How do scientists think Tasmanian tigers became extinct?

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It is not really a matter of what scientists think about the extinction of the Tasmanian tiger, more correctly known as the Thylacine. Its extinction is based on several, clear facts.

The Thylacine's extinction in Tasmania was directly a result of European settlement. Farmers were concerned the animal was a threat to livestock, so they petitioned for a bounty to be placed on it, allowing them to kill the creature on sight.

Scientists do have a theory regarding why the Thylacine became extinct from the Australian mainland (not the island of Tasmania). This is believed to be due to the introduction of the dingo, and the increased competition for food.

Further research has suggested that, in the early part of the Twentieth Century, an extremely virulent disease began to spread first through the wild Thylacine populations. Exactly what this disease was remains unknown but it was described as being similar to but distinct from canine distemper. Another theory points to the fact that, by the time the Thylacine was confined to the island of Tasmania, the remaining specimens did not have sufficient genetic diversity to sustain the population.
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In Tasmanian Tigers

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