What does the expression Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition mean?
Right: It's a famous sketch from the (Now historical) British comedy show 'Monty Pythons Flying Circus'. It is just sillyness at it's best. 'Cardinal Fang.... fetch the comfy chair'. Please discard any though of religion from your mind, it's simply grown men being absurd for the benefit of being amusing. Pythonists of the world unite !
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Reason for the founding of the Spanish Inquisition . As Spain was reconquered from the Muslims, both they and the Jewish population were put under very great pressure to become Christians. If fact, they were viciously persecuted if they didn't. Gradually the secular and church authorities in Spai…n became obsessed with the notion that there were large numbers of 'false converts' secretly practising their old religion.. Originally, the purpose of the Spanish Inquisition was to root out 'false converts', especially from Judaism.. Later, the Spanish Inquisition also turned its attention to heresy, challenging the authority of the Catholic Church and disrespect for the Inquisition itself. Some historians regard the Inquisition as a vast terror machine ... By c.1600 about 20% of cases tried by the Inquisition were for alleged offences against the Inquisition! It was almost unknown for anyone who came before the Inquisition to be acquitted. The best one could hope for was that the case would be suspended. (MORE)
In 1492 the Jews and Muslims still in Spain were ordered to leavethe country. (Some converted to Christianity, but they wereregarded with suspicion and many were tortured.) Most exiles wentto initially Portugal (which eventually had its own expulsion in1497), areas in Italy and Naples (which would f…all under Spanishauthority shortly afterward), and North Africa. A large number ofexiles came eventually to the Ottoman empire under Sultan BayezidII, its leader. Sultan Bayezid II wished to welcome the fleeing Jews, saying thatKings Ferdinand & Isabella acted unwisely on losing suchvaluable citizens and that it would be Turkey's gain. He issued afirman or direct order that Jews and Muslims fleeing Andalusiawould be permitted settlement anywhere in his empire and those whorefused to allow such settlement would be strongly reprimanded.Many of the Jews expelled from Spain settled in various parts ofthe Ottoman Empire, including Palestine (Israel) and North Africasuch as parts of Tunisia. The Ottoman Sultan also sent a naval fleet under the command ofAdmiral Kemal Reis (uncle to famed Admiral Piri Reis) to Andalusiaseveral times between 1490 and 1492 in order to help evacuate Jewsand Muslims from southern Spain. These voyages led to Jews in theOttoman Empire being placed primarily in the cities of Salonika(now Thessaloniki, Greece), Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey),and Smyrna (now Izmir, Turkey). In fact, by the 17th century, Jewsformed the majority of Salonika's population. However, most Jewswho arrived in the Ottoman Empire traveled at their own expense. The Jews and Muslims of Spain were provided safe haven andreligious freedom in the Ottoman Empire. Over time, more and moreJews moved to Istanbul as it was the capital of the Ottoman Empire.They prospered and lived there until the formation of Israel atwhich time most moved to Israel. 14,500 Jews still live in Istanbultoday. Morocco under the Wattasids also accepted a large Jewish and Muslimemigrant population from Andalusia, with large Jewish communitiesbeing established in Fez and Meknes. There was also a less significant percentage of the populationwhich fled to the Latin American colonies, but did not organizeinto active communities because the Inquisition was active in LatinAmerica as well. Anecdote: My grandfather arrived in New York in 1911, from Smyrna (Izmir),Turkey, speaking Ladino, the Jewish dialect of Spanish. Myancestors were Spanish and I will try to trace the family back toSpain, a daunting task. Discussion on Whether Sultan Bayezid II Actually Sent Shipsto Spain Whether ships were actually sent to take Spanish exiles requiresclarification. As we clearly have sources showing how muchsuffering was endured by the exiles on their fleeing Spain to allkinds of destinations, it seems a misrepresentation &simplification to state that all the exiles were taken on ships bythe Turks to Turkey. I have examined some of the sources for thistoo-rosy idealisation of Turkish activities, and they all seem tobe Turkish materials; clearly a case of "propaganda" by people whowhich to exaggerate Turkish tolerance of the Jews. I have made some inquiries with academics in the field, asking themto explain to what extent were there actually some Turkish shipsthat were specifically sent to aid the Jews' departure from Spainin 1492- how many ships, etc. & on whose directions. I suspectthat there may have been some- but with probably private interests& that the passengers had to pay for their passage in full...and that there was no large-scale extracting of the exiles byTurkish fleets (hundreds of thousands) by the tolerant Turks(though instructions were given to treat arriving exiles properly),most of whom initially went to other places and only later came tothe Ottoman empire. (MORE)
given to inquiry, research, or asking questions; eager for knowledge; intellectually curious: an inquisitive mind. . Inquisitive describes a person who wants to learn things. something that makes yu snuufl or fart
Answer 1 : Catholic Answer I would recommend Diane Moczar book, Seven Lies About CatholicHistory, chapter 4, "The Sinister Inquisition" for a balancedcoverage of this. Henry Kamen, who recently published TheSpanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision is finally helpingto demolish long-held myths …about the Spanish Inquisition usingactual records from the time. For instance, torture was rarelyused, out of seven thousand accused persons who came before theInquisition in Valencia, for example, only two percent weretortured, and for no more than fifteen minutes . The prisonsof the Inquisition were so famous at the time that prisoners whowere tried by secular courts often did something deliberately toget their case transferred to the Inquisition so that they would bebetter treated. Also, you have to remember that at this time inSpain, the Moors had finally been driven out, they had invadedSpain in the late sixth century and conquered nearly all of Spain.Spanish history from 1492 was a story of the Spaniards pushing back(and finally out) the Moorish conquerors. Emperor Charles who wasboth King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor came to the throne in1519 "as Luther was getting going nicely". Charles had thePeasants' War - caused by protestant ideas, the fighting betweenprotestants and Catholics in his realm, and the conquest ofneighboring Hungary by the Ottoman Turks. "Charles