What European countries colonized Africa?
the british,the spainiards,the Portuguese,the french,the belgians,the Germans and the Italians
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If you are talking about prehistoric movements of peoples, theopposite is true. The Amazigh tribes (or Berbers) were Celticpeoples from North Africa who migrated in the Neolithic period intoSpain and made their way to France (the Basques) and wanderedfurther North and a branch ended up in Southern I…reland (IrishGaels)and the rest became absorbed in Central Europe around theBalkans.Interestingly, when they left their ancestral lands theyhad a writing system but when they arrived in Europe they hadbecome illiterate. If you are talking about the last 500 years, a rationale doesappear along the following guidelines: 1) Prestige: The act of owning an Empire with moreterritory conferred upon the land holder more prestige in theEuropean community. 2) Proximity: North Africa was very close toEurope (as opposed to Vietnam or Argentina), so travel to and fromthose territories was less difficult (incentivizing the creation ofcolonial populations and making administrators' trips back morecommon). 3) Strategic Positions: Since North Africa was onthe Mediterranean Sea, its control could be used both to stop localpiracy and to attack rival powers' ships. Egypt and Morocco wereparticularly strategic positions to hold because of the Suez Canaland Straits of Gibraltar respectively. 4) Resources: North Africa provided additionalresources to its controllers, especially after the discovery ofpetroleum in Libya and natural gas in Algeria. 5) Markets: Colonization results in a largermarket for domestic firms. 6) White Man's Burden: A lot Europeans saw it astheir mission to bring their civilized values (the only ones worthanything in their minds) to the Arab World which was living(relative to Europe) in a more primitive manner. (MORE)
Africa had an abundance of raw materials for industry. Africa was a potential market for European products of industry.
For there natural resources such as diamonds, gold, silver, coal, iron and copper John Thomson was the one who came to Africa. He can to Africa in1813.
I believe that the two countries are the dutch and the french.This is true as the Dutch (from Holland or the Netherlands) colonized South Africa and probably some other countries on the African continent. The French (France) colonized the Ivory Coast, now called the Cote d'Ivoir.
Initially Spain, then France. For a short time in the 17th century Tangiers was under English colonial rule.
The European country that colonized Libya was Italy and in 1947 Italy lost Libya as a result of WWII.
They needed markets to sell their products and places to get the resources to make those products. Also, they felt that their race was superior and was supposed help the rest of the world along.
Colonization supported increased economic and political power of the colonizing countries. this was important as the European countries were competing intensely with each other.
First the Portuguese colonized, then soon after the British, Dutch, and Danes came in for a piece of the action.
Well, when Europe decided to spread, Portugal went on a different route than the rest of Europe. Portugal ended up in Africa and found gold and salt. It quickly took over by controlling trade. It then set up colonies with all the supplies it needed.
Primarily Holland, Portugal and France; for example Vietnam was french territory until their defeat by the vietnemese at the battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 (leading to the start of the Vietnam war). Various islands in the pacific are still french and dutch territory (although most were transferred …to US control), for example, the Marianas. Britain made inroads into Asia and of course colonised India, and subjugated china (see 'boxer rebellion') but mostly it was the aforementioned three. It should be noted that Asia was a damn sight more capable at resisting colonisation than Africa (only one African country has never been part of a colony, or under European rule/control) Because Africa was loaded with natural resources and the Europeans wanted to take advantage of that. Britain, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Netherlands, Germany, Greece (in ancient times), Rome (in ancient times). Possibly others. (MORE)
David Livingstone was a missionary and an explorer. He exploredMalawi in 1859. More missionaries came. In 1889, Britain claimed itas a protectorate.
The countries that were independent durning the European Colonization in Africa was Liberia and Ethiopia
France. Between 1890 and 1960 the African country was part of French West Africa (Afrique occidentale franÃ§aise). Mali had the name French Sudan (Soudan franÃ§ais).
Ther are two Congos. Belgium ruled what we call the Democratic Republic (formerly Zaire) and France ruled the smaller Republic of the Congo.
