What would you like to do?
The Punic Wars were a conflict between Rome and what other ancient city state?
The Punic Wars did not help to transform Rome from a republic to an empire. They helped the Roman Republic to acquire an empire. Much of Rome's imperial expansion occurred… during the period of the Republic. Historians use the term empire in a confusing manner. They use it to refer to both Rome's territorial acquisitions and the period in which Rome was ruled by emperors, from 27 BC to 476 AD. In terms of territorial acquisitions, as already mentioned, the Roman Republic already had an empire. With the first Punic War (264-241 BC) Rome took over Carthage's territories in western Sicily. Soon after this war Rome took advantage of Carthage having to deal with a revolt by her mercenaries to seize Sardinia and Corsica from her. With the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) Rome took over Carthage's territory in southern Spain. In addition to this, the Numidians of Algeria switched their allegiance from Carthage to Rome. In the Third Punic War (149-146 BC) Rome destroyed Carthage and took over her home territory, Tunisia and western Libya. Thus, Rome's early territorial acquisitions outside Italy, apart from Greece, occurred as a result of the Punic Wars. Rome continued to be a republic for 119 years after the last of the Punic Wars.
It is not clear whether at the beginning of the Roman military action in Sicily a war between Rome and Carthage had been expected. The war was started by tension created in no…rtheastern Sicily by mercenaries called the Mamertines. They seized the city of Messana, on the strait between Sicily and the mainland on in the northeast of the island, killed all the men and took the women as their wives. They then started raiding the nearby area. This provoked a reaction from the Greek city of Syracuse, also on the east coast, which was the most powerful city-state in the island. In the east and south of Sicily there were Greek city-states. The Mamartines appealed for help to both Rome and Carthage, which had five ports in western Sicily. Carthage accepted to help, but also imposed a Carthaginian Garrison in Messana. The Mamertines asked Rome for help again. The Roman senate debated the issue and could not reach an agreement. Many senators did not want to help mercenaries who had stolen a city. The issue was passed on to the Assembly of the Soldiers which had the power to vote on war and peace. It voted for war. Two Roman legions landed at Messana where the Mamertines had expelled the Carthaginian garrison. The Romans defeated the Syracusans who were besieging the city and then besieged Syracuse, which was forced into an alliance treaty and to agree to supply the Roman army. Some small Carthaginian dependencies defected to Rome. Carthage recruited a mercenary army and mobilized for war. Ancient Greek historian Polybius thought that the Romans were concerned about a possible Carthaginian takeover of eastern Sicily, should Carthage clash with and defeat Syracuse. There is no mention of whether Rome predicted a war with Carthage and it is likely that they did not expect that a major war would develop. Carthage had to respond to the perceived threat posed by the alliance between Rome and Syracuse. It is likely that they had not expected a major war to develop either. They probably thought that they could win a quick land war, especially considering that Rome did not have a navy to speak of. Instead, the land war got bogged down due to the rough terrain of the island and the Romans built a navy which matched the powerful Carthaginian navy in size, though not in skills, and the war ended up becoming a big conflict which lasted 23 years.
The First - because Rome developed a navy to match Carthage's, and used devices such as the Harpax - a missile which was a grappling hook, allowing Roman ships to reel in oppo…sing ones for baording, and the Corvus, a boarding plank with a spike to catch the opposing ship's deck and allow the superior infantry to fight land battles on the Carthaginian ships. The Second - Rome was able to retain most of its Latin allies against Hannibal's attempts to detach them, and so had an inexhaustible supply of manpower and supply; and Scipio's master stroke of invading Carthage, obligating Hannibal's withdrawal from Italy. (There is debate on why Hannibal didn't exploit his victories over Rome by attempting to capture the city - whether he let his troops become lazy and plunder the surrounding farmland instead of going for a final outcome. The fact is he had to plunder Roman territory for food, as he couldn't take that of his own allies without alienating them; that he simply didn't have a siege train to breach the city walls; and if he concentrated his force on the city, he risked Rome using an extended siege to turn his allies back to their side - it was a no win option) The Third - an isolated Carthage simply couldn't match the forces Rome assembled from Italy and North Africa against her.
Against Macedonia, some states in mainland Greece, the Seleucid kingdom, Spanish territories.
Rome was the victor in all three Punic Wars.
The Romans' name for Carthage was Puncia.
The war was fought between Rome and Carthage. Basically, the 3 wars resulted in the destruction of Carthage and the Romans gained the territories of Sicily, Sardinia, Cors…ica, Africa and also Spain. In short, it played a major role in the expansion of the Roman Empire.
Ancient Rome started out as a city-state, but after expanding, mostly by conquest, it grew to an empire.
Rome fought Carthage in all of the three Punic Wars. Rome and Carthage fought over rising conflicts between the Carthaginian Empire and the Republic of Rome. Rome's win ov…er Carthage during the third and the final Punic War, resulted as them becoming the undisputed power in the region.
Rome fought the city of Carthage in the Punic Wars.
During the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, the Roman Republic fought the city of Carthage and its surrounding territories. Ancient Carthage was founded by sea fari…ng Phoenicians around 814 BCE. In 650 BCE Carthage gained its independence and became a major regional power in the Mediterranean. Carthage controlled large colonies in Northern Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Corsica, Sardina and other territories during much of its existence. Eventually the growth of the Roman Republic brought it into conflict with the Carthaginians. The two powers fought the Punic Wars over the course of 120 years from 264BCE to 146BCE. At the end of the Third Punic War, the Roman forces destroyed Carthage and razed the city to the ground.
Saguntum was the southernmost Iberian city in the sense that it was the southernmost non-Carthaginian city in Hispania. Here Iberian refers to the Iberian peoples who live…d in various parts of Hispania, not the Iberian Peninsula. Geographically, it was not the southernmost city in the Iberian Peninsula. In fact it lied only about half way down the eastern coast of Spain, some 30 km (18 miles) north of Valencia. The south of Spain had been conquered by the Barca (Hannibal's) family and was a Carthaginian territory. Saguntum was the southernmost of the Hellenised cities north of the Carthaginian territory along the eastern coast of Hispania. All of these cities allied with the Romans to get protection against the possibility of northward Carthaginian expansion at their expense. Being the southernmost of the non-Carthaginian cities and very close to the Carthaginian territory made an alliance with Rome even more compelling.
The Phoenician city-state Carthage, located in today's Tunisia.
Rome intervened in Sicily to help mercenaries (the Mamertines) who had seized the city of Messana, (Messina, in the northeast, on the strait which separates the island fro…m the mainland) who were attacked by Syracuse, the most powerful of the Greek city-states in the east and south of the island. The Carthaginians worried about the safety of their four ports in western Sicily and mobilised for war with Rome.
In Ancient Rome
218 BCE Battles of Ticinus and Trebia. 217 BCE Battles of Ebro and Lake Trasimene.