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What did Galileo prove to the church that they didn't agree with?
Galileo proved heliocentricity, the theory that the Earth and the other planets revolve around the Sun as opposed to the Catholic Church's established doctrine of geocentricity, the (incorrect) theory that the Sun and the other planets revolve around the Earth. The Church has since realized that whether the Sun or Earth is the center of the solar system is irrelevant to more serious questions of divinity.
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The church was angry with Galileo because he said that the sun was the center of the solar system instead of the earth. The church did not believe him as they thought that ear…th was the center and everything orbited around it...
Galileo was not truly 'persecuted' by the Church. However, he was told to stop teaching the heliocentric theory of the Universe because it was, at the time, unproven. Even… Copernicus, another scientist (and a priest) who predated Galileo in his studies of the heliocentric theory, agreed that it was unproven and could not be proven with the technology of the time. What got Galileo into trouble was his tongue and his pen. He had a very sarcastic temperament and made some very nasty verbal attacks on the pope, who was a close friend and supporter. It might be pointed out that the Church supported Galileo in his work and most Church leaders agreed that the earth was most likely not the center of the Universe. However, no information had been brought forward that could prove this beyond a doubt. After Galileo's time science advanced to the point where it had to be accepted that the Sun is at the centre and the Earth orbits round it. 200 years after Galileo's death, the German astronomer Friedrich Bessel made observations on a nearby star and found that it moved very slightly one way and the other against the background of distant stars, every six months, in time with the Earth's motion round the Sun. Galileo was teaching the heliocentric theory of the universe as fact when it was, at the time, unproven. The Church asked him to revise his teaching to reflect that it was not a fact but only a theory or hypothesis. Most Church officials were on Galileo's side but agreed that he should tone down is rhetoric. Galileo had a very sharp tongue and was quite sarcastic in his remarks and that did little to help his case. . Catholic AnswerGalileo was teaching the heliocentric theory of Copernicus as fact. Cardinal Bellarmine disagreed with him and said that it disagreed with Scripture. Galileo, though, was a personal friend of the Pope at that time. The Inquisition looked into the case and told him that he could teach, but only as a theory until he had some proof - which he didn't. Galileo agreed, then turned around, and ignored his solemn word to the Inquisition, figuring that he knew better, even though he still had no proof, he continued to teach Copernicus theory as fact. The Inquisition arrested him for violating his sworn word, and held him in a rather comfortable accommodation. Galileo berated everybody, including his friend, the Pope. He did not exactly endear himself to anyone, even though everyone was trying to help him! For more of the story, see the link below at the Catholic Encyclopedia. Galileo was tried and sentenced by the Catholic Church for his work promoting the idea of a heliocentric universe. Before mankind became aware that the earth and other planets revolve around the sun, people believed that the sun and stars revolved around the Earth.
Galileo claimed that the Earth moved around the Sun and that there were other planets that did so as well. That was not the opinion of the Catholic Church at that time which c…onsidered the Earth to be the center of the Universe that God had created. The church didn't want Galileo goes against their beliefs. Most of the Catholic leaders were in agreement with Galileo and his views of a heliocentric universe. However, it was still only an unproven theory at the time and the Church objected to Galileo teaching it as fact. Galileo also incurred the wrath of the Roman Curia with his sarcastic manner which did not help his case at all.
Back then, the people and the church believed in the geocentric theory (that the earth is the center of the universe and all other objects orbits around it). However, Galileo …Galilei (1564-1642) challenged that theory, he believed in the heliocentric theory in which the sun is the center and the earth and orbits around the sun. The church condemned this as heresy and sentenced Galileo to be under house arrest for the rest of his life.
Answer Galileo (1564-1642) is sometimes viewed as the "Father of Modern Science" because of his various contributions to science. However, his most controversial positi…on was when he attempted to promote the heliocentric theory, that the earth revolves around the sun, a theory opposed by the Catholic Church because it was contrary to a literal reading of scriptures. The pope reached an agreement with Galileo that he would not promote this theory, unless he could irrefutably prove his position. However, Galileo was strong-willed and abrasive, and soon broke his promise. He was eventually tried by the Inquisition and placed under house arrest, on condition that he recant his views. Galileo was fortunate, firstly to have important friends, and secondly that the Church's attitude to scientific inquiry was gradually becoming more liberal. A predecessor, Giordano Bruno (1548-1600) was burnt at the stake for similar sins. Today, the theory of heliocentrism is universally accepted, but it took until 1965 for the Roman Catholic Church to revoke its condemnation of Galileo.
