How was the Mormons journey to salt lake valley?

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While it depends on the season and mode of travel, it was difficult and dangerous for everyone. There were very few trading posts, and in many places the trail was so over-used that it was difficult to find grazing places for the animals and game to hunt. Large canyons with no establshed trails were very complicated to navigate with large pack animals and wagons filled with supplies. All the while, children, sick people, and the elderly had to be cared for. Those traveling too late in the season suffered many deaths due to starvation and freezing temperatures.
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What did the mormons call Salt Lake City?

They called it Zion. Then when they found out, in order for Utah to become a state, that they would have to separate schools, stores, and public places from religion.

How did the Mormons survive in Salt Lake City?

The biggest problems the Mormon Pioneers faced when first arriving in what is now Salt Lake City was lack of water and building materials. These problems were soon solved by the building of irrigation canals from mountain streams. These canals, many of which are still in use today, carried water to the cities to be used for drinking and irrigating crops. Many pioneers built the first homes from mud-bricks and adobe, as trees were scarce. Logging in the mountains brought some log and lumber structures, although since nails were extremely rare, most of these were tied together with leather straps and cemented with mud. Granite and other stones were used to construct the most permanent buildings, such as the Salt Lake Temple, which is still used today. The pioneers were very organized, hardworking, and industrious. These qualities all contributed to their success in suviving and thriving in Salt Lake City.

Who led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake?

Brigham Young was the Prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Later Day Saints by the time the Mormon migration reached Utah.. Prior to Brigham Young, Joseph Smith, originator of the LDS led the Mormons until he was killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois, in 1844. The first group of Mormon Pioneers was lead to the Great Salt Lake by Brigham Young. Later groups were lead by experienced trail guides who had traveled with Brigham Young previously.

Why did the Mormons chose the Salt Lake to live?

Because the prophet of the Mormon church at the time felt that that was where God had led them. Because it was remote and isolated, so they hoped they would be separated and protected from the rest of the US, where they had been the objects of what was later called pogroms.

What was the Mormon trip to Salt Lake City?

The Mormons were settled in Nauvoo, Illinois on the banks of the Mississippi river. They were then forced to leave in 1846, essentially the then United States and travel to what is now Utah. Brigham Young, the prophet at the time, led them there, as he saw in a vision the place where they were to go and flourish, as they did in Utah. They reached the Salt Lake valley in 1847.

How long did the journey take for the Mormons to move to salt lake city?

Dozens of groups travelled the Mormon trail over a period of about 20 years. The length of time it took to travel the trail depended on the starting point, mode of travel, weather conditions, and who was in the party. A group of a few men on horseback or in a small wagon could make it in a matter of a couple weeks. Groups like this consisting of misisonaries assigned to the east coast or Europe were a common sight along the trail. A large group of families traveling in a wagon train would take a few months, and a large group traveling by handcart would take several months. Some started from Illinois, some from St. Louis Missouri, and others from other states in the east, where they had arrived from Europe.

Why did the Mormons choose to settle in Salt Lake Valley?

The Mormons were given information concerning the Salt Lake valley from Father Pierre DeSmet, a Belgian Catholic Missionary who traveled the west before the Mormons were ever even there. Through his description of the area the Mormons decided to move there.

Which Mormon started Salt Lake City?

Salt Lake City was started by a group of several thousand Mormon Pioneers. The man who directed much of the city planning was Brigham Young, the president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (commonly called the "Mormon" Church) at the time.

When did the Mormons move to Salt Lake City?

After the martyrdom of Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail, the Mormons were being more and more terrorized by mobs in Illinois. During the year of 1846 Brigham Young, the new leader of the Mormons began to assemble the people to get ready to leave Nauvoo and go west. The first wagons began their trek west on February 6th, 1846, and arrived in 1847 the exact date isn't known but the city was founded on July 24th, 1847, and consisted of 148 people with 143 of them being men. For the years to come more and more people came in the following years on the trail that would come to be known as the Mormon Trail and under the direction of Brigham Young.