wasunderstandably anxious that the appalling disorder and loss of lifecaused by Protestants in the German lands not spread to his realmof Spain. Keep in mind that the Inquisition achieved its object ofkeeping the protestants out, and in the process executed less thantwo heretics a year, in comparison to the protestant persecutionsof Catholics in England, Ireland, the Netherlands, and elsewhere inEurope where, together with the wars of religion, took tens ofthousands of lives. (extracted from Diane Moczar's Seven LiesAbout Catholic History ) Please not that non-Catholics werenot subject to the Inquisition at all. . from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980 The Spanish Inquisition, set up by King Ferdinand and QueenIsabella in 1478 and empowered by Pope Sixtus IV, was directedagainst the lapsed converts from Judaism, crypto-Jews, and otherapostates whose secret activities were dangerous to Church andState. The civil government had great influence in theadministration of this Inquisition, and the Spanish ecclesiasticaltribunal accused of scandalous cruelty must share its condemnationswith them. The latter worked during these days in defiance of theHoly See, which often condemned inquisitors because of theircruelties. Even so, these cruelties have been grossly exaggerated,and the fact that the Inquisition did tremendous good in saving theLatin countries from anarchy has been forgotten. Much falsehoodsurrounds the events of this period, which should be judged by thestandards of those times, not by modern ideas of the human personand of religious freedom. Answer 2 Spain had been a mix of Jews, Muslims and Catholics. Through theyears turmoil started building up to the point where innocentpeople were getting killed because of their religion. Isabellawanted to protect all the Jews from the mobs, but there got to beso many that it soon became impossible, for their own safety sheand Ferdinand asked them to leave. They preformed questioning andtorture to make sure there were no heresies or treason occurredagainst them or the Church. They wanted to keep Spain Catholicespecially after the Reformation, unlike Germany and England. Theyhad very specific rule for torture, however, a few including thatit could not permanently harm or mutilate a person's body, as wellas it could only be done twice in fifteen minutes, and that aphysician must be present in case of emergencies. Answer 3 The Spanish inquisition was established by the Ferdinand andIsabella of Spain, with the permission of the pope, to make theMuslims and Jews leave Spain due to the harshness they werereceiving and causing. They had tried to live together for awhile,but it wasn't working -there was simply too much turmoil. Ferdinandand Isabella had three choices: 1) convert everyone to Catholicism2) everyone becomes Jewish or Muslim 3) The Jewish people and theMuslims leave. In short, the inquisition was established to keepinnocent people from being killed. The only people killed wereimpenitent heretics. which number only about 1080 from the years1540-1700. (MORE)
Answer . The Spanish Inquisition was set up in 1478 and lasted till 1834. It was active throughout the Spanish Empire as well as in Spain.
The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition (Spanish: Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la InquisiciÃ³n ), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition ( InquisiciÃ³n espaÃ±ola ), was a tribunal established in 1480 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragonand Isabella I of Castile. It wa…s intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms, and to replace the Medieval Inquisition which was under Papal control. It became the most substantive of the three different manifestations of the widerChristian Inquisition along with the Roman Inquisition and Portuguese Inquisition. The Inquisition was originally intended in large part to ensure the orthodoxy of those who converted from Judaism and Islam. This regulation of the faith of the newly converted was intensified after the royal decrees issued in 1492 and 1501 ordering Jews and Muslims to convert or leave. Various motives have been proposed for the monarchs' decision to fund the Inquisition such as increasing political authority, weakening opposition, suppressing conversos , profiting from confiscation of the property of convicted heretics, reducing social tensions and protecting the kingdom from the danger of a fifth column. The body was under the direct control of the Spanish monarchy. It was not definitively abolished until 1834, during the reign ofIsabella II, after a period of declining influence in the previous century. (MORE)
Answer 1 This conflict was felt by all religions. The Inquisition was adreadful time in history when the church was more feared thanloved, if an individual didn't see things the way they should theywere punished harshly. Answer 2 The question does not make sense as put. The Spanish Inquisitionwa…s a form of peacetime religious repression of other religiousminorities. There was no conflict, only government brutalization ofits subjects. (MORE)
The goal of the Inquisition was to enforce Catholicism in Spain andin Spanish territories. As part of the Christianizing of Spain,Jews who openly remained Jewish were expelled from the country.Many died in the process, and everyone else was uprooted. Note that torture was considered legitimate by th…e inquisitors. Asunder the Soviets, everyone was afraid of informers. Many thousandswere tortured and killed. (MORE)
The Spanish Inquisition was intended to identify, and remove, those"conversos" who were fake Catholics. After the Catholics defeated the last Muslim strong-hold (Grenada),the Church in Spain instituted the Spanish Inquisition to root-outall persons merely pretending to be Catholics for whateverpers…onal, political power or financial reason that was theroot-cause of their pretending, dishonestly, to be Catholic. In fact, the Jews in Spain appealed to the pope at that time tointervene. Pope did -- told the Church in Spain to cease anddesist. Church in Spain refused to obey which is similar to whatstill occurs today. WHAT SPECIFICALLY DID THE JEWS HAVE TO DO WITH THE SPANISHINQUISITION? Nothing. They were mistreated victims by the majority of Spaniards(Catholics) who pretty much wanted everyone -- who was not aCatholic -- out of Spain. After hundreds of years of Muslim rule,and finally defeating the Muslims, the Spanish Catholics trusted noone -- including Jews. In fact, after the final liberation of Spain, Protestant Christiansalso tried to come to Spain and convert Catholics. They too werenot permitted in Spain. This was the time of the Reformationelsewhere in Europe. Spanish Inquisition was wrong. In hindsight, it was alsounderstandable. (MORE)
The main impact of the Spanish Inquistion was that the Spanishcrown managed to keep the protestant heresy out of Spain forhundreds of years.
