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Is there a difference between corporate profit maximization and maximization of shareholder wealth?
Sure, profit maximization relates to profits *only* while shareholder wealth also involves total company equity, debt ratios and any of 15 other financial performance measure ratios. Management could focus on profit maximization over a longer period of time, say, 40 years (Toyota), while the shareholder would rather see stock values and corporate total value increase immediately (get in and get out) (90% of American manufacturers). If management focused on short-term profit maximization, say at the expense of long term sales revenues, then shareholder wealth (stock price) could actually decrease as a result of the loss of market share. The conflict of interests between shareholders and executives is an example of the "principle-agent problem."
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Profit and Shareholder Maximization Shareholder wealth (more commonly referred to as shareholder �value�) is talking about the value of the compan…y generally expressed in the value of the stock. Profit maximization refers to how much dollar profit the company makes. It might seem like making as much profit as possible would yield the highest value for the stock but that is not always the case. When investors look at a company they not only look at dollar profit but also profit margins, return on capital and other indicators of efficiency. Say there are two companies doing the same thing. Company A had sales of $100 million and profit of $10 million. Company B had sales of $200 million and profit of $12 million. Wall Street could look at Company B and say they are less valuable because they clearly do no operate as efficiently as Company A. So even though Company B had more profit Company A will have more shareholder value. And to answer the next question, yes companies often decide to forgo marginal increases in profit if they feel the lower margins on the incremental gains in profit will have a negative impact share price. They actually increase shareholder value by NOT making more profit.
what is ultimate goal of firms.
Between profit maximization and shareholder wealth maximization Which of these is a more comprehensive statement of a companys economic objectives?
The traditional approach of financial management had many limitations: 1.Business may have several other objectives other than profit maximization.Companies may have goal…s like: a larger market share, high sales,greater stability and so on.The traditional approach did not take into account so many of these other aspects. 2.Profit Maximization has to defined after taking into account many things like: a.Short term,mid term,and long term profits b.Profits over period of time The traditional approach ignored these important points. 3.Social Responsibility is one of the most important objectives of many firms.Big corporates make an effort towards giving back something to the society.The big companies use a certain amount of the profits for social causes.It seems that the traditional approach did not consider this point. Modern Approach is about the idea of wealth maximization.This involves increasing the Earning per share of the shareholders and to maximize the net present worth. Wealth is equal to the the difference between gross present worth of some decision or course of action and the investment required to achieve the expected benefits. Gross present worth involves the capitalised value of the expected benefits.This value is discounted a some rate,this rate depends on the certainty or uncertainty factor of the expected benefits. The Wealth Maximization approach is concerned with the amount of cash flow generated by a course of action rather than the profits. Any course of action that has net present worth above zero or in other words,creates wealth should be selected. By: Sudhendu Singh e-mail id: firstname.lastname@example.org
A closely held corporation would be a shareholder wealth maximizer because owners are invested in their company. They may make decisions that increase their profits.
I'm going to bet some instructor made this point in class, and it's been a long time since I've been in class. But profit maximazation in my day was planning and making decisi…ons in the Long RUN best interests of the company. Wealth maximazation sounds more like maximizing the weal;th of the owners. But if the company is worth more than the owners' interests are correspondingly worth more and the owners are wealthier. But this wealth (money spent on new plant and equipment,) might be illiquid so, I guess you could say the company is richer but the owners are not $10,000.00 richer because a $10,000.00 in equipment is worth less if sold on the open market would be worth less, like a new car is worth less as soon as you drive it off the lot. Suggested by someonew who didn't go to the class either.
What is the concept of maximization of shareholder wealth Why is wealth maximization better than profit maximization Wealth maximization?
The concept of maximizing share holder wealth is a goal that encompasses everything that is expected out of a management. when would share holder wealth increase? Either b…y dividends or by increase in value of the shares. When can a company declare dividends or when would a company's share value increase? when its profits increase, its net sales and revenue increase etc. so indirectly by trying to achieve one goal we are attaining some other goals that are very important for a company's existence.
The two objectives of financial managment are (a) profit maximaization and (b) Wealth maximisation. Profit mxaimisation - maximisation of profits irrespective of co…nsiquences involved. It has few objections for examples 1. The term profit is vague, It does not clarify what exactly it mean it conveys different menaing to differnet people ie it may be short term profit or long term profit, it may be total profit or rate of profit 2. Ignores risk factor (higher the return higher will be the expected risk) 3. Ignres Time Value of Money (earlier the cash flows better it is) 4. Ignores social responsibility of business. Hence profit maximization is viewed as a limited objective ie essential but not sufficient. Wealth maximization - The objective of the company should be to maximise its value or wealth. Wealth or value of the company is represented by the market price of its common stock. this value is the function of two factors 1. Likely earnings per share of the company 2. Capitalization rate. Therefore Value of the firm = EPS / Capitalization rate. Hence wealth maximization is a better objective for business, since it represents both retrun and risk.
