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The Punic Wars were a conflict between Rome and what other ancient city state?
Rome fought Carthage in all of the three Punic Wars. Rome and Carthage fought over rising conflicts between the Carthaginian Empire and the Republic of Rome. Rome's win ov…er Carthage during the third and the final Punic War, resulted as them becoming the undisputed power in the region.
The First - because Rome developed a navy to match Carthage's, and used devices such as the Harpax - a missile which was a grappling hook, allowing Roman ships to reel in oppo…sing ones for baording, and the Corvus, a boarding plank with a spike to catch the opposing ship's deck and allow the superior infantry to fight land battles on the Carthaginian ships. The Second - Rome was able to retain most of its Latin allies against Hannibal's attempts to detach them, and so had an inexhaustible supply of manpower and supply; and Scipio's master stroke of invading Carthage, obligating Hannibal's withdrawal from Italy. (There is debate on why Hannibal didn't exploit his victories over Rome by attempting to capture the city - whether he let his troops become lazy and plunder the surrounding farmland instead of going for a final outcome. The fact is he had to plunder Roman territory for food, as he couldn't take that of his own allies without alienating them; that he simply didn't have a siege train to breach the city walls; and if he concentrated his force on the city, he risked Rome using an extended siege to turn his allies back to their side - it was a no win option) The Third - an isolated Carthage simply couldn't match the forces Rome assembled from Italy and North Africa against her.
During the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, the Roman Republic fought the city of Carthage and its surrounding territories. Ancient Carthage was founded by sea fari…ng Phoenicians around 814 BCE. In 650 BCE Carthage gained its independence and became a major regional power in the Mediterranean. Carthage controlled large colonies in Northern Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Corsica, Sardina and other territories during much of its existence. Eventually the growth of the Roman Republic brought it into conflict with the Carthaginians. The two powers fought the Punic Wars over the course of 120 years from 264BCE to 146BCE. At the end of the Third Punic War, the Roman forces destroyed Carthage and razed the city to the ground.
Ancient Rome was a city-state until the end of the Latin War in 338 BC. After that war, it became a Commonwealth of Latins, Campanians and Volsci. Several Latin cities were… incorporated into the Republic and were given full Roman citizenship, which included the right to vote (civitas optimo jure). So were the Campanians of the city of Capua (near Naples) and her territories. The Volsci of southern Latium also became part of the Roman Republic, but with partial citizenship, without the right to vote (civitas sine suffragio)
No, it could be classified as an Empire and a city.
Wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 246 and 146BC
Against Macedonia, some states in mainland Greece, the Seleucid kingdom, Spanish territories.
Rome and Carthage sought to have hegemony throughout the Mediterranean area for mostly commercial interests .
The Carthaginian general Hannibal during the Second Punic War never captured the city of Rome . Rome was never even besieged by Carthaginian forces as they did not have a seig…e train. Hannibal did ransack the countryside of Italy .
The term Punic comes from the Latin word Punicus (or Poenicus), meaning "Phoenician", with reference to the Carthaginians' Phoenician ancestry .
The Romans' name for Carthage was Puncia.
The first Punic war, like all the Punic wars, were between Rome and Carthage.
Rome was a single city. It had other cities as allies. The Roman army was recruited from its farming class. While they were away during the wars, the large landowners took ove…r the common land on which the farmers depended. They also took on slaves arising from the war as agricultural labourers, displacing Romans. This class was badly damaged by this, and eventually non-propertied men became the backbone of the army. These became reliant on their generals who gathered influence from these clients. All this was a major element leading to the civil wars.
Saguntum was the southernmost Iberian city in the sense that it was the southernmost non-Carthaginian city in Hispania. Here Iberian refers to the Iberian peoples who live…d in various parts of Hispania, not the Iberian Peninsula. Geographically, it was not the southernmost city in the Iberian Peninsula. In fact it lied only about half way down the eastern coast of Spain, some 30 km (18 miles) north of Valencia. The south of Spain had been conquered by the Barca (Hannibal's) family and was a Carthaginian territory. Saguntum was the southernmost of the Hellenised cities north of the Carthaginian territory along the eastern coast of Hispania. All of these cities allied with the Romans to get protection against the possibility of northward Carthaginian expansion at their expense. Being the southernmost of the non-Carthaginian cities and very close to the Carthaginian territory made an alliance with Rome even more compelling.