When did the Mormons leave for Salt Lake City?

In the winter of 1845-1846, the saints began their preparation to migrate to the West in search of a "New Zion." In the Spring of 1846, they began their large migration and arrived in Salt Lake City in 1847.

What Mormon lead followers to salt lake?

Brigham Young lead the majority of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the "Mormon" church) to Utah after the murder of Joseph Smith.

Why did Brigham Young choose Salt Lake City for the Mormons?

Several years earlier, before Joseph Smith was murdered, he had prophesied that the Latter-day Saints would have to move west to the Rocky Mountains to flee persecution. Because of this prophesy, Brigham Young knew to lead them west. He had seen the Salt Lake Valley in particular in a vision, and insisted they continue traveling until God lead them there. When Brigham Young first saw the valley as they came over the mountains, he said "This is the right place." And once they got down into the valley, he put his walking stick in the ground and said "Here we will build the temple of our God." That very spot is now one of the corners of the Salt Lake Temple. The Church members then and now believe that this Temple is a fulfillment of the prophesy of Isaiah in Isaiah 2:2 which says "And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the tops of the mountains..." The Temple is considered the House of the Lord, and the word "Utah" literaly means "top of the mountains" in the language of the native Ute indians. You forgot to mention a key part in the decision to move to Utah. The Mormons were given information concerning the Salt Lake valley from Father Pierre DeSmet, a Belgian Catholic Missionary who traveled the west before the Mormons were ever even there. Through his description of the area the Mormons decided to move there.

Date when the Mormons entered the salt lake valley?

The very first group of Mormon pioneers to enter the Salt Lake Vally arrived in July 1847. The official date is celebrated on July 24, although a group of advance scouts arrived a couple days earlier. Groups continued to migrate there until the early 1900's, when the Church began to encourage it's members to stay in their native lands.

Why did the Mormons locate in Great Salt Lake?

Because nobody else wanted to live there. There was very little useable water and even less lumber. The climate was dry, extremely hot in the summer and freezing cold in the winter. On top of all that, the lake made it smell horrible! Explorers and Mountain Men of the day claimed that the land was uninhabitable and believed it could never be used to grow crops. They wanted to be free from persecution so they moved to a place that they knew nobody else wanted. When the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormon religion) settled in Independence Missouri, their numbers started to outnumber non-mormon settlers. The governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs ordered an "extermination order" on the Mormons. The Order lead to the Haun's Mill massacre in which 240 men attacked the town. several Mormons who were wounded surrendured but were still shot to death. In the end, at least seventeen Mormons were killed with thirteen more injured. three of the 250 men who attacked were wounded (but not fatally). The Mormons were forced out of Missouri and went to Nauvoo Illinios. Soon, the Mormon population grew to a large number there too. In Nauvoo Illinois, the prophet Joesph Smith was arrested under false accusations and taken to Carthage Jail in Illinois. On June 27, 1844, a mob stormed the jail. Joesph Smith and his brother Hyrum Smith were killed. In October 1844, the town of Warsaw announce a "wolf hunt" (Mormons being the wolves to hunt). The Mormon leaders made a truce and the city of Nauvoo emptied of Mormon in 1446. In 1848, the Mormon temple was destroyed by arsonists. The new Mormon prophet had received revelation that Joesph Smith received from God that showed the valley of Salt Lake. So the Mormons moved West until they reached Salt Lake, although some did go to California. Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_did_Mormons_emigrate_to_the_area_between_the_rocky_mountains_and_great_salt_lake#ixzz1auuzO3EM

What percent of Salt Lake City residents are Mormon?

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the "Mormon" church) does not keep statistics for any geographic location smaller than a state. The entire state of Utah is abut 60% Mormon (although only about 50% of the state is a practicing Mormon). In Salt Lake City, which is quite liberal and not a convenient location for young Mormon families, the population is less than 50% Mormon, a rough estimate would probably be about 30-40%, depending on the area. Most Mormons living within Salt Lake City boundaries are University students, young professionals who do not have children, and retired couples. Most Mormons with families/children live in the surrounding suburbs. This is because the cost of living is much lower in the suburbs, and the homes are much larger.