At first Cape Town was settled by the Dutch East India Company (VOIC) as a refreshment stop en route to India. The fertile land provided a perfect settlement for more Dutch who trekked to Cape Town later. Soon they began developing the region to form a little Dutch colony. The British saw Cape Town …as a prime location and annexed it from the Dutch. The Dutch trekked further north where they found many rich minerals. The British followed and took control of many of the Dutch republics making them British colonies. Soon the discovery of gold in the Transvaal province caused a massive rush for power by both the Dutch and the British. Thus reasons for colonisation can be stated as SA being in a prime location, having an abundance of gold and diamonds and for slave trade. (MORE)
The major players of Old and New Imperialism: Portugal - Azores/Mid-Atlantic islands, South America, Africa, India/ Indian Ocean Spain - Caribbean, North Africa, Pacific, Central, South, and parts of North America Germany - Africa, Pacific, then the Middle East and North Africa (under Hitler) … France - North America, South America, Africa, Caribbean, Asia, Indian Ocean Netherlands - Caribbean, North America, Africa, Pacific Belgium - Africa (Congo Free State) Italy - Africa, Mediterranean Britain - Throw a dart at the world map and the Brits have probably been there (MORE)
England and then the Netherlands are the European countries who became Suriname's colonizer. Specifically, the English established a settlement in Suriname as of 1630. Within twenty (20) years, they had taken over as their capital Paramaribo, a former Dutch trading post on the coast. But by the T…reaty of Breda of July 31, 1667, the English were succeeded by the Dutch as Suriname's mother country and colonial ruler. (MORE)
The current Republic of Haiti is in the western part of the island called La EspaÃ±ola. La EspaÃ±ola was first colonized by the spaniards, but they were installed mainly in the eastern part of the island (the current Dominican Republic). Taking advantage of this fact, some french buccaneers sett…led the western coast triggering the french reclamations over this part of La EspaÃ±ola. In 1697, in the treaty of Ryswick that settled the Nine Year's war or Great Alliance War between France and a coalition of other europeans powers formed by Spain, England, the Holly Roman Empire and the United Provinces, the Kingdom of Spain ceded the west part of La EspaÃ±ola to the French Kingdom. It would be a part of the Fench colonial empire until his independence in 1804. (MORE)
South Africa was colonized in the main by people from Holland, Great Britain, and France.Holland and Britain set up governments and colonised actively. France only had influence through immigration of about 1000 of French Hugenots, religious refugees.
the only county of east Africa that was never coonized by the europeans was the ethiopians
The Portuguese were first to discover South Africa in the Cape Town region, but the country was first colonized by the Dutch explorer named Jan Van Riebeek.
Ethiopia and Liberia --- The Italians eventually conquered Ethiopia in 1938, but this isconsidered part of the World War II Axis expansion and not a propercolonization. After World War II, Ethiopia became independentagain.
It was the Indians because they were the ones to set into sea and to go to America
The best example of this was known as the 'Scramble for Africa'. There are several theories as to why it was colonised, the broadest which could apply to all of the 'Great Powers' is that Africa provided new markets for European goods and as well as that, also contained materials that the great powe…rs could exploit, such as Palm Oil in the West and Diamonds in the South and Central of Africa. (MORE)
then no that by colonize us then will have more opportunity for there industry use
The Netherlands colonized Suriname. The area was discovered by English, French and Spanish exporers in the 16th century. In the 17th century plantation colonies were established there by the Dutch and the English. The Dutch gained control of the area in 1667.
What European nations colonized Africa in the 1800's because of it's a. military location b. economic strength c. proximity to Europe d. resources and markets
What are the pros and cons or imperialism for those countries in Africa that were colonized by the Europeans?
Some of the pros and cons for European imperialism in Africa are; pros-better trade routes and access to supplies, cons-Europeans paid no attention to cultural differences or tribal land boundaries.
Edit [Europeans saw Africa as a rich source of raw materials to use in industry and as a market for European products of industry. Also, it was felt that having a colonial...
The only two countries that were not colonised by Europeans were Ethopia (because of the high mountain ranges) and Liberia (set up for freed slaves).
Burundi was originally colonized by Germany as part of German EastAfrica in the 1880s. After Germany was defeated in World War I, thearea now known as Burundi was ceded to Belgium.
Spain colonized Central and South America (with the exception of Brazil, British Guyana, Surinam, and French Guyana).Spain
They were in search of Africa's natural resources, such as gold, diamond, bauxite and lots more.
