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Did Michael Jackson have autism or Asperger's Syndrome?
There is no publicly known official diagnosis of autism or Asperger's Syndrome for Michael Jackson. People will speculate about various possible conditions he might have that explain his actions. However, only a professional can make that diagnosis with any accuracy, and no such professional is currently known to have made such a diagnosis as yet.
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Response: Researchers and mental health experts are still investigating the causes of autism and AS. Many believe that the pattern of behavior that characterizes AS may have… many causes. There seems to be a hereditary component to AS, and research indicates that in some cases AS may be associated with other mental health disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder. Researchers are also looking into whether environmental factors that affect brain development might play a role. Contrary to the incorrect assumptions some may make about people with the disorder, AS is not caused by emotional deprivation or the way a person has been brought up. Because some of the behaviors exhibited by someone with AS may be seen by others as intentionally rude, many people wrongly assume that AS is the result of bad parenting - it isn't. It's a neurobiological disorder whose causes are not yet fully understood. Currently, there is no cure for the disorder - kids with AS become adults with AS. But many lead full and happy lives, and the likelihood of achieving this is enhanced with appropriate education, support, and resources. Response: The actual causes of Asperger's disorder are unknown, and there is no real cure. Nor is there much known agreement on what the best courses of treatment are beyond management of the demonstrated symptoms, deficits, and maladjustments. But persons with Asperger's can live comparatively normal lives. Response: Asperger's Syndrome and autism are more likely to occur in families that already have people with those conditions in them. Children of men over age 40 are more likely to have children with autism spectrum disorders than men who are under age 30 when they have their children. The researchers had not determined whether this was due to sociocultural factors, more genetic mutations in sperm-producing cells as one ages, or something else. The article " Combination of Early Detection, Timely Treatment Hold Promise for Autism " indicates that older fathers and mothers, low birth weights, shorter pregnancies, and too little oxygen during birth might "be associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorders". Another study shows that mothers who take the epilepsy drug valproate while pregnant are more likely to have children with autism. These are early findings, so valproate might not be the cause, and it might instead have more to do with which epileptic women are prescribed valproate. In the related links section are articles from ScienceDaily.com on autism research, including the one on older fathers. There are additional links on genetic studies of autism in the related question "Which chromosome is associated with Asperger's Syndrome?" Response: Asperger's is believed to be hereditary, however it occurs more on the male side than the female side. I have Asperger's (diagnosed), and my dad has suspected Asperger's (undiagnosed), and it is the same of many people at our local Asperger's group - most of the adults are undiagnosed because the NHS ignored Asperger's up until about the 1990's and so many adults were missed, but are now thought to have AS as they have similar behaviour problems to their sons who have Asperger's, but now the NHS isn't really bothered about patching up the problems it made. Primarily focusing on those under 25. That doesn't mean that no female has Asperger's, there are a few females with Asperger's, for example Claire Sainsbury - author of Martian in the Playground and daughter of Lord Sainsbury (owner of Sainsbury's Supermarkets in the UK) has Asperger's (the book Martian in the Playground is her story of how she was treated at school with Asperger's). Quite ironically as well when Grange Hill depicted someone with Asperger's at the school that person also was female, maybe the research team should have done better homework on that one! With Asperger's being a DNA mutation there will be an increase over time in the number of people who have AS - for example one person with AS has 3 children, 2 of which have AS, then they go on again and have another 3 children and 2 of them also have AS that's 4 people with AS, and the other person who doesn't have AS has the DNA and passes it on to their children you could possibly have up to 9 people with AS from one family in two generations (maybe even more if they have even more children). Also despite people with Asperger's lacking social skills and finding it hard to make friends, or be romantically involved, with recent changes in communication through the Internet social skills are becoming less and less of a necessity, thus further increasing the Asperger's population. Response: it comes usually by genetics.
