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One contribution of ancient roman culture was the development of?
The Republican form of government
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the answer is the republican form of government
There was no "Greco-Roman" civilization. The term is use to comment on the similarities between classical Greece and Republican and Imperial Rome. Greece is unique in all of… Europe, as it is likely the only ethnic group that has not been influenced by other small groups. Which is why Greece is the only modern nation to use a Hellenic languages while all of Greece's neighbors speak languages with heavy Slavic, Arabic, Turkish, Latin (Romanian is a Romantic language) influences. Most of the groups that make up Greece come from different periods of Greek history. They are the Minoan (for Crete), the Mycennae (the first inhabitants of the Peleponesse), and the Dorian (supposed invaders that started the Greek Dark Ages). The Romans have their orgins from tribes living on seven hills along the river Tiber where Rome has now been built. Their government started as a monarchy under the reign of Romulus, but was then conquered by a people living to the northern part of Italy, known as the Etruscans. Eventually, the Romans threw off the Etruscans and established their Republic, and began a course of conquest, both to the north and south. As the Romans advanced south from Rome they encountered Greek colonies that had been established years earlier, including modern Naples and Syracuse. Through them, the Romans learned about the Greeks and rapidly became enamored by Greek culture. This "liking" of Greek culture lead to the Roman conquest of Greece and the mixing of Roman and Greek cultures, although much about Roman culture was already fairly similar to that of the Greeks before the conquest of Greece. The similarities between Greece and Rome, and the fact that the Romans integrated what they liked about the Greeks into their own culture, historians have coined the term "Greco-Roman" to describe many aspects of the culture and ideas that existed in the region. Although, it should also be noted that the Romans commonly intigrated a great many different cultures, including Celtic, Egyptian, and even Judean influences into their own... as well as Greek.
Many factors influenced development and change in Roman culture. A big part of it was down to the passage of time. Roman history lasted for 1,200 years and during that s…pan of time there was a lot of social and political change. Like other ancient societies, Rome developed from an archaic society to a more complex one and this involved cultural changes. Another factor was imperial expansion. As the Roman Empire gradually grew, Rome interacted with more and more foreign peoples and was influenced by their cultures. Rome was very keen to establish good relations with the foreign peoples who came under their influence and open to foreign cultural and, especially, religious influence. This played a part in roman cultural change. Rome also changed from being a city-state of only regional significance to having a vast empire. Roman culture became less about the city of Rome and more about the Roman world the Romans created in their empire, through Rome's influence on its conquered peoples and by thousands of Romans migrating to new Roman settlements around the empire. .Roman culture also changed with the change of its political system. It changed from a republican culture during the period of the Roman Republic to a culture in which the propaganda of the emperors for their own rule and imperial cults become important during the period of rule by emperors. The Greeks played an important part in Roman cultural change. The Greek were very influential in the eastern and central Mediterranean. The Romans adopted some Greek divinities (Castor and Pollux, Apollo, Asclepius and Cybele) in their early days. The Romans also absorbed Greek mythology and later they linked their divinities to those of the Greeks. After the capture of the Geek city of Tarentum in southern Italy, Greek educators moved to Rome. They reshaped Roman education. The education of the elites followed Greek models and pupils studied in both Latin and Greek. There was also the development of Latin literature. It started with a Greek writer translating Greek plays into Latin and the early Latin poets wrote plays modelled on those of the Greeks. Over time, Roman elite men became interested in Greek rhetoric and the two main schools of Greek philosophy (stoicism and Epicureanism). The advent of rule by emperors also was the adoption of sculpture in the Hellenistic style of the Greeks. In the period of the Later Roman Empire the spread of Christianity brought about radical cultural changes.
the republican form of government
Ancient Rome did a number of things to strengthen their empire. Their powerful government made a huge difference in the way people behaved, their military allowed them to conq…uer many tribes or other countries, their rulers like Julius Caesar were some of the most influencial people in the entire world, and the Pax Romana (A time where people were prosperous) also gave them wealth and good times.
The blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman traditions produced what is knownas Greco-Roman civilization.
One significant contribution the Romans made to the development of England was the construction of the roads.
Some of the basic and essential contributions were: running water, roads, buildings and other infrastructure, law, order and unity.
If we are using "contributions and inventions" in a loose sense, here you go: -Roads -Gutters -Roman Alphabet (the most widely used writing system in th…e world... and the one we happen to be using). -Concrete -Glass blowing -Julian Calendar (forerunner to our modern calendar) -Days of the Week -Street grids -Tunnels -Aqueducts -Dams -Domes -Indoor plumbing -Flush toilets -Cast iron -Pewter -Sodium Soap -Hydraulic mining -Hydrometers -Odometers -Newspapers -Locks and keys -Apartment buildings -Postal System -Many Western wedding traditions -Divorce -Tourism -Three course meals -The Census -Heated baths -Street lights -Magnifying glasses -Scissors -Various surgical tools -Cranes -Milestones -Stadiums -Shopping Malls -Candles -Many cosmetics -Bikinis -Umbrellas -Flamethrowers (could be Byzantine) And many, many, more.
