What events led up to Pearl Harbor that could have changed how Pearl Harbor occurred?
In Pearl Harbor
Japan attacked Pearl Harbor to eliminate the US Naval fleet in the Pacific, at the time of the attack the US Carriers were not in port (Japan wanted to destroy the Carriers to stop any US effort to bomb Japan). If the Carriers were docked things could have been different.
A radar station in Hawaii spotted the japanese bombers, American officers thought it was a squadron of US fighters who were scheduled to come in.
A radar station in Hawaii spotted the japanese bombers, American officers thought it was a squadron of US fighters who were scheduled to come in.
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Before the attack on Pearl Harbor the United States had remained neutral in the war. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941 it plunged us into the war. Germany, Italy, and Japan could have possibly succeeded in all of the goals they had set if we had not set it and provided military …supplies and units to other countries. Germany would more than likely have destroyed the Soviety Union and Japan would have extended the empire into Australia and New Zealand. (MORE)
There were two waves of Japanese planes sent they hit the ships at Battleship Row first then bombed air bases all of this happened in 2 hours
A US naval base that was attacked by Japan in December of 1941. Strictly speaking, "Pearl Harbor" is the name of the body of water(technically, a lagoon/harbor of the ocean) in the island of Oahu,Hawaii. The city of Honolulu is built on its shores, and the UnitedStates has operated a major naval …base there since 1887. Historically speaking, the Attack on Pearl Harbor was a surpriseJapanese aerial assault on 7 Dec 1941 on the U.S. Naval Base,especially the ships of the Pacific Fleet, as well as the nearbyU.S. Army airfields of Wheeler and Hickham (plus others on Oahu),with the goal of crippling the U.S. naval presence in the Pacific. Pearl Harbor mateA US Naval base in the former US territory of Hawaii. Hawaii became a state in 1959. (MORE)
Answer . The desire of the Japanese government to dominate Asia. They wished to eliminate any chance that the American fleet could be used to oppose them, but the result was just the opposite.
Answer . After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawii, the US entered the war. If they didn't attack Pearl Harbor the US wouldnt've entered World War II. The major targets were California, Oklahoma, Arizona, Maryland, and West Virginia. I think there is a couple more but I can't remember!
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, in command of the fleet, with Commander Mitsuo Fuchida in command of the attacking air wing.
1937 July: Japan invades North China from Manchuria. 1940 July: U.S. imposes trade sanctions,followed by an embargo, aimed at curbing Japan's militaryaggression in Asia. 1941 January: Adm. Yamamoto beginscommunicating with other Japanese officers about a possible attackon Pearl Harb…or. Jan. 27: Joseph C. Grew, the U.S. ambassador to Japan, wiresWashington that he has learned that Japan is planning a surpriseattack on Pearl Harbor. No one in Washington believes theinformation. Most senior American military experts believe theJapanese would attack Manila in the Philippine Islands if war brokeout. February: Adm. Husband E. Kimmel assumescommand of the U.S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii. Kimmel and Lt.Gen.Walter C. Short, commanding general of the Hawaiian Department,prepare for the defense of the islands. They ask their seniors inWashington for additional men and equipment to insure a properdefense of military instillations. April: U.S. intelligence officers continue tomonitor Japanese secret messages. In a program code-named Magic,U.S. intelligence uses a machine to decode Japan's diplomaticdispatches. Washington does not communicate all the availableinformation to all commands, including Short and Kimmel in Hawaii. May: Japanese Adm. Nomura informs his superiorsthat he has learned Americans were reading his message traffic. Noone in Tokyo believes the code could have been broken. The code isnot changed. July: Throughout the summer, Adm. Yamamototrains his forces and finalizes the planning of the attack on PearlHarbor. Sept. 24: The "bomb plot" message from Japanesenaval intelligence to Japan's consul general in Honolulu requestinga grid of exact locations of ships in Pearl Harbor is deciphered.The information is not shared with the Hawaii's Adm. Kimmel andGen. Short. November: Tokyo sends an experienced diplomatto Washington as a special envoy to assist Ambassador KichisaburoNomura, who continues to seek a diplomatic solution. Japan wants