Autism and Asperger's syndrome are both autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and pervasive development disorders (PDD). People diagnosed with any type of autism spectrum disorder a…re either social avoident or socially inappropriate. Asperger's Syndrome is considered to be "high-functioning." It is identified in people who have average or above average intelligence. They may have sensory integration disorder(s), which means any of their senses might be overloaded and overwhelming to them. People with Asperger's Syndrome also have self-stimulation (or "stimming"); in other words, obsessive and narrow interests (e.g., trains; video games; cars; astronomy). Most people diagnosed with Asperger's Syndrome don't have problems in language, although it has been noted that speech can be unusually fast, jerky, loud or quiet. Some researchers speculate that there is a difference between high-functioning autism and Asperger's Syndrome. So, it is possible that the people with high-functioning autism have problems with language while those with Asperger's Syndrome do not. Most notabily, individuals with Asperger's (like with autism) have social skill impairments including problems with the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction. Also, like with autism they may have trouble developing peer relationships appropriate to developmental level. Autism and PDD-NOS (a moderate form of Autism that can't specified by any other spectrum disorder) is considered to be "low-functioning." People with Autism or PDD-NOS have "stimming" that are considered to be "unusual" behavior (e.g. flapping their hands; rocking back and fourth; spinning things; rolling around in blankets). They may have sensory integration disorder(s), which means any of their senses might be overloaded and overwhelming to them, which they can't make sense of. Many people with Autism and/or PDD-NOS are non-verbal.
Answer It depends on whom you ask. The two labels are differentiated in the official diagnosing manual (DSM IV) only by the presence or absence of an early language del…ay. And people diagnosed with Asperger's do have language delays (pragmatic, higher lever linguistic organization, and figurative language delays) that become more obvious with age. The other "spectrum" diagnoses are quite different. IMHO, it seems an artificial boundary, and it makes more sense to label both forms "autism," with the more severe form referred to as Kanner's Autism and the less severe form as Asperger's Autism. People with either form of autism need support to function to their full potential, but those with asperger's autism could be expected to live independently with employment. Those with kanner's autism can be expected to need full-time support. ONE IMPORTANT NOTE: a label of kanner's autism does not imply low intelligence. I have known very bright kanner's. They just need very good communication support. Answer Yes, if that someone does not have "classic" autism. I who have Asperger's disorder have NOT been diagnosed with "classic" autism. Answer If a person has autism, he or she does not have Asperger's Syndrome. If a person has Asperger's Syndrome, he or she does not have autism. Having one precludes having the other. As knowledge about autism has grown, five distinct conditions that present with similar features have been identified, and they are now known as autism spectrum disorders or pervasive developmental disorders. Autism and Asperger's Syndrome are different disorders within the category of pervasive developmental disorders. As research continues, it is possible that autism will be subdivided into more conditions, since it is informally subdivided into infantile and late-onset or childhood and atypical autism. Because it seems that there is no single cause for autism, it is certainly possible that it could become several different conditions after more research. So, one of those possible future varieties of autism could be merged into Asperger's syndrome. Asperger's Syndrome is a neuro-developmental disorder, specifically a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), also known as an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), resulting in differences in the way the brain processes information. Pervasive developmental disorders include: 1. autistic disorder also known as autism or Kanner's Syndrome, 2. Asperger's Syndrome (AS), 3. Rett's Syndrome (RS), 4. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) also known as Heller's syndrome, and 5. Pervasive Developmental Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Pervasive developmental disorders have characteristics in common: they are marked by impairments in social interaction, imaginative activity, and verbal and nonverbal communication skills, and by a limited number of interests and activities that tend to be repetitive. While most of these PDDs are diagnosed while the individual is a child, people with Asperger's syndrome can often function well enough that they go undiagnosed or wrongly diagnosed for years. Sometimes children diagnosed with high-functioning autism are relabeled as having Asperger's syndrome when they are older as more distinguishing characteristics become apparent. There are many people who were not diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome until their teens or adulthood who have never been diagnosed with autism. Some people with Asperger's Syndrome cannot live independently, so they might be diagnosed earlier in their lives or misdiagnosed with autism or another condition. One of the criteria for diagnosing Asperger's syndrome is that a diagnosis of autistic disorder has been rejected, as well as other pervasive developmental disorders. In other words, you cannot have Asperger's syndrome if you have autism. However, unfortunately, you can have Asperger's syndrome and still be misdiagnosed with autism, or sometimes PDD-NOS. Answer I have a son who was diagnosed with Asperger's. I am also a special education teacher (32 years). Mental Health experts separate Autism and Asperger's syndrome and consider them to be two different developmental disorders. In the state where I teach there is no differentiation between the two as far as special education law is concerned. A student with Asperger's syndrome would have an "Autism Impaired" certification if he or she needed special education services.