Is salt lake bible college Mormon?

No. Salt Lake Bible College and Salt Lake Baptist College are both operated by Bible Baptist Church in Taylorsville, Utah. Salt Lake Bible College offers an entirely free and online course of study, while Salt Lake Baptist College requires classroom attendance. They are great programs, I have participted in them myself.

Why did the Mormons migrate to the Salt lake region?

The Mormon pioneers migrated to the Salt Lake region because they had been kicked out of every other place they had lived (Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois). The US government refused to assist them, so they traveled to Salt Lake, which was then part of Mexico, to seek religious freedom.

Why did the Mormon settlers lay their streets in a grid at The Salt Lake Valley?

Joseph Smith had made a city plan for the city of Zion, which was never built. This plan was a grid pattern with religious and cultural centers at the center of each neighborhood, and allowing each family to have a large backyard in order to raise their own food. When the Mormon pioneers moved to Salt Lake City, they adapted this plan a little (such as making the streets incredibly wide), and then implemented it. Many other pioneer cities in the west follow a similar grid pattern. It is easy to find your way around and give directions, so the grid pattern continues to be followed today. Check out the "Related Links" below for more information!

What route did the Mormons expect the army to take into the salt lake valley?

Echo Canyon was the main route into the Salt Lake Valley. This is the route that the Mormons expected the army to take to come into the Salt Lake Valley. The army attempted to go around the Wasatch Mountains and come down into the Salt Lake Valley from Idaho via Soda Springs, but after several days of slow and exhaustive traveling that expedition turned around (Oct. 1857).

When did the mormons journey to the grate salt lake take place?

The first Mormon pioneers arrived in Salt Lake City in 1847. Groups continued to travel the Mormon Trail to Salt Lake City until the railroad came through in 1869. After that, most traveled by train to get to Salt Lake City. After World War I, Mormon converts were encouraged to stay in their home cities or nations rather than travel to Salt Lake City.

What successes did the Mormons have at Salt Lake?

When the Mormon Pioneers migrated to Salt Lake City Utah, Brigham Young, the prophet received a revelation from God that he should construct a temple there...the Salt Lake Temple. It is the place Mormons make sacred covenants with the Lord. It truly is a blessing.

When and why did the Mormons move to Salt Lake City?

The latter day saints, or mormons, moved to Salt Lake City because the were being persecuted in every other state. The moved to somewhere that no one else wanted to be so the could practice their religion.

What percentage of Salt Lake City is Mormon?

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints the "Mormon" church) does not release membership statistics for anything smaller than a state, so we can't know fo sure. Salt Lake City is actually quite a diverse, liberal city. Having lived here for over 20 years, I would say about 20-30% of people living inside Salt Lake City boundaries are active, practicing Mormons. A larger number were baptized as children but don't practice the religion today. Most Mormons live in the more family-friendly suburbs surrounding the city. The Salt Lake City Metropolitan area (which includes the surrounding suburbs and smaller cities like Provo and Ogden) is about 70% practicing Mormons - some areas have fewer Mormons (20% or so) and others have more (80-90%), depending on the neighborhood.

Is Salt Lake City where most American Mormons live?

I live in salt lake and would say it has the largest concentration of mormans as percentage of total population. But most mormans in the US live out of slc. Out of utah in fact. ---------------- No, definately not. While Salt Lake City is the headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the "Mormon" church), most American Mormons live outside of Utah. (There are 6,060,000 baptized Mormons in the United States, and 1,884,000 of those live in Utah.) So, less than 1/3 of American Mormons live in Utah. Most Mormons in Utah live outside of Salt Lake City. The city itself is actually quite liberal and diverse, and the homes are small and expensive compared to the rest of the state. The suburbs surrounding Salt Lake City are where the majority of Mormons in Utah live. Some of the suburbs are more than 90% Mormon. About 80,000 of the 6,060,000 American Mormons live in Salt Lake City, which is just over 1.3%.