The inquisition was created through papal bull, Ad Abolendam , issued at the end of the 12th century by Pope Lucius III as a way to combat the Albigensian heresy in southern France. There were a huge number of tribunals of the Papal Inquisition in various European kingdoms during the Middle Ages. I…n the Kingdom of Aragon, a tribunal of the Papal Inquisition was established by the statute of Excommunicamus of Pope Gregory IX, in 1232, during the era of the Albigensian heresy. Its principal representative was Raimundo de PeÃ±afort. With time, its importance was diluted, and, by the middle of the 15th century, it was almost forgotten although still there according to the law. There was never a tribunal of the Papal Inquisition in Castile. Members of the episcopate were charged with surveillance of the faithful and punishment of transgressors. During the Middle Ages, in Castile, little attention was paid to heresy by the Catholic ruling class. Jews and Muslims were tolerated and generally allowed to follow their traditional laws and customs in domestic matters. However, by law, they were considered inferior to Catholics and were subject to discriminatory legislation (just as Catholics had earlier been discriminated against under Moorish law when the Moors ruled Spain). (MORE)
The Spanish Inquisition was a religious tribunal or court established in Spain from 1480 to 1820 AD, but most active from 1492 on. It was responsible for the jailing, trial, torture, and execution of "heretics," mostly Jews accused of not completely converting to Catholicism. During its activities m…any thousands of Jews had to flee the country. The Spanish Inquisition was empowered by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain in 1492. The Alhambra Decree, passed on March 31, 1492, ordered the Jews in all Spanish-owned lands to leave and never come back by August 31, 1492. If they chose to remain, they had to convert to Catholicism. Many Jews left, but some decided to remain and convert. Some Jews took Catholicism to heart; most did not. The Jews who pretended to believe in Christ but were really Jews at heart were called crypto-Jews and marranos . If you suspected someone of being a crypto-Jew, you could report them to one of the courts set up across Spain, and the judges/torturers at the court would test the people accused. They were tortured horribly; even if they weren't Jewish, they admitted that they were to get the pain to stop. Once they confessed, they were sent to the stake to be burned alive. This process included the auto-da-fÃ© (act of faith, public penitence), which has come to be synonymous with execution for heresy. A second decree in 1502 expelled Muslims and continued the tribunal, which remained active in the 1600s and 1700s, including a ban on Freemasons in 1815. The Inquisition ended shortly thereafter. Descendants of Spanish Jews were only allowed back to Spain beginning in 1924. The Alhambra Edict of 1492 was formally revoked in 1968. The goal of the Inquisition was to enforce Catholicism in Spain andin Spanish territories. Torture was considered legitimate by theinquisitors. As under the Soviets, everyone was afraid ofinformers. Many thousands were tortured and killed. As part of the Christianizing of Spain, Jews who openly remainedJewish were expelled from the country. Many died in the process,and everyone else was uprooted. My colleague adds: The formation of the Jesuits and the followinginquisition was a Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation.Sometimes this response is called the counter-reformation. (MORE)
The Inquisition was started by the Spanish government with the support of the Catholic Church.
The purpose was to ensure the orthodoxy of the Catholics in Spain, primarily those who converted from Judaism or Islam. The Inquisition sought to prevent Jews and Muslims from gaining influence or position by pretending to be Christians. Given the history with the Moors, this was understandable to a… point. However, the Inquisition led to the flight or exile of many thousands of Jews from Spain, and the torture and execution of those ostensible Christians convicted of observing non-Christian religious activities. The Inquisition began in 1481 and was followed by the Alhambra Decree in 1492 that simply expelled all Jews and Muslims from Castille and Aragon, or most of Spain. (MORE)
Anything they could dream up -- the more horrible the better in their sick minds. Much of it is too terrible for me to discuss right now!
The punishments imposed by the Inquisition were:. Fines . Imprisonment . Handing over to the secular authorities for burning at the stake . Pilgrimage . Prayer . Forced to wear a Pope's hat and a pope's clothe but with Black Crosses all over it. AKA San Benito
Some say there weren't any. Some consider that the concept of Inquisition could be seen as a step towards religious tolerance. According to this theory, heresy used to be severely fought by the political authority, which based its legitimacy partly on religion, and by the common people, out of p…ure and simple intolerance. Indeed, for one to quit the religion they were born into had always and everywhere been considered a betrayal and punished as such. It still is in many countries. The Catholic Church provided Inquisition tribunals, usually at the request and expense of the political power, to let expert theologians decide on whether the accusations of heresy were founded. In most cases the answer was "No", possibly because the accused agreed to some mostly verbal return to the orthodoxy. The Inquisition tribunals themselves could no go beyond excommunication, any further punishment was entirely the responsibility of the common law. So on can argue that: a) without the Inquisitrion, many more people would have been condemned for heresy; b) the Inquisition brought restraint to intolerance and in time more questioning about intolerance itself. One can also argue that religious intolerance having been ubiquitous, it is unfair to blame specifically the Catholic church for having been, after all, rather normal; a more balanced and fair judgment should try to assess how the Catholic church figures in the overall pattern of tolerance through time and space: Not that bad. (MORE)
1. A former tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church (1232-1820) crea ted to discover and suppress heresy. 2.A severe interrogation (often voilating the rights of privacy of individuals).
The Spanish Inquisition took place in Spain. It started during the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella. The most famous of the Inquisitors was Torquemada.
