How do you write Eastern Orthodox Icons?
Iconographers study iconography at Seminary, or study under a noted iconographer. Some monks and nuns who write icons, study iconography at the monastery.
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Orthodox icons are often referred to as "windows to heaven." The icon is a depiction of Christ, the saints, or biblical events done in a very precise fashion with thoughtful p…rayer throughout the process. The icon shares in the reality of image it depicts, thus we hold them very dear as they teach us with our eyes what our ears cannot hear.
It is a painting on wood of saints and biblical events. They are painted with symbolic colours and the background is usually gold .
Mainly, wood and paint. Some are also partially to mainly covered in silver or gold.
Yes, as icons are an essential part of the Christian Faith, according to the Seventh Ecumenical Council.
No THey opposed the use of statues
No, they have never worshipped icons. Only God is worshipped in the Orthodox Church. Icons are venerated (meaning honored) by commemorating the memory of a saint, in the same …way that the people of God in the Old Testament commemorated the righteous people who pleased God. "The memory of the righteous is blessed" (Proverbs 10:17). This practice has continued in the Christian Church for over 2,000 years and is an essential part of Christianity, as confirmed by the Seventh Ecumenical Council and the Church Fathers.
The Orthodox people venerate (honour) icons by commemorating the memory of a saint. In the same way, people in the Old Testament commemorated the righteous people who pleased …God. "The memory of the righteous is blessed" (Proverbs 10:17). St Luke the Apostle and Evangelist was the first person to paint icons (mainly of the Virgin Mary and Christ) and some of these original icons are still in existence to this day (on Mt Athos, Greece). This practice has continued in the Christian Church for over 2,000 years and is still an essential part of Christianity, as confirmed by the Seventh Ecumenical Council and the Church Fathers.
Absolutely not. Our churches are full of icons. Statue are forbidden.
Why were icons such an important issue in the split between the eastern orthodox and western roman catholic churches?
They were not. Both the Orthodox and Roman Catholics accept the decision of the Seventh Ecumenical Council which declared that the veneration of icons is essential in the Chri…stian Church. The split (or schism) was due to other causes, such as Papal claims of supremacy, and the change to the Creed.
Icons were (and still are) important because they have been used continuously in the church for over 2,000 years. Icons are holy images that declare the presence of the king…dom of God in the church. They are not only 'visual aids' but representations of the living saints who we honour. Honouring the righteous saints of God is confirmed in the Bible. (Prov. 10:7, Rev 5:8, 8:3-4). Jesus Christ Himself is also referred to in the Bible as "the image of the invisible God" (Colossians 1:15 and 2Corinthians 4:4). Honouring the holy icons is an essential part of our Faith, as confirmed by the Church Fathers and the Bible. (Seventh Ecumenical Council, 787 AD, Exodus 26:31, Hebrews 9:5). Icons are honoured/venerated, but they are not worshipped. Only God is worshipped.
Icons are an important part of Orthodox worship. In prayer, the icon focuses your thoughts and keeps your mind from wandering ... a constant reminder. They have been an integr…al part of Orthodox worship since the beginning of the Church at the time of Christ. The 7th Ecumenical Council reinforced this with Cannon Law.
