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Legal Definitions

~1700 answered questions
Parent Category: Law & Legal Issues
The legal process uses highly specialized language and terms. Ask about their definitions in this category.
A limited liability company (LLC): is a type of business ownership combining several features of corporation and partnership structures is not a corporation or a partnership may be called a limited liability corporation, the correct terminology is limited liability company owners are called members…
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1 : to find or prove to be guilty 2 : to convince of error or sinfulness 3 : a person on which crime proved or a person who declare his crime called convicted
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a public officer or other person authorized to authenticate contracts, acknowledge deeds, take affidavits, protest bills of exchange, take depositions, etc.
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Answer The transference of a right, interest, or title, or the instrument of transfer. Something that you have to hand into a teacher at the end of a term (they suck...trust me i no)
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Urbanization can be defined as the rapid and massive growth of, and migration to, large cities. Positive and negative consequences can result. In US urbanization, some of these issues are: employment, sanitation, housing, sewage, water, fire, social welfare, role of government, and political machine…
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Habeas corpus is a Latin term meaning "Have the body". It is a writ (court order) which directs the law enforcement officials who have custody of a prisoner to appear in court with the prisoner in order to determine the legality of the prisoner's confinement. A court order requiring that a confine…
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According to the US Legal Definitions website: A hate crime is usually defined by state law as one that involves threats, harassment, or physical harm and is motivated by prejudice against someone's race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, sexual orientation or physical or mental disabi…
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'Nem. con.'If something is carried 'nem. con.' it means that nobody voted against it.The expression is an abbreviation for the Latin 'nemine contradictente' which means 'with nobody contradicting'.(Quoting from "Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised" Nov. 2011 edition:" 'Unanimous consent' does not …
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Assassination is the targeted killing (murder) of a public figure or prominent person which is prompted by ideological, political, or military reasons. Assassination is carried out by a surprise, sudden or secret attack.Murder is the crime of deliberately killing any person.
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A formal agreement between people or groups enforceable by law. The Restatement of Contracts (a summary of the prevailing contract laws) defines "contract" as a "promise," the breach of which the law requires a remedy, or the performance of which the law recognizes as a duty. The formation of …
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Solicitor is an officer having charge of the legal business of a city, town, etc. In another sense, that is a category of lawyer used in the English system (not in America). There they have two types of lawyers called solicitors and barristers. The barristers are the lawyers who actually try the c…
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Common law is the system of deciding cases that originated in England and which was latter adopted in the U.S.. Common law is based on precedent (legal principles developed in earlier case law) instead of statutory laws. It is the traditional law of an area or region created by judges when deciding …
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A sale is a transaction where a person gives money for a good or service and receives that good or service. A sale can also use the barter system where goods or services are exchanged for other goods or services.
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State laws generally provide that a person commits theft if he obtains or exercises unauthorized control over the property of another with a purpose to deprive him thereof. There are many different ways by which a person can commit theft. A person may commit theft by simply taking the property of an…
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to try the case fairly
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Action in form of a judgment taken against a plaintiff who has failed to appear to prosecute his action or failed to prove his case,
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A limited company in the United Kingdom is a corporation whose liability is limited by law. There are three main types of limited companies which are set up by the Memorandum of Association & Articles of Association:private company limited by shares (Ltd.)Similar to Pty. Ltd.private company limi…
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No. Regardless of the street address on the letter, mail can only legally be opened by the person whose name is on the letter (or someone whom the addressee has authorized to open their mail). NOTE: People who have appointed a POA (Power of Attorney) often give permission for that POA to open cert…
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Management is a scientific process,and the art of functional activity by an organisational group that effectively and efficiently employs the outsourced resources available to co-ordinate all activities and attain the objectives planned by the organization.It is the art of getting things done by uti…
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It can be defined as followed. Company with limited liability to owners.
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The difference is in the style of ownership of the real estate, and the style of the buildings. Some townhouses are stand-alone buildings, others built in rows. There is no standard style of real estate for condominiums.
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Habeas corpus is an order of the Court which commands a law enforcement office or jail that is holding someone prisoner to bring said prisoner before the Court. The reason that a court would issue such an order is to ensure that someone who's been arrested, and is being held in jail, can't be held …
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Homicide is when somebody kills or murders someone else it is killing of another person by another person Homicide comes from the words homo-, meaning "of the same," in this case, species, and -cide, meaning killing, such as pesticide, genocide (killing of members of a race), etc. Homicide is the…
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Basic principle that government and those who govern are bound by the fundamental law.
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Generally, the manufactured home does not become real property until it is permanently installed on and attached to the land. While it is en route, on the delivery truck, it would be personal property.
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It is the basic beliefs and pratices of the people that have not changed over the years. How to tell if you country is civilised or not look at the art and science of the country if it is regulated it is not true art and sciences so not generally excepted as civilized or free.Art is self expression …
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The difference between Gross Profit Margin and Operating Profit Margin is that the gross profit margin accounts for only Cost of Goods sold, but the Operating Profit Margin accounts for both Cost of Goods sold and Administration/Selling expenses.