the U.S. to agree to its southern expansion in Asiadiplomatically but if those efforts were unsuccessful, Japan wasprepared to go to war. Nov. 16: Submarines, the first units involvedin the attack, depart Japan. Nov. 26: The main body, aircraft carriers andescorts, begin the transit to Hawaii. Nov. 27: Kimmel and Short receive a so-called"war warning" from Washington indicating a Japanese attack,possibly on an American target in the Pacific, is likely. Night of Dec. 6, Morning of Dec. 7: U.S.intelligence decodes a message pointing to Sunday morning as adeadline for some kind of Japanese action. The message is deliveredto the Washington high command before 9 a.m. Washington time, morethan 4 hours before the attack on Pearl Harbor. But the message isnot forwarded to the Pearl Harbor commanders and finally arrivesonly after the attack has begun. At 0755, Hawaiian time, the first wave of Japanese aircraft beginthe attack. Along with the ships in Pearl Harbor, the air stationsat Hickam, Wheeler, Ford Island, Kaneohe and Ewa Field areattacked. The Japanese attack continues for two hours and 20 minutes. Whenit's over, more than 2,400 Americans are dead and nearly 1,200wounded. Eighteen ships have been sunk or damaged. More than 300aircraft are damaged or destroyed. Dec. 8: President Roosevelt addresses Congressand asks for a declaration of war against Japan, which he receives. Dec. 16: Adm. Kimmel and Gen. Short arerelieved of their commands. 1942 January: The Roberts Commissionappointed by President Roosevelt finds Kimmel and Short indereliction of duty and solely responsible for the Pearl Harbordisaster. 1944 January: Capt. Laurence Safford, the Navy's former chiefcryptographer, discovers that officials in Washington withheldsecret information from Kimmel and Short. October: A Naval Court of Inquiry finds Kimmelhad not been derelict but had acted appropriately given what heknew. The Chief of Naval Operations overrules the court, saying ifKimmel had done aerial reconnaissance he might have discovered theJapanese fleet just 250 miles off Hawaii. 1995 December: A Defense Department investigation finds othersshare the responsibility with Kimmel and Short for the Pearl Harbordisaster. It does not say who those "others" are. 2000 An amendment to the Defense Appropriations Act of 2001 finds Kimmeland Short acted competently and professionally and urges thepresident to restore the officers to their highest WWII rank. (MORE)
Pearl harbor was caused by America not sending oil and othersupplies to Japan for fear they would use them against us!
Answer . \nThe need to surprise the US at a strong point and hit them while they werent expecting it before they got involved in the war..
I base my lecture off of Walter Lord's 'Day of Infamy' - I tend to backtrack to how the Japanese got their Intel - by posing as tourists, taking pictures, calling relatives that lived in the Hawaiian islands, etc. I start at :Approximately 6:30 in the morning there was a possible sighting of a Japan…ese mini sub in the harbor. The Ward was notified of a possible confrontation and they watched for signs of the sub. They saw, fired and sunk the sub. When the telegram was sent it stated that they sighted enemy submarine - it did NOT state that they had fired at and sunk it. So the telegram was put aside as another possible sighting.At 7:55 the first bomb was dropped on battleship row. A torpedo hit the side of the USS Oklahoma. The Oklahoma rolled onto its side and began to sink. The second ship hit was the USS Utah which took only 8 minutes to sink. By 8:10 - within 15 minutes of the beginning of the attack on battleship row - I estimate that of the 2,406 lost that day we had already lost 1,800 soldiers. The USS Arizona was hit just by then. When the Arizona was hit - it was hit by approximately 8 bombs. One might have been a torpedo but no one is positive. Of the 8 bombs to hit the Arizona - one traveled through the decks landing in over 1,000 pounds of gunpowder. When the bomb blew it ignited our gunpowder which blew a hole through 8 inches of steel separating the bombs we had stored in turn setting them off. 1,177 men were lost on that ship alone. I also mention that the Japanese had put special fittings on the torpedos made of wood so they would travel in shallower water than they were designed for. Which made the attack more successful.I also mention some of the rescue attempts made in the boats that were attacked.The two primary efforts to make rescues through the hulls of the boats were by drill or by torch. But each had a major drawback. When they used a torch to break through it burned the oxygen within the compartment and the men suffocated. If they used drills to open the hull it took