How much does it cost to build a wind farm?
What does it cost to build a wind turbine? Capital costs for wind projects are $1,500 - $2,000 per kilowatt of nameplate capacity. How does the cost of wind energy compare to other energy sources? Wind-generated electricity has become more economical to produce in the past 10 years, dropping from as much as 30 cents per kilowatt-hour to 4.5 to 7.5 cents, making it more competitive with other energy sources. The cost to develop and build a wind energy facility is approximately $1.3 million to $1.7 million per megawatt, compared to a cost for gas-fired energy generation of $800,000 per megawatt.
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So far it is free because wind is a renewable energy source but you have to count the turbine and generator and everything that produces the electricity.
A covered porch, or portico, is a welcome sight during a rain shower. (click to enlarge) Figure A (click to enlarge) Figure B (click to enlarge) Figure C (click to enlarge) Figure D (click to enlarge) Figure E (click to enlarge) Figure F (click to enlarge) Figure G (click… to enlarge) Figure H (click to enlarge) Figure I (click to enlarge) Figure J (click to enlarge) Figure K (click to enlarge) Figure L (click to enlarge) Figure M (click to enlarge) Figure N (click to enlarge) Figure O (click to enlarge) Figure P (click to enlarge) Pat and Jodi celebrate a job well done. (click to enlarge) A covered porch is great protection from sudden rain, shelter from the heat of the day and the perfect way to greet visitors with hospitality. Pat Simpson and Jodi Marks of Fix It Up! show you how to create a truly grand entrance.. Adding a Portico . Materials:. measuring tape posts level primer paint screening material hammer roofing nails 2" screws power drill aluminum base stands (one per post) 5/32" drill bit masonry screws post anchors 2-1/4" screws 2x6 and 2x2 lumber (for the header and ledger) sixteenpenny and eightpenny nails lag screws hurricane framing clips (for areas with strong winds) plywood sheathing 15 lb. roofing felt shingles (consistent with the current roof of the house) flashing tin snips chalk line pneumatic nailer siding. Steps:. 1. These instructions are for building a covering over an existing slab. To determine the location of the posts, measure the length of the slab as well from the door to the front edge of the slab.. 2. To determine the height of the porch, measure up from the slab the height of the posts. For instance, if the posts to be used are eight feet tall, measure up eight feet from the slab and make a mark on the corner board ( figure A ). Choose posts that are consistent with the style of your home.. 3. Ensure that the slab is level...with a level. If the slab isn't level, make sure that the posts are cut so that the porch roof is level.. 4. Prime and paint the bottom of the posts to help protect the wood from moisture before you attach screening. Attach screening material over the hollow section of the post center with roofing nails.. 5. Attach an aluminum base stand to each post with two-inch screws ( figure B ). The stands will keep the posts off the slab and reduce the chances of rot. Next attach the galvanized post anchors to the slab. Use a masonry drill bit to pre-drill holes and masonry screws to attach the post anchors ( figure C ).. 6. Attach the posts to the post anchors with two-inch screws ( figure D ). Be sure that the post is plumb (use a level) before inserting all the screws.. 7. Next, measure for the trim board by measuring one inch past the posts for overhang. Cut a trim board to fit the top of the posts and secure it to the posts with 2-1/4" screws ( figure E ). Check the posts for plumb and also add a few screws to attach the trim board to the house (if applicable).. 8. Create a header by attaching 2x6s to 2x2s using sixteenpenny nails. Next, attach the header to the trim board. Use hurricane ties to further secure the header if appropriate to your area. Finally, attach a ledger board to the house with lag screws.. 9. Mark the location for the joist hangers ( figure F ) on the ledger--16 inches on center. Temporarily toenail the joist in place, then secure the joist with a joist hanger that is screwed onto both the joist and ledger ( figure G ). Be sure to use all supplied holes when attaching joist hangers. And be careful working on a ladder.. 10. Time to prepare for the rafters. First, nail a 2x6 band to the end of the ceiling joists. Attach the ledger for the rafters using lag screws. Mark it 16 inches on center as well. Scribe along the top and bottom of a rafter to mark the angle of the roof pitch, then measure for the length of the rafter.. 11. Cut the angles of the rafter with a circular saw, then use this rafter as a template to cut the other rafters. With all the rafters cut, use sixteenpenny nails to attach them ( figure H ). Again, where high winds are a possibility, use framing clips to attach the rafters and joists to the ledgers.. 