Compare and contrast maslow's hierarchy of needs theory with herzberg's two factor theory?
- Both use a hierarchical scale..where one stage must first be fully or largely completed before advancing to the next stage.
- Both are based on the argument that "we behave as we do because we are attempting to fulfill internal needs." (Bartol et al., 2005) i.e. needs theory
- They both specify the criteria as to what motivates people. However, this is controversial because entrepenuers and people from different cultures have different values and norms, and therefore have different criteria or have criteria which are percieved as more important e.g. Greek and Japanese employees stated that safety and physiological needs are more important to them, where as employees from Norway and Sweden saw belongingness needs as being more important.
- Herzberg's hygiene idea corresponds with Manslow's Physiological, Safety and Belongingness needs i.e. they both have the same critieria (basic pay, work conditions etc...)
- Also, Herzberg's motivators idea corresponds with Manslow's Esteem and Self-Actualisation needs i.e. they both have the same criteria (recognition, growth, achievement etc...).
- Both theories are influenced by environmental conditions, employee attitudes and as a result, their motivation. These influence an employees performance.
- Maslow says that each stage of the 5 must be fully or largely completed before advancing to the next stage..however, Herzberg suggested that there were only 2 stages (hygiene and motivators) instead of 5.
- Maslow said that fulfilling each stage is a motivator, however Herzberg said that fulfilling the hygiene stage only results in an employee being in neutral state and that satisfaction and motivation only comes from the 2nd stage (motivator).
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Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a reference frame for discussions or actions when dealing with or trying to influence an audience (whether one or one million). I believe you must first consider the Maslow Level the target audience or group is residing on to develop an effective strategy to influence …them. This is especially important to avoid putting your own values on others. This may be people from other political groups, races, religions, or countries. I have many times in travels seen Americans living on the self actualization plane frustrated or ineffective due to failure to understand that their target audience lives on a significantly different level in the hierarchy of needs. (MORE)
Pick any three below:. In Developmental psychology , a stage is a distinct phase in an individual's development. Many theories in psychology characterize development in terms of stages:. Michael Commons ' Model of Hierarchical Complexity . . Erik Erikson 's stages of psychosocial development… expanding on Freud's psychosexual stages, he defined eight stages that describes how individuals relate to their social world. . James W. Fowler 's stages of faith development theory. . Sigmund Freud 's Psychosexual stages to describe the progression of an individual's unconscious desires. . Lawrence Kohlberg 's stages of moral development to describe how individuals develop in reasoning about morals. . Jane Loevinger , Stages of ego development . . Margaret Mahler 's psychoanalytic developmental theory contained three phases regarding the child's object relations . . James Marcia 's theory of identity achievement and four identity statuses . . Maria Montessori 's sensitive periods of development. . Jean Piaget 's theory of cognitive development to describe how children reason and interact with their surroundings. . Pick any three below:. In Developmental psychology , a stage is a distinct phase in an individual's development. Many theories in psychology characterize development in terms of stages:. Michael Commons ' Model of Hierarchical Complexity . . Erik Erikson 's stages of psychosocial development expanding on Freud's psychosexual stages, he defined eight stages that describes how individuals relate to their social world. . James W. Fowler 's stages of faith development theory. . Sigmund Freud 's Psychosexual stages to describe the progression of an individual's unconscious desires. . Lawrence Kohlberg 's stages of moral development to describe how individuals develop in reasoning about morals. . Jane Loevinger , Stages of ego development . . Margaret Mahler 's psychoanalytic developmental theory contained three phases regarding the child's object relations . . James Marcia 's theory of identity achievement and four identity statuses . . Maria Montessori 's sensitive periods of development. . Jean Piaget 's theory of cognitive development to describe how children reason and interact with their surroundings. (MORE)