The church put Galileo on trial for heresy after he asserted that the Earth orbits round the Sun, and not the other way round as the scriptures said. Galileo publicised the h…eliocentric theory of Copernicus, and this was finally shown to be correct in the 18th century when it was discovered that the Sun is much more massive than the other objects in the solar system. But back in the early 1600s when Galileo was in dispute with the church, scientific knowledge had no conclusive evidence for the heliocentric theory, as Galileo was forced to admit at the trial.
Aristotle thought that when you drop 2 things with different masses that the heavier one would hit the ground first. Galileo proved him wrong by rolling two balls of different… masses down an incline plane and timing them using a water clock. He found that the mass of an object does not affect how quickly it accelerates due to gravity.
Using the new technology of the telescope, Galileo discovered the moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Calisto, and Ganymede, thus proving that not all things orbit around the Ea…rth, lending great support to the Copernican model of the heliocentric system. These four moons are called the Galilean moons to this day. (and he also died and he loves u all) this last part its funny lol He said he had a proof of the theory but that the cardinals were all too stupid to understand it and he would not divulge it. But later in court he was asked for proof and did not produce any, and recanted. But the idea that the Sun is at the centre of the solar system was later generally accepted after scientific discoveries after Galileo's lifetime.
Galileo was punished by house arrest. He supported the idea of Copernicasim. They were going to put him into life imprisonment, but because of his old age, house arrest was th…e best option.
Galileo did not prove that Earth was not flat (It had already been agreed that it was round). Galileo invented the telescope and used it to prove that there were objects which… did not orbit the Earth, supporting Copernicus' Heliocentric model for the universe. The Earth was known to be round by the ancient Greeks, but I do not who it found out initially (sorry).
It was when Galileo proved that the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around. When? It was in the 17th century.
Galileo was excommunicated in the early 1600's. It was not until very recently did the Catholic Church forgive him. It was between the late 1800's and the mid 1900's. I can't …recall which year, I just know it's in that time zone. i think it was not really church had forgiven Galileo but instead,it was the church who asked forgiveness from what they did to Galileo. if not because of the humility of JOhn Paul II, the hierarchy of the church will remain in their since of pride of not accepting that they are infallible, . Catholic AnswerThis is a case of ridiculous misinformation blow all out of proportion. Galileo was not pardoned by the Church, under Pope John Paul II, of happy memory, they looked into the case, again. But the fact of the matter is, that there were people in the Church trying to uphold Scripture, and Galileo was trying to force a theory as fact. The Church, at that time, was very considerate of Galileo, he, on the other hand, was NOT being at all considerate. He wasn't even abiding by his own sworn testimony. Totally unrelated, but the Church is the Mystical Body of Christ and is infallible in matters of faith and morals, of which, this was never a case. The Church thoroughly examined the case at the time, and sided with Galileo as long as he taught his theory as a theory, until such time as he had proof, which he never obtained. Others have looked into the matter and concluded that the Church was the only one that came out of this case looking good, the rest is all balderdash. Please see the links below. . Galileo was teaching the heliocentric theory of Copernicus as fact. Cardinal Bellarmine disagreed with him and said that it disagreed with Scripture. Galileo, though, was a personal friend of the Pope at that time. The Inquisition looked into the case and told him that he could teach, but only as a theory until he had some proof - which he didn't. Galileo agreed, then turned around, and ignored his solemn word to the Inquisition, figuring that he knew better, even though he still had no proof, he continued to teach Copernicus theory as fact. The Inquisition arrested him for violating his sworn word, and held him in a rather comfortable accommodation. Galileo berated everybody, including his friend, the Pope. He did not exactly endear himself to anyone, even though everyone was trying to help him! For more of the story, see the link below at the Catholic Encyclopedia.
It had been known since ancient times that the world was round. Galileo proved that the universe did not revolve around the earth.
He proved mass doesn't affect the velocity of falling objects.
Galileo raised ecclesiastic hackles because he challenged the church-sanctioned, astronomical doctrine of his day: that the the earth stood at the center of both the solar sys…tem and the known universe.
Well, the pope claimed he did. But, allegation is neither proof norreality.
Because the Church believed the Earth was fixed at the centre of the universe, as it is written in the Bible. Copernicus's idea had the Sun at the centre instead. The Chur…ch was unwilling to change its ideas without adequate proof, but this did not start to come in until the end of the 1600s by which time Copernicus's theory had been replaced by Kepler's.