The Spanish Inquisition served as a unifying power tool for Spain.By using Catholicism as the standard, Ferdinand and Isabellaappointed Thomas de Torquemada to lead the Spanish Inquisition andpurge those who would not embrace the "True Faith" from Spain. Onceit was underway, the Church was unable to… seize control away fromthe Spanish rulers. (MORE)
The Spanish Inquisition ended in 1924. Spain established freedom of religion in 1976. At that point Protestantism became legal and the Jews that had been forced to convert to Catholicism became free to convert back to Judaism. So, Spain had produced some of the greatest literature on earth. Then Ph…ilipe Segundo instituted the inquisition. Spain became an intellectual backwater. Maybe the old creativity will return. (MORE)
Okay, I'm going to explain this, please spread this as far as wide as you can. EVERYTHING that you know about the Spanish Inquisition is false, EVERYTHING that you have been told about the Spanish Inquisition or read about it has been made up. A lot of it was made up hundreds of years ago: Spain …and England were at war (think of the sixteenth century, seventeenth century) and consequently the English made up all kinds of horror stories about the Spanish. This was so long ago, and they have been told so many times by so many people that it has made it into history books with quotations, references, etc. But they are all historical facts based on lies. The fact that the lies are 400+ years old makes it difficult to sort out these days. But if you have read these lies in your history books, if you see movies, if you hear references to the Spanish Inquisition, you think "horrible, torture, beyond comprehension". Okay, now, just for laughs, they have uncovered the actual RECORDS of the Spanish Inquisition, it turns out that nothing happened without some poor monk or friar sitting right there and recording every bit of torture, and every reaction, including confessions. \n\n. You may view the actual discovery, and the records for yourself at the links below. In the meantime, Diane Moczar, a professor in Virginia, who has done a lot of study in these matters, has written several books: \n\n. Extracted from Seven Lies About Catholic History Infamous Myths About the Churchâs Past and How to Answer Them by Diane Moczar, c 2010 by TAN Books, Charlotte, North Carolina \n\n . Of all the Inquisitions (and there were a few from the 12th century until the 19th century), practically synonymous in the popular mind with the term is the Spanish Inquisition, mostly due to anti-Spanish Black Legend propaganda that has been produced from the Reformation until now. Thanks be to God, finally, truth is started to take hold due to people like Diane Moczar, an history professor at North Virginia Community College, Dr. William A. Donahue, the founder and president of the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights as well as Henry Kamen, a British Historian and Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. Please see the links below. . One of the myths that Diane Moczar speaks about in her book, Seven Lies About Catholic History, is the one spun by English Protestant writers detailed the sadistic tortures supposedly used by Spanish Inquisitors.: . "It turns out that torture was in fact rarely used, and even when it was, it was very limited. In one group of seven thousand accused persons who came before the Inquisition in Valencia, for example, only two percent were tortured, and for no more than fifteen minutes." . And now for the evidence: . Here are the links to the documentary I spoke of regarding the true nature of the Inquisition-- It would be interesting to contrast to the latest interpretation from the History Channel, still perpetuating the old myths.... Worthwhile for apologetic minded Catholics... . Answer . Although the question may not be about the brutality and sadism of the Spanish Inquisition, it is certainly true that the Spanish Inquisition was more humane than the medieval Inquisition or the Roman Inquisition. That does not win it a Nobel Peace Prize, but by the standards of religious bigotry of its day, the excesses of the Spanish Inquisition were far from the worst. The Inquisitors may even have thought of themselves as liberal, limiting periods of torture to no more than 15 minutes each time, and generally applying torture only one time. . In the 350-year lifespan of the Spanish Inquisition, only\nabout 4,000 people were put to the stake, compared to some 60,000 burnt by Catholics and Protestants in the rest of Europe. One reason was that, while Europe was in a frenzy of killing supposed witches, the trained legal scholars in Spain found no believable evidence for witchcraft.. Pope Sixtus\nIV issued a bull on November 1, 1478, allowing the Spanish crown to form\nan inquisitorial tribunal. As was now\nthe custom, the monarchs would have complete authority over the inquisitors and\nthe inquisition. In this\nearly stage of the Spanish Inquisition, Old Christians and Jews used the\ntribunals as a weapon against their converso enemies. Since the Inquisitionâs sole purpose was to\ninvestigate conversos, the Old Christians had nothing to fear from it and the\nJews were immune to the Inquisition. In later years, the Inquisition was concerned with 'heresy' - the spread of Protestantism. After the reforms of the early sixteenth century,\nthe Spanish Inquisition was staffed by well-educated legal professionals and\nwas one of the most compassionate and efficient judicial bodies in Europe. No major court in Europe executed fewer\npeople than the Spanish Inquisition. The Spanish Inquisition's objectives were wrong and its methods were wrong, just as it was wrong to punish people for their sincerely held beliefs, but they compare well to the Inquisitions set up under direct control of the Church. On the one hand it is useless to criticise churchmen who simply did not understand the ethical standards we would set today, nor on the other hand to excuse the base religious intolerance and abuses that the Spanish Inquisition represented. (MORE)
The prime purpose was to enhance the power of the monarchy, and ofthe Roman Catholic Church in Spain, by requiring that Catholicswere loyal to the faith. As a political program, it led toconfiscations and the torture of alleged heretics, and eventuallyto the expulsion of non-Catholics from Spain. I…n 15th century Spain, Jews and Muslims were able to avoid legalrestrictions and cultural bias by converting to Catholicism. Manystill covertly practiced their former faiths, and might thereforebe considered disloyal to the crown. The Spanish rulers extended aform of the Papal Inquisition of medieval times, which punishedthose who opposed certain Church doctrines. Suspected heretics wereoften tortured until they publicly "confessed" (the auto-da-fÃ© ) and were then cruelly executed. (MORE)
showing curiosity; "if someone saw a man climbing a light post they might get inquisitive"; "raised a speculative eyebrow" . inquiring or appearing to inquire; "an inquiring look"; "the police are proverbially inquisitive" wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn . Eager to acquire knowledge; Too curious…; overly interested; nosy en.wiktionary.org/wiki/inquisitive . inquisitively - curiously: with curiosity; "the baby looked around curiously" wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn . inquisitively - In an inquisitive manner; curiously en.wiktionary.org/wiki/inquisitively . inquisitiveness - The quality of being inquisitive; curiosity en.wiktionary.org/wiki/inquisitiveness . Curious or investigating. www.astrocopia.com/glossary.html (MORE)
The general term is "The Inquisition". It was most brutal in Spain but spanned the Roman Catholic Church. The "Congregation for Universal Inquisition" was erected in the Roman Curia in 1542. The name was changed to the "Congregation of the Holy Office" in 1908 and was changed again to the "Congre…gation for the Doctrine of the Faith" in 1965. It was moibund until revived and strengthed by Cardinal Ratzigar under the auspices of Pope John Paul II (names sound familiar?). See the Related Links. The Spanish Inquisition as we know it with the brutal torture and forced conversion of the Jewish populace was for the most part in only Spain. Although, at the time of the Spanish Inquisition Spain (or it's various feudalistic kingdoms like Castile and Aragon) had holdings in other places of Europe like Sicily for example. In those places there was a more toned down Inquisition that wasn't as large scale and brutal as the one occurring in Seville and other portions of Spain. (MORE)
this is not a short answer question so in the related links box below I posted the wikipedia article on the Inquisition.