Maslows's hierarchy of needs is a theory of psychology that can bedescribed as follows: The needs of people are hierarchical,starting with food, shelter, safety, until reaching selfactualization. In order to achieve a next level, the one below itmust be met. For example, students must have the basic… needs metbefore they can settle down to learn. The theory describes different levels of human needs (usuallyrepresented in the form of a pyramid steps). There are 5 levels ofneeds: . Physiological needs - these are our most basic needs; theyinclude both needs essential for survival (e.g. breathing, food,water, etc.), and needs that are basic, but not required forsurvival (e.g. sex). Our motivation to meet these needs is drivenby homeostasis. . Safety needs - the things we require to give us a sense ofsecurity; your property, your health, and your family all provideyou with your safety needs. . Love/Belonging needs - your need to feel like you belong, orare loved; this can be shown through familial ties, friendships, orsexual intimacy. . Esteem needs - the things that contribute to your ego (i.e.confidence, self-esteem, etc.). . Self-actualization - the highest level of the hierarchy; a kindof enlightenment that is attained when you reach your fullpotential, and your ability to recognize your full potential. It explain the different needs of the human beings starting fromphysiological need to safety needs and so on. (MORE)
dear sir. this is your answer:. Maslow classified the human needs , and when you are working in any position you feel and want to satisfied your needs may be you satisfied by money or by respect or by both.. so when the manager know this he can motivate his employees by satisfied their needs whic…h is lead to increase productivity. so Maslow Theory show which way the manager should choose to motivate every employee to increase his productivity.. thanks and best regards. GHITW (MORE)
There are a number of ways you can compare and contrast a model with a theory. You could say that theories are conceptual and models are visual for example.
Helps to understand people's needs. Helps to motivate employees Helps to decide rewards at each level. Helps in recognizing potential
Maslow's Hierarchy: Applications for the Workplace . All humans have needs that must be met. These needs are often never explored by the average person, the person who performs their daily activities and habits with no reflection on why they do these things. The psychologist Abraham Maslow was dete…rmined to figure out why people behave in certain ways. The result of his search was a five part hierarchy of needs that attempts to explain human behavior.. The Hierarchy Defined . Basic Needs The five parts of the hierarchy are, in this order, basic, safety, social, self esteem, and self-actualization. Basic needs are defined as physiological needs that must be met before a person can focus on any other aspect of their life, such as a social life. These needs are those required for sustenance: water, air, and food are several examples. If an individual is lacking one of these, their behavior will be aimed at obtaining them, whatever the cost. Once the need is met, the need will cease to motivate the individual. For the majority of Americans, we can see how this need is taken for granted. The majority of people have these needs met, and simply do not think about them constantly. Within the organizational framework, there are several examples of basic needs: rest periods, work breaks, lunch breaks, and wages.. Safety Needs A point that Maslow stresses is that a person cannot move to the next level of the hierarchy until the present level is fully achieved. The next level of the hierarchy is safety needs, which do not become motivating goals until the basic physiological needs are met. Examples in the workplace of safety needs are job security, seniority, pensions, hospitalization, and life insurance. Defined, safety needs are the need for security, protection, and stability in the physical and interpersonal events of day-to-day life. A person must be granted a freedom from fear; only then can they continue to excel. If an employee is working under the constant watch of a critical boss who threatens termination for inadequate performance, the employee will be unable to focus on the task at hand. The intangible pressures will affect the quality of the employee's work, leaving both the employee and the employer unhappy.. Social Needs Once the safety needs of an individual have been met, he or she can move onto the next level of social needs. This is defined as the need for love, affection, and a sense of belongingness in one's relationships with other persons. Examples of these needs are work groups, teamwork, and company softball outings. Humans are inherently social and friendly creatures, and to deprive this need for affection will prohibit the individual from obtaining a higher plateau on Maslow's hierarchy. Friendships are beneficial to humans at home and in the workplace, but some employers do not realize the importance of this association. We are all aware that humans form meaningful relationships outside of the workplace, but the value of establishing enjoyable relations within the workplace is