12. Starting on the front end of the porch, lay the plywood sheathing down perpendicular to the rafters ( figure I ). Lay it so that it overhangs an inch on the front and is flush along the sides. Secure with eightpenny nails. Add the second piece of sheathing, staggering the seam between the two pieces an eighth of an inch.. 13. Put down roofing felt and secure with roofing nails ( figure J ).. 14. If you need to, cut flashing to length for the side of the porch that connects to the house. Next, measure 10 inches from the front edge of the roof and snap a chalk line. Then measure 10 inches from the side and pop another chalk line ( figure K ). Start laying the starter strip of shingles where the two lines cross.. 15. Continue to lay and overlap the courses until you've reached the top ( figure L ). Install flashing over the last course of shingles ( figure M ), then cover the flashing with cut pieces of shingles.. 16. Cover the underside of the joists with sheathing ( figure N ), utilizing a pneumatic nailer. This will be the ceiling of the porch. Next, under the roof's overhang add a piece of plywood trim to the beam. From the front, install the first soffit piece by nailing to the bottom edge of the rafters.. 17. Add a vent soffit to allow air flow and attach the last piece of soffit to the front. Next, attach the fascia to the front of the roof ( figure O ). On the side of the roof, add a 1x8 trim piece to the bottom of the beam. Inside the porch, add trim to cover the side beams.. 18. Add studs to the side(s) for siding, then attach siding to the studs. Paint the new siding to match the exterior color of the house ( figure P ). Finally, paint the ceiling, fascia, soffit and posts to match the trim of the house.. 19. This project costs around 700 dollars and takes two days to finish.. Also in this Episode Fix It Up! : Episode FIX-612 â¢ Adding a Portico. Tools . Print View Email This. (MORE)
It depends on many factors (i.e. size, brand, location, etc.). Commercial-grade turbines run about $1,000/kW. So a 600 kW turbine might cost around $600,000.
The average cost is $83 per square foot, but this number varies based on region. You also need to factor in the cost of the lot and your fixtures/appliances.
Considering the fact that a 500MW coal-fired plant can cost upwards of $1 billion just for land acquisition and construction (not considering operational and maintenance costs or fuel costs), a wind farm with equivalent energy output, zero emissions and no-cost fuel (wind) comes in at about $600 mil…lion. 'Equivalent energy output' is incorrect. The original author is confusing 'installed capacity' - the power it could generate under ideal conditions - with output. This is a very important distinction. For example, if you have 500MW of coal capacity and 500 MW of wind capacity, as long as you have optimal fuel for each system, they will output the same amount. In the case of coal, the operator can control the fuel supply (mostly) and run at any percentage of peak capacity for as long as is desired, up to 100% of the time. For wind, the operator is at the mercy of how much and how fast the wind blows and can only operate at peak capacity when conditions are perfect, which is less than 15% of the time. The concept is called 'capacity factor'. (MORE)
500 million to a Billion. Cruise Line Companies came up with other ways to improve their service for new and old passengers who loves to take a cruise to relax and pamper themselves. As cruising is one of the fastest growing trend in tourism, the need for more cruise ships and crews is also climbin…g. But with this problematic economy, and the price tag a new cruise ship has, which is more or less a billion dollars, would it still be best to build new ships? (MORE)
This hugely depends on the size of the plane. A plane can be made with a few thousand dollars to few million dollars. It also depends on the power of the plane.
It depends on what area you build in, and whether or not you hire someone or build it yourself and on what materials you use and how many feet you plan on having and how many bathrooms and what types of heating systems you plan to have. A cabin of 10 by 10 might be $10,000 or more. About 2.5 mill…ion dollars to 20 million dollars. (MORE)
Current costs vary enormously but will all consideration planning,labour materials licences road works, redirection of shipping anddisplacement etc you probably start talking in respect of 1.5billion GBP
To put up a solar farm takes on average around $ 1 million , there are many advantages to solar energy including relativly low maintaince cost. The disadvantages would have to be that each pannel is very expense, but the long term advantages both in price and in saving the environment greatly outwei…gh the disadvantages. (MORE)
That would depend on how large or small the garage is going to be. It would also depend on the quality of material used. It could range from a thousand to multiple thousands of dollars all dependant upon what is desired. You should probably obtain estimates from multiple contractors before deciding.… (MORE)
Many factors such as size and hazardous materials used, go in todetermining the cost to demolish a building. Generally it costs$2.00 to $8.00 per square foot to demolish a building.
A general rule of thumb is that wind turbines cost 1.3 to 1.5 million per megawatt. .
