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In fact there are a number of movements within Judaism. The three main ones are: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. Within Orthodox Judaism there are several 'sects', and while of course all Jews share the same core beliefs, the groups may disagree passionately on other issues. Judaism as a religion has always encouraged debate and discussion. There is also Progressive Judaism and Reconstructionist Judaism, but these are not as large or influential as the three major movements outlined at the start of this answer. And the groups/movements are 'fluid' in that any Jew can walk into any Synagogue, in any country, and immediately feel at home, even if they are not part of that particular movement. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Orthodox is the most traditional. Reform is the largest. But thereis no one denomination that can be called "the main sect". All ofthe denominations of Judaism are tied togeth…er (despite theopinions of some). For example, Reform Jews who keep kosher dependon Orthodox butchers. Orthodox communities within large Reformcommunities must interact with Reform Jews in community basedsituations such as local Jewish newspapers and some events.
Answer: . Denominations of Judaism: Jewish movements, often referred to as denominations, branches or sects of Judaism, differ from each other in some beliefs and thus in t…he way they observe Judaism. Differences between Jewish movements, in contrast to differences between Christian denominations, derive from interpreting Jewish scriptures in more progressive/liberal or more traditional/conservative ways rather then from theological differences. 1. Orthodox Judaism: Orthodox Jews believe that God gave Moses the whole Torah (Written and Oral) at Mount Sinai. Orthodox Jews believe that the Torah contains 613 mitzvot (commandments) that are binding upon Jews. Modern Orthodox Jews strictly observe halakhah (Jewish Law), but still integrate into modern society. Ultra-Orthodox Jews, which includes Chasidic Jews, strictly observe Jewish laws and do not integrate into modern society by dressing distinctively and living separately. 2. Conservative Judaism: Conservative Judaism maintains that the ideas in the Torah come from God, but were transmitted by humans and contain a human compontent. Conservative Judaism generally accepts the binding nature of halakhah (Jewish Law), but believes that the Law should adapt, absorbing aspects of the predominant culture while remaining true to Judaism's values. 3. Reform Judaism: Reform Judaism believes that the Torah was written by different human sources, rather than by God, and then later combined. While Reform Judaism does not accept the binding nature of halakhah (Jewish Law), the movement does retain much of the values and ethics of Judaism as well as some of the practices and culture. 4. Reconstructionist Judaism: Reconstructionists believe that Judaism is an "evolving religious civilization." In one way it is more liberal than Reform Judaism - the movement does not believe in a personified deity that is active in history and does not believe that God chose the Jewish people. In another way Reconstructionist Judaism is less liberal than Reform Judaism - Reconstructionists may observe Jewish Law, not because it is a binding Law from God, but because it is a valuable cultural remnant. 5. Humanistic Judaism: Humanistic Judaism, founded in 1963 in Detroit, Michigan by Rabbi Sherwin T. Wine, offers a nontheistic alternative in contemporary Jewish life. Humanistic Jews believe in creating a meaningful Jewish lifestyle free from supernatural authority, in achieving dignity and self-esteem, and in reviving the secular roots of Judaism. Humanistic Judaism embraces a human-centered philosophy that combines the celebration of Jewish culture and identity with adherence to humanistic values.. There are many denominations within Judaism, and the major denominations vary by country: . In North America there are 4: Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist. . In the UK there are 4: Orthodox, Masorti, Reform, and Liberal/Progressive. . In Ireland there are 2: Orthodox and Progressive. . In Israel there is 1: Orthodox (although other denominiations are now starting to gain acceptance1). Chassidic Orthodox Conservative Reform Reconstructionist
Yes, there are sects in Judaism. The three main sects in Americaare the Orthodox, the Conservative, and the Reform. There areblends and variations; and the old saying, "two Je…ws, threeopinions" applies here. Answer 2 All Jews have the same Torah . Torah-observant Judaism dates back for a few thousand years.Originally it was simply called "Torah" or living by the Torah.Today it has the additional name of Orthodox Judaism.Orthodox Jewsbelieve that the Torah must be fully observed (Deuteronomy 13:5).They keep the laws of Judaism as codified in the Shulchan Arukh(Code of Jewish Law), which lists the laws of the Torah and Talmud.Torah-study is seen as very important (Deuteronomy 5:1); and themodern world is seen as subservient to the Torah (Talmud, Nedarim32a), not the other way around. Other Jewish groups (Conservative, Reform) are recent. They adapt,curtail or change the Torah-laws in contemporary life, to a greateror lesser degree. .