longer than was available and the airpocket the men were surviving in would leak through the cut and the water rose causing those trapped to drown. There are 2 significant rescues that I mention - both from the Oklahoma - this information is from a History Channel Documentary - it is also on the end of the Pearl Harbor movie. One - there were 4 or 5 men trapped in a compartment and they took turns trying to swim to the top of the ship - which was facing the bottom of the harbor by now - the only one who succeeded was a sailor who did not know how to swim. He was able to point out where they were when he reached top side and the crews were able to drill through and rescue the rest. The other situation shows a group of 7 men trapped in a compartment. One finds a porthole when he kicked the side of the wall. The men were able to get the window open and 6 of the 7 were able to escape. The 7th was a carpenter who was built too big to fit through the window and he did not survive.I compare the story of Pearl Harbor characters Rafe and Danny to true heroes Lt Walsh and Lt Taylor who were able to get to their planes and fight the Japanese from the air. They went up twice and Taylor was hit early the second time up and had to land but between them they did take 6 or 7 Japanese planes out of the sky. Dorie Miller is also mentioned. He was a cook on the USS West Virginia who was able to get his captain who was mortally wounded below decks where he would be safe. He then took up one of the guns topside and shot down 1 or 2 planes himself. It may seem insignificant but the ships had been inspected by the Admiral the week before so ammunition was hard to find at first. And... Dorie not trained on the weapons. He received the Navy Cross for his efforts. He should have received the Medal of Honor but due to being African American he did not ... qualify... for the same recognition. The government did name a battleship after him in '72 in effort to make up for that.There were also B-17s coming in from the mainland which was why the radio played all night long acting as a beacon to guide them to the island. It inadvertantly helped the Japanese as well. They traveled without ammunition as well and they all landed but 1 pilot was lost after he landed.The Japanese reported seeing men throwing rocks at their planes when they were low enough for lack of another weapon. They also make a point of mentioning a marine who stood in the middle of an airstrip shooting his pistol at them even though they were out of range. To the Japanese this was impressive and incredibly courageous. The Japanese chose to send only 2 of the 3 waves of planes and returned to the Pacific. 110 minutes after the battle started - it was over. 2,406 Americans were lost, 68 of them were civilian. (MORE)
Answer . Partially because they knew that Americans tend to "party" on Saturday night and that they would not be at their posts on Sunday Morning.
On December 7, 1941, Japan surprise attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Japan destroyed some air force bases and nearly damaged or sunk almost all the navy ships. Around 2,000 people died from the attacks. After Pearl Harbor, the US entered into the WWII.
Pearl Harbor occurred at Pearl Harbor off the island of OÊ»ahu, Hawaii. __________________________ Japanese aircraft carriers attacked the U.S. Navy base at Pearl Harbor, O'ahu, Hawai'i on December 7, 1941. It marked the first formal hostilities between Empire of Japan and the United States, an…d brought the USA fully into the European World War II. (MORE)
pearl harbor was a US naval base and an axis attack by the Japanesedevastated the place. Over 13 US carriers, destroyers, battleships,and over 250 planes destroyed in the attack on December 7, 1941
Answer . The US rose up with righteous anger, armed themselves, and went to war.
To cripple the American fleet so the jappense would have no resistence in taking control of Asia
America cut off the Oil Line going to Japan so they were getting desperate. They needed to attack pearl harbor to pursuade america to open up the oil lines
it changed the world by changing the rules, like rules of engagement and changing the lives of japans people for the rest of their lives.
Pearl harbor changed America by forcing the u.s. to work together and defeat japan during world war two.
The attack on Pearl Harbor took place in the morning of December 7, 1941 . The attack began at 7:48 a.m. (Hawaiian Time) and ended a few hours later.
The Japanese thought they would be able to conquer land in Asia if these American ships were destroyed.
start of the pearl harbor attack i my is Dennis i think the attack on pearl harbor was caused by the us not doing trade with japan.
