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Instrument used to listen to sounds of the blood during blood pressure measurements?
A stethoscope is the device used to allow a medical (or other) technician or professional to listen to the internal body sounds. Links can be found below.
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An African American by the name of Michael Croslin Invented It
The Brachial artery on the inside of the elbow is most commonly used because it can be accessed easily and compressed with a cuff. However it does depend on what method you ar…e using. With use of sphygmomanometer (inflated cuff compresses artery) you can use the brachial or the radial (at the wrist - the same as commonly used for taking the pulse). This gives less reliable results. (Some monitors even use the digital arteries in the finger). Invasive methods in which the pressure is measured directly by passing a sensor into directly the artery are often used during surgical or invasive procedures. In such cases larger deeper seated arteries are used (eg Subclavian - behind the collarbone or femoral - in the groin) as well as the brachial or radial arteries.
Blood pressure is an expression of the strength of arterial circulation in a human or animal. To measure the flow, one uses a pressure meter or 'sphygmomanometer', comprising …an inflatable cuff to restrict blood flow, and a mercury or electronic manometer to measure the pressure. The pressure is stated as two numbers, the highest pressure that blood reaches (pushes past the cuff) and the lowest (the flow is unimpeded and flows without being pushed by the heart contraction). The higher pressure is the systolic (heart pushing), the lower the diastolic. Blood pressure is stated as both of these numbers, e.g. 115/75 spoken "115 over 75" is a systolic pressure of 115 (mm Hg), a diastolic of 75 (mm Hg). *For SI conversion, the mm of mercury, also known as the Torr (for Evangelista Torricelli), is equal to approximately 133.3 Pascals. BP can be measured using palpation in emergency situations. This only gives a rough estimate of systolic pressure. It can be used with the carotid, the femoral, or radial pulse. Normally, manual sphygmomanometers are used in conjunction with a stethoscope to determine the two pressures. You use a BP cuff, pump it up until the pressure in the cuff is 20 mm Hg above the pressure in the artery. Using a stethoscope you can hear when this happens. No sound is heard in the artery.Then the pressure is released and when the pressure is heard again the second reading is made. Another method of measurement is invasive, intra arterial pressure monitoring. This is where an arterial line is inserted into an artery and taped into place, with a bag of pressurised fluid preventing the backflow of blood from the artery (as it is under a lot of pressure in an artery). The line is used to sample arterial blood flow to measure dissolved gases in it and measure arterial blood pressures continuously.
Blood pressure measures the pressure (force per area) on the arterial walls during the contraction and relaxation of the heart. Systolic blood pressure, the top reading of t…he reading, measures the pressure on the arterial walls while the heart undergoes systole. Systole refers to the heart contracting. The diastolic blood pressure - bottom reading - gives us the pressure on the arterial walls during diastole. Diastole is the opposite of systole - the heart relaxes and fills with blood for the next contraction.
Because mercury is 13.6 times denser than water it is able to measure higher pressures.
a glucose meter
during the period when the heart is relaxed between beats and pressure is lowest
A sphygmometer. (pronounced sfig-mo-met-er)
They call it a Sphygmomanometer. (Sphyg mo manometer.) The word derives from the Greek for pulse, Sphyg. and Manometer for a pressure meter. For traditional reasons, the pre…ssure is still measured in the equivalent height of a column of mercury. Which is what was used originally in the manometer. inHg (Inches of mecury) The sphygmomanometer works by balancing air-pressure in an inflated cuff against the pulse pressure in the arm. A pressure gauge attached to the cuff indicates the pressure. The cuff is placed on the upper arm and then inflated. The pulse is listened to, using a stethoscope. The point at which the pulse can no longer be heard, is when the pressure of the cuff cuts off the blood supply and gives the upper reading, called the systolic. Then the pressure of the cuff is slowly released and the pulse listened to. The lowest pressure when the pulse can no longer be heard, is the Diastolic. This gives the two pressures of the heart, during a beat, at maximum pressure and when relaxed. These functions can be built into a machine, which uses a microphone to listen and an electric pump to control the cuff pressure. The computer displays the result on an LCD screen. The device was invented by Samuel Siegfried Karl Ritter von Basch in 1881. Scipione Riva-Rocci introduced a more easily used version in 1896. Harvey Cushing discovered this device in 1901 and popularized it.
What is the name of the instrument used to compress the artery and record pressures determining blood pressure?
That'd be a sphygmomanometer. Learn to spell it and impress your friends. [You'll also need a stethoscope to correlate the pressure to the pumping of the heart.]
The instrument used to measure blood sugar is usually reffered to as a blood glucose meter, or a BSGM (Blood Sugar Glucose Meter).
Strange. Normaly when you hear thumping sounds its your heart beat and that can be due to high blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure is the peak pressure in the arteries that happens near the end of the cardiac cycle
The BP is expressed in systolic pressure over diastolic pressure in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
I always thought, being a railroad buff and familiar with PSI, that it was in Pounds per square inch. Some Path cars ran a standing pressure in the brake system- Main over equ…alizing, of ll0/70, exactly l0 pounds below the Human norms, the joke was the M-58 cars are a little anemic ( this was compressed air, to operate the brakes) Alas it is ( Blood pressure) actually in MM/Mercury ( Mercury column gauges are still in use, in some quarters) and NOT PSI. People still say (pounds) as it is a sort of flag of convenience, like the confusion of (Two Blocked) with Half Mast in reference to flag usage. Two Blocked originally meant the Flag was ALL the way up- touching the blocks of the pulleys. By some popular misunderstanding- as with the Blood Pressure, as Half is l/2 l over Two- somehow people will say ( the Flag was Two-Blocked for President Kennedy) for example, when they mean Half-Mast. so it goes.
I suffer from high blood pressure at 42yrs old and was diagnosed around 4yrs ago. The medication my doctor prescribed is Norvasc, 20mg once daily before bed and it seems t…o be helping. According to my doctor and his P.A. the normal average blood pressure is 120/80. I tend to average aroung 160/120. According to them that isn't bad for someone with my lineage and condition. Thank God my cholesterol is normal. There's a history of heart disease on my mother's side.