Were most Mormons disappointed when they reach salt lake?

A: Joseph Smith, the first prophet of the restored Church of Christ (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) saw in vision the area where the Saints would find security and relative peace. He prophesied that the Latter-day Saints (sometimes casually called "Mormons") would gather there in the Rocky Mountains. Succeeding prophet Brigham Youngalso saw the area in vision. Brigham Young was the leader of the first party of pioneers to enter Salt LakeValley from "Emigration Canyon" to the east. He recognized it from his vision and exclaimed, "This is the right place." So for him, the Salt Lake Valley was not a disappointment. In fact, the valley had everything the Latter-day Saints needed to be successful: It received abundant water from the mountain snows, so that with irrigation, crops could be grown. It had mineral resources, rivers, and mountain sources for wood. It was isolated, yet still a crossroads in the west that could benefit from commerce. Brigham Young foresaw that one day the entire valley would be full of houses, and that prophecy has come to pass. Pioneer Howard Egan made the following observation: My heart felt truly glad, and I rejoiced at having the privilege of beholding this extensive and beautiful valley, that may yet become a home for the Saints. From this point we could see the blue waters of the Salt Lake. By ascending one of the ridges at the mouth of this canyon, the view over the valley is at once pleasing and interesting. These high mountains on the east side, extending to the head of the valley about fifty miles to the south, many of them white on the tops and crevices with snow. At the south end is another mountain, which bounds the valley in that direction, and at its western extremity it is joined by another range, forming its western boundary to the valley and extending in a northerly direction until it ceases abruptly nearly west of this place. The valley between these mountains is judged to be twenty-five to thirty miles wide at the north end of the last mentioned mountain. The level valley extends to the Salt Lake which is plainly visible for many miles in a western direction from this place….This valley is bounded by high mountains, some of them covered with snow and from what knowledge we have of it at present, this is the most safe and secure place the Saints could possibly locate themselves in. Nature has fortified this place on all sides, with only a few narrow passes, which could be made impregnable without much difficulty. The scarcity of timber has probably been the reason that this beautiful valley has not been settled long since by the Gentiles. But I think we can find sufficient timber up the creeks for present purposes, and also coal in the mountains. The saints have reason to rejoice, and thank the Lord for this goodly land…. The Salt Lake Valley was also fairly barren, with a semi-arid climate and four seasons. The dry air makes both heat and cold more tolerable, but only along river banks and in the mountains do trees grow naturally. Virtually all of the early Mormon pioneers came from more verdant regions. European converts were mostly English and Scandinavian, and American converts were from the forested and more watered eastern U.S. One Scandinavian convert said that as soon as she got her first glimpse of the valley, she nearly turned around and headed back to Scandinavia. That's a lot to say for someone who spent months migrating by ship, railroad, and covered wagon to gather with the Saints. (Read more…)

Where did the Mormons live before going to Salt Lake City?

The headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the "Mormon" church) moved from New York to Ohio to Missouri to Illinois and then to Utah in 1847. At that time, most Mormons lived near Church headquarters. Now, only about 10% of Mormons live near Church headquarters.

Why did the Mormons move to Salt Lake City Utah?

The Latter-Day Saints, or "Mormons", originally settled in Independence, Missouri, but were quickly driven out by its other occupants. They then settled in what became Nauvoo, Illinois, but were driven from that home as well. Their leader, Joseph Smith, was arrested and martyred in Carthage, Illinois. An army actually showed up with a cannon to drive them out of Nauvoo, Illinois. They crossed the frozen Mississippi River and established a temporary settlement before they really knew where they were going. They considered Oregon and California before they heard reports about the valley of the Great Salt Lake.

What did the mormons call their settlement on the Great Salt Lake?

