Is Finland at war?
Right now, there is not any wars in Finland, but from year 2002 the Finnish people have joined the war in Afghanistan.
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Answer . \nFinland was an early victim of the massive Soviet aggression that preceded the major combat operations of WWII. Like just about every other nation that had geographical contact with Russia, Finland was attacked and bludgeoned into submission. As with other Soviet aggressions, this was essentially ignored by the western powers.\n. \nNaturally, several of these various victims of Soviet attack were willing to ally to Germany when Germany attacked the Soviets in June 1941. Finland's army fought bravely against the Soviets, being led by the world class general, Mannerheim. (aside: Finland was a 'possession' of the Czarist Russian empire until 1918. When Germany defeated Russia near the end of WWI, Germany was able to demand Finland's independence.)\n. \nUltimately the Soviets overwhelmed the Finnish forces and in 1944 Finland asked for an armistice.\n. \nSurprisingly, the Soviets gave the Finns a relatively respectable peace agreement. Instead of occupying the entire country and ravaging it for years, the Soviets contented themselves with various 'pickin's' including the taking of the only Finnish outlet to the Arctic Sea, a major military base on Finlands Baltic coast, a big slice of eastern Finish territory, and various other arrangements that basically made Finland indefensible from attack.\n. \nFollowing the war, the term Finlandization came into being. This term was meant to describe a situation where a major power does not wholesale occupy a smaller nation, but instead destroys it politically and militarily to the point where it is a weak vassal state unable to defend itself or resist further aggression.
Answer from Finland . British planes made couple of raids against Petsamo and its harbour Liinahamari (Barents Sea) in July 1941. Attacks were mainly against German troops in the area. Petsamo had nickelmine which was important for Germans. Petsamo was in Finland during WWII but were taken by Russia after the war.
No: fighting the Soviet Union twice during WW II, Finland lostabout 93,000 soldiers but retained her independence. Yes, when Hitler and Stalin came to an agreement in 1939 on how todivide Eastern Europe, it was agreed that the Soviet Union wouldenter negotiations with Finland for concessions. Finland refused towork with Russia which resulted in the Winter War and the Sovietannexation of part of Finland. Soon after, Finland decided to workwith Hitler in his attack on the Soviet Union, and from the onsetof Operation Barbarossa in 1941 they allowed Nazi troops to occupyFinland.
part of Finland in ww1 Though autonomic, during WW1 Finland was still part of Russia, and finnish army was part of the Russian army. After revolution in October 1917 Finland wanted to become independent, and it was even approved by Lenin, because he thought it would make revolution Finland easier. Finland declared itself independent on 6th of December 1917. It had its civil war starting in 1918, but revolution never came. love, kelly
Finland locates in northern Europe, Scandinavia, next to Sweden and Russia. In Northern Europe, Fennoscandia, between Sweden and Russia and north of Estonia.
Presidents: KyÃ¶sti Kallio (March 1, 1937 - November 27, 1940), Risto Ryti (19 December 1940 - 4 August 1944) Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (4 August 1944 - 4 March 1946)
Finland was not participating WW 1. Finland was part of Russia ( Grand Dutchy of Finland) enjoying wide autonomy during first years of WW 1. Finland was declared independent in 1917. Finland was not spared from turmoil though. There was a civil war in spring 1918 in which 35 000-45 000 finns were killed. (Population was about 3 million in year 1918.)
No, and the US did not declare war on Finland. However, UK declared war on Finland on 6 December 1941.
During World War II, Germany did not invade Finland. As practicalallies for much of the war, the two nations nevertheless foughtagainst each other in 1944 and 1945 -- mostly in minor skirmishesin the far north area of Finland. This conflict arose after Finlandhad signed a separate peace with the Soviet Union, which was at thesame time driving relentlessly into German territory.
Finland was not occpied by Axis-states nor was a member of Axis-states. Finland fought a separate war against Russia in two occasions first 1939-1940 and 1941-1944. First Russia attacked Finland in November 1939. This 'Winterwar' ended after 105 days of fighting when Germany (Hermann GÃ¶ring) convinced finnish government to make peace at any cost. (This information is not properly documented and therefore controversial.) The Continuation War started in June 1941 in juction with Germanys Operation Barbarossa. Finland was the fighting with Germany and the main goal was to get back areas Soviet Union captured from Finland in Winterwar in 1939-1940.
