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Can you transmit HIV from a nail scratch?
The skin is a protective barrier which when broken can expose us to infection. However, unless the broken skin has come into contact with BLOOD, semen, saliva or other bodily fluids of a person INFECTED with the HIV virus, the answer is NO.
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Not usually. HIV is transmitted through blood or genital-related liquids (semen, vaginal fluids, milk), and you don't usually come into contact with any of those when kissing.…
1) Dry blood can't transmit HIV. 2) HIV virus can't survive out of the body/host for more than 10 minutes depending on the volume of the blood and the temperature. 3) However…, on the dry blood there maybe other kinds of bacteria that might be lingering around. Hope that answers your questions.
No you can not.
Fortunately HIV cannot be transmitted through tears. HIV is transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal fluid or breast milk. HIV only is transmitted by th…ese fluids because they have a high concentration of white blood cells that HIV uses to replicate.
It is very unlikely to transmit/contract the HIV virus in this manner. The "scratcher" could only plausibly do so if there is an open sore(s) under his/her nails, or abrasions… caused by violent fighting back and forth. This however is even less likely since the HIV retrovirus is not viable for very long outside of the bodily fluids (esp. blood.) Although it is a bit of a fighting point between caregivers and researchers, it is likely that the virus is rendered noninfectious when it comes in contact with the air. If you are asking because of a personal incident or a similar event a friend of yours encountered, and the person is known to have HIV, It still would be the best choice to get tested (getting tested periodically is a good idea anyway). But it is very unlikely that HIV was transmitted in this manner. I don't believe there are any documented case where a similar route lead to an infected individual.
There is ZERO risk from getting scratched even if there is fluids on there nails, HIV is rendered inactive and unable to infect once exposed to air. Unlikely, but not imposs…ible. HIV is spread by the transfer of bodily fluids. If you get scratched hard enough to bleed, then there's an open path into your blood stream. If the one doing the scratching would have fresh blood or semen (from themselves) on their nails when they scratched you there is a small possibility.
There have been no confirmed cases of HIV transmission from kissing. Supervisor's note: This information is stale or speculative--The U.S. CDC reports that there are (rare) ca…ses (see link): Can HIV be transmitted by kissing?There is a remote risk from deep, open-mouth kissing if there are sores or bleeding gums and blood is exchanged. Therefore, persons living with HIV should avoid this behavior with a non-infected partner. The New York Times reports the first documented case in 1997 (see link):A woman apparently acquired the AIDS virus from deep kisses with an infected man, Federal health officials said yesterday. They said the case was the first reported transmission of H.I.V., the AIDS virus, through kissing. Supervisor's note: The following answer is what the typical public school curriculum teaches kids. It is contrary to the "Universal Precautions" that you will find in OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens standard (see link below) because it fails to account for saliva contaminated by blood: No it cannot, I learned about this question last week and know that you cannot get HIV by kissing someone with HIV since saliva is not a bottled liquid in your body neither is tears or sweat. Watch out for cuts though because you are taking a risk if you kiss someone with a cut on their lip. You also unlikely to get HIV by receiving donated blood because they test the blood now for HIV before it gets donated, but in the 80's you could have gotten HIV by receiving donated blood since back then they didn't know HIV was transmitted through blood therefore they didn't test the blood. When you have HIV it probably could take 5-10 years before showing any systems of the disease. That's why every year when you are an adult you should take an HIV test. You do that by going to a hospital asking to donate blood, it you have HIV they will call you and inform you, but if you do not have it they won't call you back. So, you would put dozens of people at risk of being infected with HIV because you want to save some money? The HIV screening test is not 100% and your infected blood might pass the screening. Your pint of blood could be turned into blood products and contaminate many people. The only way that they would draw your blood would be after you completed the questionnaire asking you if you had engaged in risky behavior. You would have to have lied on the questionnaire for them to accept your blood. People that have HIV/AIDS don't die from the sickness they die because the sickness weakens their immune system so a simple cold could defeat them because the body has a weak defense. Casual Contact like hugging, shaking hands, sharing meal/drink, using the same bathroom could not get you HIV. That doesn't mean you should share a drink with anyone because if they have a cold sore you could get a cold sores for life just because you drank out of their cup/bottle/container. Don't use the same needles as other people even if they are your It's very unlikely but it is possible the virus may be transmitted through open sores in the mouth. No. No. When HIV found in saliva of infected person then why it does not infect to others on kissing with victim Contracting HIV Through Kissing It is not likely but if you both happen to have cuts or open sores on your mouth then it's possible. To become infected with HIV, you have bleeding gums or an open cut in your mouth. An HIV-positive's saliva contains the virus but in too small quantities to infect someone just by kissing. It has to come in contact with your blood through a cut, however small, for you to be infected. Here is more information: * As the previous answers correctly state, the saliva of an HIV-positive person contains so little HIV that it would be almost impossible for transmission to take place .. even if you kissed with tongues. You own saliva also has natural anti-viral properties. Supervisor's note: This assertion is bogus. There is nothing in your saliva that will destroy HIV. No * No, and it doesn't matter how much saliva is involved No. AIDS is only transmittable sexually, or through the exchange of intravenous needles. Supervisor's note: This assertion is also bogus. HIV can be transmitted any time HIV-containing body fluids come in contact with a point of entry. Typically, saliva is not considered to be one of these fluids but, as the previous answer stated the saliva may also contain blood from open sores in the mouth or from bleeding gums. A route of entry would be any mucous membrane or any broken skin. Swapping spit with a HIV-positive individual is risky behavior. HIV is present in saliva...but at VERY VERY low concentrations. You cannot get HIV from kissing... A person would have to dump gallons and gallons of an HIV infected person's saliva into your mouth for their to even be a chance of contracting the virus. What evidence is there, apart from your assertion, that saliva only contains very low risk of HIV?
