Is second hand smoke worse than first hand?
Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence: Third Edition This s o r t a says it all These limits generally are based on assessments of health risk and calculations of concentrations that are associated with what the regulators believe to be negligibly small risks. The calculations are made after first identifying the total dose of a chemical that is safe (poses a negligible risk) and then determining the concentration of that chemical in the medium of concern that should not be exceeded if exposed individuals (typically those at the high end of media contact) are not to incur a dose greater than the safe one. So OSHA standards are what is the guideline for what is acceptable ''SAFE LEVELS'' OSHA SAFE LEVELS All this is in a small sealed room 9x20 and must occur in ONE HOUR. For B e n z o [a]p y r e n e, 222,000 cigarettes. "For Acetone, 118,000 cigarettes. "Toluene would require 50,000 packs of simultaneously smoldering cigarettes. Acetaldehyde or Hydrazine, more than 14,000 smokers would need to light up. "For Hydroquinone, "only" 1250 cigarettes. For arsenic 2 million 500,000 smokers at one time. The same number of cigarettes required for the other so called chemicals in s h s / e t s will have the same outcomes. So, OSHA finally makes a statement on s h s / e t s : Field studies of environmental tobacco smoke indicate that under normal conditions, the components in tobacco smoke are diluted below existing Permissible Exposure Levels (PELS.) as referenced in the Air Contaminant Standard (29 CFR 1910.1000)...It would be very rare to find a workplace with so much smoking that any individual PEL would be exceeded." -Letter From Greg Watchman, Acting S e c y, OSHA. Why are their any smoking bans at all they have absolutely no validity to the courts or to science! This pretty well destroys the Myth of second hand smoke: Lungs from pack-a-day smokers safe for transplant, study finds. Using lung transplants from heavy smokers may sound like a cruel joke, but a new study finds that organs taken from people who puffed a pack a day for more than 20 years are likely safe. What's more, the analysis of lung transplant data from the U.S. between 2005 and 2011 confirms what transplant experts say they already know: For some patients on a crowded organ waiting list, lungs from smokers are better than none. "I think people are grateful just to have a shot at getting lungs," said D r S h a r v e n Ta g h a v a cardiovascular surgical resident at Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia, who led the new study........................... I've done the math here and this is how it works out with second hand smoke and people inhaling it! The 16 cities study conducted by the U.S. DEPT OF ENERGY and later by Oakridge National laboratories discovered: Cigarette smoke, bartenders annual exposure to smoke rises, at most, to the equivalent of 6 cigarettes/year. 146,000 CIGARETTES SMOKED IN 20 YEARS AT 1 PACK A DAY. A bartender would have to work in second hand smoke for 2433 years to get an equivalent dose. Then the average non-smoker in a ventilated restaurant for an hour would have to go back and forth each day for 119,000 years to get an equivalent 20 years of smoking a pack a day! Pretty well impossible !
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Yes you can. My girlfriend got her asthma because her mother was always smoking around her. Her mother doesn't smoke any more, but my girlfriend will use her inhalor three to four times a day. No. Asthma is not "caused by" smoke, animal dander, pollen, etc. Those things may trigger an attack, but th…ey are not the reason you have the condition. Yes and no. Asthma is hereditary in the way that some people are more likely to get it than others. Second hand smoke is both a trigger for an attack AND a factor that can lead to asthma, especially in young children. Asthma can be 'caused' by certain triggers, but that depends on your family history. No you cant get asthma from second hand smoke. There are over 40,000 triggers for asthma and has been found in children is being around passive smoke lowers incidences of asthma and heres why. The inconvenient truth is that the only studies of children of smokers suggest it is PROTECTIVE in contracting atopy in the first place. The New Zealand study says by a staggering factor of 82%. "Participants with atopic parents were also less likely to have positive SPTs between ages 13 and 32 years if they smoked themselves (OR=0.18), and this reduction in risk remained significant after adjusting for confounders. The authors write: "We found that children who were exposed to parental smoking and those who took up cigarette smoking themselves had a lower incidence of atopy to a range of common inhaled allergens. "These associations were found only in those