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What happens when DNA is unzipped?
bases within the cells nucleus pair with the separated bases on the DNA strand
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There are several enzymes that 'unzip' DNA. These enzymes arecollectively known as DNA helicases . DNA helicases arehelix-destabilizing enzymes that bind to DNA at the origin… ofreplication and break hydrogen bonds, thereby separating the twostrands. This allows RNA polymerase to begin transcription(copying) of the DNA sequence.
One double stranded Dna molecule is separated into two single stranded Dna molecules. A large multitude of bioprocess possibilities subsequentially present themselves!
transcription and replication
The substance that controls the unzipping of DNA are enzymes whichare inform of proteins. This is considered to be one of the mostcomplex processes in the cell.
Helicase unzips the double stranded DNA so that it can be replicated.
DNA splits, and mRNA and tRNA are there to create new strands for the new replicated DNA strand. This is what happens prior to mitosis in cell division.
When the DNA needs to be coppied to make something the body needs
The original strand of DNA is unzipped by an enzyme that breaks thehydrogen bonds between the bases. This process continues until theentire strand of DNA has been unzipped and… copied.
On the replication forks.
The hydrogen bonds connecting the nucleotide bases are broken so right down the center is where is is split for DNA Replication or Transcription.
The two DNA strands are subjected to an extremely controlled, and temporary, separation.
This method is called " Semi-conservative " which replicates the DNA so it begins with unzipping, unwinding the DNA by breaking down the hydrogen bonds between the nitrogenou…s bases with the help of " helicase enzyme " that helps separating the strands. After that the free nucleotides will be activated by adding extra two phosphate groups from ATP to provide Energy for binding, and then the activated nucleotides will attach to the DNA as that Adenine link with thymine with double hydrogen bonds and Cytosine link with Guanine with triple hydrogen bonds. And Finally the DNA polymerase enzyme will catalyzes the joining of the nucleotides of the new strands with the formation of phosphodiester bonds while the extra phosphate groups that were attached to the activated nucleotides are released.
Down the middle, at the binding site of the base pairs.
DNA is unzipped for replication of DNA or transcription of mRNA.