They didn't really make a settlement on the Great Salt Lake, as there is swampy marshland surrounding the lake for several miles. The first city they settled in the area was Great Salt Lake City, later renamed Salt Lake City, which is about 20 miles from the nearest shore of the Great Salt Lake. Salt Lake City and other Mormon settlements in the area were a part of a territory the Mormons named Deseret.

What are the 5 problems the Mormons had when settling the Salt Lake Valley?

First, it was mid summer and they hadn't even tilled the ground, let alone plant crops. If they faced an early freeze, they could've starved to death over the winter. Second, there was very little clean water. They had to dig irrigation canals from the mountains down into the valley so that they could have access to useable water. Third, supplies to build homes and make clothing were scarce, and it was extremely expensive to have them shipped from the east. Many early homes were made of mud or were 'dugouts' in the side of hills. Wood had to be hauled from the mountains, and nails were extremely rare. Fabric and thread were often made by had from flax or wool, and buttons and needles were hard to come by. Fourth, some of the Native Americans in the area were not friendly towards them. Fifth, most of the Mormon Pioneers had grown up in long-established towns on the East coast or in Europe. They had no experience living on the frontier and did not have the skills or knowledge needed to survive in such harsh and primitive circumstances.

What were the three most task facing the Mormon pioneers once they reached the salt lake valley?

The most important task was getting fresh water. The Salt Lake Valley is very dry and has very little fresh water. Irrigation ditches were dug from mountain streams to water crops and provide something to drink for the people and livestock. The second most important task was getting seeds planted. The pioneers arrived in late July, and the freeze could come as early as September in that region. They needed to get some crops growing quickly so that they could have food for themselves and feed for the livestock. Of course, they couldn't plant crops without the irrigation! The third most important task was building shelters. Although July is very warm and camping out is bearable, the weather can turn cold very quickly and they needed to build as many homes as possible before the winter came. Although the pioneers worked very quickly on this, many families had to share small cabins and dugouts that first winter, with 20 or so people in a space no larger than the average bedroom of today!

Why Mormons moved to Salt Lake City?

The Mormons moved to what is now Utah because they had been kicked out of New York, Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois due to their religious beliefs. In each of these places they faced severe persecution, and they were in search of a place where they could practice their religion in peace.

How many Mormons attend Westminster university in salt lake?

Westminster University does not release the religious affiliationof their students. Judging by the LDS Institute enrollment numbers,there are quite a few Mormons at Westiminster, but not nearly asmany as you will find in other Utah universities.

How many Mormon temples are in Salt Lake Valley?

There are currently four LDS Temples in the Salt Lake Valley: Salt Lake Temple in the heart of downtown Salt Lake City Jordan River Temple near the center of the valley in South Jordan Draper Temple in the south east foothills in Draper Oquirrh Mountain Temple in the south west suburbs in South Jordan There are additional temples nearby in the Salt Lake metro area,but not in the valley: Bountiful Temple on the east bench in Bountiful Ogden Temple in Ogden city center Mount Timpanogos Temple in American Fork Provo Temple on the east bench in Provo and two under construction: Provo City Center and Payson

Why did the Mormons establish their church in the desert by the Great Salt Lake?

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the "Mormon"church) was founded in New York state in 1830, and churchheadquarters quickly moved to Ohio, then to Missouri and Illinoisdue to extreme persecution. Because the Mormons faced violence inthe east, they moved to the desert near the Great Salt Lake topractice their religion in peace, arriving there in 1847.

What percentage of residents of Salt Lake City is Mormon?

Salt Lake City is one of the least Mormon and most liberal areas inUtah. The percentage of practicing Mormons within Salt Lake Cityboundaries is probably near 20-30%, most of these tending to becollege students or young professionals who tend to be more liberalin their beliefs than a typical Mormon. There are, however, a veryhigh number of non-practicing Mormons in Salt Lake City. If youinclude both practicing and non-practicing Mormons, the number isprobably closer to 50-60%.