Catholic Answer The Spanish Inquisition managed to keep the protestant heresy outof Spain, and keep the faith pure there for many years.Unfortunately, the protestant country of England was at war withSpain during much of this time and much English proganda from thattime grew into legends that were a…ccepted as history, so that themyth of the Spanish Inquisition has grown all out of proportion. Inactuality, the Inquisition was very mild compared to the atrocitieshappening in other countries at the same time. from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J.Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980 The Spanish Inquisition, set up by King Ferdinand and QueenIsabella in 1478 and empowered by Pope Sixtus IV, was directedagainst the lapsed converts from Judaism, crypto-Jews, and otherapostates whose secret activities were dangerous to Church andState. The civil government had great influence in theadministration of this Inquisition, and the Spanish ecclesiasticaltribunal accused of scandalous cruelty must share its condemnationswith them. The latter worked during these days in defiance of theHoly See, which often condemned inquisitors because of theircruelties. Even so, these cruelties have been grossly exaggerated,and the fact that the Inquisition did tremendous good in saving theLatin countries from anarchy has been forgotten. Much falsehoodsurrounds the events of this period, which should be judged by thestandards of those times, not by modern ideas of the human personand of religious freedom.. (MORE)
The Spanish Inquisition led to the oppression of Jews and Muslimswithin reconquered Spain. Many had to convert to Catholicism tomaintain their status within Castile and Aragon. Thousands morefled from Spain, and later from Portugal to avoid the Inquisitions. It was followed in 1492 by the Edict of E…xpulsion (Alhambra Decree)that forced all Jews and Muslims to leave most areas of Spain. . Answer This is a complex and multi-hued subject that is difficult tounderstand for several reasons, especially in English speakinglands in the 21st century. Spain, at the time of the SpanishInquisition, was at war with England, and the propaganda that cameout of England at that time survived well into the 20th century andwas quoted as factual history by otherwise respectable historians.To not understand what really happened is to not understand theresult, I am enclosing links below about the Spanish Inquisition,and what really happened for that reason. Also, a link to DianeMoczar's book on which this answer is mostly based. Extracted from Seven Lies About Catholic History InfamousMyths About the Church's Past and How to Answer Them by Diane Moczar, c 2010 by TAN Books, Charlotte, NorthCarolina Of all the Inquisitions (and there were a few from the 12th centuryuntil the 19th century), practically synonymous in the popular mindwith the term is the Spanish Inquisition, mostly due toanti-Spanish Black Legend propaganda that has been produced fromthe Reformation until now. Thanks be to God, finally, truth isstarted to take hold due to people like Diane Moczar, an historyprofessor at North Virginia Community College, Dr. William A.Donahue, the founder and president of the Catholic League forReligious and Civil Rights as well as Henry Kamen, a BritishHistorian and Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and his book,The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision. Please see thelinks below. The Spanish Inquisition began under King Ferdinand and his wife,Queen Isabella in 1481. At that time, the King and Queen had justreunited Spain, as a Catholic country, and were dealing withseveral distinct groups including the original Catholic Spaniardsof Visigothic descent, practicing Muslims, the descendants of theinvaders who had conquered Spain in the sixth and seventhcenturies, practicing Jews, converted Jews, and converted Muslims.The complicating factor, which became a serious problem asFerdinand and Isabella struggled both to unite the country and todrive out what remain of the former Moorish rulers, was that someJewish and Muslim converts were Catholic in name only. For whateverreasons, they had outwardly converted while secretly practicingtheir original religions and supporting their co-religionistsagainst Spanish unification efforts. They constituted, in effect, afifth column with the country in wartime. It was at them, ratherthan at the sort of heretics... seen elsewhere, that the SpanishInquisition was primarily aimed. This is an important point, as the Inquisition had no authority anddid not attempt to deal with practicing Muslims or Jews, they onlyhad authority over Catholics. . Once unification had been achieved and the MuslimMoorish rulers driven out of Spain the Inquisition became dormantuntil Luther's ideas started the great upheaval known as thePeasants' War, and King Charles was anxious to avoid the appallingdisorder and loss of life caused by Protestants in the Germanlands" from spreading to Spain.. Another important point that must be understood, especially inhistorical context is that the loss of a soul for eternity wasviewed as a much greater evil than the loss of a mortal life. Thiswas understood much better back then, and the evil that a hereticcould inflict by destroying a soul was to be prevented if at allpossible. The method was (hopefully) to convert them, if that wasnot possible to prevent harm through exile, or, later on, by otherpunishments, which could even include the death penalty. Now, to quote from Diane Moczar's book, directly: . Similarly, the preservation of Spanish Catholicism,particularly from the Protestant infiltration that would havebrought the civil wars and other disasters it had already caused inthe north, was surely to the credit of the Inquisition. Were therecruel inquisitors in some places? Of course. Were methods ofinterrogation distasteful to modern sensibilities? Sure-though wecan certainly think of worse methods employed even in ourenlightened modern times. Given its formidable task of guarding thepurity of the Faith in Christian souls, however, the overall recordof the Inquisition in dealing with heresy is not only defensiblebut admirable.. Many Muslims and Jews were forced out of Spain. (MORE)
During the reign of Charles IV, in spite of the fears that the French Revolution provoked, several events took place that accentuated the decline of the Inquisition. In the first place, the state stopped being a mere social organizer and began to worry about the well-being of the public. As a result…, they considered the land-holding power of the Church, in the seÃ±orÃos and, more generally, in the accumulated wealth that had prevented social progress.  On the other hand, the perennial struggle between the power of the throne and the power of the Church, inclined more and more to the former, under which, Enlightenment thinkers found better protection for their ideas. Manuel Godoy and Antonio AlcalÃ¡ Galiano were openly hostile to an institution whose only role had been reduced to censorship and was the very embodiment of the Spanish Black Legend, internationally, and was not suitable to the political interests of the moment: . The Inquisition? Its old power no longer exists: the horrible authority that this bloodthirsty court had exerted in other times was reduced... the Holy Office had come to be a species of commission for book censorship, nothing more...  . In fact, prohibited works circulated freely in the public bookstores of Seville, Salamanca or Valladolid. The Inquisition was abolished during the domination of Napoleon and the reign of Joseph I (1808-1812). In 1813, the liberal deputies of the Cortes of CÃ¡diz also obtained its abolition  , largely as a result of the Holy Office's condemnation of the popular revolt against French invasion. But the Inquisition was reconstituted when Ferdinand VII recovered the throne on July 1, 1814. It was again abolished during the three year Liberal interlude known as the Trienio liberal. Later, during the period known as the Ominous Decade, the Inquisition was not formally re-established,  although, de facto , it returned under the so-called Meetings of Faith, tolerated in the dioceses by King Ferdinand. These had the dubious honour of executing the last heretic condemned, the school teacher Cayetano Ripoll, garroted in Valencia on July 26 1826 (presumably for having taught deist principles), all amongst a European-wide scandal at the despotic attitude still prevailing in Spain. Juan Antonio Llorente, who had been the Inquisition's general secretary in 1789, became a Bonapartist and published a critical history in 1817 from his French exile, based on his privileged access to its archives. The Inquisition was definitively abolished on July 15, 1834, by a Royal Decree signed by regent Maria Cristina de Borbon, a liberal queen, during the minority of Isabel II and with the approval of the President of the Cabinet Francisco MartÃnez de la Rosa. (It is possible that something similar to the Inquisition acted during the First Carlist War, in the zones dominated by the Carlists, since one of the government measures praised by Conde de Molina Carlos Maria Isidro de Borbon was the re-implementation of the Inquisition to protect the Church). During the Carlist Wars it was the conservatives who fought the progresists who wanted to reduce the Church's power amongst other reforms to liberalise the economy. Cite: (link below) (MORE)
The goal of the Inquisition was to enforce Catholicism in Spain andin Spanish territories. Torture was considered legitimate by theinquisitors. As under the Soviets, everyone was afraid ofinformers. Many thousands were tortured and killed. As part of the Christianizing of Spain, Jews who openly rema…inedJewish were expelled from the country. Many died in the process,and everyone else was uprooted. (MORE)
King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile set up the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 with the approval of Pope Sixtus IV. In contrast to the previous inquisitions, it operated completely under royal authority, though staffed by secular clergy and orders, and independently of the Holy S…ee. It operated in Spain and in all Spanish colonies and territories, which included the Canary Islands, the Spanish Netherlands, the Kingdom of Naples, and all Spanish possessions in North, Central, and South America. It targeted primarily converts from Judaism (Conversos and Marranos) and from Islam (Moriscos or secret Moors ) - both groups still resided in Spain after the end of the Islamic control of Spain - who came under suspicion of either continuing to adhere to their old religion or of having fallen back into it. Somewhat later the Spanish Inquisition took an interest in Protestants of virtually any sect, notably in the Spanish Netherlands. In the Spanish possessions of the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples in southern Italy, which formed part of the Spanish Crown's hereditary possessions, it also targeted Greek Orthodox Christians. The Spanish Inquisition, tied to the authority of the Spanish Crown, also examined political cases.. In the Americas, King Philip II set up two tribunals (each formally titled Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la InquisiciÃ³n ), one in Peru and the other in Mexico. The Mexican office administered the Audiencias of Guatemala (Guatemala, Chiapas, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica), Nueva Galicia (northern and western Mexico), Mexico (central and southeastern Mexico), and the Philippines. The Peruvian Inquisition, based in Lima, administered all the Spanish territories in South America and Panama. From 1610 a new Inquisition seat established in Cartagena (Colombia) administered much of the Spanish Caribbean in addition to Panama and northern South America.. The Inquisition continued to function in North America until the Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821). In South America SimÃ³n BolÃvar abolished the Inquisition; in Spain itself the institution survived until 1834. (MORE)
The Spanish Inquisition was used for both political and religious reasons. Spain was born out of religious struggle from many different belief systems including Catholicism, Islam, Protestantism, and Judaism. Following the Crusades and the Reconquest of Spain by the Christian Spaniards the leaders o…f Spain needed a way to bring the country together as a strong nation. Ferdinand and Isabella chose Catholicism to combine Spain and in 1478 asked permission of the pope to begin the Spanish Inquisition to clarify the people of Spain. Accused misbelievers were identified by the general population and brought before the court. They were given a chance to confess their misbelief against the Catholic Church and were also encouraged to accuse other misbelievers. If they admitted to their mistakes and turned other misbelievers in to the church they were either released or sentenced to a prison penalty. If they did not admit their mistakes or tell on the others accused, they were publicly introduced in a large ceremony before they were publicly killed or sentenced to a life in prison. Roman Catholic Answer There were several inquisitions, of which the Spanish is probably the most well known, as it is the most written about. The Spanish Inquistion was primarily founded against Apostates from the Catholic religion, most of whom were converts from Judaism, and against other apostates. In other words, these were people who were using conversion as a "cover". They didn't really convert but were trying to appear as if they were good Catholics. The Inquisition had no power and did not deal with non-Christians, like the Jews and Muslims. It only dealt with people who had publically confessed the Christian faith. from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980 . Inquisition . The special court or tribunal appointed by the Catholic Church to discover and suppress heresy and to punish heretics. The Roman Inquisition of the middle twelfth century, with its ecclesiastical courts for trying and punishing heretics, arose during the ravages of the anti-social Albigensian sect, whose doctrines and practices were destructive not only of faith but of Christian morality and public order. While Church authorities would condemn a person found guilty of heresy, it was the civil power that actually inflicted the penalty. The reformation of the heretic was first sought. By exhortations and minor punishments he was urged to give up his heresy. Many did. Only the relapsed heretics who were found guilty were turned over to the civil government for punishment required under civil law. The fact that secular law prescribed death must be understood in the light of those days when heresy was anarchy and treason and leniency in criminal codes was unknown. Like all institutions that have a human character abuses crept in. The Spanish Inquisition, set up by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1478 and empowered by Pope Sixtus IV, was directed against the lapsed converts from Judaism, crypto-Jews, and other apostates whose secret activities were dangerous to Church and State. The civil government had great influence in the administration of this Inquisition, and the Spanish ecclesiastical tribunal accused of scandalous cruelty must share its condemnations with them. The latter worked during these days in defiance of the Holy See, which often condemned inquisitors because of their cruelties. Even so, these cruelties have been grossly exaggerated, and the fact that the Inquisition did tremendous good in saving the Latin countries from anarchy has been forgotten. Much falsehood surrounds the events of this period, which should be judged by the standards of those times, not by modern ideas of the human person and of religious freedom. . (MORE)
Some artists captured the spectacle of the Auto De Fe which wasstaged to get the most reaction out of onlookers. One of the bestknown of these artists was Francesco Rizzi. Spanish Inquisitionpaintings usually depict some form of torture and execution.