There were 4 main sects of Judaism at the end of the Temple period (70 CE): the Pharisees the Sadducees the Essenes the Nazarenes Modern Rabbinic Juda…ism grew out of the Pharisees. In modern times, there are several denominations within Judaism, including Orthodox Conservative Reform Reconstructionist Renewal Humanist Masorti Progressive Liberal Even among the Orthodox, which is the most traditional, there are these distinctions: Ultra-Orthodox/Hassidic Modern Orthodox Haredi and Chabad (which is actually an organization, but which does not strictly fall within the definitions of Ultra-Orthodox or Modern Orthodox There are also ethnic subdivisions: Ashkenazic Sefardic Beta Yisra'el Mizrahi
As with any religion, Judaism is split between the left, right and everywhere in between. The reform and conservative Jews sit on the left, don't necessarily take all the la…ws etc literally and favor a more modern approach. In the middle sit the 'regular' Jews, the modern orthodox through to orthodox. They typically keep all the laws, attend the synagogue, learn the Torah etc though at the same time, live in the modern world and fit their religion into the world. On the right you have the ultra-orthodox, the Chassidish sects who seek to preserve their heritage more. They may typically wear the traditional garb of the Eastern European Jews; long coats, black hats etc. They seek to keep the tradition as it was for hundreds of years. Many of these people learn in kollel, a house of study for married men. They belive that we were put on this earth to study the ways of Hashem, and his laws. They are usually very refined, down to earth people, in keeping with the commandments of Hashem. Don't have any resentment on Jews who study all day. All lawyers out there, who have never seen a page of Gemara (Part of the Jewish law), they are missing something amazing. The gedolim (great leaders of our generation in Torah) know about world events, you can have talks with them about current events. If you are the intelectual type, they will be more than happy to talk to you about religion, G-d, or whatever you wish to talk about. Philisophical? Try reading the Kuzeri by Rebbi Yehudah HaChasid. Great Torah scholars have written books on hot topics, such as human cloning. Note: In this article, when reffering to Ultra-Orthodox, we don't meen the ones who throw rocks at cars on Shabbath in Israel. They are misguided. They are going against the laws in the Torah. They are an embarresment to the Jewish nation.
Orthodox, conservative, reform, and re-constructionist.
Judaism has only two major sects. However, they have very different perceptions of each other and these are the Torah Jews and the Liberal Jews. The main divisions between the…se sects is the ability to use non-Judaic source content to abrogate and modernize Jewish teaching and practice. Torah Jews believe that such things represent a deterioration of Jewish identity and purpose whereas Liberal Jews see Jewish Identity to be more internal or ethnic and the religious aspect to be secondary. As a result, Torah Jews believe Liberal Jews to have "lost their way" and Liberal Jews see Torah Jews as being antiquated and "out of sync" with the modern world. Regardless of whether a person is a Torah Jew or a Liberal Jew, that person may also practice rites derivative of his ancestral region such as Eastern European customs, Iberian customs, North African customs, etc. These customs do not affect other Jews as perceiving him as Jewish and these rites are all co-equal. Within the Torah Judaism Sect there are a number of movements distinguished by their level of integration with the non-Jewish World, their styles of prayer, and their level of conservatism. The Modern Orthodox are typically seen as the more liberal branch of Torah Judaism and typically wear Jewish paraphernalia (such as a Kippa and Tzitzit) although they will dress in a typical business-suit and work in Western companies. On the more conservative side are the Hasidim and Ultra-Orthodox who wear unique vestment at all times and are recognizable by their payyot (sideburn-curls). Within Liberal Judaism there are a number of movements also distinguished by their level of integration with the non-Jewish World, their styles of prayer, and their level of conservatism. At the most liberal are Secular Jews who may make Jewish foods and sing Jewish songs, but rarely attend synagogue services and do not perform the daily acts required of Torah Jews. In Liberal Judaism there is a question as to how much Hebrew and how much Vernacular should be used in a Synagogue Service. Conservative Jews, on the more conservative side typically prefer more Hebrew, whereas Reform Jews prefer more Vernacular. Liberal Jews are often well-acclimated to non-Jewish society and may have many non-Jewish friends and contacts.
