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How would this experiment change if Rutherford had used aluminum foil instead of gold foil?
The scattering angles would have changed, but the qualitative results would also change: the reason Rutherford chose gold was because it is EXTREMELY malleable. One can stretch gold foil until it is only a few atoms thick in places, which is not possible with aluminum. If the foil were too thick, there would be no transmission of particles at all; the whole point was to demonstrate that most alpha particles passed through unchanged, but some of them scattered, which is only possible with a VERY thin foil.
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Through his gold foil experiment, Rutherford identified the nucleus and believed it to be compact but containing the majority of the atom's mass, and the electron cloud. H…e figured this out based on the deflection of the alpha particles, which rarely hit the nucleus, but sometimes would hit it and deflect at high angles.
1. It is used because gold was known to be a very inert element. 2. The use of gold had nothing to do with its reactivity, any more than the experiment had any connection to… chemistry. Rutherford wanted to fire alpha particles through the foil. Alpha particles are not very penetrating; a sheet of notepaper will stop most of them. To achieve a reasonable percentage of penetration the foil needed to be really thin. Gold is highly malleable; gold leaf can be made in thicknesses around 100 nm or 4 micro-inch. It was the best material for the job.
It is because gold is soft and most malleable metal and can be made into very thin sheets. Rutherford experiment consisted of bombardment of Alpha particles at the sheet of …any substance.So, he wanted a sheet as thin as possible and gold foil was the most suitable choice for it. :):):) hope this helps
Because he bombarded the alpha rays on thin foil of gold and alpha rays can not pass through air or gases.
protons are located in the nucleus of an atom
In 1911, Ernest Rutherford conducted an experiment that proved that the mass of an atom is concentrated in the center (nucleus) of an atom. It also proved that an atom is most…ly empty space. In his experiment, he emitted positively-charged particles at a piece of gold foil. Many of the particles went straight through, some were deflected, and some were reflected.
The Geiger-Marsden experiment, which is also called the gold foil experiment or the Rutherford experiment, was conducted by Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden in 1909, under Earne…st Rutherford's direction. You need a link to the Wikipedia post on this ground-breaking experiment, and we've got one for you.
Suppose Rutherford had bombarded aluminum foil with alpha particles instead of the gold foil he used in his experiment What observations do you predict Rutherford would have made?
What Rutherford would have done was figure out the particles in the aluminum foil then take the alpha particles and mix them together. I think he would observe the protons, ne…utrons and electrons and observe the difference between the aluminum foil and gold foils movement of the particles.
Nucleus - Rutherford fired particles at gold foil, and most went straight through. This showed that most of atoms are empty, and that most of the mass only occupies a small pa…rt of the atom. This part is known as the nucleus.
Rutherford was a scientist who shot alpha particles through a very thin sheet of gold foil. The results of this experiment are the following: -Almost all alpha particles passe…d right through the Gold foil -A few alpha particlas were deflected and repelled .....These conclusions show that the majority of the atom of gold is empty space except for a small, positively charged nucleus. This nucleus is the reason why some alpha particlas were deflected(Alpha particles have a positive charge, which is repelled by a positive nucleus).
In the experiment, Rutherford found the nucleus using gold foil.
He hypothesized that a beam of alpha particles would pass through thin sections of matter largely undeflected. He believed that some alpha particles would be slightly scattere…d whenever they encountered electrons.
If Rutherford made bombarded aluminum foil with alpha particles instead of gold foil what observations would he have used?
The angles formed in this experiment will have different angles than using gold foil as the atomic number is less in aluminium than the gold.As aluminium foil is more thick th…an of gold most of the rays wont completely pass through the foil.
The scattering pattern would differ, otherwise the results would be the same
The experiment provided evidence for a positively charged bundle in the center of the atom. We now know this to be the nucleus.
It demonstrated that there is positively charged nucleus and the atom is mostly empty spaced.
Rutherford discovered that atoms are mostly empty space except for the nucleus at the center of the atom.