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What component of the atom did Rutherford identify in his gold foil experiment?

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Through his gold foil experiment, Rutherford identified the nucleus and believed it to be compact but containing the majority of the atom's mass, and the electron cloud. He figured this out based on the deflection of the alpha particles, which rarely hit the nucleus, but sometimes would hit it and deflect at high angles.
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What did Rutherfords gold foil experiment tell scientists about atomic structure?

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