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What are the disadvantages of free range farming?
The disadvantages of free-range livestock production is as follows:
- Risk of death-loss from predation: animals are more likely to die or be killed from predators because they are out fending for themselves than animals that are confined indoors or in confined animal feeding operations.
- More land is needed per animal, or as far as per lb of meat, milk or per egg is concerned, more acres or hectares are needed to produce that product than what is needed in CAFO operations.
- More planning is necessary for animals being raised in an intensive rotational grazing system, or when grazing animals in a certain area for a certain period of time. Animals cannot be simply let out to eat whatever they want otherwise the pasture may become decimated, overgrazed or overgrown, depending on the species being used.
- A scientific study done by the FAO reports that ruminants grazed on grass or fed a higher-roughage diet tend to release more methane than if they were fed a high-concentrate diet of grain.
- Animals raised using free-range livestock production are often no different from those raised on CAFO operations. Holsteins and Jerseys are still used for producing milk when rotationally grazed for production "natural milk," for instance.
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The advantages to free-range livestock production are as follows: Animals are free to move around as they please and are not confined to small, cramped spacesAnimals are free… to socialize with others of their kind as they pleaseLivestock are not fed a high concentrate ration every day, and instead are allowed to roam freely to find their own food to eatThere is an increased health and welfare of animals due to a more natural diet and natural way of living Less labor (relatively speaking, though some part of free-range is actually more laborious than what is involved in CAFO operations), machinery, fuel, fertilizer, capital, and even vet costs when animals are being allowed free-range. Animals are not implanted with hormones or fed sub-therapeutic levels of antibiotics. Antibiotics are only reserved for animals that are sick with some form of bacterial infection.
Potential losses to predatorsSmaller number of animals raised per unit of area Take longer to reach market weightLarger area of land needed to raise the same number of animal…s that would be raised in CAFOs
It's not all that bad because animals have more room to move around and socialize. The negative thing about it is that it takes more land to raise free-range livestock than it… does to raise animals that are in CAFO operations. Some people believe it doesn't exist because most animals are still confined in some way or other, but there's a fine line between being confined to an area for productivity and confined in an area where they still have lots of space to roam.
the advantages of free range farming is that free range the hens can free move and that the hans can free social with others
The answer is that they could not get water to some of the farm areas but they eventually overcame that by using irrigation.
Traditional farming does not use insecticides as today's farms do. This means that the plants are at more risk of suffering diseases; also traditional farming wasn't very effi…cient as no soil enrichment products were used and no modern technologies either. Usually traditional farming means more unreliability and less efficiency, which increases the cost.
Rainwater Saturation One major disadvantage of terracing is rainwater saturation of the ground. This happens when terracing retains too much water, which is absorbed into the …ground. The problem with ground saturation is that it can lead to water overflow during periods of heavy rains. This can end up causing more damaging runoff than in unterraced areas. Additionally, if not properly maintained, terraces can lead to greater soil erosion, often downslope from the terracing, than in non-terraced areas. Other DisadvantagesTerracing requires huge inputs of labor to construct and maintain, and when not properly maintained, the effects can be catastrophic. Unmaintained terraces can lead to mudslides, the creation of deep gulleys and increased soil erosion, particularly in sandy soils or on extremely steep terrains. Terracing also has been shown to reduce soil quality via the leaching of important nutrients from the soil in some areas.
 Advantages tend to be identified as greater efficiency, higher yields, increased profits, lower prices, and wider audience. In terms of the latter, the benefit is seen as …greater availability of cheaper priced healthy food for the poor.  Disadvantages tend to be identified as overcrowded and unsanitary living conditions for animals; higher chemical, labor and watering inputs; greater environmental degradation [especially in terms of eroding and exhausting soils and polluting air and water]; and declining health. In terms of the latter, the negative is seen as greater toxic exposure in production and processing. Another advantage of intensive farming is that if every one were to just use oragnic farming then there would not be enough food for everyone in the world it wiuld be impossible to get the space needed to grow this many crops.