Most studies focus on autism or autism spectrum disorders, rather than Asperger's Syndrome specifically. More than one chromosome is linked to autism spectrum disorders. The c…hromosomes involved according to various studies are listed below. A few sites providing information on the genetics of autism highlight results about several of the chromosomes: Exploring Autism: A Look at the Genetics of Autism Autism is Likely to Be Linked to Several Genes There are also articles that could be available through your library's electronic database subscriptions or available in journal form from an academic library. Some hospitals also subscribe to electronic databases with medical information and allow public access. Autism: In Search of Susceptibility Genes - abstract (August, 2002) Links to the articles at ScienceDaily.com about studies on certain chromosomes are provided below in the related links section. Chromosome 2: Researchers Identify First Gene Variant That Appears to Increase Risk of Autism in Significant Portion of the Population (April 1, 2004) Chromosomes 3, 4, 7, and 11: Different Genes May Cause Autism in Boys and Girls (July 31, 2006) Chromosome 7: New Genetic Link to Autism Discovered by Studying Speech (Jan 11, 2008) New Protein Implicated in Autism (Mar 27, 2007) Chromosomes 7 and 21: Study Links Regions of Two Chromosomes to Susceptibility for Type of Autism (June 9, 2005) Chromosome 11: Gene That May Lead to Autism Identified (Mar 14, 2007) Chromosome 13: Study Points to Chromosome Site of Autism Gene (Dec 3, 1999) Chromosomes 15 and 22: Gene Screen to Identify Causes of Autism (Oct 17, 2008) Chromosome 16: Novel Chromosome Abnormality Appears to Increase Risk of Autism (Jan 10, 2008) Recurrent Genetic Deletion Linked to Autism, Study Shows (Jan 10, 2008) Chromosomal Abnormalities Play Substantial Role in Autism (Jan 22, 2008) Chromosome 17: UCLA Scientists Pinpoint Region of Autism Gene on Chromosome 17 (May 4, 2005)
I usually argue that autism is a higher category (like a higher taxon, to borrow from taxonomy) than Asperger Syndrome and thus Asperger Syndrome is a subset of autistic condi…tions. Autism exists as a spectrum, with Asperger Syndrome at the 'high functioning' end of it. Truly autistic people grow up with delayed language, not speaking until two or older. The isolation is probably thus more severe for true autistics. Also, it is often said that true autistics are delayed in learning or cognitively impaired with lower Intelligence Quotients compared to those with Aspergers. Autistics also have the tendency to line up objects and follow strict routine behaviour. Asperger-conditioned people share the lining up of objects attribute with strict routines perhaps. But very often, Aspergers are not delayed in language, have average to high Intelligence Quotients. I am not sure whether the restricted interest attribute is restricted to Aspergers. Aspergers tend to become hooked on restricted interests. Cars, dinosaurs, plants, astronomy, chemistry, trains are all interest areas possible for Aspergers. I presume that the more difficult the subject matter the more superficial the study in the case of any autists (true autist or Asperger) who are of lower IQ or of lower cognitive ability. In relation to language, true autists are portrayed as really struggling, whereas Aspergers are inclined to develop complex vocabularies, often more pedantic and proper than those of their peers.
A person with autism or Asperger's Syndrome uses stimming to relax. Stimming can help them cope with stressful situations. It can also help them focus.
Asperger Syndrome IS Autism, the only difference between the two isthat with Asperger Syndrome there is no developmental delay in thechildren diagnosed - however many doctors …misdiagnosed people withAsperger Syndrome instead of Autism to avoid the stigma of Autism.The two conditions have been merged because there is really nodifference between the two at all, it may simply be that anAutistic child develops at a different speed from the child who isAsperger Syndrome - that doesn't mean that they are two distinctlyseperate conditions.
Asperger's Syndrome and autism are both autism spectrum disorders, but they are at different parts of the spectrum. The two conditions have very similar symptoms.
