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How many types of tigers are there in the world and what are their names and where do they reside?

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There are currently 6 subspecies of tigers. The different subspecies are found in areas of Asia, India and Russia. The largest subspecies is found in snowy areas of Russia. The smallest and darkest subspecies is found farther south, in the jungles of Indonesia. Tigresses (females) are always smaller than males.

  • SIBERIAN OR AMUR TIGER - the largest of the tiger subspecies, males can be as long as a station wagon. These tigers also have the palest orange coat and the fewest stripes. This species of tiger can be fond anywhere from Western and Central Asia to eastern Russia.
  • BENGAL OR INDIAN TIGER - This most common subspecies of tiger is as its name suggest found mainly on the Indian subcontinent.
  • INDOCHINESE TIGER - These tigers are about 20% smaller and are darker than Bengal tigers. This subspecies can currently be found in Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand, and Vietnam.
  • MALAYAN TIGER - This subspecies was proved to be a "true subspecies", living in Thailand and Malaysia in 2004. A group from the U.S. National Cancer Institute, the Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, studied the tiger and discovered the new classification. The Malayan tiger is one of the smallest subspecies of tigers, along with the Sumatran tiger. Again as its name suggests, the Malayan tiger resides in the Malay Peninsula.
  • SOUTH CHINA TIGER - These tigers are slightly smaller than the Indochinese subspecies. In the 1950s the Chinese government ordered that these tigers be destroyed because they were viewed as pests. Today, there are less than 30 South China tigers left in the wild. Thankfully, the Chinese have taken steps toward a plan to protect the remaining South China tigers. The few remaining wild tigers live in southern China.
  • SUMATRAN TIGER - Even though the Sumatran is one of the smallest tiger subspecies, it still is a pretty big cat and is the length of a school cafeteria table! The remaining tigers of this subspecies, about three hundred live on the small island of Sumatra.

Extinct Tigers:
Three of the nine subspecies are now extinct. The Bali tiger met its demise in the 1940s, the Caspian in the 1970s and the Javan in the 1980s.
There were originally nine subspecies of tiger, the Javan, the Bali, the Caspian, the Indochinese, the Sumatran, the Bengal, the Siberian, the South China tiger, and the Malayan Tiger subspecies. With the now three extinct species, this leaves just six subspecies living today, and currently one of those, the South China Tiger is considered by some to possibly already be extinct in the wild.
For more information visit http://www.defenders.org/tiger/basic-facts.
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