with a parental history of asthma or hay fever." They conclude: Our findings suggest that preventing allergic sensitization is not one of them." The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Volume 121, Issue 1 , Pages 38-42.e3, January 2008 . This is a Swedish study. "Children of mothers who smoked at least 15 cigarettes a day tended to have lower odds for suffering from allergic rhino-conjunctivitis, allergic asthma, atopic eczema and food allergy, compared to children of mothers who had never smoked (ORs 0.6-0.7) CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates an association between current exposure to tobacco smoke and a low risk for atopic disorders in smokers themselves and a similar tendency in their children." Clin Exp Allergy 2001 Jun;31(6):908-14 ... In 2008 this paper was produced in America and concludes that nictotine and hence active smoking and passive smoking leads to less asthma. It also gives the aetiology (causation) why nicotine and the biologial process that reduces asthma in recipients. The results unequivocally show that, even after multiple allergen sensitizations, nicotine dramatically suppresses inflammatory/allergic parameters in the lung including the following: eosinophilic/lymphocytic emigration; mRNA and/or protein expression of the Th2 cytokines/chemokines IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-25, and eotaxin; leukotriene C4; and total as well as allergen-specific IgE. unequivocally show that, even after multiple allergen sensitizations, nicotine dramatically suppresses inflammatory/allergic parameters in the lung including the following: eosinophilic/lymphocytic emigration; mRNA and/or protein expression of the Th2 cytokines/chemokines IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-25, and eotaxin; leukotriene C4; and total as well as allergen-specific IgE. " (MORE)
second-hand smoke is where you breathe in smoke so its like smoking a second time.
It is the smoke given off by someone smoking that is taken up bysomeone else. Example: you are next to someone smoking a cigarette and you inhalethe smoke they breathe out (it's really unhealthy). Nothing is goodabout secondhand smoke.
Secondhand smoke contains over 4000 chemicals including more than 40 cancer causing agents and 200 known poisons. Secondhand smoke has been classified by the EPA as a Class A carcinogen - a substance known to cause cancer in humans. Secondhand smoke contains twice as much tar and nicotine per un…it volume as does smoke inhaled from a cigarette. It contains 3X as much cancer-causing benzpyrene, 5X as much carbon monoxide, and 50X as much ammonia. Secondhand smoke from pipes and cigars is equally as harmful, if not more so (Mayo Clinic release, Aug 97). What is written below was the original answer left by a complete moron. I have NEVER heard anyone say that they thought second hand smoke was not harmful. They are obviously not paying attention. It isn't! The smoke that goes into the person lungs is a carcinogen ( a substance or agent producing or inciting cancer). The smokers lungs absorb all most all of the unhealthy contaminents and they exhale, basically, a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2). Although second-smoke is smelly it is not harmful. This answer is apparently from a smoker who doesn't want to face the facts. Read the Surgeon General's Report on smoking. Not only does the nonsmoker breath in chemicals exhaled by the smoker, they also inhale smoke from the burning cigarette. Until we can make smoking bubbles, smoking will be a health hazard for smokers and non-smokers alike. It not only hurts you but every innocent person around you who doesn't want to smoke. Every one who breathes in second-hand smoke is endangering their health, but young children are particularly at risk as their lungs are smaller and more delicate. They are, therefore, seriously affected by tobacco smoke and the chemicals it contains. Young people exposed to second-hand smoke at home are seven times more likely to smoke. Second-hand smoke contains cancer-causing and other toxic substances that are often in greater concentrations than in the smoke inhaled by the smoker. Some chemical compounds found in smoke only become carcinogenic after they've come into contact with certain enzymes found in many of the tissues of the human body, so the smoke that is breathed out may be worse than the smoke breathed in by the smoker through the cigarette. (MORE)
If you don't smoke marijuana, the second hand smoke will likely make you feel very slightly high but will not actually enter your system.
Being the actual person inhaling the smoke. An act wherein you are the one who smoke.
if you are exposed to second hand smoke frequently than your risk of lung cancer and heart disease increases 25%. around 30000 people die a year due to second hand smoke.