often underestimated. Research has shown that promoting social interaction among employees will "increase morale and productivity.". Self Esteem Needs After the needs of safety have been recognized and achieved; a person can pursue the needs of self esteem. This plateau is defined as the need for the esteem of others; respect, prestige, recognition, need for self-esteem, personal sense of competence and mastery in my opinion, humans are egocentric, and everyone likes to be praised. This is part of this need fulfillment. A worker appreciates recognition for a job well done. This recognition will motivate them to continue working hard for the company. If the praise is lacking, the worker will begin to understand that doing quality work in unnecessary, asking "What does it matter? No one will notice anyway." The praise does not have to be a stop-the-presses party for the worker, but merely a few words of gratitude in the presence of their peers.. Self-Actualization Needs The last level of Maslow's hierarchy, the pinnacle of achievement, is the plateau of self-actualization. This presents a lofty goal for an individual: the need to fulfill oneself; to grow and use one's abilities to the fullest and most creative extent. The goal of self-actualization is hard to define. The concept offers a variety of interpretations, because it differs based on each person. One individual may feel that their maximum potential is to be the manager of a local clothing store, after steadily climbing the ladder after high school graduation. For this person, this achievement will supply all the happiness he or she needs, and the person will be fulfilled. Another person may feel that a position of local manager is below their potential, so getting the title would not be adequate for happiness. One of my sources says that "such potential, when achieved by all employees, allows the organization to achieve heights beyond expectations." My contention is that this is an impossible dream. The majority of people are far too under motivated to achieve at the peak of their potentials; but we shall explore this later.. Later Additions to the Hierarchy Later in his career, Abraham Maslow continued his thought on the hierarchy and further divided the fifth level of self-actualization into four different parts. He assumed four things of self actualized people: they are 1) being problem focused, 2) incorporating an ongoing freshness of appreciation of life, 3) concerned about personal growth, and 4) able to have peak experiences. Based on these assumptions, he created four more levels. Instead of the fifth level being simply self-actualization, he named it cognitive: to know, to understand, and to explore. The sixth level is the aesthetic: the pursuit of symmetry, order, and beauty. The seventh level is self-actualization: to find self fulfillment and realize one's potential. The eighth and final level is transcendence: to help others find self fulfillment and realize their own potential (MORE)
Alderfer does not disagree with Maslow's hierarchy of needs completely. He suggests that as more concrete needs are satisfied, less concrete need become more important. Instead of the five deeds that Maslow believes should be satisfied, Alderfer says there are only three important needs lwhereas Ma…slow's theory argues that individuals move up the hierarchy as a result of the satisfaction of lower order needs. ERG theory includes a unique frustration - regression component. This suggests that an already satisfied need can become activated when a higher need cannot be satisfied. Thus, if a person is continually frustrated in his or her attempts to satisfy growth needs, relatedness needs can again surface as key motivators. ERG theory offers a more flexible approach in understanding human needs than does Maslow's strict Hierarchy of needs. (MORE)
Compare and contrast marlow's hierarchy of needs theory with alderfer's erg theory and herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory?
Marlow says that each person has certain needs that are moreimportant than others. Alderfer says that the parts ofconsciousness sometimes balance themselves. Herzberg says thatpeople are motivated by hygiene.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory outlines the different levels offulfillment that humans seek to obtain, beginning with those basicto survival (such as food, water and sleep). As basic andintermediate needs become fulfilled, individuals are then able tomove toward a state of self-actualization, fo…und in the top tier ofthe hierarchy. (MORE)
A hypothesis is just a formally declared thought, to turn it into a theory you must delve into the consequences of your hypothesis; and state how it can be tested (by others).
Abraham Maslow created a hierarchy of the needs of human beings,starting with the most basic and ending with the most lofty. Hishierarchy starts with physical needs, then safety needs, the needfor belonging, the need for self esteem, and, finally, the need forself actualization.
