The question and answer are locked and cannot be edited.
How is sound made why does it travel faster through solid elements and what is its speed?
Sound is a transverse wave made by particles banging into one another. (thus sound cannot travel in a vacuum)
In air (a gas), the particles are a long way apart so it takes longer for them to collide with one another to carry the sound.
In a solid, say a bar of metal, all the particles are jammed really close together, so if you bang one end of the bar, the wave will travel quickly down the length of the bar.
Sound travels at around 330m/s in air, and how fast it goes in solids depends on the properties of the solid, but I think for most metals it is very roughly around 600m/s
Hope this helps.
Was this answer useful?
Thanks for the feedback!
Let's see if we can figure this one out. First, sound is mechanical energy. It needs a medium to travel through. The energy is transferred into the medium, and the medium carr…ies it through itself. That's propagation, and you probably already knew most or all of that. But we need to start at the beginning, so let's jump. When something moves to create sound, either continuously like a guitar string, or "just once" like when a hammer strikes a nail head, the action creates pressure waves or a pressure wave. The pressure wave or waves are actually atoms or molecules "pushing against" each other in response to the action causing the sound. The "pushing against" each other is the transfer of the mechanical energy of sound through whatever is "conducting" that energy. That's how sound is transmitted (and why sound can't travel through a vacuum). The medium is carrying the mechanical energy of the wave. So the action of atoms or molecules shoving each other "over" to conduct the sound, this compression of them, has an opposite action, which we call rarifaction. Let's make a short jump. When the cone of a speaker moves out and in, it creates compression and rarifaction waves in air. The air conducts these waves out and away from the speaker in the "usual manner" in which the mechanical energy is sent out. The gas atoms and molecules in the air are "shoved out" from the speaker and then are "sucked back" by the speaker. Sound moves via a longitudinal wave where the energy is transmitted along the path of travel of the wave. There is a fair amount of space between the atoms and molecules in air, so when the "shoving" starts, that is, when the vibration or movement of whatever it is that is making the sound begins, there is "room to move" in the gas. The energy isn't transferred as quickly or effectively because of the "loose" nature of the way the atoms and molecules are arranged. Let's jump to a liquid. In liquids, the atoms and/or molecules are "sloshing around" loosely, but their isn't as much space between the "particles" as there is in air or any gas. The "closeness" of the "particles" is going to allow for a more rapid and more efficient transfer of the mechanical energy of sound. When the "shoving" starts as the mechanical energy of sound is introduced, the "particles" in the liquid are going to conduct the energy better than any gas. Shall we look at a solid? Yes, let's. In a solid, the atoms or molecules of the sturcture are all "connected together" and can't "get away" from each other when "the shoving" starts as the mechanical energy of sound is introduced. Consider that the "particles" in a solid are all "locked in place" in the structure, and a solid will conduct sound a lot better than a liquid. Faster, too. The medium is more "rigid" than gas or liquid mediums, and this makes all the difference in the world as regards the propogation of sound. There will be some "exceptions" in this, like trying to transmit sound through, say, foam rubber. You can see the problem there. The spaces in the solid structure and the "tenuous" nature of the material and its geometry will "muffle" sound, or, from the point of view of physics, will absorb and less effectively transmit the mechanical energy of sound. Other than that, if you had a long, continuous beam of, say, steel, and you struck one end with a hammer, the sound would arrive at the other end having traveled through the beam itself sooner than it will having traveled through the air right above the beam. It's that simple and easy. by christian Taylor Sound waves travel by vibrating neighbouring molecules and transferring the sound energy from point A to point B. So the sound travels fastest in solids as the molecules are very closer together so the vibrations are transferred very quickly from one molecule to another.
why does sound travel faster through a solid than a liquidor gas why does sound travel faster through a solid than a liquidor gas
if you have concreat drivway then you can do it. you lay on the ground and put your ear to the ground. get another person 100 ft away with the hammer. if he taps it and …you can hear it first through the concreat. have fun!
Through solids fastest, then liquids, then a gas.
Sound travels faster through some solid because, in general, the particles are packed more closely together. This transfers the sound wave faster. Other solids do not transmit… sound well at all.
it travles faster in a solid
Sound waves travel faster in solids than in a gas, because the molecules are more closely coupled together (it is a solid remember?) and are more densely packed than in a ga…s (where they are free to wander).
Through solids because the particles are closer than gas particles.
Solids can support two types of sound waves, but both are typically faster than the speed in liquid.
Sound travels 5 times fast under water then in the air and even faster through solids. For example speed of sound in: Air = 330 m/s Water = 1500 m/s Steel = 6000 m/s
sound travel faster through soled because of tighter packed particles
Solid. Because it's more dense.
The higher the density, the faster the sound. Solids, then liquids, then gasses.
Sound travels faster through solids because, molecules in solids are much closer together so this allows sound waves to travel faster.
Sound travels faster through solids. It does this because sound is generated mainly due to the mediums molecule vibration in a pattern.In solids, the molecules are more closel…y packed when compared to gases. Hence, the vibration occurs faster and hence the sound is tramsmitted sooner