What did Homer do that was important the ancient greek civilization?

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He wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey.
Not only did he write the Iliad and the Odyssey...
He helped to organize the pantheon of Greek gods, he gave the Greeks role models to live up to, and he wrote about a period of history that would have otherwise been forgotten.
Homer wrote about the Trojan War and it's aftermath. The Trojan War happened during the Greek Dark Ages (c. 1100-800 BCE). The only written history that tells the story of the dark ages are Homer's epic poems.

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