What causes chickenpox?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) causes both chickenpox and shingles. The VZV is a member of the family of herpes viruses, as are Epstein Barr virus (causing infectious mononucleosis, or "mono") and Herpes simplex (causing cold sores).

Chickenpox is the initial presentation, and is usually a childhood infection that is short lived and self-limiting. It is a highly contagious airborne disease (spread easily through coughing or sneezing of infected individuals), but can also be spread by direct contact with secretions from the rash. It can also be passed along by exposure to the rash of a person with shingles.

A person with chickenpox is infectious one to two days before the rash appears, and remain contagious until all lesions have crusted over (this takes approximately six days). Crusted lesions are not infectious.

Chickenpox seldom causes scarring, yet when it does, the scars most often occur around the eyes and consist of a small depression. Chickenpox lesions can become infected, usually from scratching and most frequently with bacteria called Staphylococcus.

In adults, the disease is more severe, and can cause pneumonia, hepatitis,and encephalitis.In particular, up to 10% of pregnant women with chickenpox develop pneumonia, and the infection can casue deformities in their fetuses.Varicella can be lethal to adults with impaired immunity.

Like many other herpes viruses, it usually stays in the body for life, but remains latent in the spinal nerve roots; it can reactivate in later life, to produce a painful rash called shingles.
198 people found this useful

What type of microbe causes chickenpox?

Chickenpox is caused by a virus called varicella zoster virus, sometimes abbreviated VZV. Chicken pox is a contagious viral disease that produces itchy blisters. Varicella-zos

Why does chickenpox cause body aches?

Chickenpox infection induces the production of cytokines, inflammatory mediators of the immune system. This turn of events often causes body aches.

What causes chickenpox and how you can prevent it?

Chicken Pox is caused by the Varicella-zoster virus. It belongs to the family of Herpes viruses. Chickenpox seldom causes scarring, yet when it does, the scars most often occu

How does chickenpox cause disease?

Chickenpox is a virus that is considered a disease unto itself. The problems that are commonly associated with it are skin infections from the rash that leaves the skin vulner

What causes AIDS and chickenpox?

Viruses cause both AIDS and chickenpox. AIDS is caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and chickenpox is caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV).

Does chickenpox virus cause shingles?

Yes, chickenpox virus causes shingles. The virus remains in your body for life after having chickenpox. Later, it may be reactivated and cause shingles, or herpes zoster.

What causes chickenpox and flu?

Chickenpox and flu are both viral infectious diseases. Chickenpox is caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV) and flu is caused by influenza virus.