Secondhand smoking (or second hand smoke) is a combination of the smoke that is released from the end of a burning cigarette and the smoke exhaled from the lungs of smokers. Over 4,000 chemicals are found in a single puff of smoke, including more than 50 cancer causing particles. Second hand smoke c…an cause lung cancer in healthy nonsmokers. In addition to cancer, SHS can cause eye irritation, headaches, nausea, and dizziness (in non-smokers). It is also known as passive smoke or side stream smoke and is behind the massive smoking bans across the world on smoking in piblic places. Second hand smoke has been scientifically shown to cause cancer and exacerbate asthma especially in children. it is responsible even for heart attacks. It has given raise to increased use of electronic cigarettes For information on helping a friend or family member quit, please visit the Related Link. (MORE)
second hand smoke is dangerous because 85 percent of it is side-stream smoke. This means that 85 percent of it is unfiltered, which can lead to asthma, cancer, and respiratory illnesses.
It is better to do neither. If you are concerned about your health, stay away from tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs, legal or illegal.
It not only hurts you but every innocent person around you who doesn't want to smoke. Every one who breathes in second-hand smoke is endangering their health, but young children are particularly at risk as their lungs are smaller and more delicate. They are, therefore, seriously affected by tobacco …smoke and the chemicals it contains. Young people exposed to second-hand smoke at home are seven times more likely to smoke. Second-hand smoke contains cancer-causing and other toxic substances that are often in greater concentrations than in the smoke inhaled by the smoker. Some chemical compounds found in smoke only become carcinogenic after they've come into contact with certain enzymes found in many of the tissues of the human body, so the smoke that is breathed out may be worse than the smoke breathed in by the smoker through the cigarette. (MORE)
There are many poisons in first hand smoke and they can causedifferent kinds of diseases and cancers. Some of the poisons aretar and carbon monoxide. They effect the lungs by lowering theirelasticity. These toxins can also give you stained teeth and badbreath.
Yes, even secondhand smoke can effect the lungs almost as much as a person who smokes themselves. Second hand smoke can be from any source where anyone smokes. It could be at the work place, in a car, in bars, dance clubs, and can be from anyone. To think that you are at the most risk by family li…ving at home is incorrect, as is the fact that you have to be exposed in great amounts. Smoking itself is harmful, and others that breathe in even small amounts are at risk for harmful effects that might not show up until many years later. (MORE)
Yes, even when somebody was smoking in let's say, your house, and they we're smoking on your couch, and if you sit on your couch, or bounce on it, whatever. Than you can get third hand smoking, and all of those intoxications can kill you if you're around it all of the time. Second hand smoking is ev…en worse, and can give you more intoxications. Also if a child or teenager is around the smoking person, and they want to try smoking, they won't mind it, since other teenagers who havent been around so much smoke, and tobacco would hate it, and disgust it, and not try it again, or go out and buy a whole pack or cigerattes as a Second hand smoker would. (MORE)
Second-hand smoke has been shown to be a cause of problems such as asthma, other respiratory complaints, and cardiovascular events including heart attacks.
It's not just smokers who argue whether second hand smoke is tiedto lung cancer, it's anyone who has spent the time to look at thescience about second hand smoke and lung cancer. The science justisn't present to support these claims, so if you claim to be nonbiased to either side, you would look int…o these scientific casestudies and would question what most health organizations areclaiming. Would you not question a used car sales man when he tellsyou the car he's gonna sell you for $50 is worth $30,000? The Scientific Proof: The EPA was the onlyidentity to claim second hand smoke as a carcinogen. The CDC, USSurgeon General and Lung Association base their information on theEPA report of 1993. The EPA collected 33 medical studies thatstudied the affects of non smokers married to smokers and theirincreases in lung cancer. The EPA's study resulted in a risk factorof less than 3.0 making it scientifically insignificant. The EPAreport was also presented in front of district Judge William Osteen who ruled against the EPA report and states that theEPA had "cherry-picked" it's data on the subject. The EPA didcast out 2 of the 33 study cases and ended up going with only 30 ofthem. Consumer reports looked into the 33 case studies and stated thatof the 33 case studies, 26 showed an increase in lung cancer tothose