Does Restitution promotes the concept of restorative justice?
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social justice christians . Martin Luther King, the man that said the speech...."I have a dream...". He was a christian preacher.. Abraham Lincon was a Christian....freed… the slaves.
Answer . I found this quote that is relevant to your question: "Nullification is a constitutional theory that gives an individual state the right to declare null and voi…d any law passed by the United States Congress which the state deems unacceptable and unconstitutional. The concept is most well-known in the context of the sectionalist crisis that plagued the Union in the 40 years preceding the Civil War.. The origins of nullification are found in the Federalist-Republican debate of the late 1700s. James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798) declared that the states had the right to nullify laws by which the federal government overstepped its limits of jurisprudence. When the Republicans gained the presidency in the "revolution of 1800," nullification became moot.. The "tariff of abominations" of 1828 revived the issue. By this time in the United States, the North had become economically dominant due to manufacturing, and the South was beginning to suffer from exhausted land. The government enacted tariffs on foreign manufactures to protect Northern business, which raised the price of goods to be sold throughout the US. South Carolinians in particular were upset by their inability to afford these goods which the South could not produce. South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union.. John Calhoun, then Vice-President in the Jackson administration, promoted nullification as a moderate alternative to secession. A state would be able to nullify a federal law and exist as part of the Union unless three-fourths of the states passed the law as a constitutional amendment. In that case, the state would secede from the Union. Calhoun's theory of "concurrent majority" essentially gave each regional interest an absolute veto.. Calhoun wanted to preserve the Union and intended to use the threat of nullification simply to force the federal government to reduce tariff rates, but the 1830 Webster-Hayne debate in Congress divided the nation over nullification. A North versus West controversy about public lands in the frontier turned into a Southern and Western ideological struggle against Northeastern "tyranny.". President Jackson considered nullification to be treasonous. Jackson stated his view with the following toast at a Democratic Party banquet: "Our Federal Union- it must be preserved. " John Calhoun responded: "The Union-next to our liberty most dear." Calhoun would resign as Vice-President and accept a Congressional seat from South Carolina.. In 1833, Congress passed a "force bill" which authorized Jackson to use violence to preserve the Union. A compromise on the tariff issue offered by Senator Henry Clay was passed in 1842, which gradually reduced rates to the 1816 level. Thirty years later in the Civil War (1861-1865), after the secession crisis was heightened by the slavery issue, violence would finally settle the matter of nullification. "
States' Rights. :)
Restitution means paying back someone for what you have taken from them, "making them whole again," or doing some kind of deed to make amends for something bad you did.
pros: + considered 'fair' + the offender may experience how it feels to be the victim perhaps preventing similar behavior again cons: - how does one measure/objecti…fy the crime or a relevant punishment and who is to judge what punishment is appropriate e.g. if a judge who is notoriously hard on thiefs is asked to deliver a ruling, it'll probably be a harder punishment than that delivered by a judge who is more sympathetic to the people being tried. - supporters of rehabilitation would argue that socio/economic conditions cause crime not people so the punishment does not help the problem and crime will continue. It is better to get to the root of the problem than castigating someone who was forced to offend due to their situation e.g. fining a poorer man for stealing money to feed his family would make him poorer probably driving him to continue stealing instead of fighting the real problem in this example, the lack of support for people in need, which would reduce the amount of stealing that occurs because said man would not be forced to steal.
It is lawful in Islam for legitimate businesses to advertise theirproducts. ÃAdvertisements should be truthful and should not includeindecent language or images.
Montesquieu While Locke proposed separating government into a legislative branch that made law and an executive branch charged with implementing the law, Montesquieu added a…n independent judiciary to settle disputes that might arise between the two.
Restorative Justice is really a theory on addressing offenders in the criminal justice system. It really focuses on repairing (hence restorative) the harm caused to the victim…. This could be through community service or even mediation between the victim and the offender. While in the typical criminal justice models it is very offender focused, restorative justice has a larger focus on the victim and repairing the harm caused to the victim/ community instead of just punishing the offender.
Montesquieu belived in the separation of powers (JEL) J-Judical Branch. E-Executive Branch L-Legislative Branch
cause they suck
Nullification wasthe principle in which the states did not have to be subservient to the National Government, in an effort to maintain a small governemnt.
Restorative justice could is a great opportunity for the victim totake an active role in justice on their behalf. Although this hasbeen a widely accepted idea, some disadvanta…ges are that somejudicial systems only recognized monetary restitutions. So if anagreement were to be made that included a promise to pay $25 andwalk their dog on a weekly basis, the court would only recognizethe monetary agreement.
There are several ways that restorative justice differs fromcontemporary criminal justice. For example, restorative justiceviews criminal activity more comprehensive. This pro…cess recognizesthat not only do criminals harm victims, but that they all harmcommunities and themselves.
The term "Restorative Justice" is a justice approach that centres on requirements of the victims, the offenders and the community as whole. Victims participate in process whil…e the culprits take responsibility for the actions.
The concept of "promotion mix" refers to using a combination of different promotional techniques on one product line. For example, a mix of print advertising, broadcast advert…ising, direct marketing, personal sales and merchandise displays.
Restorative justice involves restoring trust by repairing damage orharm done to a victim of a crime or to the community as a whole.