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Appeal: A request asking a higher court to decide whether the trial or lower court decision was correct.Writ of Certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case the Court has accepted on appeal. The primary means by which the Court sets its do…
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A preliminary hearing simply determines that there is probable cause or reason to believe that a crime has been committed and that you may have committed it so the case can proceed to trial.By waiving the preliminary hearing, you are not admitting guilt, you are only agreeing that there is enough ev…
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"crime is an act where there has been injury to another person or damage to property/public property/Damage to a highway or another's automobile.
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It is Latin for "I forbid". The president and state governors have the power to veto legislation, which means to reject it -- prevent it from becoming law.
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It is a legal document that requires authorities to bring an accused person to court for consideration of the offense: whether it exists or whether the accused is reasonably charged with it. --- You will commonly get two different answers to a question like this. The first one is close, but not ac…
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Invasion of privacy occurs when there is an intrusion of solitude or when a false light occurs in a defamation case. It can also occur if there is a public disclosure of facts.
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The law is a set of rules that are being enforced and regulated by a governing authority. Laws are being created to ensure that order and peace are being achieved.
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They are enumerated in Building Codes.
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subpena duces tecum : (suh-pea-nah dooh-chess-take-uhm or dooh-kess-take-uhm): a court order requiring a witness to bring documents in the possession or under the control of the witness to a certain place at a certain time. This subpena must be served personally on the person subpenaed. It is the co…
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In relation to the universal Zulu nation it means, "the Heavens" and "strength in numbers". Zulu was the founder of the Zulu nation which means Heaven, his mother playing a big role.
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This was a general search warrant issued by the British government that gave customs agents the right to search any building or ship in the colonies for smuggled goods. In current usage: In criminal law - A writ of assistance is a court order to a law enforcement officer to enforce a prior order …
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It is the scientific examination of evidence as it pertains to the law.
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"http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_Difference_between_a_seed_and_a_grain"
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To stop a subpoena, the person must obtain a subpoena motion form from the courthouse. The form must be filled out with the reason the subpoena should be quashed. The motion should be filed with the clerk's office and a copy should be sent to the plaintiff's attorney by certified mail.
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Illicit means illegal.Some definitions of illicit are, illegitimate, outlaw, outlawed, unlawful.
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A conditional stay of legal proceedings is a temporary suspension of the action. Because it is conditional, it means that it is dependent on something.
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Precision means about the same thing as accuracy. It defines the possible or actual deviation from the exact answer. For example, the precision of a numerical value depends on how many significant digits are used, and the possible deviation in measurement from the smallest value given.
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The term "notarized" means that a signature or document has been certified as being a legal agreement, such as a contract, will, or title. A "notary public" will typically certify that all copies of a legal contract are the same, so that there is no question as to each copy's authenticity.
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On or about means sometime close to the specific time or date. When an exact time or date is not known, this phrase is often used.
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Personal space is considered the area immediately surrounding an individual in which they feel safe. It varies from one person to another. When another person violates personal space it causes that person to feel insecure and uncomfortable. The more intimate the relationship, the less personal space…
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my neighbor called me prostitute
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Amend is synonymous to alter, change, modify, revise, adapt, and qualify. It means to make a minor changes to have fairness, to add or subtract, and more accurate.
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To extradite a person means to give them up to the jurisdiction of another state/country - usually to answer criminal charges.
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Answer 1: De facto is latin for in fact and in political terms indicates a government that may have ceased power unlawfully. They may not be constitutionally in power, but are in reality. De jure is the opposite. Answer 2: De facto is a government supported by the people of the state and not by a…
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Answer A dwelling is a house, a home, a residence, where you live.
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A limited liability company (LLC) is a relatively new business entity in the United States. The first modern LLC statute was adopted in Wyoming in 1977 and by 1997 every state allowed the creation of a limited liability company. Its basic features are its owners have limited liability for the enti…
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Answer The typical "grandfather clause" relates to the applicability of the latest building code to things that were already installed under a previous code (i.e., previously allowed). You may need a waiver or to have the old work re-inspected for insurance reasons. There are several situations …
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Copyright gives the owner the exclusive right to make and distribute copies, or perform a work, or make derivative works, depending upon the type of creative work it is. It is infringed when someone violates those rights, such as by making illegal copies. Trademark provides an individualized right…
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In most cases, you have the right to have your case heard by a jury, rather than a judge, in the US. In the criminal context, this means that jury will hear the evidence, and they will decide whether or not to find you guilty. In the civil context, this means that a jury will hear the evidence and d…
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The Tea Act maintained the Townshend tariffs. it was an attempt to save the East India Tea company.
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Efforts to make life worth living for workmen. Anything done for the comfort and improvement of the workers over and above the wages paid.
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this is a bit like a contract and it is a right enforced and protected by the law.
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It means fifteen calender days, unless 15 'working' days are specified. Working days are usually interpreted to mean Monday thru Friday, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and national holidays.