married to smokers, and 6 of them showed a decrease in riskin lung cancer to those married to smokers. Their report about theEPA report concludes "The studies showed that for any givennonsmoker, the lifetime risk of getting lung cancer remains small:4 to 5 in 1000 ordinarily, and 6 to 7 in 1000 if he or she has beenliving with a smoking spouse." Other large case studies such as the World Health Organization(WHO), and the British Medical Journal (BMJ) have doneindependent studies about the link between second hand smoke andlung cancer. The BMJ study concludes, "The results do not support acausal relation between environmental tobacco smoke and tobaccorelated mortality, although they do not rule out a small effect."The WHO study also concluded there was no association between ETSand mortality. After studying the evidence found between second hand smoke andlung cancer from both sides of the debate on the subject, theauthor of this section has found more studies indicating a linkbetween second hand smoke and lung cancer, although the link seemsso small it could easily be debated for years.. Michael R. Fox. Nuclear scientist and university chemistry professor. - Of those chemicals present in ETS (Environmental Tobacco Smoke)only a very few can be classified as toxins or carcinogens. Somebasic physics, a bit of chemistry and a series of rather simplemathematical calculations reveal that exposure to ETS is hardly adangerous event. Indeed, the cancer risk of ETS to a non-smokerappears to be roughly equal to the risk of becoming addicted toheroin from eating poppy seed bagels. . About 90% of secondary smoke is composed of water vapor andordinary air with a minor amount of carbon dioxide. The volume ofwater vapor of second hand smoke becomes even larger as it quicklydisperses into the air,depending upon the humidity factors within aset location indoors or outdoors. Exhaled smoke from a smoker willprovide 20% more water vapor to the smoke as it exists the smokersmouth. . 4 % is carbon monoxide. . 6 % is those supposed 4,000 chemicals to be found in tobaccosmoke. Unfortunatley for the smoke free advocates these supposedchemicals are more theorized than actually found.What is found isso small to even call them threats to humans is beyondbelief.Nanograms,picograms and femptograms...... (1989 Report of the Surgeon General p. 80). (MORE)
yes if you second hand smoke you will die very and never second hand smoke because you will kill kids earlier
Yes they can. They have thesame respitory system as us which mean the breathe in thesame harmful stuff we do.
well they are both completely unhealthy and thirthy minutes of second han smoke equals a full cigarrette for the person or people who in hale it. my opinion is that second hand smoke is worse than smoking regularly. ----------- Hes right now let me explain why; Second-hand smoke is made up of th…e smoke from the burning end of a cigarette or pipe, and the smoke that is blown into the air by the person smoking. Second-hand smoke has over 4,000 chemicals; many of them cause cancer. Two thirds of the smoke from a cigarette is not inhaled by the smoker, but enters the air around the smoker. . Second-hand smoke has at least twice the amount of nicotine and tar as the smoke inhaled by the smoker . It has five times the amount of carbon monoxide, a deadly gas that robs the blood of oxygen . It also contains higher levels of ammonia (better known as window cleaner) and cadmium (also found in batteries) . The concentration of hydrogen cyanide (a poisonous gas that attacks respiratory enzymes) in tobacco smoke is considered toxic . It contains nitrogen dioxide which is measured at fifty times higher than the standard for harm . Non-smokers who breathe in second-hand smoke can get many serious diseases. It can cause lung cancer, heart disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis) asthma and other diseases . Regular exposure to second-hand smoke increases the risk of lung disease by 25% and heart disease by 10% (Source: http://www.lung.ca/protect-protegez/tobacco-tabagisme/second-secondaire/index_e.php) (MORE)
(There is a related question and a link to a speech by the US Surgeon General.)
\nno its worse it can kill u and you never wont to be around some one who does becausr the chemical could kill u \nwell it can be as bad
only if you inhale second hand smoke more than once from other people. Second hand smoke is smoke inhaled by people . that is the answer dummy every one knows i am a doctor my name is mr. capaleoga okay have a fun and healthy day
the most common cancers of smoking/second hand smoke are heart and lung cancer, depending on how exposed you are to the smoke of a cigarette, you more than likey will not get cancer, unless your parent, grandparent may have cancer, then you may get some sort of cancer
If cannabis is used in treatments for lung cancer patients, the second hand smoke should have little to no effect what-so-ever. So fight the war on the right side, inhale a cancer treatment not a cancer cause.
