How did the political theories of Thomas Hobbes influence Thomas Jefferson?
Wow, sorry could the first answer be any further off the mark? Thomas Hobbes felt that the best form of government was an absolute monarchy while Thomas Jefferson, the leader of the Democratic-Republican Party felt that the power should ultimately lie with the people. Jefferson had a visceral hate of monarchies. The only influence Hobbes had on Jefferson was to push him in the polar opposite direction. If Hobbes had any influence on any of the Founding Fathers it was Alexander Hamilton who favored the monarchies of Europe. Hobbes argued that people form governments to protect themselves from the "State of Nature" which is violence so the people cede their power to a monarch who is above question and all powerful, (Leviathan) hence they are not able to rule themselves. This is Hamiltonian theory at its finest. I guess the simple answer is the only thing Hobbes had in common with Jefferson is their first name and a pretty good chance that Jefferson read Hobbes and said Wow I hate these ideas. Actually Hamilton did not believe in absolute monarchies, obviously, since he was a founding father of the United States, a democracy. He did, however, believe that the U.S. should have a centralized government whereas Jefferson believed the power should be distributed out amongst the states. To say Hamilton wanted a strong central government is as much of an understatement as saying you whom has disgraced my answer needs to read a book, preferably one with more pictures than words. Hamilton was awe-struck by the European Monarchies. He absolutely believed the average person could not rule themselves and should be ruled by an elite ruling class. He also felt that those chosen to rule should be placed in their positions for life. An all powerful ruler in place for life-that would be a monarchy. Hamilton went even further and argued against a bill of rights based on the fact that England did not have one. The fact that he was a Founding Father is not relevant since the true desire behind the Founding Fathers was the equal representation all English citizens had, and I think as most know England was a monarchy with a parliament. Hamilton wanted the same government for America. To make it simple for thou who desecrated my not only correct and witty answer, Hamilton was absolutely happy with America a monarchy as long as it was in America, run by Americans, and represented the American people much like England. That is why it was less of a revolution and more of a civil war. Revolutions by their nature are trying to bring about revolutionary change-where as the goal of American Revolution was to return to the way theings were before the Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, etc...
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The Election of Thomas Jefferson Consensus historians paint Thomas Jefferson as the great father of democracy, referring to his election to the presidency as the "revolution o…f 1800." In actuality, Thomas Jefferson was an inconsistent man, who was philosophically against the Federalists, but who did not bring about any significant political or ideological changes during his presidency. Recently, revisionist historians have begun to question the notion of Jefferson as the "representative of the common man." Many of these historians now agree that Jefferson's life was wrought with contradictions, and that his policies, as a president, actually reflected a synthesis of the Federalist and Republican ideologies. "We are all republicans, we are all federalists," Jefferson stated in his first inaugural address. Many Americans were shocked to hear those words come out of the same mouth that had supported the bloody conflicts of the French Revolution years before. Jefferson's many political theories, and personal letters, sometimes reflected an interest in the common man and democracy, while his actual practices were drastically different. Politically, the Jeffersonian party was insecure and inconsistent. After being elected president, Jefferson did nothing to increase the level of democracy in the government. Traditionally, the Jeffersonian movement and the Republican Party have been seen as anti-capitalist, promoting the interests of the common man, and favoring a strict interpretation of the constitution. The Hamiltonian movement and the Federalist Party represented the elite capitalist class, favoring a concentration of power in the State, and a loose interpretation of the constitution. Revisionist historians have argued against this view. They argue that the Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian movements are not significantly different, but rather each represents different factions of elites. There are numerous examples that show the accuracy of this revisionist view. In the election of 1800, the federalists were forced to vote for one of the two Republicans running. Many of them favored Burr, as the less extreme of the two, until Hamilton convinced them of Jefferson's moderate intents. "He [Jefferson] is as likely as any man I know to temporize- to calculate what will be likely to promote his own reputation and advantage; and the probable result of such a temper is the preservation of the systems, though originally opposed, which, being once established, could not be overturned without danger to the person who did it." The revisionist perspective that Thomas Jefferson did not represent the masses, but merely a different faction of elites, has much supporting evidence. Jefferson's interests in the common farmer were second to those of the Southern landowner. Jefferson deviated even from this prospective, crossing the line on many issues into what would seem Federalist actions. One historian, Peter S. Onuf, went so far as to dub it "Jeffersonian Federalism." One example of this is the Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson deviated from his strict interpretation of the constitution in order to purchase Louisiana, which would benefit land speculators and Northern capitalists, telling the Senate to ratify it "with as little debate as possible, and particularly so far as respects the constitutional difficulty." Morton Borden points out in his essay, "Thomas Jefferson: political compromiser," that Jefferson took a decisively Federalist approach to the military as well, contrary to what many Federalists thought would happen. In less than three months after being elected, Jefferson attacked the Barbary pirates without asking permission from Congress. Many of Jefferson's political compromises were reflected in his economic decisions. One of the main contradictions of the Jefferson administration was its adoption of Federalist economic policies. Jefferson had no clear economic plan; he theorized about the adoption of a laissez-faire policy, and the destruction of the Hamiltonian system, but did nothing about this as president. Jefferson, by and large, maintained the Federalist system throughout his presidency. One of the first things Jefferson did was to abolish the hated excise taxes on whiskey. In order to do this, he had to find another way to acquire funds. Thus he