scientific law describes what nature does under certain conditions An empirical generalization; a statement of a biological principle that appears to be without exception at the time it is made, and has become consolidated by repeated successful testing; rule. 2. A theoretical principle deduced fr…om particular facts, applicable to a defined group or class of phenomena, and expressible by a statement that a particular phenomenon always occurs if certain conditions be present. 3. A set of observed regularities expressed in a concise verbal or mathematical statement. scientific theory explains how nature works The grandest synthesis of a large and important body of information about some related group of natural phenomena. 2. A body of knowledge and explanatory concepts that seek to increase our understanding ("explain") a major phenomenon of nature. 3. A scientifically accepted general principle supported by a substantial body of evidence offered to provide an explanation of observed facts and as a basis for future discussion or investigation. 4. a. The abstract principles of a science as distinguished from basic or applied science. b. A reasonable explanation or assumption advanced to explain a natural phenomenon but lacking confirming proof. 5. A scheme or system of ideas or statements held as an explanation or account of a group of facts or phenomena; a hypothesis that has been confirmed or established by observation or experiment, and is propounded or accepted as accounting for the known facts; a statement of what are held to be the general laws, principles or causes of something known or observed. 6. An explanation for an observation or series of observations that is substantiated by a considerable body of evidence. (MORE)
Helps to understand people's needs. Helps to motivate employees Helps to decide rewards at each level. Helps in recognizing potential
Safety is the first order of necessity in Maslow's Hierarchy. Safety is not the first on Maslow's Hierarchy is the 2nd. The 1st is Physical needs. The 3rd is Belonging. The 4th is Feeling Recognized. and 5th is Reaching Potential. There you have it...
Hypothesis: testable prediction made before an experiment Theory: an explanation that accounts for and is supported by all the evidence we have on a topic Law: a rule of nature, often mathematical, that fits all observations and data
Advantages - it is easy to understand Disadvantages - it is culture based, no mention of moving down the hierarchy, doesn't take into account changes over time, needs of employees are not all the same.
Cognitive: focuses on the way people think; Why people do what they do;blames all problems on a way of thinking(i.e. depression is the result of negative thinking); change your mind, fix your problem. Psychoanalytical: Freudian; focuses on unconcious desires; problems caused by past, scarring e…xperiences, or discord between the id, ego, and superego; problems can be fixed by finding out about your past (i.e tell me about your mother); uses free association, TATs (Thematic Apperception Tests), rorshach blots, etc. (MORE)
The primary flaws with Maslow's hierarchy of needs is that the needs order does not and cannot encompass all people and cultures. Based on where you are the hierarchy may shuffle around based on the cultural ideals.
Mobility would fit with security of body on the safety teir of Maslow's heirarchy. It could also fit with Esteem and Self acualisation depending on how the person and those around them percieved their mobility issues.
Maslow's theory (the hierarchy of basic human needs) is interesting, but rarely is human behavior as compartmentalized. Some people are able to achieve self-actualization without having some of what Maslow defines as "needs" fulfilled first. Basically he is saying that without your basic survival/sa…fety needs, without love, without a sense of belonging, without self-esteem, without a developed sense of beauty/symmetry/art, without all of that first, you can't become a fully self-actualized person. Some would disagree with that theory. Others might speculate that some of the things he's defined as needs aren't needs at all. No one can deny that food, air, shelter and such are needs, but may argue that esteem, love, artistic expression are not needs but desires. Some may even argue that self-actualization is not imperative to being a happy or successful person. (MORE)
When Abraham Maslow conceived his Hierarchy of Needs in 1943, he couldn't possibly have known that it would be one of the most influential advances in the fields of marketing and human behavioral study - remaining so well into the subsequent century. . Maslow Marketing Hierarchy . The theory… developed by Maslow put forth that the motivation for any action made by any human being is an unfulfilled need. When we have unmet needs, we are motivated to meet them in a specific order. Once the needs on the first level are met, we move on to the needs of the next level, and so on until we reach the top tier. The first level that we are concerned with is our physiological needs: the basic things that keep us alive. Safety needs are met next, followed by social needs. We then move into the less tangible needs of esteem and, finally, self-actualization. Any student of the Maslow theory will understand how it can easily fit into a marketing context. When we attempt to make a sale, we are not only selling the product: we are selling the idea of the product, the image of the product, and the result of the product. We are essentially promising to fulfill one or more of the needs in the hierarchy. Obviously, a