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According to this article, in 1847, please read the related link below for more information.
They called it Zion. Then when they found out, in order for Utah to become a state, that they would have to separate schools, stores, and public places from religion.
The biggest problems the Mormon Pioneers faced when first arriving in what is now Salt Lake City was lack of water and building materials. These problems were soon solved by t…he building of irrigation canals from mountain streams. These canals, many of which are still in use today, carried water to the cities to be used for drinking and irrigating crops. Many pioneers built the first homes from mud-bricks and adobe, as trees were scarce. Logging in the mountains brought some log and lumber structures, although since nails were extremely rare, most of these were tied together with leather straps and cemented with mud. Granite and other stones were used to construct the most permanent buildings, such as the Salt Lake Temple, which is still used today. The pioneers were very organized, hardworking, and industrious. These qualities all contributed to their success in suviving and thriving in Salt Lake City.
Mormon pioneers. Brigham Young led the caravan of Mormons across the Midwest into the Salt Lake Valley
After being persecuted in the east, they decided to build Nauvoo, a large city in Illinois. Then they got persecuted there and Brigham Young sent a few members out… to check put Utah. No one was really over there, so they figured no one would be there to persecute them. They traveled to Salt Lake City and that became the LDS church headquarter, which still is.
The Mormons were settled in Nauvoo, Illinois on the banks of the Mississippi river. They were then forced to leave in 1846, essentially the then United States and travel to wh…at is now Utah. Brigham Young, the prophet at the time, led them there, as he saw in a vision the place where they were to go and flourish, as they did in Utah. They reached the Salt Lake valley in 1847.
The Mormon Pioneer Trail is a 1,300-mile travelled by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1846 to 1868. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illin…ois on the Mississipi river, passing through Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Eastern Utah to Salt Lake City, Utah. The Mormon pioneer movement began in 1846 when, after having been driven once again by mob violence from their settled home, the Saints decided to establish a new home for the church outside the established boundaries of the United States. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856-1860. Two of the handcart companies, led by James G. Willie and Edward Martin, met disaster on the trail when they departed late and were caught by heavy snowstorms in Wyoming. Once the Mormons arrived in Salt Lake, some were asked by the Prophet Brigham Young to go settle other places such as Genoa, Nevada; St. George, Utah; Cardston, Alberta, Canada and many other settlements in the territory of Deseret. See Related Links for more information.
After the martyrdom of Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail, the Mormons were being more and more terrorized by mobs in Illinois. During the year of 1846 Brigham Young, the new leade…r of the Mormons began to assemble the people to get ready to leave Nauvoo and go west. The first wagons began their trek west on February 6th, 1846, and arrived in 1847 the exact date isn't known but the city was founded on July 24th, 1847, and consisted of 148 people with 143 of them being men. For the years to come more and more people came in the following years on the trail that would come to be known as the Mormon Trail and under the direction of Brigham Young.
The first wagon train took over 1 year and 5 months. The first wagon train left Nauvoo, Illinois in Feb. of 1846. They crossed Iowa and camped for the winter at a place they c…alled Winter Quarter, Neb., which is near Omaha, Neb. In the spring of 1847 the first wagons departed Winter Quarter for the west (April 14,1847) and arrived in Salt Lake City, Utah, on June 24, 1847 (that portion took over 3 months). The original distance traveled was 1,300 miles. After the first wagon train, others followed for the next 20 years and the time became much quicker. By 1857 handcart companies crossed the plains in about 3 1/2 months. Entry: 'Sept. - Fri. 26 'The first two companies of immigrating saints, which crossed the plains with handcarts, arrived at G.S.L. City, ...left Iowa City June 9, and ...June 11th." (LDS Church Chronology 1805 - 1914, page 57) Today (2011) you could travel the 1300 miles driving at 75 mph in 17 hours & 33 minutes.
In the winter of 1845-1846, the saints began their preparation to migrate to the West in search of a "New Zion." In the Spring of 1846, they began their large migration and ar…rived in Salt Lake City in 1847.
The Mormon pioneers originally named it Great Salt Lake City, but shortened it to Salt Lake City because the name was so long.
Well, technically, they never found Salt Lake City. They found a large empty valley and built Salt Lake City. They arrived there in July 1847.
The latter day saints, or mormons, moved to Salt Lake City because the were being persecuted in every other state. The moved to somewhere that no one else wanted to be so the …could practice their religion.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints the "Mormon" church) does not release membership statistics for anything smaller than a state, so we can't know fo sure. Salt L…ake City is actually quite a diverse, liberal city. Having lived here for over 20 years, I would say about 20-30% of people living inside Salt Lake City boundaries are active, practicing Mormons. A larger number were baptized as children but don't practice the religion today. Most Mormons live in the more family-friendly suburbs surrounding the city. The Salt Lake City Metropolitan area (which includes the surrounding suburbs and smaller cities like Provo and Ogden) is about 70% practicing Mormons - some areas have fewer Mormons (20% or so) and others have more (80-90%), depending on the neighborhood.
The Mormons moved to what is now Utah because they had been kicked out of New York, Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois due to their religious beliefs. In each of these places they f…aced severe persecution, and they were in search of a place where they could practice their religion in peace.