Alot of money! atleast $20000000000000000000 to buy and operate a factory in the united states
There are a lot of variables including but not limited to size of wind farm, location, distance to national grid, type of ground (e.g. moorland, agricultural, brownfield etc) An approximation for equipment is 1.7 million pounds per megawatt (modern turbines are usually 2 or more megawatts) A lot… of costs will be incurred in the early stages with planning, feasability studies, environmental scoping and studies, PR campaigns, consultation etc. This can easily run into 6 figures Connection back to the national grid can be in the millions if a particularly remote location, at least hundereds of thousands if not. Payback depends on location, here in the UK you should be aiming for 3-5 years to break even Hope this helps (MORE)
In 2009 the costs to install a wind farm in the US were approximately $2,000/kW of nameplate capacity or $2,000,000/MW. Turbine prices in 2010 are dropping. Construction costs are also dropping. The result, based on precedent transactions, is an all-in installed cost of $1500/kw nameplate or $1.5m/m…w. Wind farm sizes vary. The majority of wind farms installed in the last 10 years in the US range from 50mw to 150mw, implying an all-in installed cost of $75m to $225m per wind farm. (MORE)
somewhere around $20,000.00 depending on what type of games and other electronics that are inside your arcade. Go to www.bmigaming.com and price out each machine. Keep in mind the avg. cost of a NEW machine will be $4,500. Motion Theater Attraction Rides range from $99K- $500K each. If you are thr…owing a mini game room in a fast food place then yes $20K will be okay. Otherwise you're looking at $100-$200K plus building expenses. (MORE)
farms cost alot in the UK they cost about Â£60,000 or if they are better they are for about Â£100,000.
it was 1,000 Dollars per square feet $25 per stone Floor stones are about $5 each
The question cannot be answered as asked, since building a robot is such a vague description. The definition of a robot can be anything from an automated arm that pushes something when a proximity sensor fires, all the way to something unimaginably complex. As such, the cost can be anything from j…ust a few dollars, up to the costs of whatever hardware you want to put in it. (MORE)
Construction began on July 18th 1958 & it was estimated to be 17 million dollars .
A general rule of thumb is that wind turbines cost 1.3 to 1.5 million per megawatt.
About 55,000$ if you are willing to pay that much at all if you think the about it. It really isn't alot to pay after you get them you have free energy at least where it is windy
the mini bears cost $5.00 or $8.00 the good bears ARE ABOUT LIKE $20.OO OR $23.00 the or ordinary bears are $12.00 or $11.00.so theres a build a bear workshop located at southpoint mall in durham nc and you can buy one online.
A LOT!!! It kind of depends how big and all that. I suggest you get a BUILDER instead of this place, you won't get an answer here!!!! I hope that helped
There are a number of cities and towns in the US named Springfield. Please put the name of the state in your question.
The cost of a wind turbine varies greatly depending on the size. Asmall turbine can be purchased for around 1200 dollars while largeturbines can be several hundreds of thousands of dollars.
To build a wind farm, you can expect it to take several weeks.Everything has to be positioned just right in order to gain theoptimal wind to operate the farm.
A quality prefabricated carport, with built-in guttering system,will generally cost between $29 and $33 per square foot, includingposts and concrete footers. As an example, a professionally installed, 24' x 17' double-carcarport should cost roughly $12,000.00. If you want to go the DIY route, you …can reasonably expect to spend$16-$17 per square foot, with an additional cost to install yourposts and concrete footers. A good rule of thumb for post andfooter cost is $250 per post. There is also more affordable option versus traditional steel andwood carports. These are "portable carport kits". Portable carportsprovide vehicle protection from hail, snow, blisstering snow anddamaging UV rays. Consisting of an all steel frame "galvanized orpowder coated steel" and covered with a canopy top made of"polyethylene" fabric material. You might have seen these around the neighborhood being utilizedfor car, rv or boat storage. They come in a complete "do ityourself package" and cost around $350.00 on the low end, and cango up to several thousands. Depending on the size and quality ofthe portable carport brand. I found an interesting post highlighting their usage andavailablity at OriginalShelters.com/. This carport and garage shelter company specialize in these type offabric carports, and even offer prefab garages for homeownerswanting a more traditional approach to carports or attached garagesin steel and vinyl. Hope this helps!:) (MORE)
i no you can get one for 200,000 but i recon you can get cheaper- btw this wasnt a big house on the farm
The cost of a closet varies greatly by the size, shelving and howit is installed. If a wall or old closed needs to be removed, thenthe price rises higher.
The cost to build a house will vary by area and the custom workdone. Your local builders association can tell you the cost resquare foot in your area for building a basic home.