marketing campaign will be more successful the more it appeals to the lower levels of unfulfilled need in a person's life. What this means for you, the marketer, is that knowing your audience's needs is key. A product that promises to fulfill an esteem need will be virtually useless to a customer whose safety needs are not yet met. In order to be successful in any marketing endeavor, the first step is to get a firm grasp on the psychographic motivators to which you will be appealing. Which need on the hierarchy is your product going to fulfill? How will it fulfill this need, and how can you prove to your potential customers that it will effectively fulfill their need? Maybe a more important question is how you can tell which level of need your potential customer is currently attempting to address. If a customer comes to you asking for your product, then they are doing a large portion of your work for you. However, it's exceedingly difficult to understand the needs of a complete stranger when you are attempting a cold sale. The best way to overcome this obstacle is simple, and it's one that every marketer is taught from the very beginning of their career: just talk. Talk about sports, the weather, or family life - anything other than the product you are trying to sell. Chatting with your potential customer in a friendly, non-pressured way will allow you to pick up on invaluable clues about their needs. Once you understand why your potential customer may be motivated to buy, you are one step closer to being able to fulfill their unmet need. By identifying their motivating factors, you can cater your sales techniques to each individual customer. By analyzing the needs of customers at large, you can now effectively market to your target audience as a whole. Maslow's theory remains the basis for most management practices today. However, it can be equally successful when applied to marketing practices. The key, as always, is to know how to help your customer decide that your product will change their life. (MORE)
Herzberg believed there were two types of factors that could motivate workers. hygiene factors, such as pay and working conditions, did not motivate but if insufficient would cause staff to leave. motivating factors, such as promotion, motivate workers.
This theory classifies the factors needed to motivate people into two categories: hygiene factors and motivating factors. Hygiene factors are necessary for motivation but not sufficient; they do not bring satisfaction, but they prevent dissatisfaction. Some examples are compensation; company policie…s; level of supervision or ownership of the assigned work; relationship with superiors, subordinates, and peers; and working conditions. Motivating factors are factors that bring (or increase) job satisfaction. Some examples are challenging work assignment, opportunity for career advancement and accomplishments, opportunity for growth, sense of responsibility, and recognition. (MORE)
One key weakness is that Maslow does not take into accountindividuals who are driven by extrinsic rewards. This means thatthey respond to something that comes from outside, rather than aneed listed in the hierarchy.
Since the first needs that must be satisfied are physical needs,workers must be given time to eat, must feel physically safe atwork, and must be paid enough to support themselves and theirfamilies. To satisfy their more abstract needs, they must feel thattheir work is valued.
they were two different persons Daniel did the exact oppiste off irene. totally oppsite what ever he like the other one didn't!
social learning theory and reinforcement theory are both dealing in observation and cognitive factors. social learning theory, learning occur without a change in behavior,while in reinforcement theory learning occur with a change in behavior
Maslow believed that: â¢ People have an innate desire to work their way up the hierarchy â¢ A need is not a motivator until those before it are satisfied â¢ A satisfied need is not a motivator â¢ Managers need to assess workers' needs at each level and then provide inc…entives that correspond to those needs. Maslow's theory of needs clearly identifies the responsibilities of employees to provide a work place environment those encourage and satisfy employees to fulfil their own unique potential. The creation of such an environment will be of great benefit to individual ,organisation and society . (MORE)
I'd say that it applies at both ends of the spectrum. . At the bottom of his hierarchy of needs, Maslow says that shelter is a basal need and that without it a person cannot think of fulfilling higher needs. For those without housing, in the western or developing world, this need is paramount and p…oignant need: homeless people will put a great deal of effort on a daily basis into securing housing - for example in a cardboard box or shanty town. . On the other end of the spectrum, Maslow says that at the top of the hierarchy of needs is 'self actualisation' - the ability to achieve all that one can to reflect or express one's personality or capabilities. And so people that have met all of their lower needs, and live in comparative security, might employ an architect to design accommodation that meets the needs of personal expression: e.g. the enjoyment of audiovisual or culinary treats or the expression of artistic tastes in complex, aesthetic or expensive designs to express themselves. . I hope this helps a little, Bill (MORE)