Walk into any Lutheran, Catholic, Evangelical or Mormon classroom, and you're likely to see an image of Jesus that looks realistic, very Northern European, in a pasture preach…ing. This is a lovely image, but it fails to accomplish what an Eastern Orthodox icon does: it tells the master stories of the Bible in a visual form. Iconography, or image writing, is another language, like French or Russian, that scripture may be translated into. Church missionaries can teach illiterate people of any language the truth of scripture with an image that contains all of the elements of one of the master stories of Christianity. The rubrics or rules of the Eastern Orthodox prohibit the depiction of anything that is not scriptural truth. For example, God the Father is bodiless, but Jesus Christ was born in the flesh, so the writing of his image witnesses to the fact of his incarnation. In today's world it is easy to forget that the Church taught with icons for more than 1,500 years before the printing press came into common use. Hand-copied scripture was more expensive than most people's annual earnings, so few people owned a copy of the Bible. Icons could be copied onto a board, and painted with simple recipe of oil, egg yolk and ground stones of various colors. Virtually anyone could make a simple icon or image that reminded them of the scripture lesson or one of the stories from the Gospels. When icons were destroyed, it was a tragedy for Christians, because they were losing their only access to scripture. Once the printing press was invented, people had access to printed Bibles. During the Reformation, Churches were emptied of their icons and they were destroyed. The images that told the master stories of Christianity, such as Pentecost, the Annunciation, and the Nativity continued to be shared through German cookie and bread stamps for another 150 years. The people found a way to continue to share the master stories of Christianity with their children and grandchildren. Icons are prohibited from being written as Realism, an artistic form that is almost photographic. The Eastern Church instituted this rule or 'canon' because they were concerned that people might regard an icon as an object of worship, which is prohibited in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Other canons of the Church require that specific elements of a scriptural story be present to fully articulate scriptural truth. In the icon of The Incarnation, the angels, shepherds, magi, Mary, the infant Jesus, the manger, the swaddling clothes, the ox and the ass, the cave where the birth took place, Joseph, the devil tempting Joseph to put Mary away, and the star must be depicted in a manner to fully tell the story of Jesus' birth. Frequently, elements of Old Testament Prophecy, such as Isaiah's 'the ox and the ass shall know their master,' are included in an icon. New Testament elements are included in the same icon. In this way, the fullness of scriptural truth is depicted. Some people think that the Eastern Orthodox worship icons, but this is prohibited. Worship belongs to God alone, according to the Eastern Orthodox. The image of an icon may be reverenced, greeted like an old friend, because we are so in awe of the story and God's love and compassion for His creation.
The east is pretty conservative when it comes to icons. In fact, I just went to a seminar on this. First of all, we do not worship icons. Icons are a reminder of the acts that… a saint as done rather than their physical appearance. Now, there are certain things an icon must include. The features must be portrayed a certain way, the people must be facing a certain way, and many other things. All aspects of the saint that does not concern information that may help us to salvation is removed from the icon. For example, in an icon, everyone is the same size unless one is to be portrayed as an infant because height is not an essential fact for our salvation. Also, the shading in an icon goes from dark to light rather than the normal light to dark so as to have the figures in the icon appear more as though they are coming to meet us rather than it going back into the canvas. I'm not too organized in my writing, but figures are also displayed using an opposing movement of objects that is often seen in ancient greek art. This means that for every thing that faces left, something else faces right. The head will face one way and the eyes face the other (also giving an illusion that they're always looking at you).
Was praying over icons and disagreement about whether Christ was the son of God a source of tension between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches?
Although in practice icons often were (and still often are) objectsof worship among Orthodox believers and several of them were andare believed to have supernatural powers, th…e official teaching ofthe Orthodox Church is that they are not sacred object ofworship. In that sense there is or was no difference or tensionbetween the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church. Roman Catholicteaching also does not consider statues of the Virgin and otherSaints as holy object of worship, and exactly as among Orthodoxbelievers, many devout Catholics do nevertheless pray to thosestatues and attribute supernatural powers to some of them. Nor was there any difference on the issue whether Jesus was the Sonof God. There was however a subtle difference on the issue of theHoly Spirit: Orthodox teaching holds that Father, Son and HolyGhost are 3 separate 'persons', with the Holy Ghost being linked toonly the Father. Catholicism sees the three as a "Trinity", and hasthe Holy Ghost linked to the Father as well as to the Son. No; basically the schism was caused by a power struggle, pure andsimple. The Eastern Roman Emperor totally rejected the claims ofwhat he considered just the Bishop of an impoverished andpolitically negligible city like Rome (which the Pope was, at thetime) of "universal jurisdiction" over all Christians. Meaning thathis Empire, his Church and even he himself should be subject tosaid bishop. So instead, the Emperor created the "Orthodox"churchorganization in which the church's highest cleric was answerabeleto him instead of the other way around.
No. The components of most portable Orthodox icons are wood (as abase) covered with linen and then covered with gesso. The paintsthemselves are usually derived from minerals n…aturally found inrocks and sands mixed with a medium such as an egg yolk/ vinegarmixture. Some artists are known to have used a "wax encaustic"method, meaning that the pigments were mixed with wax then appliedto a properly treated wood panel. It is believed that Saint Lukethe Evangelist used this method for his icons of the Virgin Mary,Although a more well known icon using this method is the Savior ofMt. Sinai.