The goal of the Inquisition was to enforce Catholicism in Spain andin Spanish territories. Torture was considered legitimate by theinquisitors. As under the Soviets, everyone was afraid ofinformers. Many thousands were tortured and killed. As part of the Christianizing of Spain, Jews who openly rema…inedJewish were expelled from the country. Many died in the process,and everyone else was uprooted. (MORE)
When King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella conquered all of Spain from the Muslims, they made all Muslims and Jews convert to Christianity. Before that, Muslims went to Mecca at least once in their life and frequently many times. While those trips served a religious purpose, they also served a commercia…l purpose. Muslims from Spain to China formed commercial partnerships. Forced conversion of Muslims ended that trade.The law likewise brought forced conversion of Jews. The law prohibited the Jews from owning property. As a result, they developed the sciences, medicine, and banking. They made Spain one of the richest and most advanced nations on the face of the earth. Copernicus and Galileo translated works by Spanish Jews. While the Muslims had their trade routes through the Mediterranean and through Africa, the Jews had contacts throughout Europe. The forced conversions ended those contacts. (MORE)
Though Napoleon abolished the Spanish inquisition when he invadedthe country in 1808, it was reinstated once the country had beenliberated in 1814. The Spanish Inquisition was finally abolished in1834 by Maria Christina, the queen regent of Spain.
Catholic Answer The Spanish Inquisition which was set up in 1478 was not completely abolished until 1834. . from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980 . The Spanish Inquisition, set up by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1478 and… empowered by Pope Sixtus IV, was directed against the lapsed converts from Judaism, crypto-Jews, and other apostates whose secret activities were dangerous to Church and State. The civil government had great influence in the administration of this Inquisition, and the Spanish ecclesiastical tribunal accused of scandalous cruelty must share its condemnations with them. The latter worked during these days in defiance of the Holy See, which often condemned inquisitors because of their cruelties. Even so, these cruelties have been grossly exaggerated, and the fact that the Inquisition did tremendous good in saving the Latin countries from anarchy has been forgotten. Much falsehood surrounds the events of this period, which should be judged by the standards of those times, not by modern ideas of the human person and of religious freedom.. (MORE)
You cannot prevent, what you do not expect; and no one expects the Spanish iInquisition!
\nThe Pope condone them because they must be forgiven.Human will forgive because God has an infinite mercy.It was forgiven when they stop it and never do it again.It was against in the church to kill naive and people even not Catholic.
The concept of the Spanish Inquisition being unexpected did not arise from historical accounts of the Inquisition itself, but through the satirical and absurdist humour of Monty Python's Flying Circus (a famous British group of comedians and their television program of the same name). The Spanish… Inquisition itself was a court and associated enforcers charged with asserting the orthodoxy of the Catholic Church in Spain, separate from papal control. In 1478, the then Spanish monarchs established the tribunal to replace the Medieval Inquisition, which was directed from Rome. The Spanish Inquisition was in no real way unexpected, as the multi-religion state of Spain had long since experienced tensions between the ruling Christian faith and the Muslims and Jews who remained in Spain even after the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula. It was only a matter of time before the state itself took action to expel the Jews and repress conversos, Moriscos and protestants. The famous sketches by Monty Python's Flying Circus often depicted an 'everyday' situation, in which one character may be receiving a large number of questions and say with ironic hyperbole "I didn't expect the Spanish Inquisition" (meaning 'I did not expect to be interrogated in this manner'), at which point Michael Palin and several other actors would jump into the scene dressed as officers of the Spanish Inquisition and exclaim in reply "No one expects the Spanish Inquisition!". This is the origin of the phrase. (MORE)
The Spanish Monarch requested the help of the Pope, and thus led to the Spanish Inquisition. Roman Catholic Answer In Spain, at the time, there were many political troubles. A large portion of which was caused by Christians who had converted for political reasons but actually weren't believers. …Under cover of the Church they conducted secret activities against the state. This Inquisition was the Spanish crown's way of dealing with these individuals. from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980 . The Spanish Inquisition, set up by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1478 and empowered by Pope Sixtus IV, was directed against the lapsed converts from Judaism, crypto-Jews, and other apostates whose secret activities were dangerous to Church and State. The civil government had great influence in the administration of this Inquisition, and the Spanish ecclesiastical tribunal accused of scandalous cruelty must share its condemnations with them. The latter worked during these days in defiance of the Holy See, which often condemned inquisitors because of their cruelties. Even so, these cruelties have been grossly exaggerated, and the fact that the Inquisition did tremendous good in saving the Latin countries from anarchy has been forgotten. Much falsehood surrounds the events of this period, which should be judged by the standards of those times, not by modern ideas of the human person and of religious freedom.. (MORE)
Don Isaac Abarbanel attempted to persuade Ferdinand and Isabella tospare the anti-Jewish decrees, but they refused to listen.
