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How many US Supreme Court justices have been women?
Four. There have only been four women, total, on the US Supreme Court in the nation's history. President Reagan appointed Sandra Day O'Connor as the first female justice in 1981.
- Sandra Day O'Connor (1981 - 2006, retired)
- Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1993 - active)
- Sonia Sotomayor (2009 - active)
- Elena Kagan (2010 - active)
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The Judiciary Act of 1789 provided for a 6-member Court, with a Chief Justice and 5 Associate Justices. Congress adjusted the size of the Court a number of times through the d…uring the 19th-century. Judiciary Act of 1789: Court size 6 Judiciary Act of 1801: Court size, 5 Repeal Act of 1802: Court size, 6 Judiciary Act of 1807: Court size, 7 Judiciary Act of 1837: Court size, 9 Judiciary Act of 1863: Court size, 10 Judiciary Act of 1866: Court size, 7 Judiciary Act of 1867: Court size, 8 Judiciary Act of 1869: Court size, 9 After the election of President Ulysses S. Grant, Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1869, which set the Court's membership at nine. This number has remained the same ever since.
Three US Supreme Court justices were Minnesotans: Pierce Butler................................1923-1939..........Harding Warren Burger (Chief Justice)........1969-1986...….......Nixon Harry Blackmun...........................1970-1994..........Nixon
Yes and no. The only justice ever removed involuntarily from the Supreme Court was John Rutledge, whose recess appointment (an appointment where the "advice and consent" of th…e Senate is deferred until the next session) as Chief Justice was rejected because the Senate was concerned about his mental status. He officially served only from July 1, 1795 - December 28, 1795. Supreme Court justices can also be impeached, if they commit "high crimes and misdemeanors," which would include any serious legal infraction (not traffic tickets) or ethics violation. Impeachment is a two-step process; the impeachment phase is similar to a Grand Jury hearing, where charges (called "articles of impeachment") are presented and the House of Representatives determines whether the evidence is sufficient to warrant a trial. If the House vote passes by a simple majority, the defendant is "impeached," and proceeds to trial in the Senate. The Senate trial, while analogous to a criminal trial, only convenes for the purpose of determining whether a Justice (or other officeholder) should be removed from office on the basis of the evidence presented at impeachment. The Senate must return a 2/3 Super Majority for conviction. Only one Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase (one of the signatories to the Declaration of Independence), has ever been impeached. The House of Representatives accused Chase of letting his Federalist political leanings affect his rulings, and served him with eight articles of impeachment in late 1804. The Senate acquitted him of all charges in 1805, establishing the right of the judiciary to independent opinion. Chase continued on the Court until his death in June 1811. Abe Fortas, who served on the Supreme Court from 1965-1969, was almost impeached due to a tax and financial scandal involving Wall Street financier, Louis Wolfson. Fortas was a Lyndon Johnson appointment. When the new President, Richard Nixon, learned of the scandal, he reportedly said Fortas should be "off of there," referring to the Supreme Court. The House of Representatives had already taken preliminary steps toward impeachment. Chief Justice Earl Warren urged Justice Fortas to resign, to save the reputation of the Court. Fortas resisted at first, but eventually told other members of the Court he was stepping down to avoid damaging his wife's legal career. Later, he admitted another reason for leaving the Court was to save his friend, William O. Douglas, who was also under investigation for judicial impropriety. The House of Representatives finally concluded Douglas had committed no impeachable offenses and dropped the investigation.
Yes. Although this is not a Constitutional or statutory requirement, Supreme Court justices need a solid understanding of the law to operate effectively. Not all justices atte…nded law school, however. In the 18th- and 19th-centuries, many lawyers studied and apprenticed under a more experienced attorney and were admitted to the bar without benefit of a degree. Today, most Supreme Court candidates have Ivy League law degrees.
There has not yet been a female Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. The Court has only seated four women in its history; three are currently active. Justice Sandra Day O'C…onnor (retired 2006)Justice Ruth Bader Ginsgurg (active)Justice Sonia Sotomayor (active)Justice Elena Kagan (active)
Yes. Justice Samuel Chase was impeached by the House of Representatives in 1804, but was acquitted at his Senate trial in early 1805. Chase is the only US Supreme Court justic…e to have been impeached, but a few have had close calls. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
There were six justices on the US Supreme Court in 1803, the year Marbury v. Madison was decided. Chief Justice John Marshall Associate Justices William Cushing William …Paterson Samuel Chase Bushrod Washington Alfred Moore
16. Samuel Chase was impeached by the House of Representatives in 1804, but later acquitted at his Senate trial. Chase remained on the bench until his death in 1811. He is… the only Supreme Court justice to go through the impeachment process. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
There have been five US Supreme Court justices from New Jersey; one, Samuel Alito, is an incumbent on the bench. William Paterson....................1793-1806 Joseph P. Br…adley...................1870-1892 Mahlon Pitney........................1912-1922 William Brennan, Jr................1956-1990 Samuel Alito..........................2006-Present
As of September 26, 1789, when Congress confirmed President Washington's first Supreme Court nominees, there were six justices. One justice declined the nomination, so the six…th seat remained vacant (leaving only five justices) until James Iredell was appointed in 1790. The Judiciary Act of 1789 called for one Chief Justice and five Associate Justices. Chief Justice: John Jay, New York Associate Justices: John Rutledge, South Carolina William Cushing, Massachusetts James Wilson, Pennsylvania John Blair, Virginia James Iredell, North Carolina
According to Article III of the US Constitution, Supreme Court justices serve "during good behavior," which means "for life" or until they choose to resign or retire, as long …as they don't commit an impeachable offense (bad behavior). Only one US Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase, has been impeached, allegedly for letting his political ideology to affect the quality of his decisions. The US House of Representatives voted to impeach Chase in 1804, but he was acquitted at his Senate trial and remained on the bench until his death in 1811. Article III, Section 1 "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office."
Only one US Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase (one of the signatories to the Declaration of Independence), has ever been impeached. The House of Representatives accused Chas…e of letting his Federalist political leanings affect his rulings, and served him with eight articles of impeachment in late 1804. The Senate acquitted him of all charges in 1805, establishing the right of the judiciary to independent opinion. Chase continued on the Court until his death in June 1811.
Surprisingly, only one US Supreme Court justice has been from Texas: Justice Tom C. Clark, who was appointed by President Truman and served on the Court from 1949-1967.
There have only been eight Jewish members of of the U.S. Supreme Court in the Court's history. The first, Louis Brandeis, was appointed by Woodrow Wilson in 1916. Three member…s of the sitting Court are Jewish. Louis Brandeis.............1916-1939..........Wilson Benjamin Cardozo........1932-1938..........Hoover Felix Frankfurter...........1939-1962..........F. Roosevelt Arthur J. Goldberg........1962-1965..........Kennedy Abe Fortas..................1965-1969...........Johnson Ruth Bader Ginsburg....1993-present.......Clinton Stephen Breyer............1994-present.......Clinton Elena Kagan................2010-present.......Obama