ADVANTAGES: cheap less space used up possible to farm a large number of animals in a small space DISADVANTAGE: lots of ethical issues no exercise for the animal bad meat …no sun for the animal
SUMMARY - The intensive and frequent land use changes in the Mediterranean countries have numerous and negative environmental impacItns .o rder to asses land degradation, …several models and cartographies have been prepared: Glasod, Corine, Italian Ministery of Environment and UNEP. The future EC policies for agriculture and related soil conservation aspects must be oriented by these documents as well as by the state of art of the main soil conservation practices. Needs for future research are concerned withh e following fields: 1 ) Economical analyses of soil conservation practices; 2) Remote sensing for detecting land degradation; 3) Natural resources survey based on land and land use units; 4) Constitution of bench mark soils; and 5) Correlation of similar land use in different countries. Key words: Land use changes, land degradation, soil erosion, environmental impact assessment, landscape protection. RESUME - Les changements intensifse t fréquents de l'utilisation du sol dans les pays méditerranéens causent de nombreux impacts négatifs sur l'environnement. Afin d'évaluer la dégradation du sol, plusieurs modèles et cartographies ont été préparés : Glasod, Corine, Ministère Italien de l'Environnement et UNEP. Les futures politiques de la CE pour l'agriculture et les aspects en relation avec la conservation dsuo l, doivent être orientées suivant ces documents, ainsi que les connaissances actuelles des principales pratiquedse conservation du sol, La recherche future a besoin d'études dans les domaines suivant :s 1 ) Analyse économique des pratiques de conservation du; 2 s)o Tl élédétection pour détecter la dégradation dus ol ;3 ) Etude des ressources naturelles basées sur le soel t sur les unités d'utilisation dsuo l ;4 ) Etablissement de sols type;se t 5) Corrélation entre les utilisations du sol semblables dans différents pays. Mots-clés: Changements d'utilisation dus ol, dégradation dus ol, erosion du sol, evaluation de l'impact
Cons- -Expensive price of inputs -Very low profit -once, locusts season is back 10 years of work will be all gone -very stressful work for such little profit and a 70% c…hance of having a bad weather -usually farms are very far away from the city, so it is hard to travel from places to places Pros- -Helps the economy going -Can have lots of breaks e.g when is not feeling well you can be absent (NOT LIKE AN OFFICE JOB) -alot of people rely on farmers for food -Can be employed freely -You can raise your own family without an actual office job
water holding capacity decreaces. pesticides can kill useful insects. the money spent for agriculture ibncreases. not sustainable.
In Solar Power
Land Use One of the drawbacks of solar farms is the issue of land use. Solar farms must be located in sunny areas, where they will be able to produce power on a somewhat regul…ar basis. Because of the high cost of solar equipment, it may also be necessary for farms to be built on cheap land in remote areas. Since solar farms usually cover many acres, they run the risk of disturbing an ecosystem, either when they are built or in the future as animals migrate and pants change with the seasons. At the same time, utility operators must construct large electrical towers or dig trenches to carry the power generated at the solar farm to population centers that may be miles away. Although the builders of solar farms must take precautions to protect the environment, the presence of a solar farm on a previously untouched piece of land is a major change that forces nature to adapt. Cost One final effect of solar power farms is the money they take away from other initiatives, leaving other environmental causes without funding. Solar energy is relatively expensive because of the investment required for start-up costs, which has led to government incentives that make solar power more appealing to developers and utility companies. These in turn draw funding and incentives away from other technologies that have more immediate environmental impacts, such as clean coal technology and recycling awareness programs. The construction of a solar farm may mean that a community must forgo a new recycling center, water treatment plant, or other environmental program.
The biggest disadvantage is that the costs of producing crops or livestock often outweight the income recieved from the sale of these products. The income a farmer recieves pe…r pound or bushel is less than 10% of the amount the consumer pays at the grocery store for that same food source--or at least part[s] of it. It's certainly not an occupation where you can get rich quick!! Another disadvantage is that farming is comparable to mining as being one of the most dangerous careers a person can have. Many threats exist on the farm from being mauled and trampled by an angry bull to getting caught up in a PTO shaft. Being a farmer also means you're at the mercy of Mother Nature. It can flood, hail, freeze, become so dry nothing will grow anymore, or bring forth the fury of the winds in the form of a tornado or hurricane. Any of these can cause serious damage to crops and livestock as well as facilities and machinery owned and used on that farm.
Pastoral farming can be advantageous as land that may be unsuitable for crops can be utilized. However, a downside can occur (and has a number of times in the past) with t…he spread of disease from area to area.
The traditional farming needs great amount of labor and hence, the job opportunities provided to laborers are more. On the other hand, modern farming does not need great amoun…t of labor since the machines take care of everything. Hence, the job opportunities provided to laborers are comparatively poor and less.
Traditional farming methods: BENEFITS: Traditional farming grew many different crops per acre, which replenished the soil, and prevented a reliance on one type of 'staple' c…rop. Many people were needed to farm, so there was more people at work. The farmers and society in general were not reliant upon synthetically produced planting which was healthier. Natural. LIMITATIONS: Traditional farming was more reliant upon rainfall to water the plants, so dought was a common issue. The quantity of food produced was less per acre, which, when combined with drought, caused starvation. The quality of the food produced was lower than the quality of today. Source(s): National Geographic Magazine; June 2009 nationalgeographic.com/magazine