At approximately 6:30 an enemy sub was seen entering Pearl Harbor it was shot at and sunk. The telegram that reported the event did not mention sinking the sub and it was encoded.. At 7:55 the first torpedo is dropped hitting the Oklahoma causing the ship to capsize and sink, shortly after the Utah… was hit by 3 torpedoes, and within approximately 15 minutes the Arizona is hit by 8 bombs. One of which landed in 1075 pounds of gunpowder. When the bomb ignited the powder they blew a hole in an 8 inch wall of steel that separated the powder from the bombs on board. That combination is what blew the Arizona nearly in half sinking the ship. In that 15 minutes nearly 1800 men were lost.. In the next 95 minutes the airstrips, hospital and barracks were shot at. There were 2 waves of planes that attacked Pearl Harbor, most of the major damage done by the first wave. The second wave came after the US sailors were able to get weapons and start fighting back.. 110 minutes after it started the attackers left and efforts to rescue trapped sailors began. (MORE)
On December 7,1941 the Japanese bombed pearl harbor. And sunk the USS Arizona. So now there is a memorial built right on top of the sunken ship.
Pearl Harbor is how we usually refer to the Japanese surprise attack on US military installations in Hawaii (Pearl Harbor) and elsewhere in the Pacific on 7-8 December 1941. This is the action that brought the US into World War 2. Because of poor coordination within the Japanese Foreign ministry,… the Japanese failed to issue a declaration of war just before the attack failed. The declaration was issued after the attack. Thus the attack was considered a sneak attack and "cowardly" and enraged the US populace. also how japan owned America (MORE)
The U.S before the time was bringing food to other countries and SOME war materials. After Pearl Harbor they began making more war materials and instead of giving food to other countries they began stockpiling for the army. U.S became very strained
That depends on precisely what you mean by Pearl Harbor. If you mean a surprise attack by naval air forces of the Japanese specifically on the military facility at Pearl Harbor, then I think it highly unlikely. Even if Japan were mad at us right now, we have intelligence gathering devices today wh…ich would make a fleet of heavy warships centered on six aircraft carriers crossing the North Pacific look like a Saint Patrick's Day parade. On the other hand, if you just mean a surprise attack, they happen every day, for example in Iraq, with casualties - not as many as Pearl Harbor, which had well over 2000 killed - but one dead, whether American or Iraqi, is too many. And if you mean a surprise attack on the scale of Pearl Harbor, I think the attacks on the World Trade Center Towers and the Pentagon in 2001 qualify easily, with over 3000 dead and we never saw it coming. (MORE)
pearl harbor is about the Japanese attack on the u.s navy base pearl harbor in Hawaii in 1941
Japanese expansion in Asia and the Pacific...and the transfer of the US Battleship Fleet from California to Hawaii in 1940.
Roosevelt could of all he had to do was keep supplying the Japanese with raw materials
The US had placed an embargo on Japan in 1940 because of Japan's invasion of China and it's involvement in what would become WW2. Japan was forced, due to its large dependence on American oil, to negotiate with the US. When negotiation stalled and almost came to a complete halt when Japan refused to… abandon China, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. (MORE)
The U.S. had stopped giving oil to Japan. Japan afterwards decided to attack them. It was an air attack so the U.S. was not expecting it since it was in the Pacific and they mostly had ships. They bombed such ships as the U.S.S. Arizona and destroyed many buildings. The Japanese had over 300 planes …in the air raid attack. (MORE)
Pearl Harbor brought a dramatic change on the United States views on World War II. The United States wanted to maintain neutral and prevent entering war, but once the Japanese bombed the United States at Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941, the United States changed their mindset and decalred war.
It did suceceed. They wiped out all of our battleships and planes, well most of them. They hit us hard, and we payed for it. So the answer is yes, they did suceceed. Japan beat us at Pearl Habor.
Because on the 7th December 1941 the Japanese launched an unexpected air strike on the US navy docked at Pearl Harbour. This resulted in finally bringing the USA into the 2nd world war against the Germans and also started the war between Japan and the USA
Usually people in the US commemorate the attack on Pearl Harbor on Pearl Harbor Day.