Orthodox is the most traditional. Reform is the largest. But there is no one denomination that can be called "the main sect". All of the denominations of Judaism are tied toge…ther (despite the opinions of some traditional Jews). For example, Reform Jews who keep kosher depend on Orthodox butchers. Orthodox communities within large Reform communities must interact with Reform Jews in community based situations such as local Jewish newspapers and some events.
Answer 1 - Christian: No. Christianity was a progression of Judaism. In the Old Testament (Hebrew Scriptures) there were predictions of a coming Messiah and a New Covenant…. Then in the fullness of time God sent His Son, Jesus the Christ or Jesus the Messiah into the world. Jesus came to earth for one reason mainly and that was to die on the cross of Calvary to save people from their sins. When Jesus died and was resurrected three days later this brought forth the New Covenant. Judaism and the law was the Old Covenant, Grace came by the New Covenant. "Grace is what God may be free to do, and indeed what He does, accordingly, for the lost after Christ has died on behalf of them." This grace was first presented to the Jews, but after most of them rejected Jesus as the Messiah, God presented Jesus to the Gentiles. Christianity is made up of a few Jewish persons and many Gentiles. The Bible, God's word tells us that the time is coming when once again Jesus will be presented to the Jews and the remnant that is left after the Great Tribulation period will accept Him as their Messiah. More Information on this View: Judaism today is distinctly different from Christianity. But God has not intended this to remain so. Firstly Judaism was intended to progress to the point of accepting Jesus as Messiah. I think if a comprehensive reading of the book of Romans is taken up you will come to the conclusion that Jesus was presented to the Jews first and then after their rejection of the Messiah, Jesus Christ He was offered to the Gentiles. God in the book of Jeremiah told of the "New Covenant" that He was going to make with the Jewish people (Jeremiah 31:31) Also in isaiah 55:3 God talks about an everlasting Covenant, and this also pertains to the "New Covenant" through the Davidic Covenant that says that a son of David will always sit on David's throne. Jesus Christ is the Son, the ultimate Son that will sit on Davids throne. The Jews have missed this the first time around, but will accept Jesus Christ as their true Messiah after the Great Tribulation. The religion that the Jews follow today is a hodge-podge of their own making and most do not even follow the Law of Moses, which by the way was done away with when Christ died and was resurrected and then further by the destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D. Galatians 3:28-29, "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female ; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you are Christ's then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise." Ephesians 2:14-18, " For he Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, and that he might reconcile them both to God on one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity......." The Jewish people should have progressed toward what is called True Christianity, but did not because of their disbelief (Which is another story in itself). Please read the full Book of Romans. The Jewish people have clearly gotten away from the Old testament Scriptures, a thing that they repeated over and over in Jewish history. You know this and I know this.To know God's truth you have to read what God has said and believe it. They don't even need a New Testament to accomplish this. All the ceremonial requirements of the Mosaic law were fulfilled in Christ and Christians are not required to observe them, yet not one jot or tittle was erased. Answer 2 - Jewish Jewish answer: Yes. Initially, the Christians considered themselves the Jews who accepted Jesus as the Messiah. However, as the theology of Christianity developed in the first centuries C.E., they increasingly moved away from traditional Jewish theology to the point where Christianity was a clearly distinct religion from Judaism. As for the New Covenant, Jews see this as a Christian invention, especially as concerns the Epistles of Paul. This is because Paul did not ever meet Jesus and expounded on a number of doctrines that actually went counter to Jesus' arguments in the Gospels (such as "not a jot or tittle of the old law is to be replace").
Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform are the three major sects of Judaism. There are other smaller groups.
Orthodox, conservative and liberal. Othodox are extra conservative!
Judaism started with Abraham. And not a church. It shouldn't be called a sect, because it made a complete break with what had previously existed (a complete break with the… surrounding idolatry).
Based on the stories about Jesus in the Christian Bible, there are elements of both the Pharisee and Sadducee in his remarks and actions.
No, there are many sects. Mystic, traditional etc.
In Judaism, they are called movements, not sects. The popular movements in the United States are Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. There are many different kinds of Orth…odox- Chasidim, Hardedim, Chabadniks, Yeshivish, Modern Orthodox, and even a blend of Orthodox and Conservative called Conservadox. However, the most popular sect (in terms of sheer numbers) of Judaism is Secular Judaism or Cultural Judaism even though the Orthodox are seen as being the representatives of "true" Jewish religion.