Finland became involved in World War Two on the side of the Axis powers when invaded by the Soviet Union on November 30, 1939 as a result of the same treaty in which Poland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia were divided between the Soviets and the Third Reich and Bessarabia was given to the Soviets. The Soviet Union was expelled form the League of Nations for this invasion, but the real consequences of the war were not felt until June 1941, 14 months after Finland's part in the war ended. The Red Army invaded, but, despite the Soviets huge advantage in manpower and equipment, the Finns were able to defeat them for three reasons: 1) The Red Army depended on tanks and the Finnish terrain was not suited to tanks. Too many lakes and ponds, which when frozen made good tank traps. 2) The hand held machine gun called a "grease gun" ( Suomi-konepistooli KP-31) . The Finns were able to use it to make offensive warfare and infantry support of tanks difficult. 3) The use of bottles filled with gasoline to burn tanks. If you could keep the crews inside the tank and destroy the infantry support there are many blind spots that can be exploited to throw one of these on a tank. These were called "Molotov Cocktails" as an insult to the Soviet Foreign Minister and Politburo member, Vyacheslav Molotov. The Finn's involvement ended in March 1940, when they ceded 9% of their territory, but the Red Army's terrible performance (Stalin had purged, which means murdered 50% of all officers just before war started, so the military leadership was inexperienced) led to Operation Barbarossa, the June 1941 Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, which in turn led to Stalin "rehabilitating" (return from the Gulag) Zhukov, who then led the victory at Stalingrad which was the turning point for the war in Europe.
This is also known as the Winter War, since it was fought in winter (1939-1940). The Soviet Union attacked Finland to take it over, but Finland fought back hard enough that they decided to leave them alone, although some land was lost. Finland lost 20,000, but the Russians over 200,000, one of the reasons the USSR decided to get out of there.
It is one of Europe's northernmost countries, and also one of Europe's largest producers of wood and timber. There are many famous things from Finland like, angry birds, nokia, the sauna, sunrise avenue, HIM, kimi rÃ¤ikkÃ¶nen, teemu selÃ¤nne and many other famous bands, athletes etc.
There were two wars between Finland and the Soviet Union which can be considered to be a part of World War 2. Winterwar ( ÐÐ¸Ð¼Ð½ÑÑ Ð²Ð¾Ð¹Ð½Ð° in russian.) was fought in 1939-1940 and the Continuation War ( Ð¡Ð¾Ð²ÐµÑÑÐºÐ¾-ÑÐ¸Ð½ÑÐºÐ°Ñ Ð²Ð¾Ð¹Ð½Ð° in russian.) was fough 1941-1944.
At early war president was KyÃ¶sti Kallio. He died in 1941. Next president was Risto Ryti. He left the office in 1944. Carl Gustav Mannerheim succeeded him and was the president to the end of war.
During the Continuation War,Finland was co-belligerant with Nazi Germany because they depended on the German food,fuel and armament ships.During WW2,they were both against the Soviet Union,but Finland stayed outside of German command.However,they still sided with Germany until the Lapland War in 1944-45 when they drove Germans out of Northern Finland.An interesting note,Finland was the only country sided with Germany that didn't persecute any Jews,native or refugees.
On the contrary, American pilots flew planes like the F2A Buffalo under the Finnish flag all through the Second World War. Germany's only two Allies were Italy, and Japan.
Finland acctually didn't want to participate in the world war but Russia attacked Finland because they needed the land for their own support so that they could have attacked some other countries in Europe. They thought it would take about a week to take over the whole Finland but they didnt accomplish at their mission.. Finland acctually didn't want to participate in the world war but Russia attacked Finland because they needed the land for their own support so that they could have attacked some other countries in Europe. They thought it would take about a week to take over the whole Finland but they didnt accomplish at their mission.
The question and answer needs qualification as to dates. Here'swhy; Stalin's deal with Hitler via the Soviet -German Non Aggression acthad secret clauses. Some of which of course divided up Polandbetween Germany & the Soviet Union. Also, the pact gave Stalina free hand to invade Estonia, Bessarabia, Latvia and Finland.There may have been a misunderstanding between the two powers overthe invasion of Finland. Therefore dates of the Soviet invasionneeds clarification. In any case, Finland became a victim ofStalin's actions. Now, of course the Pact did not preclude the Soviets from invadingFinland. To add to the confusion surrounding Germany, Finland &the the USSR was the 1944 armistice between Finland & the USSRby which the Finns asked Germany to evacuate Finland. Clarification on the Finland situation between 1939 and 1944 iswelcomed. ============TheSoviets were afraid of possible invasion by the Germans, that couldtake place through Finland or in the Gulf of Finland, so the USSRdemanded the finns to move the border back 20km and rent annavalbase for the Soviets in the gulf of Finland. After hard consideration, the finnish government said no, becauseit was clear, that the Soviets were going to invade rest of Finlandafterwards. Stalin got angry and the Soviet generals made plans toinvade Finland and make it look like Finland started the war. The Russians ended up firing rounds from granadelaunchers next toborder on their own side and they blamed the finns for it. Thefinns denied any firing because they didn't do anything and Stalingot an great opportunity to strike Finland. Heavy bombardement started and attacks were launched across thewhole border by the Soviets and so on...