What are differences between the goals of profit maximization and the maximization of shareholder wealth?
Profit is the difference between the sales price and the costs. So profit maximization can be done by getting the maximum sales price and by spending the least amount of… money . In the market place , the sales price is determined by the market itself and the manufacturer does not have any control over it . The manufacturer can only vary the costs which mainly comprise of two elements - cost of goods sold and the efficiency of operation .Again the purchase price being determined by the market forces , the manufacturer will not have much control over it . In that case the profit maximization can be achieved only by working at the maximum operational efficiency. The objections to this theory are as follows . First and foremost the profit maximization assumes perfect competition in the marketplace , which for all practical purposes does not exist . Secondly as we saw earlier on that in the first phase of development the businesses are self financing with single owner. The only aim of the single owner is to enhance his individual wealth and personal power which is amply satisfied by the goal of profit maximization . But now the single owner is by and large been replaced by professional managers who are salaried employees , and equity shareholders . The business firm also has to deal with other interested parties which are the government , customers , employees and the society . In this scenario , profit maximization is not adequate objective . If a cigarette manufacturing firm , goes on concentrating on making profit without caring for the health of the society , it will soon find itself at the wrong end of the law and will have to pay heavy penalties to the society . If a chemical company does not want to install a water treatment plant and sends all the dirty water into the river nearby , it will , in the long run will have to pay severe damages . If the firm , tends to pay meager salaries to the employees in order to save money , the key employees may leave the company and then in the long run company will suffer . Also the term profit itself is somewhat ambiguous . Is it short term profit or long term profit ? Short term profits may endanger the long term survival . Is it before tax profit or after tax profit ? In the case it is profit after tax , the profit can be enhance by tax manipulation rather than better performance . Is it total operating profit or the percentage profit per share ? The bottomline can be made to look good by large scale golden handshakes and other sudden cost cutting measures which will lead to problems later on . Lastly the profit maximization does not consider the time value of money . The profit made today and the profit made after one year is treated to be the same . In an inflationary economy , a dollar today is much more valuable than one dollar one year after . II Wealth Maximization It means maximizing the net present value of a course of action. Net present value = Net present value of benefits- net present value of costs The financial action which generates positive net present value adds to the wealth of the firm and thus is desirable . If there are a number of mutually exclusive projects , then the project that gives the maximum net present value should be chosen. The objective of wealth maximization solves the two problems faced in profit maximization . It considers the time value of money and secondly it consider the risks involved in going for the various alternatives. The wealth maximization objective is consistent with maximizing the owners economic welfare .As for the shareholders the wealth created by the firm reflects in the market value of the share . Thus the fundamental objective of the financial manager is to maximize the market value of the shares of the company .
What are the difference between the goals of profit maximization and maximization of shareholder wealth?
Profit maximization will result in due to the Higher earning of the targeted Company compared to its market value.This results in when the targeted company is issued lesser sh…are compared to the EPS ratio determined exchanged share, before the merger.
difference between corp wealth and shareholders wealth is dividend payout.
Shareholder wealth (more commonly referred to as shareholder value) is talking about the value of the company generally expressed in the value of the stock. Profit maximizatio…n refers to how much dollar profit the company makes.
Yes, generally. Shareholders, or common equity, are only one component of a firm. A firm also has debt, and other hybrid components of its capital structure. Provided that the… profits are accruing to shareholders, then yes it is congruent.
the difference between profit maximization and shareholders wealth maximization is that profit maximization is concern with profit that a company received based on inflow and …outflow within a period while shareholders wealth maximization is concern with dividend and capital gain that shareholder received on a return of his/her investment.
the difference between firm value maximization and shareholder wealth maximization?
Keeping the gun on others shoulder & fire... Called maximization of share holder's wealth but corporate maximization is not only on asset & capital but to meet up the corporat…e social responsibilities and global network formation .
depends on how you mean finance capital and leverage are two words probably very familiar nowadays, the main ratio to look at is ROE which stands for return on equity this is …the measure of how much profits the shareholders are getting for the equity they own, the higher this is the better, normally roe of between 15-20% is considered desirable.
What is the difference between shareholder's wealth maximization and shareholder's profit maximization?
Wealth is the accumulation of profit so it might seem that the two are maximized in the same way. But there are differences. Some examples: - Profit may be taxed. So wea…lth is maximized by maximizing the net of profit minus tax impacts which may occur in the future. - Increased value of an investment would add to wealth but would not show up as profit until the investment is sold. -Wealth may be obtained in ways other than profit. Receiving a gift or buying something for less than its real value may add to wealth but are not profit. -Stock buy-backs by a company produce no profit but increase stockholder wealth by driving up the value per share held.