Maslow's need hierarchy theory : a motivational theory of needs that is arranged in a hierarchy pyramid that asserts that people are motivated to fulfil a higher need as a lower one becomes satified or met the pyramid in inverted order: (so from the lowest to the highest) . Physiological : …the need for food, air, water, shelter etc . Safety : the need for a secure and stable environment where there aren't any pain, threat or illness . Belongingness/love : the need for love, affection and interaction with other people . Esteem : the need for self esteem through personal achievement as well as social esteem through recognition and respect from others . Self actualization : the need for self fulfilment, realization of one's potential Maslow also includes the desire to know (knowledge) and desire for aesthetic beauty as two innate drives that do not fit within the hierarchy Other things you should know: - you can be motivated by several needs but the strongest one woudl be the lowest level that has not been satisfied yet - you have to satisfy the lower needs to go up the hierarchy - isn't the ideal model because people do not necessarily follow the same order as the hierarchy (doesn't take into account the specific situation so this model cant be used in every case) I learnt this in psyc class, this is part of my notes from a lecture (MORE)
Maslow thought that everyone was determined to fill certain needsin their lives. He felt that when one need was fulfilled, theywould naturally progress into another.
Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory This theory classifies the factors needed to motivate people into two categories: hygiene factors and motivating factors. Hygiene factors are necessary for motivation but not sufficient; they do not bring satisfaction, but they prevent dissatisfaction. Some ex…amples are compensation; company policies; level of supervision or ownership of the assigned work; relationship with superiors, subordinates, and peers; and working conditions. Motivating factors are factors that bring (or increase) job satisfaction. Some examples are challenging work assignment, opportunity for career advancement and accomplishments, opportunity for growth, sense of responsibility, and recognition Herzberg's Two Factor Theory is a "content theory" of motivation. Herzberg analysed the job attitudes of 200 accountants and engineers who were asked to recall when they had felt positive or negative at work and the reasons why. From this research, Herzberg suggested a two-step approach to understanding employee motivation and satisfaction: Hygiene Factors Hygiene factors are based on the need to for a business to avoid unpleasantness at work. If these factors are considered inadequate by employees, then they can cause dissatisfaction with work. Hygiene factors include: - Company policy and administration - Wages, salaries and other financial remuneration - Quality of supervision - Quality of inter-personal relations - Working conditions - Feelings of job security Motivator Factors Motivator factors are based on an individual's need for personal growth. When they exist, motivator factors actively create job satisfaction. If they are effective, then they can motivate an individual to achieve above-average performance and effort. Motivator factors include: - Status - Opportunity for advancement - Gaining recognition - Responsibility - Challenging / stimulating work - Sense of personal achievement & personal growth in a job (MORE)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs represents the Psychology of human motivation based on what we need to survive. At the bottom of the pyramid are the most basic things needed for survival (e.g. food, water), thus the lack of these would be the greatest motivator for action. Each level progresses upward… in terms of less of a need for survival, therefore less of a motivator. This isn't a question. (MORE)
These two theorists have different understandings of cognitivegrowth. Piaget's theories are widely applied in modern educationaltheory.
Maslow has a hierarchy of five levels of basic needs. In the levels of the five basic needs, a person cannot meetl the second need until the demands of the first need have been met, nor the third need until the second need has been met, and so on. Here are the five need levels: 1. Physiological Ne…eds - these are our biological needs such as oxygen, food, water, etc. These are the strongest needs because without them we could not survive. 2. Safety Needs - these are our needs for safety and security. Most adults do not think about their safety needs unless they are in a time of emergency, but children often worry about their safety. 3. Love, Affection, and Belongingness Needs - these are our needs to overcome feelings of loneliness and alienation. We have a need to give and receive love and affection. We need to feel a sense of belonging. 4. Esteem Needs - this is the need for self-esteem and the esteem of others. People have a need for stable, firmly based, high level of self-respect and respect from others. These needs, when they are met, make a person feel self-confident and valuable. When they are not met, a person feels inferior, weak, helpless, and worthless. 5. Self-Actualization Needs - this is the need to be and do what you were "born to do". Instead of feeling restless and unsatisfied, you become what you were "meant to be". It is where you realize what you want out of life and make it happen. (MORE)
wave theory can't explain some effects of light. Light photons actas both waves and as particles, very similar as to how electronsbehave. Both theory of light and wave theory is correct becauseeach will predict the behavior of light for certain phenomena.