Why not? I assume you mean "Why does Finland exist?," or, "How did Finland form?" Finland was formed by the Treaty of Versailes, which ended World War One. EDIT: No, Finland wasn't formed by the Treaty of Versailles. Finland is an older nation which has been under the Swedish empire and later the Russian empire. Finland became independent from Russia (Finland had autonomy) in 1917-1918 (Yes, after WWI) through Finland's own effort. And without bloodshed. :)
the allied powers were in wolrd war 2. it was the allies vs. the axis
In short: Finland first fought a small war alone, then another as an axis country, and finally one as an allied country. Finland was invaded by the Soviet Union in November 1939. The hostilities lasted until March 1940, when the two countries signed a peace treaty. Finland ceded about 10% of its territory to the Soviet Union. After the war Finland allied with Nazi Germany. In June 1941, as part of the Operation Barbarossa, they invaded the Soviet Union with help of Germans, attempting to regain the territories that they had lost. They were very successful at first, but the war slowly started going wrong and in 1944 Finland had to make sign another peace treaty, in which it lost even more of its land area. Finally, between October 1944 and April 1945, Finland fought a war against Nazi Germany, because part of the peace treaty was that Finland must remove all German troops from its territory.
I am sorry to inform you that Finland is not a person, rather Finland is a Country located in nothern Europe between Russia and Sweden. Current president of Finland is Tarja Halonen.
No, Finland succeed where many failed. They fought the Soviets and Germans off their land and kept their independence throughout the war with relatively minor losses.
Yes. Before Germany attacked Russia, Hitler and Stalin were partners for two years. This was the time after Germany and Russia signed a "non-aggression pact", to clear the way to invade Poland, which both did in September 1939. The Soviet Union then attacked Finland, in what was called the "Winter War". The Finns had an excellent General in Field Marshal Mannerheim, and gave the Russians two black eyes and a bloody nose, with their tiny little army, skiing around and going on snowshoes too. Some think the extremely poor Soviet showing in this war against tiny Finland emboldened Hitler to go ahead and invade Russia. Finland and Russia had a long history - Finland used to be part of the Russian Empire, and they were not congenial neighbors. So, when Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Finland became Germany's ally and fought the Russians too. Nobody much held it against the Finns, except the Russians.
You can get to Finland with a ferry from Tallinn, Stockholm or StPetersburg, take a plane to Helsinki or Rovaniemi, or via road fromRussia, Sweden or Norway.
Yes and no. As part of the British Commonwealth, Australia fought against Germany and Italy. Germany and Finland essentially aligned themselves to oppose a common foe-the Soviet Union. During the early stages of WWII, Britain actually gave aid to Finland in defense of attacks by the Soviet Union on Finnish territories. When Finland aligned with Germany, Britain declared war on Finland. Thus, the two become enemies by default. However, they never actually had combat with each other.
Finland fought the Soviet Union in the 'Winter War', which started in 1939 and ended when the Moscow Peace Treaty was signed in 1940. Finland ceded Karelia to the Soviets. In World War Two, Finland fought against Russia but was an unofficial member of the Axis Powers. The Soviets conquered Finland on their way to Germany.
Finland technically fought on the Germans side during World War 2. Not because it was an evil country either. Because of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, Hitler had told Stalin he could invade certain countries (the Baltic States, Moldova, Finland and Eastern Poland) without German interference. Stalin immediately annexed the Baltic States, Moldova and Eastern Poland. Stalin demanded that Finland signed a treaty to allow the Finns to let them set up military bases on their territory in return for allowing them to regain land. When the Finnish government narrowly agreed to reject it, Stalin announced it was an act of aggression and invaded Finland in late November 1939, demanding they cede territory. The Winter War, as it was known as, lasted until March 1940. The Finns put up a suprisingly effective defence. Although they had no tanks or anti-tank artillery, they set fire to and destroyed hundreds of Soviet tanks using 'molotov cocktails' - improvised bombs consisting of a bottle of petrol with a lighted wick. The Red Army had been damaged by Stalin's meddling - thousands of officers had been executed because of Stalin's paranoia, leaving it pretty rudderless. Later during the Winter War, the Russians got their act together and Finland was forced to sign a peace treaty that ceded 10% of their land, including the city of Viipuri which was at the time the second largest in the country. Britain and France had consider intervening on the Finns' side in the closing weeks, but Norway refused to let them send troops across its territory. Peace lasted until June 1941 when Finland reignited the fighting with German support, determined to regain their lost land, beginning the Continuation War. This went on until April 1944, with the Finns ultimately failing to win back any territory. However, skirmishes in Lapland would continue until the rest of the war. Today, Finns still have an animosity against the Russians, similar to the Danes and Dutch attitude towards the Germans.
