What are the timings for the five daily praying in Islam?

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Muslims pray five times a day.

The timings for five daily praying in Islam are:
  1. Salat Al-Zuhr (noon prayer): from decline of sun from its zenith till before the shadow of the person in the length of his own figure.
  2. Salat Al-Asr (afternoon prayer): from the time the shadow of the person in the length of his own figure till before sunset.
  3. Salat Al-Maghrib (Sunset prayer): After sunset, when the sun's red glow disappears, until the last ray of sunlight is gone.
  4. Salat Al-Ishaa (night prayer): From the end of previous time till before Dawn.
  5. Salat Al-Fajr (Dawn prayer): From dawn till before sunrise.

everyone who is Muslim can pray five times a day.
Muslims must pray 5 times a day.


It is fard [obligatory] for every Muslim who is sane and has reached the age of puberty to perform the five daily namâzes (prayers). When a prayer time comes, it becomes fard for him/her the moment he/she begins performing the prayer. If he/she has not performed it and if there is time left enough to make an ablution and begin the namâz before the prayer time is over, it becomes fard for him/her to perform it. If the prayer time is over before he/she has performed it without an 'udhr [good excuse] not to do so, he/she will have committed a grave sin. Whether he/she has had a good excuse or not, qadâ will be necessary.

['udhr [good excuse]: by a good excuse we mean a situation which Islam recognizes as an excuse that will absolve a Muslim from the responsibility of not performing an Islamic commandment. An excuse of this sort is termed 'udhr.]

The same applies to situations such as when a child reaches puberty, when a disbeliever or a renegade becomes a Muslim, when a woman becomes canonically clean (i.e. immediately after the cessation of the menses at the end of a menstrual or lochial period), when an insane or unconscious person recovers, and when a sleeping person wakes up. It is fard for a new Muslim to learn the essentials (conditions) of namâz first. After learning them, it becomes fard to perform namâz.

Sleep is not a good excuse if it begins after the prayer time has begun. If you do so, it is fard for you to make sure that you will wake up before the prayer time is over, while it would be mustahab for you to make sure to wake up before the end of the prayer time if you were to go to sleep before the beginning of the prayer time.

These five daily prayers add up to forty rak'ats (units), out of which seventeen are fard [obligatory], three are wâjib [almost as compulsory as fard, so not to be omitted], and twenty are sunnat [act, thing, though not commanded by Allahu ta'âlâ, done and liked by the Prophet ('alaihissalâm) as an act of worship]:

1- Morning prayer [Salât-ul-fajr] consists of four rak'ats. First, two rak'ats of the sunnat prayer are performed. Then the fard prayer, of two rak'ats, is performed. The sunnat (the first two rak'ats) is very important. Some scholars classify it as wâjib.

2- Early afternoon prayer [Salât-uz-zuhr] consists of ten rak'ats, the initial sunnat consisting of four rak'ats, the fard consisting of four rak'ats, and the final sunnat consisting of two rak'ats. The early afternoon prayer is performed in this order.

3- Late afternoon prayer [Salât-ul-'asr] consists of eight rak'ats. First the sunnat, which consists of four rak'ats, and then the fard, which consists of four rak'ats, are performed.

4- Evening prayer [Salât-ul-maghrib] contains five rak'ats. First the fard, which is composed of three rak'ats, then the sunnat, consisting of two rak'ats, are performed.

5- Night prayer [Salât-ul-'ishâ] consists of thirteen rak'ats. The initial sunnat contains four rak'ats. The fard also contains four rak'ats, and the final sunnat has two rak'ats. After performing these ten rak'ats, you perform the witr prayer which is wâjib.

The initial sunnats of the late afternoon prayer and night prayer are ghayr-i muakkada [unemphatic, omittied from time to time by our blessed Prophet]. When sitting during their second rak'at, after reciting the Attahiyyâtu … , the prayers of Allahumma salli 'alâ ... and ... bârik 'alâ ... are recited completely. After standing up for the third rak'at, the prayer Subhânaka ... is recited before saying the Basmala. But the first sunnat of the early afternoon prayer is muakkad [emphatic, practised regularly by our blessed Prophet. They are the shi'âr (symptoms) of the Islâmic religion]. That is, it has been commanded emphatically. There are more thawâbs (blessings) for it. During its second rak'at, as in the fard prayers, only the Attahiyyâtu is said and then we stand up for the third rak'at. After standing up, we first recite the Basmala and then the sûra of Fâtiha.

It is mustahab to perform four more rak'ats after the fard of early afternoon and night prayers and six more rak'ats after the fard of the evening prayer. In other words, it is very blessed. One can perform all of them with one salâm or by saying the salâm after every two rak'ats. In either case the first two rak'ats are deemed to be the final sunnat. These prayers, which are mustahab, can be performed separately after the final sunnats of the two namâzes as well.

The first rak'at commences with the beginning of the prayer and the other rak'ats begin right after standing up, and each rak'at continues until one stands up again. The final rak'at continues until the salâm. No prayers can be less than two rak'ats. All prayers contain an even number of rak'ats, except the fard of the evening prayer and the witr prayer. After the second sajda (prostration) of each second rak'at, we sit. Each rak'at of prayer contains its fards, wâjibs, sunnats, mufsids [things or acts which nullify a prayer], and makrûhs [acts that are improper, disliked, or abstained by the Prophet].
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