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Can you get carbon monoxide poisoning from diesel semi trucks?
This is possible, but unlikely. Diesel engines detonate fuel using pressure and temperature, rather than with an artificial spark. This process operates with excessive oxygen, ensuring a much more complete combustion than what is typical in a gasoline engine. Typically, diesel exhaust contains some carbon monoxide, but the amounts are very minimal and not fatal for an otherwise healthy person. The author of this answer used to work as an over-the-road truck driver, and once had an experience where a neighboring truck was basically pumping diesel fumes straight into the sleeper vent all night. The inside of the sleeper was all hazy and the diesel odor was extremely strong, but it did not cause any health problems beyond teary eyes. It is completely possible to get carbon monoxide poisoning from a diesel engine in a road tractor. Contributing factors such as weather, temperature, and engine condition can greatly affect the chance of carbon monoxide poisoning. A good example of this is that a driver in a truck with an exhaust problem when it is cold and raining is at greater risk than the same person in the same truck on a sunny day. The reason for this is the barometric pressure holds the carbon monoxide closer to the ground and allows it to enter the truck.
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It cannot be detected (it is a odourless, colourless and tastless gas). However, CO binds with haemoglobin (in red blood cells) much more easily than O 2 and it is irreversib…le. Thus, when a person breathes in too much CO, there won't be enough haemoglobin to carry O 2 , and that can kill him/her in the space of 25 minutes if not treated immeadietly.
Every poison has a particular trait that causes it to be poisonous. In the case of carbon monoxide, the trait has to do with hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is made u…p of complex proteins that bind to iron atoms. The structure of the protein and its iron atom causes oxygen to bind to the iron atom very loosely. When blood passes through the lungs, the iron atoms in the hemoglobin bind to oxygen atoms. When the blood flows into areas of the body that are lacking in oxygen, the iron atoms release their oxygen. The difference in oxygen pressure in the lungs and in the parts of the body needing oxygen is very slight. The hemoglobin is very finely tuned to absorb and release oxygen at just the right times. Carbon monoxide , on the other hand, binds very strongly to the iron in hemoglobin. Once carbon monoxide attaches, it is very difficult to release. So if you breath in carbon monoxide, it sticks to your hemoglobin and takes up all of the oxygen binding sites. Eventually, your blood loses all of its ability to transport oxygen, and you suffocate. Because carbon monoxide binds to hemoglobin so strongly, you can be poisoned by carbon monoxide even at very low concentrations if you are exposed for a long period of time. Concentrations as low as 20 or 30 parts per million (PPM) can be harmful if you are exposed for several hours. Exposure at 2,000 PPM for one hour will cause unconsciousness. Many common devices produce carbon monoxide, including cars, gas appliances, wood stoves and cigarettes.
One of the biggest causes of Carbon Monoxide poisoning is faulty central heating boilers. Always have your boiler serviced regularly and instal a carbon monoxide alarm to e…nsure you and your family are not at risk.
measurement of carboxyhemoglobin level directly correlates with theseverity of illness.
By having safety measures in place such as having a carbon monoxide detector, not leaving appliances running with no open windows etc. This is especially important to not leav…e your car running in a closed garage since the fumes can build up.
Initial treatment would be removal from the poisonous environment and conducting CPR. Following this, the main medical treatment for CO poisoning is administering pure oxygen …through a sealed mask; this helps remove the CO from haemoglobin and enable it to function properly. read below, and try to prevent from happening again!! The Dangers of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning- As Reported recently by ABC NEWS (ABC 6 NEWS) -- Investigators looking into the deaths of two people at a home in rural Freeborn County say that at this point they have not ruled out carbon monoxide poisoning as the cause of those deaths. But with the weather we've been having so far this winter, the danger of CO poisoning is going up. "Carbon monoxide is a tasteless, colorless, odorless gas," explained a well known Fire Chief. And there are potential sources all around us. "Like your hot water heater, your stove, furnace, anything that has natural gas, propane, kerosene or anything like that," he added. And if those appliances malfunction or aren't vented properly, the result can be carbon monoxide. "Make sure they're serviced annually, your furnaces, your hot water heater, check your chimney," said the Fire Chief. Part of the problem with CO poisoning is that you might mistake it's symptoms for the flu: "You might feel sort of nauseous, get a headache, just feel kind of out of the ordinary," explained one expert."It's that time of the year anyway and you don't really put two and two together and then it's too late." "Carbon monoxide accumulates in the body and pretty soon it can replace the oxygen in the blood, and that's when you have your fatalities," added the Fire Chief. It could be an investment of a few dollars that helps cut into the estimated 500 people who die of unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning in the US every year. What Carbon Monoxide Does to You Too much carbon monoxide in your blood can and will kill you. Most of us know to try to avoid this. It is also a fact that low-level exposure to this gas also endangers your health. The side-effects that can result from this low-level exposure include permanent organ and brain damage. Infants and the elderly are more susceptible than healthy adults, as are those with anemia or heart disease. The symptoms of low-level carbon monoxide poisoning are so easily mistaken for those of the common cold, flu or exhaustion, that proper diagnosis can be delayed. Because of this, be sure to see you physician about persistent, flu like symptoms, chronic fatigue or generalized depression. If blood levels of carbon monoxide are found to be high, treatment is important. Meanwhile, it makes good sense to put heating system inspection and maintenance on your annual get-ready-for winter list. Prevention is the best cure. Using gas: Natural gas is a clean burning fuel. The fumes produced contain high levels of water vapour leading to more condensation. The vapors also contain chlorides which results in the more corrosive conditions for the chimney flues. This means the chimney flue can either plug up completely or deteriorate quicker than normal. Using oil: Oil flues need to be cleaned and checked every year because deposits of soot may build up on the interior walls of the chimney. Soot is made up of carbon therefore if there is any amount of build-up, you are at a higher risk of having carbon monoxide in your home. It is important to pay attention to your fireplace, no matter what you use to fuel it. Gas and oil may force carbon monoxide into your home. Carbon monoxide is known as the "silent killer" because the symptoms are similar to that of the flu and many people choose to ignore it. Serious effects can be caused by short-term exposure at high levels or by long-term exposure at low levels. . In either case, the situation can be quite serious, therefore all possible preventative measures should be taken to avoid unnecessary exposure. How to fix the problem- Quite simply, the best way to eliminate the possibility of carbon monoxide leaking thru your chimney is to re-line the chimney creating a seamless vent up and out of your house. Chimney Liner Depot has all of the tools necessary for the homeowner to save thousands of dollars and do this project themselves. From how to videos on the website to their technical support department, Chimney Liner Depot has made it possible for tens of thousands of homeowners to not only protect their family, but do it in a cost effective way.
All carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is the same, regardless of the source. We presume you mean from diesel exhaust. CO replaces oxygen in red blood cells and causes oxygen d…eprivation. In advanced cases it leads to brain damage, the same as from drowning or other forms of suffocation. Immediate treatment involves removing the patient from the presence of CO, and administering oxygen. If a pressure chamber is available, pure oxygen under pressure can overcome some of the problems until the CO is cleared from the body over time. If there is brain damage, it is no more "curable" when caused by carbon monoxide poisoning than from any other source. Time and rehabilitation may lead to improvement.
The human body depends on oxygen for the burning of fuel (food) to provide the energy that allows cells to live and function. Oxygen makes up approximately 21% of the atmosphe…re, and enters the lungs during breathing. In the lungs it combines with a blood component called hemoglobin. When saturated with oxygen, it is called oxyhemoglobin. After being carried by the bloodstream to the cells of the body, oxyhemoglobin releases oxygen to the body tissues. Carbon monoxide is dangerous because it bonds much more tightly to the hemoglobin than does oxygen. Once hemoglobin combines with carbon monoxide to form carboxyhemoglobin, its ability to combine with oxygen is competely lost. As more carboxyhemoglobin is formed, the amount of oxygen carried to the cells and organs in the body decreases. Carbon monoxide starves the blood of oxygen, literally causing the body to suffocate from the inside out. When the carboxyhemoglobin concentration reaches a certain level, people get nauseous, become unconscious, and ultimately die. How quickly symptoms appear depends upon the concentration, or parts per million (ppm) of carbon monoxide in the air and the duration of exposure. A person's size, age and general health are also factors in how quickly effects of the gas will become evident. Since oxygen and carbon monoxide are approximately the same density, they mix equally well in air. Therefore most alarms measuring carbon monoxide can be placed anywhere in a room..
What you do is buy a carbon monoxide detector, you can get them at hardware stores like canadian tire or home depot. You plug it into the outlet you'd like, and its alarm will… go off if it detects carbon monoxide.
Yes, you can if you breath the exhaust fumes in an enclosed space where fresh air is not available.
Move the victim to fresh air and administer oxygen if required.
CO Carbon monoxide is combined with hemoglobin and carboxyhemoglobin is formed; this compound block the diffusion of oxygen in blood.
Yes, you get carbon monoxide poisoning from a diesel exhaust leak from the engine.
Only in a garage or shed. On the road the CO disperses quickly.
When diseal and oxygen mixture enters the engine's combustionchamber, it burns but, it is a heavy component of crude oil. So, itis oxidised partially which results in the form…ation of carbonmonoxide.