There was the Winter War from November 30, 1939 to March 13, 1940 and the Continuation War, 25 June 1941 - 19 September 1944
No. The Finns were an Axis ally. They had fought the 'Winter War' in 1940 against the invading Soviet army and had eventually been forced to surrender various territories after heroic resistance. They supported the German invasion of Russia in 1941 because they were anti-Russian rather than pro-German.
they were against the USSR. So, when the USSR was with Germany, then Finland was on its own, then when the USSR was against Germany, Finland allied with Germany. Then when Finland surrendered to the USSR for a second time, Finland had to declare war on Germany.
Yes, they were aligned with the Axis Powers (Germany) but fought alone against the Soviet Union while remaining a democracy. See the link below for more information:
Nope, Finland has never been occupied by Germany, not in the First World War or otherwise.
Because Russia invaded Finland, and then Germany invaded Russia (Soviet Union) so the Finnish wanted revenge so entered the war on Germany's side
Not at first, because the Soviet Union attacked Finland. That Winter War 1939-1940 was over, however Finland did decide to join Hitler in his attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941.
Depends where you are. Usually a plane might help the process of getting to a new country.
The Fins didn't actually beat the Soviets in WWII, they both signed an armistice and the Soviets got some Finnish land.
Russia invaded Finland because Stalin wanted land in Finland to make naval bases and ports.
In the US they had nuclear weapons to the British ran away........just kidding.........I have never heard of the finish revolution....
The Soviet Union wanted to secure bases in Finland so they would be able to defend their own country in case of a Nazi invasion. Also, Finland was a known supporter of the Axis powers.
Finland has been part of many wars. In the many disputes between Sweden and Russia, Finland was usually the battleground. Later, in WW2 Finland itself was attacked and foughtRussia
Yes, Finland was an ally of Germany in the attack on the Soviet Union in World War Two.
Finland actually had three different presidents during the WW2. The first was KyÃ¶sti Kallio, who was the president years 1937-1940. The second was Risto Ryti, 1940-1944, and the third was Gustaf Mannerheim, 1944-1946. Mannerheim is perhaps the most famous of them, having been a general of the Finnish army in both of the World Wars.
Not exactly, but Finland was a special case. Finland had once been a part of Russia and had only been an independent nation for a relatively short time, historically speaking - a few generations. The border between Finland and the Soviet Union (Russia) was not very far from Leningrad (St Petersburg), the Russian city built as a "window on the Baltic Sea" and to be a national capital. The Soviets had moved the capital back to Moscow but coveted Finnish territory near St. Petersburg. For two years, Hitler and Stalin were partners, from the signing of the Non-Aggression Pact between them in late August, 1939, which cleared the way for Germany to invade Poland - the step widely regarded as starting WWII - and the German invasion of Russia in June 1941. During those two years Hitler and Stalin were busy invading any country they chose and gobbling up their neighbors, and Hitler invaded eight countries while Stalin invaded five. But, Hitler was more successful as a conqueror than Stalin. But Stalin felt free to invade Finland and start a war to obtain the land he coveted in the vicinity of St. Petersburg. This was called "The Winter War". The only problem was the Finns proved surprisingly tough with their tiny army of only eight divisions, and the ensuing fiasco was a tremendous embarrassment to Stalin. Stalin had just about two years earlier killed more than half of his own army officers of the rank of colonel or general in a great purge, and the professionalism and ability of those slaughtered professional officers was sorely missed during the Winter War. The difficulties of the Soviets in handling teeny tiny Finland, and the incompetence displayed by their army, probably encouraged Hitler to proceed with his plans to betray his partner and turn on the Soviets, before they could regain a minimal level of competence militarily. And when Hitler did turn on Stalin, he received enthusiastic assistance from the Finns, who were eager to regain their little bit of lost territory and give the Russians another black eye. Allied leaders understood the circumstance which had led to Finland fighting on the side of the Germans. No one in the west cared for Stalin and his communist regime, and he was only allied with Britain and the US because Hitler had invaded Russia, on the principle that "me enemy's enemy is my friend". Two weeks after the Germans had invaded Poland in 1939, pursuant to their secret agreements with the Soviets, the Soviets also invaded Poland, from the other side, and Germany and Russia divided up Poland between them. While Britain and France had declared war on Germany for their first invasion, two weeks later nobody declared war on the Soviet Union. I suppose Britain and France felt there would be time enough to deal with Stalin when, and if, they had defeated Hitler. But Stalin's greed and aggressiveness weighed in Finland's favor with the western Allies, and they agreed that Finland would not be treated with the harshness intended for the other minor allies of Germany (none of whom had much realistic choice in that alliance).