Spain, and also colonized argentina, chile, uraguay, colombia,ecuador, panama, bolivia, venezuela, dominican republic, peru, nicaragua, honduras, mexico, gutemala, el salvador, costa rica. All conqured in 1813.
Spain. Many place and family names still have a Spanish influence,although the lanuage is not used much
No part of africa was uncolonized in the scramble for africa, sparsely or densely populated either way, but the only country that survived the scramble for africa was ethopia who fought and won against italy.
The Portuguese planted the first maritime colonies in Africa. The Dutch planted the first settled colonies in Africa. A maritime colony is a port city and some surrounding territory, but it is not terribly expansive. (Hong Kong until 1999 would be a good example.) A settled colony is a more ty…pical colony type of which the 13 colonies that became the United States would be a good example. (MORE)
First Greece did but later on in 1889 Britain conquered it until the mid 1950's.
Problems with political instability in the 20th century The introduction of European languages to Africa . B .. The creation of extremely diverse African nations. C .. Nonnative languages becoming common throughout Africa.
The Austrian Empire, the Prussian Empire, Poland, and the NorthernItalian principalities call refrained from colonizing territoriesin the Americas. In fact, the European countries that did colonizeonly included: UK, France, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Denmark, theNetherlands, and Russia.
Because of imperialism and the european countriesfelt that western civilization was greater than ony other.
In order of eventual land holdings in Africa: France United Kingdom Portugal Germany Belgium Italy Spain Netherlands* --> The Netherlands lost the Boer State to the British in the Boer Wars.
The British colonized Swaziland in 1903, and they gained independence in 1968 (Sept. 6). Hope that helps!
The European countries took Africa because, as all European countries back then, they wanted the natural resources of those places in Africa.
Only 1 country colonized South Africa (England).The Dutch east India company set up a port in South Africa which lead to some people settling in South Africa but not under imperial order
Mostly the British and the French colonized Africa. The French werelocated mostly in the North and West mainly the so-called GoldCoast countries, whereas the English colonized mostly East Africa,from Egypt to South Africa. Other colonizing countries were Belgium, which ended up 'owning'the Congo aft…er their king - who had colonized it as a privateundertaking - left it to the State on his death. Germany also helda few colonies - Somalia among them - mostly for reasons of status. It turned out to be a costly undertaking. Contrary to popularbelief, many colonies were reluctantly created, often for strategicreasons (the British wanting control of the sea route to India) orpurely for "La gloire" as in the case of France. Both countries onbalance had to spend more money on developing and administratingtheir colonies than they got out in produce, and after the in total70 years of colonization, they and other Western countries spentabout 3 trillion dollars on Africa in development aid. (MORE)
With colonizing Africa it opened major shipping routes and trade. They also got many raw materials to make their country wealthy. Rule of thumb in the era more land your country had in its power the wealthier your country was.
Even with the similarities of these two colonies, the English and Spanish colonies were established for completely different reasons. English colonies were first established by the Puritans in the 1630's who were seeking refuge, freedom of religion, and economic opportunity. Puritans believed that t…he Church of England was a product of political struggles and of man made doctrines. The Puritans were escaping persecution from the both the Church of England and the King. The Puritans believed that the Bible was God's true law. On the other hand, the Spaniards came to America's on accident in a futile attempt to find an alternate trade route to china, which was led by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Columbus found natives with a thriving community, complex architecture and cities of gold. These precious metals meant major wealth for Spain and their main focus was to conquer and strip the natives of their gold, then return it to Spain. (MORE)
European colonized and explored different pars of the world due to different reasons ..During the 15th European nation changed drastically from feudalism mode of production to capitalism mode of production .This transformation went together with different technological development .Forstance during …the 15thc to 16thc europena managed to build marine ship which was very important for exploration of the world marine technology helped europena to travel different parts of the world including Africa and America to conduct trade(primitive accumulation of capital) .On the other hand European nation managed to industrialize .foristance British was the first to undergo first and second industrial revolution-respectively all these created demands for raw material , market ,investment areas as well as cheap labor therefore euro pen decided to compete for colonies in order to get those demands (MORE)