Cigarette smoke contains many chemicals that are harmful and toxic to any living thing, your fish are no exception! Their exposure is increased with the use of air pumps by directly injecting into the water anything that is in the air! Nicotine is very water soluble and very poisonous! If common sen…se prevails, you will take your smoke outside your fishes environ! (MORE)
Effects listed as Health Concerns A 2006 Surgeon General's report stated that secondhand smoking (also called involuntary or passive smoking) can kill, and it concluded that there is no amount of exposure to secondhand smoke that is safe. Chemicals released in smoking include significant amount…s of hydrogen cyanide, benzene, formaldehyde, and carbon monoxide. These are irritants to the respiratory system. Especially in children, these can lead to pneumonia, bronchitis, or aggravation of conditions such as asthma. The contaminants in smoke can be linked to increased risk of cancer, lung disease, and heart disease. Smoking or high exposure during pregnancy has been linked to increased risk of premature delivery, low birth weight, SIDS, mental retardation, learning problems, and attention deficit hyperactivity. Although the incidence of illness directly related to secondhand smoke is statistically low, the high number of people exposed to it means that tens of thousands of individuals in the US will develop new or aggravated disease symptoms each year. This likely extends to hundreds of thousands worldwide. Effects Disputed The 1993 Environmental Protection Agencies linking health concerns to second hand smoke was thrown out by a district judge. The conclusion stated that "The studies showed that for any given nonsmoker, the lifetime risk of getting lung cancer remains small: 4 to 5 in 1000 ordinarily, and 6 to 7 in 1000 if he or she has been living with a smoking spouse." BMJ did the longest most in depth study and concluded: "The results do not support a causal relation between environmental tobacco smoke and tobacco related mortality, although they do not rule out a small effect. The association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and coronary heart disease and lung cancer may be considerably weaker than generally believed." (MORE)
My guess is that people exposed to 2nd hand smoke have longer exposure. Example. A bar tender works 8 hours in a smoke-filled bar. The smoker is there only 1 hour and smokes say 3 cigarettes. Who has higher exposure? It not only hurts you but every innocent person around you who doesn't want to sm…oke. Every one who breathes in second-hand smoke is endangering their health, but young children are particularly at risk as their lungs are smaller and more delicate. They are, therefore, seriously affected by tobacco smoke and the chemicals it contains. Young people exposed to second-hand smoke at home are seven times more likely to smoke. Second-hand smoke contains cancer-causing and other toxic substances that are often in greater concentrations than in the smoke inhaled by the smoker. Some chemical compounds found in smoke only become carcinogenic after they've come into contact with certain enzymes found in many of the tissues of the human body, so the smoke that is breathed out may be worse than the smoke breathed in by the smoker through the cigarette. (MORE)
first hand data is information that you have collected. Second hand data is information that a different source have collected.
No, they're both the same except when you smoke one you have to spend your money, and the second hand smoker gets it for free :P
if a employer waiting at the bus stop comes by and sit down close by with a cigerette, blowing smoke in the face after telling him that the smoke makes you sick? this is out side of the place i work waiting for bus, i mention this to him that it makes me sick and he said he didnt care i can move.
First-hand evidence is evidence that comes from someone that witnessed/was apart of whatever the situation is. For example, if there was a fire in a building, and you were trying to figure out what caused it, you would interview those who were in the building around the time of the fire. That would …be first-hand evidence. Second-hand evidence would be people who were outside at the time of the fire, or people who were not directly witnessing the event. It is more reliable because the people were right there, and have a personal account of what happened. (MORE)
Yes, actually a second hand smoker could die faster than the smoker himself. This is because the smoker breaths out the smoke of the cigarette before it could reach his lungs, while the second hand smoker breaths in the air containing the smoke and all the carbon-monoxide and other poisonous chemica…ls to their lungs. (MORE)
No, marijuana second hand smoke is less harmful for you than tobacco smoke. Marijuana smoke does not contain the deadly carcinogens that cigarette smoke does. I heard on a documentary that there aren't any known cases of marijuana smoke alone causing lung cancer or emphysema. If someone is smoking w…eed around you then you don't really have anything to worry about. (MORE)
They are much like the effect of just smoking , lung cancer , lung diseases , lung damage , throat irritation. Lots of people do it to lose weight , and or are pressured by the environment around them . But smoking is life threatening , so I would stay away from it.