No ... since it is a sexually transmitted disease, the act of shaking hands cannot accomplish this. Please research transmission routes. It is highly unlikely, alt…hough if the both subject had open wounds which made contact, female subject had saliva, tears or urine on hand there is a possibilty. But very unlikely. Almost negligible.
Unprotected sex is usually the main reason oral sex is another way and have a opened wound and interacting with with a person that has the disease
HIV is ONLY transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal fluid or breast milk. All other body fluids do not contain an adequate amount of HIV to infect anot…her person.
So small the chance does not even exist. There has to be a trasmission of body fluid which is not likely to occur via scratching.
Transmission of HIVThe most common ways that people become infected with HIV are: * by having sexual intercourse with an infected partner * by injecting drugs using a needle o…r syringe which has already been used by someone who is infected. * by blood transfusions (it is a lower risk than in the past, but still a risk) HIV can be passed on in these ways because the virus is present in the sexual fluids and blood of infected people. If infected blood or sexual fluid gets into your body, then you can become infected.But it depends on the type of body fluid. Saliva and sweat contain the HIV virus, but not in quantities sufficient for transmission. Vaginal sex:HIV is found in the sexual fluids of an infected person. For a man, this means in the fluids which come out of the penis before and during sex. For a woman, it means HIV is in the fluids produced by the vagina before and during sex to help make intercourse easier. If a man with HIV has vaginal intercourse without a condom, infected fluid can pass into the woman's blood stream through a tiny cut or sore inside her body. Such a cut or sore wouldn't always be visible, and could be so small that the woman wouldn't know about it. If a woman with HIV has sexual intercourse without a condom, HIV could get into the man's blood through a sore patch on his penis or by getting into the tube that runs down the penis. If there is any contact with blood during sex, this increases the risk of infection. For example, there may be blood in the vagina if intercourse occurs during a woman's period. Oral sex:Oral sex with an infected partner does carry some risk of infection. If a person makes oral contact with the penis of an infected man, for example, infected fluid could get into the mouth. The virus could then get into the blood if you have bleeding gums or tiny sores or ulcers somewhere in the mouth. The same is true if infected sexual fluids from a woman get into the mouth of her partner. But infection from oral sex alone seems to be very rare, and there are things you can do to protect yourself. Anal sex:If a couple has anal intercourse, the risk of infection is greater than with vaginal intercourse. The lining of the anal canal is more delicate than the lining of the vagina, so it's more likely to be damaged during intercourse, and any contact with blood during sex increases the risk of infection. Injecting drugs:There is a good likelihood of becoming infected with HIV if you share hypodermic needles with someone who has the virus. The virus can be passed by sharing needles, syringes, spoons, filters and water. Disinfecting equipment between use can reduce the chance of transmission, but doesn't eliminate it. Blood transfusions:Some people have been infected through a transfusion of infected blood. These days, in most countries all the blood used for transfusions is now tested for HIV. In those countries where the blood has been tested, HIV infection through blood transfusions is now extremely rare. Blood products:Blood products, such as those used by people with hemophilia, are now heat-treated to make them safe. Mother to child transmission: An infected pregnant woman can pass the virus on to her unborn baby either before or during birth. HIV can also be passed on during breastfeeding. If a woman knows that she is infected with HIV, there are drugs that she can take to greatly reduce the chances of her child becoming infected. Infection in the health-care setting:Some health-care workers have become infected with HIV by being stuck with needles containing HIV-infected blood. A very few have become infected by HIV-infected blood getting into the health-care worker's bloodstream through an open cut or splashes into a mucous membrane (e.g. eyes or the inside of the nose). There have only been a few documented instances of patients becoming infected by a health-care worker. Tattoos / piercings:Anything which allows another person's body fluids to get inside your body is risky. If the equipment is not sterile, having a tattoo done could carry a very small risk. If you are thinking of having a tattoo or piercing, ask staff at the shop what procedures they take to avoid infection. In the UK, there are hygiene regulations governing people who do tattoos and piercings, and all instruments used should be sterile. In the United States, it is advisable to contact your County Public Health Department or State Health Department to verify if a tattoo shop you are considering using has