To socially stabilise a newly reunified country with different peoples. . Catholic Answer The main purpose was to proceed against lapsed converts from Judaism ( Maranos ), crypto-Jews and other apostates whose secret activities were dangerous to Church and state. It was also extended to the Ch…ristian Moors ( Moriscos ) who were in danger of apostasy. The Inquisition only had power over those who were baptized Catholics. If you really want to know the truth, the actual documents from the Inquistion are just now coming to light, the Inquisition wrote down everything in great detail, please watch the videos - links below the answer. . from A Catholic Dictionary , edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957 . The Spanish Inquisition, set up by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1478 and empowered by Pope Sixtus IV, was directed against the lapsed converts from Judaism, crypto-Jews, and other apostates whose secret activities were dangerous to Church and State. The civil government had great influence in the administration of this Inquisition, and the Spanish ecclesiastical tribunal accused of scandalous cruelty must share its condemnations with them. The latter worked during these days in defiance of the Holy See, which often condemned inquisitors because of their cruelties. Even so, these cruelties have been grossly exaggerated, and the fact that the Inquisition did tremendous good in saving the Latin countries from anarchy has been forgotten. Much falsehood surrounds the events of this period, which should be judged by the standards of those times, not by modern ideas of the human person and of religious freedom.. Answer For medieval people, religion was not a personal preference but an abiding and universal truth. Heresy struck at the heart of that truth and no Christian doubted that God would punish a community that allowed heresy to take root and spread. The Spanish Inquisition was not the first Inquisition in Europe. The medieval Inquisition began in 1184 when Pope Lucius III sent a list of heresies to Europe's bishops and commanded them to take an active role in determining whether those accused of heresy were, in fact, guilty. Following the expulsion of the Muslim Moorish rulers from Spain, many Jews and Muslims converted, sometimes unwillingly, to Catholicism, and were referred to as ' conversos' . In some cases, it was believed that they secretly continued as Jews or Muslims. In 1478 , Pope Sixtus IV issued a bull to allow the Spanish crown to form an inquisitorial tribunal. In this early stage of the Spanish Inquisition, Old Christians and Jews used the tribunals as a weapon against their converso enemies. Since the Inquisition's sole purpose was to investigate conversos, the Old Christians had nothing to fear from it and the Jews were immune to the Inquisition. After 1530, the Spanish Inquisition turned its attention away from the conversos and toward the new Protestant Reformation. Answer First of all it was certainly geared towards getting rid of of heretics in Spain but also it was to calm the populace of Spain because at the time riots in Spain centered around heretics were common and in fact a huge group of riots happened in 1391 that literally swept across the nation. To add in the Spanish Inquisition Isabell changed something key in the laws centered around the Inquisition. Namely what happened to Heretics who had their land annexed because of heretical beliefs. Before the land and riches of that heretic went straight to the church but now it went to Isabela and Ferdinand. Political reasons were abound to including the fact that the Monarcy wanted a better relation with the Pope and needed a way to unite Spain under one religion. Which would allow them to strengthen their power. It's not be correct to claim that the Spanish Inquisition was not a completely religious organization. For medieval people, religion was not a personal preference but an abiding and universal truth. Heresy struck at the heart of that truth and no Christian doubted that God would punish a community that allowed heresy to take root and spread. The Spanish Inquisition was not the first Inquisition in Europe. The medieval Inquisition began in 1184 when Pope Lucius III sent a list of heresies to Europe's bishops and commanded them to take an active role in determining whether those accused of heresy were, in fact, guilty. Following the expulsion of the Muslim Moorish rulers from Spain, many Jews and Muslims converted, sometimes unwillingly, to Catholicism, and were referred to as ' conversos' . In some cases, it was believed that they secretly continued as Jews or Muslims. In 1478 , Pope Sixtus IV issued a bull to allow the Spanish crown to form an inquisitorial tribunal. In this early stage of the Spanish Inquisition, Old Christians and Jews used the tribunals as a weapon against their converso enemies. Since the Inquisition's sole purpose was to investigate conversos, the Old Christians had nothing to fear from it and the Jews were immune to the Inquisition. After 1530, the Spanish Inquisition turned its attention away from the conversos and toward the new Protestant Reformation. (MORE)
After Jews were tortured and murdered, their property was seized by the Church, which also shared the stolen wealth with the monarchy. Queen Isabella financed the voyage of Christopher Columbus using money seized by the Inquisition.
Generally speaking, yes. The Spanish Inquisition was a government institution in Spain that lasted from 1492 to 1836 and was therefore deemed desirable. It's purpose was to keep Spanish faith in Catholicism proper and pure and most Spaniards believed that Catholicism was the only way for any soul to… be saved. Therefore preventing souls from being corrupted by the "falsities" of Jewish or Islamic teaching (and later Protestant teaching) was making the salvation of souls easier. It is important to note that most modern Spaniards find the idea of the Spanish Inquisition revolting and a blight upon their past. (MORE)
The Spanish Inquisition was not an external conquest : it was the suppression of non-Christians within Spain. At the time, the Catholic Church had considerable official power among countries, especially Catholic ones like Spain.
The Spanish Inquisition represented the interests of the Catholic Church in Spain. Despite this, it was under the control of the monarchy, not Rome.
The Spanish Inquisition was active between the year 1480 to 1820, but was most active from 1492 onwards. This was a religious tribunal/court established in Spain.
The Spanish Inquisition was primarily an action of the Crown in Spain. It did, however, employ clerical judges, mostly religious from the Dominican Order, I believe, who judged cases according to the law of the Church. Since the religious judges were much more lenient than the civil judges, many peo…ple attempted to get their cases tried by the Inquisition instead of the civil authority. (MORE)
What are the ratings and certificates for Judging Amy - 1999 Nobody Expects the Spanish Inquisition 3-23?
Judging Amy - 1999 Nobody Expects the Spanish Inquisition 3-23 is rated/received certificates of: Argentina:13