Asperger's Syndrome (AS) is similar to autism. Both belong to the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) group. AS differs from Autism and other autism spectrum disorders by its re…lative preservation of linguistic and cognitive development. (see related links)
Asperger's Syndrome is related to autism. Both are in the family of autism spectrum disorders. The two conditions have very similar symptoms, but Asperger's Syndrome is less l…ikely to have a delay in the development of language use. When a child has the symptoms, autism is often diagnosed when IQ is below average, while Asperger's Syndrome is more likely to be diagnosed when IQ is known to be average or above average.
When she was a child, Temple Grandin was diagnosed as having autism. If she were being diagnosed today, it would probably be labeled Asperger's Syndrome.
The actor Atticus Shaffer is not described as having autism or Asperger's Syndrome (AS), and details about him do not make it seem likely. The character he plays on the televi…sion series The Middle, Brick, is "quirky" and has symptoms that make it seem possible that the character has an autism spectrum disorder, but the character is not identified as having one on the show.
Asperger's Syndrome is a form of autism which excludes clinically significant intellectual disability and delayed speech. Some also include clumsiness in the description, …but there was never agreement on that. The ICD-10 calls it "A disorder of uncertain nosological validity", and it has been removed completely from the DSM 5. A new patient might be told they have an "autism spectrum condition" in the U.K, or an "autism spectrum disorder" in the U.S.
Asperger Syndrome is at the higher functioning end of the spectrum. In the DSM-IV, there are five conditions on the autism spectrum. Two of them (Rett Syndrome and Childhood …Disintegrative Disorder) are extremely rare, so the majority of people on the autism spectrum have a diagnosis of either autism, PDD NOS or Asperger Syndrome. Asperger Syndrome(AS) requires that the person said their first words by 2 and their first sentences by 3, and have no major delays in cognitive skills or adaptive functioning. (Although many psychologists ignore the adaptive functioning criteria, allowing kids with normal IQ and verbal skills to be diagnosed as AS even if they have significant nonverbal delays.) So therefore AS is at the higher functioning end. Where it gets complicated is that autism and PDD NOS have no functioning requirements. Autism is typically diagnosed when the kid has a significant language delay. But whereas some autistic kids never learn to talk or speak very poorly even into adulthood, some overcome their early language delays and end up pretty much indistinguishable from AS kids. This is often referred to as high functioning autism or HFA, although others use that term to include anyone on the higher functioning end of the autism spectrum regardless of diagnosis. PDD NOS is diagnosed when the kid doesn't meet criteria for a specific autism spectrum condition, but the psychologist feels they belong on the autism spectrum. As such, these kids are even more variable. PDD NOS is sometimes diagnosed in kids who are too young or low functioning to show some of the signs of autism, such as lack of pretend play (if they are below an 18 month old level they wouldn't play pretend anyway). As a result, PDD NOS can include the lowest functioning autistic individuals, such as someone who is unable to walk due to profound cognitive impairment. On the other hand, it can also be used for people whose issues are too mild for an AS diagnosis, who would be the highest functioning kids. And it can be used for atypical autistic traits at any functioning level, such as a kid who has autistic-style social impairment but doesn't show any repetitive behavior. For one example, kids with Newson Syndrome, a suggested new category of autism spectrum condition, are usually diagnosed with PDD NOS. These kids show social impairment, sensory issues and usually language delay, but also defiant behavior caused by a phobia of being controlled, and many are quite sociable. In addition, they often have increased pretend play and socially oriented obsessions. So psychologists think they probably fit on the autistic spectrum, but they're clearly atypical. So, Asperger Syndrome has to be high functioning, but the other two common autism spectrum diagnoses can be at any level of functioning. (CDD and Rett Syndrome are always low functioning.)
There really is no difference between Autism and Asperger Syndrome,thus why the two diagnosis have now been merged - many doctorssimply diagnosed Asperger Syndrome to avoid st…igma of Autism. Theonly real difference was that Autistic children showeddevelopmental delays, however that in itself does not mean thatAsperger Syndrome was a seperate disorder just that differentchildren develop at different rates.
No, Michael Jackson did not have Autism (Asperger Syndrome is Autism). Michael Jackson showed no autistic traits tosuggest that he was autistic.