Phoenecian culture and mycenean. Probably also some Persian. The Phoenecians taught the greeks the alphabet and many other crucial cultural things, this was in the early i…ron age when the Mediterranean world was just recovering from The Great Bronze Age Collapse.
well Julius Ceaser's assassination affected the roman empire and then his brother Augustus became leader and started the time of the Pax Romana ( a long period of time of all …peace). that's all!
In Roman Empire
It was Roman civilisation in general which has influenced modern culture, rather than the republic in particular. Much of this influence comes from the subsequent period of ru…le by emperors. The main legacies of the Romans are religion, the alphabet, language, law and art. Christianity developed from a religion among a small group of Jews (who lived in Judea, which was part of the Roman Empire) into a mass religion in the Roman days. It spread around the Roman Empire. It became the religion of the masses and then state religion. Catholic Christianity and Orthodox Christianity developed during the Late Roman Empire. They were originally called Latin or Western Christianity and Greek or Eastern Christianity respectively. The former was the main religion in the western part of the Roman Empire and the latter was the main religion in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. Western European languages have adopted and adapted the Latin alphabet. The only letters in the English language which do not come from the Latin alphabet are J, U and W. Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian are languages derived from Latin (romance languages). Many Latin words have entered English via two routes. One was that Latin was the language of the church in the Middle Ages. The other was the Norman conquest of England. French became the court language and many French words entered into the English language. These words are usually of Latin origin. Many international words in medicine, law and theology are Latin. The key principles of Roman civil law have provided the foundation or an inspiration for the law of many modern countries. These are: citizenship status and citizenship rights, equality under the law, the right to have a proper trial and to defend oneself, the right to appeal, that the burden of proof rests on the accuser and not on the accused, that it is the exact form of actions and not intentions or words which is punishable, and that a law deemed unreasonable or unfair can be repealed. The Romans influenced European architecture, sculpture and painting until the early 20th century. They influenced the art of the Renaissance (14th-15th century) Baroque (17th-18th century) and Neoclassicism (18th-20th century, and is still sometimes used today). Palladian architecture was also based on Roman architecture. It was popular from the 17th century to the 20th century and was often used for public buildings. Latin literature was very influential in European literature until the mid-20th century.
In Ancient Rome
The great contribution of the Romans in law is the Coprus Juris Civilis (Body of Civil Law) The influence of Roman civil law spread through Europe with the rediscove…ry of this collection of books called which was also dubbed the Justinian Code in the 16th century. It was commissioned by the emperor Justinian I (or the Great, reigned 527-565). 529. It was a very comprehensive collection of extracts from four centuries of Roman law. It put the laws in a single book (previously they were written on many different scrolls) and scrapped obsolete or unnecessary laws, made changes when necessary, clarified obscure passages. Its aim was to harmonise conflicting views among jurists which arose from centuries of poorly organised development of Roman law and have a uniform and coherent body of law. It also included collections of essays by famous Roman jurists in two student textbooks, one for first year law students and one for advanced students. . This work was forgotten until it was discovered in a library in Pisa in 1070. It had a big impact because many people were impressed with the key principles of Roman civil law: It also included important essays on law and student textbooks which facilitated the study of law. This work was studied by law students at universities in Europe and, though this, Roman civil law became the foundation of the civil laws of many modern countries. The first university in Europe, Bologna University, became important because of its law faculty. It had four professors who specialised in the study of the Digest (as it was then known). It attracted law students from around Europe. The work at this university laid the foundations of Medieval Roman law. The use of the Digest spread around Western Europe and the fledgling profession of lawyers was trained in Roman law. The Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I (reigned 1122-1190) was the first European ruler to employ the new professional class of lawyers to run the administration of a state. The Digesta provided a framework for a consistent system of administration. It also made of for the loss of legitimacy of the claim of divine right to rule which had been suffered by his predecessors with their controversies with the papacy. The rule of law now became the legitimiser. Napoleon I established the Napoleonic Code in 1804. It was the first modern legal code to be adopted with a pan-European scope. It strongly influenced the law of many of the countries established during and after the Napoleonic Wars and therefore on continental western European civil law. In was inspired by the Corpus Juris Civilis and used several of its legal definitions. However, it was not a digest of edited texts of existing law. It was a rewriting of law which replaced a patchwork of feudal laws and it was more systematic. It streamlined the law and made it clearer and more accessible. It formed the basis of the private 19th century law systems of Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Portugal Poland and parts of what is now Germany. It has influenced the contemporary civil law systems of Europe except for the British Isles, Russia and Scandinavia. It has been influential in some developing countries, especially in the Middle East,
He computed the circumference of planet Earth.
In Roman Empire
Virgil was considered, and still is, the greatest poet of Latin literature. In Rome he was considered the writer who had set the highest bar. His most famous work, the Aen…eid, elaborated the legend of Romans' ancestry through Aeneas and was very patriotic and a boost to Roman pride.