Captain Mitsuo Fuchida led the first wave whereas the overall commander was Isoruko Yamamoto .
Pearl Harbour, Hawaii was attacked by aircraft from the Imperial Japanese Navy, early on Sunday morning, December 7, 1941.
Pearl Harbor brought the United States into World War II. It also brought the United States out of the Great Depression as the nation put many people back to work for the war effort. It also changed how Americans thought of the Japanese, and it provoked the dropping of atomic bombs onto Hiroshima an…d Nagasaki. In turn, America ended up helping rebuild Japan and introducing principles that helped them to become successful people. (MORE)
America declared war on japan and answered the bombing of pearl harbor with bombing Hiroshima and ... I forget the other place
the pearl harbor event is the most important war event scince 1942 to the usa war history books it also killed over8000 war heros and started the us japan war aka world war 2
If this is Tora Tora Tora one would assume that most of the events are true.
Gen Jimmy Doolittle commanded an attack by B-24 bombers launched from an aircraft carrier south of Japan - a feat that even the US military did not think was possible.
The US naval base at Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941.
A series of events led to the attack on Pearl Harbor . War between Japan and the United States had been a possibility that each nation's military forces planned for since the 1920s, though real tension did not begin until the 1931 invasion of Manchuria by Japan. Over the next decade, Japan expanded… slowly into China, leading to all out war between the two in 1937. In 1940 Japan invadedFrench Indochina in an effort to embargo all imports into China, including war supplies purchased from the U.S. This move prompted the United States to embargo all oil exports, leading the Imperial Japanese Navy to estimate that it had less than two years of bunker oil remaining and to support the existing plans to seize oil resources in the Dutch East Indies. Planning had been underway for some time on an attack on the "Southern Resource Area" to add it to the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere that Japan envisioned in the Pacific. The Philippine islands, at that time an American territory, were also a Japanese target. The Japanese military concluded that an invasion of the Philippines would provoke an American military response. Rather than seize and fortify the islands, and wait for the inevitable US counterattack, Japan's military leaders instead decided on the pre-emptive Pearl Harbor attack, which they assumed would negate the American forces needed for the liberation and reconquest of the islands. Planning for the attack had begun in very early 1941, by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. He finally won assent from the Naval High Command by, among other things, threatening to resign. The attack was approved in the summer at an Imperial Conference and again at a second Conference in the fall. Simultaneously over the year, pilots were trained, and ships prepared for its execution. Authority for the attack was granted at the second Imperial Conference if a diplomatic result satisfactory to Japan was not reached. After final approval by Emperor Hirohito the order to attack was issued at the beginning of December. (MORE)
Japan attacked Pearl Harbour, plus the war over in Europe.... and whatever else was happening throughout the world
It's Pearl Harbor lol The attack on Pearl Harbor was intended to neutralize the U.S. Pacific Fleet, and hence protect Japan's advance into Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, where she sought access to natural resources such as oil and rubber. War between Japan and the United States had been a possibi…lity each nation had been aware of since the 1920s, though tensions did not begin to grow seriously until Japan's 1931 invasion of Manchuria. Over the next decade, Japan continued to expand into China, leing to all-out war in 1937. Japan spent considerable effort trying to isolate China and achieve suffient resource independence to attain victory on the mainland. Pearl Harbor was a preemptive strike to block any chance the US had of stopping Japanese expansion, also Pearl Harbor was never meant to be a surprise Jap embassadors were in Pearl to negotiate w/ US. Yamamoto stated if necessary the attack should commence 30min after meeting.....................................needless to say orders were disobeyed..........the ambassadors were still waiting to be seen as the the attack was happening. (MORE)
The jappanese just bombed it so the americans would be scared but failed and made america join the war
Everything was cleaned up a lot, which was helpful because it was a bit messy.
On 7 December 1941, carrier based planes of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the US fleet anchored at Pearl Harbour. Airfields were also attacked. The loss of personnel and military equipment was high. Fortunately, the US carrier fleet was away on exercise at the time, which …allowed the US to start retaliatory actions within a short space of time. (MORE)