people, such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, dry mouth, trembling and muscle tension.Psychopaths don't have physiological responses to emotionally charged words such as "love" and "death" the way regular people do, suggesting that they process emotional stimuli differently.When one identical twin is psychopathic, the other is more likely to be psychopathic than those in the general population.Adoption studies indicate that children can inherit psychopathic traits from a psychopathic parent even when they are raised by different parents.When compared to non-psychopaths, differences have been found in a number of brain chemicals among psychopaths. They are often reported as having an evil stare, sometimes with eyes that appear black rather then colored
This list is from "Profile of a Sociopath". Is is a pretty good list of sociopathic indicators. However, getting a potential sociopath to admit to having any of the characteri…estics is almost impossible. Use it to personally evaluate the person in question, and not to confront the sociopath with it as the latter is pretty much a worthless cause. Glibness/Superficial CharmManipulative and ConningGrandiose Sense of SelfPathological LyingLack of Remorse, Shame or GuiltShallow EmotionsIncapacity for LoveNeed for StimulationCallousness/Lack of EmpathyPoor Behavioral Controls/Impulsive NatureEarly Behavior Problems/Juvenile DelinquencyIrresponsibility/UnreliabilityPromiscuous Sexual Behavior/InfidelityLack of Realistic Life Plan/Parasitic LifestyleCriminal or Entrepreneurial VersatilityContemptuous of those who seek to understand themDoes not perceive that anything is wrong with themAuthoritarianSecretiveParanoidOnly rarely in difficulty with the law, but seeks out situations where their tyrannical behavior will be tolerated, condoned, or admiredConventional appearanceGoal of enslavement of their victim(s)Exercises despotic control over every aspect of the victim's lifeHas an emotional need to justify their crimes and therefore needs their victim's affirmation (respect, gratitude and love)Ultimate goal is the creation of a willing victimIncapable of real human attachment to anotherUnable to feel remorse or guiltNarcissism, grandiosity (self-importance not based on achievements)May state readily that their goal is to rule the world
If they know what the psychologist is looking for then in theory, yes, they are very good at letting people see what they want to see.
you may want to rephrase this question a bit more clearly... What exactly are you asking>
Sandra Brown MA's book WOMEN WHO LOVE PSYCHOPATHS would answer this fully for you. The most obvious sign is when one party takes incessantly, with no real concern …for the other party's needs. If there are no drugs or alcohol involved, you are almost certainly dealing with either sociopathic personality disorder (a more correct name for sociopath) or narcissistic personalty disorder. Neither make good partners, and you should seek help for yourself, not for them.