justified increasing protective tariffs. This rendered the abolition of the whiskey tax merely cosmetic, as the direct tax was reduced, but the prices of all commodities were raised. Jefferson also had the national bank destroyed, but re-instituted it in 1816 in order to raise national funds. His party's legislature began to issue charters freely to local banks. Jefferson made no attempts to put an end to many parts of the existing federalist system, such as land speculation on public land. In addition Jefferson developed the infrastructure, spending $20 million on a network of national roads and canals. Hoffsteter states, "Since his policies did not deviate too widely from the federalists, Jefferson hoped to win over the moderates from their ranksâ¦soon the republican machines began flirting with the financial interests they were sworn to oppose." Through examining his personal letters and private life, we find many serious inconsistencies in Jefferson's ideologies. One issue that has been scrutinized lately is Jefferson's views on slavery and women. Many consensus historians argue that Jefferson was a benevolent slave owner, and advocated for the abolition of slavery. A revisionist historian will continue to tell you that while he wanted to abolish slavery, he stated that blacks and whites could never both live freely in the same society. As Conor Cruise O'Brien pointed out in his article, "Thomas Jefferson: Radical and Racist," "In theory Jefferson's solution to slavery consisted in "colonization": the deportation of all the freed blacks from the United States." Jefferson never considered a form of racial coexistence, and believed adamantly that blacks were inferior. "This unfortunate difference of color, and perhaps of faculty, is a powerful obstacle to the emancipation of these people," Jefferson wrote in his Notes on Virginia. This plan for "colonization" was extremely impractical, and was never a potential option. Jefferson acknowledged this himself later in life, and altered his plan, proposing that the government buy newborn slaves, and pay for them to be raised to an appropriate age by their parents, at which point they would start working to recompense the government until they could be sent away. O'Brien also puts emphasis on the fact that Jefferson examined blacks for characteristics of inferiority. Jefferson once stated that black males preferred white women for sex, while black females preferred orangutans. Richard Hoffsteter comments on the subject, "[Jefferson] could say that a man's rights were "unalienable" at the very moment when he owned several dozen souls." A related issue is that of his sexual relationship with his mulatto slave Sally Hemings. In her book, Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings, Annette Gordon-Reed gives substantial evidence concerning the thirty-sever year abusive liaison between Jefferson, and his slave, Sally Hemings. She also goes on to describe his views on women in general. Jefferson did not believe that women should be educated in the same way as men. He stated that the object of their education should be to make them better company for men. In addition, many people would be surprised to learn of Jefferson's attitude towards the common people. While in some of his theories he stated that he had faith in the common farmer, he also shared the same fear of the masses as the Federalists. He did not believe that the government could rely on man's virtue. Many historians are outraged by the terms with which he referred to the masses, calling them "swinish multitudes" in one letter and "canaille" in another. Jefferson believed that the government must be able to check the people. Many Americans are shocked to learn of the complete hypocrisy of the "father of democracy's" ideologies towards slaves, women, and the masses. Thomas Jefferson is often described by revisionist historians as having "outfederalized the Federalists." This is the antithesis of the belief held by many historians that the election of Thomas Jefferson was a "revolution," In actuality there were no significant political, economic, or ideological changes made. Some of Jefferson's theories and political writings deserve merit for advocating human rights and democracy, while his actions deserve condemnation for disregarding his own philosophical beliefs in order to remain popular. Jefferson was both contradictory and inconsistent, often synthesizing Federalist and Republican policies. Word Count: 1344.
Answer . Thomas Hobbes' theories on "The Social Contract" came before Locke's. Hobbes influenced him, that is why many experts or historians claim that Locke's ideas were "…superior" and overall, more directly influential to virtually every democratic revolution following them. In reports, it is never sequenced as "Hobbes, in contrast to Locke...," it is always comparing Locke's ideas to Hobbes'.
Essentially, the people are responsible for creating the government to aid them in their interest, therefore if the government violates it's purpose, working in its own self-i…nterest, or against the interest of the people, then the 'social contract' is void, and the people can take away from it the power they gave to it.
he thought there should be equal rights for all and nobody should have more power over anyone and hobbes also thought that the community should have more say to pass laws.
Enlightenment philosopher and political scientist, Thomas Hobbes,influenced all of western political thought, including the UnitedStates. He argued that man is a selfish anima…l whose sole priorityis to seek the maximum of all finite resources for himself, by anymeans necessary. The only way to stop man from the use of force andbrutality to fulfill his needs at the expense of others, is astrong government that will take away some of man's personal powerand rights in exchange for fully protecting the remaining powers.
The Enlightenment and John Locke's ideas of natural rights and social contract.
Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher who came up with thesocial contract theory. It establishes the relationship between theindividual and the state. It influenced the Con…stitution.
Thomas Hobbes believed in peace at any cost, even a Ã¢??war forpeaceÃ¢?? was desirable. This belief inspired the French Revolution.The peasants and middle class translated… this into them not beingable to achieve peace with the aristocracy remaining intact andcontinuing to bleed them dry, thus there was no recourse other thanrevolution.
Yes, he was in a political party
He had the government give the people peace and security.. He rejected the Divine Right of Kings and developed the phrase "Social COntract" to describe the relationship that p…eople surrender some of their natural rights to a government in return security and peace.
The Leviathan (publication of Thomas Hobbes) essentially established the fundamentals for most Western political philosophy. Also he felt that apposed to all men having the …right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness they we're only entitled to the right to life. -VikkiPen
A group of oppressed citizens violently overthrows a corrupt kingand establish a democracy.