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It means that if you're accused of murder and you go to trial and are found not guilty, the case is closed. That's that. No matter how much new evidence is found, you can't be convicted of that same crime. And in the game show, the categories are worth double the points, yes.
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The standard for being determined legally blind is the same in all states, as it is tied to Social Security benefits. Vision of 20 over 200 or less is considered legal blindness.
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The spirit of an agreement goes beyond its explicit terms, to include the implied terms and a consideration of the purpose of the agreement. In short, when someone argues that the 'spirit of the contract' has been breached, they are grasping at straws.
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The term 'free consent' is usually used with the meaning of 'intentional choice.' By contrast with 'being forced' or 'acting or choosing unwillingly,' 'free consent' denotes an action that one engages in (or approves of) after having deliberated on it or having investigated it in some open, uncontro…
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res is Latin for a "thing" e.g., res ipsa loquiter = the thing speaks for itself
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you have to be a least 13 and you have to have a Hellman...only if the 50cc scooter is not faster then 50 mph
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It means that the endorsement (usually pertaining to a signature granting some kind of permission) is restricted to whatever limitations the signer places upon it.
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THey are synonymous with others: defalcation, default, destituteness, destitution, disaster, exhaustion, failure, indebtedness, indigence, lack, liquidation, loss, nonpayment, overdraft, pauperism, privation, repudiation, ruin, ruination ans They are very different actually. Insolvency is a financia…
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Sedition - Revolution
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Operating While Intoxicated
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Offenses are not uniform throughout all states. The state is not given therefore it is impossible to answer the question.
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The legal definition of spousal abandonment is defined when one spouse leaves without consent, and remains away from the other spouse without any type of emotional, physical or financial communication for a designated period of time. Depending on the state, other stipulations such as whether or not …
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There is no substantial difference among the three terms.
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She could sense the feeling of impending doom settling down upon the courtyard as the army rode closer.And you is so dumb
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You need to review the particular agreement you made with the landlord when you rented the premises. Hopefully, your lease is in writing and sets forth all the aspects of your tenancy.
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A good example would be when certain television networks have time blocks in their programming (usually late at night) specifically reserved for advertising. Immediately before the advertising block begins, sometimes the network will put up a screen of text which is their disclaimer; clarifying to …
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When a nation holds the military above all other occupations, and all able bodied men must serve their country; then it is a militant nation.
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A public record is any document that is filed by an official agency (city, state, federal, etc.) and then made available to the general public. This includes a wide variety of documents - everything from birth records to magazine subscription cards.
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it means to become less severe, eg; "the storm abated" meaning the rain let up after a while.
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Questions that will be answered as the result of learning something. For example..."the learning objectives for today's presentation will be...." objective questions are those which are in the form of true/false or multiple choice answers
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Criminals commonly plea out or take a plea bargain to avoid trial. This allows the offender to be on house arrest or have lesser punishments, rather than jail or prison.
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dose having a meal violation constitute a meal violation
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It means that you show a lot of love towards someone, or you have strong feelings for something so you are passionate about that thing.Passionate is not an active principle. A lot of people who express anger inappropriately say "I am NOT angry. I am just passionate." Wrong, in that the word is a pas…
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To subsume is to include or place within something larger or more comprehensive. Example: The larger company had plans to subsume the older, smaller company once the buyout was completed.
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It's a military court convened by the branches of the armed forces to try cases involving violation of military law, discipline, and regulations.
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An expatriate.
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legislation that involves cultural opinions
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Bribery is to pay somebody to give information or influence events
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The lender is the mortgagee. The borrower is the mortgagor.
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LAN: (local area network) A group of computers that share a common connection and are usually in a small area or even in the same building. For example an office or home network. They are usually connected by Ethernet cables and have high speed connections. If it was a wireless setup it would be cal…
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The term legally enforceable means that it is a rule or regulation that if broken, consequences can be enforced. Some examples include running a stop sign, speeding, harming someone in a fight, and arson.
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When you make an affirmation you are giving your word that what you say is true. Affirmations can be used in place of an oath for people who oppose taking an oath for religious reasons.
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An appeal is a formal question as to the correctness of a ruling of a presiding officer. If the appeal is found to be unsatisfactory or not correct, a reexamination by a higher authority will be conducted.. It is the process of going over the subject again
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it is a lower court which usually tries criminal misdemeanors and civil lawsuits involving lesser amounts of money than superior, district or county courts. The authority, importance and geographical area covered differ from state to state. In California, municipal courts have county-wide jurisdicti…
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Legal doctrine. If you publish a defamatory statement, even if the statement was originally made by someone else and you clearly attribute it to that someone else, you can still be liable for it.
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"an expression of willingness to negotiate. A person making an invitation to treat does not intend to be bound as soon as it is accepted by the person to whom the statement is addressed" Treitel, Law of Contract An invitation to treat is distinct from an offer. It is easier to describe by examples.…
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Ths word can have several meanings in the law, but when used in connection with drugs and narcotics trade it refers to ANYTHING having to do, or associated, with the manufactuiring or usage of illegal drugs and narcotics.
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