Finland did not exist as an independent nation until December 6,1917, when it declared its independence from Russia, and a CivilWar immediately began over that issue. Finland owed no WWI wardebt.
Finland fought on the side of the axis powers(allied with germany)against the Soviet Union.They did this to regain the territory thatthey lost to the Soviets during there invasion of Finland in1939.Finland supplied a all volinteer division to the German SSduring the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941,and alsoinvaded the Soviet union itself to reestablish its original borderswith Russia that were established after World war I.The Finnishgoverment fought 3 different wars with the Soviet Union between1939-1944.
Finland was an ally of Nazi Germany, but it was a special case, the Allies understood the position the Finns were in and did not hold it against them. Finland had not been an independent nation all that long, having been for centuries a province of Russia. Hitler and Stalin agreed to a "Non-Aggression Pact" in late August, 1939, and for the next two years they were partners. Nine days after the Pact was signed Hitler invaded Poland from the west, an event generally agreed to be the beginning of WWII in Europe. Two weeks after that, Stalin invaded Poland from the east, and they split Poland down the middle. Over the next months Hitler invaded eight countries and Stalin invaded five, but Hitler was much better at it. Stalin, a paranoid maniac, had "purged" his army in 1937 and 1938 of over half of its officers of the rank of colonel and above. This was a permanent purge and those experienced officers were dead, so there was a lack of experience at the top, as well as timidity, because no one in his right mind was going out on any limbs, because they all knew what Stalin would do. After finishing with Poland Stalin turned his attention to Finland, the pretext being a Russian desire to swap some land in the vicinity of Saint Petersburg, the Russian port on the Baltic, belonging to the Finns, for some frozen woods way off in the wilderness somewhere belonging to Russia. Failing to persuade the Finns Stalin attacked Finland. Finland had a tiny but tough army, under an excellent commander, Field Marshal Mannerheim, and he proceeded to give the Russians two black eyes and a bloody nose. It was this pitiful performance, some think, that caused Hitler to decide on invading Russia, as soon as he could get around to it. When he did, he had the Finns on his side. The Finns weren't going to get to be neutral, so they picked the side of the nation which had not just got done invading them.
Finland was not officially a member of the Axis alliance (Germany,Italy, Japan, and a few others), but did fight as a"co-belligerent" on the Axis side. Around the time World War II began, Finland was attacked by theSoviet Union; the Soviets won the short but brutal war. WhenGermany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, Finland tried to takeadvantage of the situation to get revenge.
In 1939, Germany invaded Poland, which triggered the start of WorldWar II. While France and England were focused on fighting Germany(and ironically did very little actual fighting until May 1940),the Soviet Union began quietly invading countries in eastern Europewith Germany's permission. One of the countries invaded by the Soviet Union was Finland. TheSoviets wanted to take control of at least the area aroundLeningrad (now St. Petersburg, Russia), although ideally theywanted to conquer most/all of Finland. The invasion became known asthe Winter War . The war was short and very bloody- theSoviet Red Army was huge and powerful, but the Finnish troops werebetter led and fought very well. The Soviets suffered heavycasualties but eventually won, and took control of the territoryaround Leningrad that they had sought. Later, during World War II, the Germans betrayed the Soviets andlaunched a massive invasion, called Operation Barbarossa. Finland,still angry over their loss in the Winter War, agreed to help theGermans. Finnish troops even fought on the side of Germany,although Finland and Germany were never technically allies. TheFinnish called this the " Continuation War ". The Continuation War also ended in failure for Finland. InSeptember 1944, Finland made peace with the Soviets, at great cost.One of the conditions of the peace was that Finland had to forceGerman troops to leave Finland immediately; when Finland did so,the Germans did not immediately evacuate. This led to a small warbetween Germany and Finland called the Lapland War (Laplandis a region in northern Finland that Germany had partiallyoccupied). The Lapland War only really lasted a month or so, but nopeace was achieved until April 1945, when Germany finally had toevacuate their troops (and Germany surrendered, ending World War IIin Europe, a few days later).