Second hand smoke can lead to the same effects of the actual smoker. There a studies that suggest that it has a worst effect than that of the smoker's; however, these studies have not been extensively researched. In a overview second hand smoke can (Allegedly) cause lung cancer, health problems, and… increase your chances of heart attack, stroke, asthma related death, etc. (MORE)
Yes it does, Because no matter how long you hold the smoke in, there is still traces of THC in the smoke and if you happen to inhale it. you probabally wont get high unless you are "Hotboxing" which is alot of smoke in a room.. in order to fail a drug test for second hand smoke you have to have 1…0 people smoking in a volks wagon bug for a half an hour and if u do fail your THC levels will be very low (MORE)
are you trying to say of what will be the effects of 2nd hand smoke, if so then the effects are coughing will tar will accumulate and youll get lung disease
Short term, it may cause slight irritation, such as runny eyes and a tickly throat. It, or more likely the stress of coming into contact with the most dangerous substance ever (is there anything else that has 'no safe dose'?), may trigger an asthma attack. Long term, i.e. over decades of 24x7 expos…ure, the vast majority of studies into its effects have given inconclusive results. (MORE)
Yes you can get second hand marijuana smoke. It's called a "Contact buzz". It's nothing major, and no more than slight dizziness for a short period of time. But as far as drug tests go, drug tests search for THC (The active chemical in marijuana.) And with second hand having so little, you should b…e absolutely fine. (MORE)
Secondhand smoke is poisonous and has over 4000 chemicals, including 50 that can cause cancer. Breathing secondhand smoke can be more dangerous than inhaling smoke through a cigarette. It has twice as much nicotine and tar as the smoke that people smoking inhale and five times more carbon monoxide, …a deadly gas that starves your body of oxygen. It's technically worse than normal smoking; which doesn't make sense. But if someone that doesn't smoke breaths in your smoke, it's slightly worse; because they might not be used to it. (MORE)
A review, published by the Journal of the American Medical Association, in 1992, found a link between the exposure to second hand tobacco smoke, and increased risk of heart disease death among persons who have never smoked. Furthermore, the review attributed 35,000 to 40,000 deaths per year in the U…nited States to passive smoking. The experiments that Philip Morris tobacco company performed, in 1980s, to shed more light on the side effects of passive smoking proved that inhaled secondhand smoke is four times more toxic than firsthand smoke, a startling finding that tobacco companies deliberately hid from the people in order to protect their industry. (MORE)
Yes, unless it's bunk-weed, then it just gives you a headache. It's entirely possible that it is relative to second-hand smoke from tobacco as it is an inhalant.
second hand smoking can hurt you more then u know. it can cause everything that regular smoking can with even worse outcomes. your heart can become very very hurt, your lungs can become ill, and u can possibly die.
From second hand smoke alone - NONE. Cancer is a multiple-factorial medical condition - i.e. several or many factors contribute to its development. Highly biased and cherry-picked studies by Anti-Tobacco suggest that a small increased risk (around 20%) of lung cancer exists after decades of spousal… exposure (ie, 24x7) to second hand smoke. Less biased and more reliable studies have suggested greater increased risks from exposure to the fumes from gas cookers and wood burning stoves. All these increased risks pale into insignificance when compared to that of a family history of cancer (around a 300% increased risk). (MORE)
It isn't, its just usually 'second hand smoke' is being inhaled by a 'non-smoker' The active smoker receives the primary smoke and because he shares the environs where the primary smoke is created he inevitably receives the secondary smoke equally.
No. An inhalant is a vapor or mist drawn into the lungs for absorption. It can be something beneficial like a steroidal asthma inhaler, or something illicit such a breathing solvent vapors to get high.
yes because smoking only 1 person inhales the smoke but second hand smoking is more dangerous because people around inhales the smoke aswell which affects their health also .
No. Maybe if you were directly smoking it, it could have an effect on an unborn fetus, but I don't think any research has been done about the effects of cannabis on a developing fetus.
Yes! You should also becarefull too! Also second hand marijuana smoke stays longer in your system up to 2 months so you might be acting weird!
There is evidence that this is more dangerous than smoking itself.The best thing is to avoid being in the presence of someonesmoking. Ask them to smoke outside.