You can make a blog for free. Try it in wordpress or blogspot. ---- First, as the person above stated you can have it for free. Second, to answer your question, you can build a WordPress blog for as low as $77.55 per year, and two premium WordPress themes of your choosing will also be included…. If you want to know more, you can check BuildAWebsite2013.com for the Video Guide and freebies. (MORE)
Pergolas vary in cost depending on the material used and complexity of the design. The best way to determine cost is to sketch an idea of the pergola and send it to a timber framing company for a quote. Roughly, the cost will range from $10 a board foot of timber to over $50 per board foot plus the …cost of the earth work and foundation. (MORE)
it depends allot on what kind and type of a school your want to build. the price may go from 50 lacks to 50+ crores. but an average normal kind of cbse school will cost you something near 3-5 crores
It depends what type of church you want to build. Cathedrals take hundreds of years and hundreds of thousands of pounds if not millions. However, if it is just a normal church, then maybe a hundred thousand. Fortunately though, if you don't want to spend money, then you can just rent a school or som…ething like that. Hope I was helpful! (MORE)
You cannot build a laptop, it is too complicated, you cannot buy in exact sized case for your requirements. Also the parts are hard to find when compared to building a desktop. Desktop's are better in terms of power than laptops and you get more for your money. Plus desktops are buildable. ED…IT: Do not listen to the above moron. Building a laptop is just as easy as building a desktop, but it does require you knowing how to do it. It is a very simple process, you buy the case and then a MoBo that fits said case, then the rest goes in. Super easy. If you don't really know the answer, don't answer. (MORE)
This depends on where you live and what the rate is for the amount of land you need. This doesn't include the start-up expenses that you have to endure when starting up your sheep farm.
There are a lot of variables, but if you start small you can get by with 30 or 40 dollars even if you have to buy all the materials and plants from scratch.
The same as it would cost to build a non-Christian building. It depends on what is being built.
Residential wind turbines can range in cost from $600 to over $7,000. However these are dangerous to install and proper instructional tools should be used.
it dependes on the size and weight of thew bridge. The golden gate bridge cost $35 million... but small creek bridges only cost around $30
i think a Costco building should only cost from about a thousand to a thousand and a fifty
The best places would be on big mountains that have open spaces and maximum wind capacity. No trees.
Contrary to popular belief, IKEA shops are not that expensive to build. The entire shop is flat-packed in Sweden and lifted to the location by a massive fleet of helicopters. Then, the shop is unpacked and assembled.
This remains a very heated debate among promoters of green technologies. Advantages: 1. Provides energy which is renewable. 2. Producing electricity doesn't let out carbon emissions (unlike coal) or waste (unlike nuclear power plants) 3. Remote areas can use it for electricity, as before th…ey had no access to power plants. Disadvantages: 1. It relies on strong winds. This means at times it could produce no electricity, and it can only built in some areas, not everywhere. 2. A wind turbine can only supply energy for around 475 households, not enough to power a city 3. They produce a lot of noise, adding to noise pollution in normally soundless areas. Edit: They take up hundreds of square miles of land that could otherwise be used fro things like growing food and developing communities. And though it may be hard to tell from pictures, windmills are simply HUGE, making them extremely expensive to manufacture and especially transport. However, as stated above, once all the windmills are set up, the farm becomes and invaluable source of zero-emission, completely clean energy. Also, the land the farm is built on may not be farm-able or fir for development, meaning that land is being put to its best use, not wasted. Some say the benefits far outweigh the difficulties, and others claim the opposite, but all things have pros and cons, and wind farms are no exception. I'm sorry I can't give you a direct answer, but then again, no one can! I hope i was able to help you! Second Edit: (This question should probably be closed and a discussion made for it.) Response to Edit number 1. ^ For the "windmills are simply HUGE" part of your argument, there are variants in the size of windmills, since farms usually only use a few small ones as they are only providing electricity for themselves. BUT, if the electricity from wind farms is being used for cities or big towns, then yes, the wind farms can be "HUGE". (MORE)
Spon's Highway and Civil Engineering Constructions Costs has an underpass 7m wide by 5m high at 38 500 GBP in 2012
Anywhere you could get permission they are commonly found on the sides of motorways or tucked away in the county side.
It can cost anywhere from $10,000 to a million dollars or more tobuild a house.
This is not really possible to estimate as unlike coal,hydroelectric, and nuclear power plants which are single largefacilities, wind and solar power facilities are incrementaldistributed facilities involving many separate small unitsdistributed over a large area that can be built slowly over manyye…ars and brought on line individually producing usable power assoon as each such tiny unit is finished. (MORE)