the proper licenses. Properly licensed tattoo shops have to comply with State and Federal laws regarding sanitization of equipment to ensure that disease is not spread. You can't get AIDS from. . . Kissing:At the moment, scientific opinion is pretty clear that you cannot become infected with HIV through kissing. To become infected with HIV you must get a sufficient quantity of HIV into the bloodstream. Saliva does contain HIV, but the virus is only present in very small quantities and as such, cannot cause HIV infection. Unless both partners have large open sores in their mouths, or severely bleeding gums, there is no transmission risk from mouth-to-mouth kissing. Sneezing, coughing, sharing glasses/cups, etc:HIV is unable to reproduce outside its living host, except under very extreme laboratory conditions. HIV does not survive well in the open air, and this makes the possibility of this type of environmental transmission remote. In practice no environmental transmission has been seen. This means that HIV cannot be transmitted through spitting, sneezing, sharing glasses or musical instruments. You also can't be infected in swimming pools, showers or by sharing washing machines or toilet seats. Insects:Studies conducted by many researchers have shown no evidence of HIV transmission through insects, even in areas where there are many cases of AIDS and large populations of insects such as mosquitoes. Lack of such outbreaks, despite considerable efforts to detect them, supports the conclusion that HIV is not transmitted by insects. Also, HIV only lives for a short time and does not reproduce in an insect. So, even if the virus enters a mosquito or another sucking or biting insect, the insect does not become infected and therefore cannot transmit HIV to the next human it feeds on or bites. Injecting with sterile needles:Drug use with sterile works will not transmit HIV either, as long as clean works are used every time - this means needle, syringe and spoon, water and filters. There are still many other risks associated with injecting drug use. And, if you are on drugs, even alcohol, this may cloud your judgment and make you more likely to become involved in risky sexual behavior - it's harder to make the effort to use a condom when you're off your head. Protected sex:If an unbroken latex condom is used, there is no risk of HIV transmission. There are myths saying that 'some very small viruses can pass through latex' - this is not true. Anal sex is not necessarily a risk if unbroken condoms are used and there is no blood-to-blood contact. You can't 'create' HIV by having anal sex. Here are more answers from WikiAnswers contributors: During sexual intercourse or any other time when body fluids are exchanged.I'm a social worker, not a physician. But the basics are: HIV can be transmitted in blood, semen, and I believe, pre-ejaculate. Tears and do not have enough virus in them to cause exposure. The exposure happens through transfusion of infected blood, or when a cut or tear in the skin or mucous membrane get covered with a fluid from an infected person.By coming in contact with blood or certain other body fluids like semen. Saliva, urine, nasal mucus and tears do not contain large amounts of the virus. The blood needs to come in contact with an open cut or a mucous membrane to enter the body. The genitals and eyes are very permeable. So, it is one of the harder germs to catch, when you consider that you can catch the flu from someone ten feet away. But, since there is no cure, it isn't hard enough to catch for my taste. Hope this helps!HIV can be transmitted through unprotected anal or vaginal sex, through any blood-to-blood contact (sharing of injecting equipment, use of infected blood products, needlestick injuries, occupational accidents amongst healthcare workers), vertically from mother-to-baby (during the course of pregnancy, birth or breast-feeding) or through semen-to-blood contact (engaging in oral sex when you have open sores in the mouth, or immediately after brushing your teeth). Although sophisticated laboratory techniques are able to isolate the HIV virus from other body fluids of infected people (such as saliva and tears) the level of virus in these fluids is far too low to be considered infectious.When the HIV virus enters a person's blood stream it is referred to as an infection, and this usually occurs by intimate contact. This can occur during sexual activity, both heterosexual and homosexual, because the HIV virus is present in both semen and vaginal secretions. It can also be transmitted during breastfeeding from an infected mother to her infant and also by blood to blood contact; most often this occurs when people share IV needles during drug use. Other than that: Casual contact with other body fluids like sweat and saliva has not been shown to be an avenue of transmission.
You can stop HIV if you wear a condom when having sexial intercource
Here are 3 ways HIV can be transmittedSexual IntercourseBlood transferingMother to daughter
No you cannot because HIV can only occurs in these ways in intercourse, blood transfer, semen, and breast milk. There is no possible path for HIV to get in by body contact, th…at is the same question asking can you get it from hugging someone. It is no.