How do ocean currents winds and features of the Earth's surface affect the climate?

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Ocean currents carry warmer water from the tropics into colder regions. The heat from that warmer water escapes into the atmosphere as it travels, creating warmer, rainier weather than might otherwise be expected.

Upwellings along the California coast bring cold water up from the bottom of the ocean. This is why beaches along the continental pacific coast never really have warm water (compared to the Atlantic coast) even in summer. Winds carry this ambient temperature onto land which is why the coast of California remains in a range between about 50-75 degrees all year long. Climates that rely on ocean temperatures in coastal regions are considered "Maritime" climates.

The Sierra mountains inland force air up the mountain slope, which results in precipitation and rain shadow on the leeward side of the range. The climate in this area is very hot and dry, resulting in the deserts in the western US. This is considered a "Continental" climate because it is not really affected by the ocean temperature. Continental climates typically have much more drastic temperature changes not only in different seasons, but also diurnally (daily).

Winds are the result of air moving from different areas of high and low pressure. The larger the different in pressure, the stronger the winds become. Winds and ocean currents are responsible for distributing warmer temperatures from the equator to the rest of the world.
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How do wind currents affect climate?

Wind currents can push warm or cold air in the direction of the currents. They can even push storms in the direction the current is flowing. the wind movement also influence

How do surface currents affect climate?

Surface currents affect the climate by the force of the wind andwater temperatures and that's what affects the climate. If you want to get into the details: The world

How does wind affect surface currents?

Water's surface is dragged by global winds which cause it to buildand move in the direction of the wind. The Coriolis effect deflectswinds towards the Southern hemisphere.

What ocean currents affect the climate of japan?

Pacific: Here is a Wikipedia Article: Japan belongs to the temperate zone with four distinct seasons, but its climate varies from cool temperate in the north to subtropica

How do oceans currents affect local climate?

Ocean currents affect climate because they are able to change thetemperature of the shores where the currents move to. Warm currentsare able to prevent ice formation on some s