Physiological needs, which include the satisfaction of hunger and thirst. See the related question (link below) for more details.
It is a hierarchy of needs and states that once our lower-level needs are met, we are prompted to satisfy our higher-level needs. The hierarchy is as follows: . Physiological needs (hunger and thirst) . Safety needs (safety, security, stability) . Belongingness and love needs (to love and be… loved; to be long and be accepted; to avoid loneliness and alienation) . Esteem needs (self-esteem, achievement, competence, independence, recognition from others) . Self-actualization needs (need to live up to one's fullest and unique potential). The theory states that one must satisfy each level in order to move on to the next level. In other words, you cannot satisfy your safety needs without satisfying your physiological needs. You cannot become self-actualized until you have fulfilled the lower four needs. (MORE)
A advantage will be that you can really go wrong with appealing to these needs, people may not want/need them by are more than likely going to accept them. A disadvantage is that all people are different so it become harder when trying to appeal to a larger audience. .
The first dimension, known as hygiene factors, involves the presence or absence of job dissatisfacters, such as wages, working environment, rules and regulations, and supervisors.
it compares by being science and matching ur theory is what u think from ur heart
The big bang theory fits the evidence as we now know it, uniformitarianism is just a lost remnant of the concept that the universe has always been here.
In a hierarchical organization each person has only one boss at any given time. Whereas, in a matrix organization there may be a horizontal and a vertical boss. In a project-based organization a person may be assigned to multiple projects, each with its own boss. The advantage of hierarchical org…anization is that individuals have a single set of expectations and directions and a single place to go for guidance. (MORE)
One real world example of the Maslow's hierarchy theory would be at the Holocaust. People began to go down the pyramid of the experiment as the lost pieces of themselves
Maslow's Theory of Personality states that people can move closerto self-actualization as their lower needs are met. So, havingaccess to basic needs, one can start to look inward and improveupon themselves.
Why would a Theory Y manager be more likely to use Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to motivate employees?
He wouldn't try to motivate employees at all. This is because a Theory Y manager believes his employees are already self-motivated. He would focus on identifying and correcting any conditions that may destroy employee motivation. An understanding of Maslow's work may help him identifying de-moti…vators. For example, dangerous working conditions trigger low-level needs for safety (on Maslow's scale). He would want to fix such a de-motivator so that employees can focus on satisfying higher levels needs that lead to positive behavior. (MORE)
What are the distinguishing features between Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs model and Philip Selznick's institutional approach as natural systems perspective theories?
The distinguishing features between Abraham Maslow\'s hierarchy of needs model and Philip Selznick\'s institutional approach as natural systems perspective theories are (i) Maslow\'s needs theory focuses on the progressive stages of man\'s needs from the most basic physiological need to the most adv…anced one of self-actualization; whereas Selznick\'s institutional theory is focused on the organization and how rules and norms are established within it. (ii) Maslow\'s needs theory focuses on people whereas Selznick\'s institutional theory focuses on organizational systems. (MORE)
Scientific law is proven (for the most part) and scientific theoryis not proven yet."However scientific law is a law that cannot bebroken.
There are 5 types of needs according to maslow lower to higher is as follows 1. Physiological need:- these needs related to the servival and maintinance of human life like food,clothing,shelter,water. 2. Safety need :- income, personal security 3. Love and blonging need:- love, affection, society 4…. Esteem need:- luxiry, goodwill 5. Self actualisation need:- creativity (MORE)