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What if any are the tax inplications of debt discharged in a chapter 7 bankruptcy?
Chapter 7: This chapter of bankruptcy law provides for a full liquidation of an entity's non-exempt property to satisfy creditors, and discharges all dischargeable debts This is a legal process under Federal statutes that provides for rehabilitation of a debtor through the discharge of certain debts or through a debt repayment plan over a certain period of time. Creditors cannot contact the debtor during the bankruptcy. They must wait until it is fully discharged. There are three chapters of bankruptcy I can't give a definitive answer, but I can relate what I have seen. I suppose to get a definitive answer one would need to look at the Tax Code, and I stay as far away from that as possible. However, I have never had a client come back and say they had any negative tax implications as a result of discharged debt in bankruptcy. I know the IRS can normally pursue forgiven debt as income, but for some reason (either because the Tax Code doesn't permit them to or because they simply opt not to) the IRS has never pursued any of my clients for forgiven (discharged) debt in bankruptcy to my knowledge. I have had a couple of situations where mortgage companies sent tax statements to clients who surrendered real estate in bankruptcy, but so far we have managed to get those resolved without any negative tax consequences. Please note that nothing in this posting or in any other posting constitutes legal advice; this is simply my understanding of the facts, which I do not warrant, and I am not suggesting any course of action or inaction to any person. Answer While cancelled debt is typically includible under the Internal Revenue Code as gross income, there are certain exceptions: 1. Debt that is cancelled through a bankruptcy is NOT taxable as income, 2. Debt cancelled when you are insolvent is NOT taxable as income to the extent of your insolvency. Therefore, there are no tax implications and it does not have to be reported on the tax return. The creditors will send you a 1099-C for cancellation of debt, but they should also check the "bankruptcy" box. Make sure they do this. :)
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No. Unlike some non-bankruptcy situations, debt wiped out in bankruptcy (any chapter) is NOT income to the debtor.
Whether your car loan is discharged by a bankruptcy or not will depend on your state and the equity in your car. Whether the loan will be discharged or not is called an "exemp…tion".
Answer . yes but you still need to talk to a Bankruptcy attorney
Yes, but judgment LIENS will remain in place unless you file the appropriate motion with the bankruptcy court. You definitely should see an attorney about this. Also, there ar…e new laws taking effect on 10/17/05 that will make it harder to file bankruptcy. You should file as soon as possible if you want to beat the deadline. Any debt that has a paper trail, including civil judgments can be included in a Bankruptcy. Broke means Broke, the courts don't care if its the oil company, or the landscaper, if they are included in the Bankrupcy filing, then they are in the dust for getting paid. You must submit this prior to the hearing in Federal court. Otherwise an amendment would have to be done and that's no easy task. Once the Bankrupcy is certified with the courts, nothing can be added or removed.
Yes, you can file a new chapter 7 after 8 years from the date of filing the previous chapter 7.
I assume you mean "how do you keep your tax REFUND when you file a chapter 7 bankruptcy?" A tax refund is an asset of the estate and, generally, the trustee will take it. Ther…e are two ways to avoid this, first way would be to delay filing your bankruptcy petition until after you have gotten your refund and spent the money. The second way is to declare part or all of the refund to be part of your exemption, however exemptions are small and most people have other assets (like computers, wedding rings, paychecks, etc.) they want to protect with their exemptions.
Discharge means your BK case is complete and finished. The case has been resolved and closed. Dismissal is when the BK court throws out (or discontinues) your BK petition/case… (meaning among other things that collectors are now free again to collect from you). Dismissals are frequently done because of legal techncalities/requirements not being met, (like failing to timely file or respond to what the court needs. And also the finding of some error that undermines your right to protection like you didn't disclose/report some asset or source of income or such - (even if it was "exempt" which is what the court decides, not you).
There is an excellent book that provides both a thorough perspective and key detail about chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcy: "The New Bankruptcy, will it work for… You?" 3rd edition, by Stephen Elias (published in 2009 by Nolo). I found it in the public library for Colorado Springs at 346.078 E42N (Dewey decimal system).
ALL assets and ALL liabilities are included. Each are given different priority. Taxes are a liability. They are included and given their priority.
Not always. There are some exceptions. The most common situations when cancellation of debt income is not taxable involve: Qualified principal residence indebtedness: This is …the exception created by the Mortgage Debt Relief Act of 2007 and applies to most homeowners. Bankruptcy: Debts discharged through bankruptcy are not considered taxable income. Insolvency: If you are insolvent when the debt is cancelled, some or all of the cancelled debt may not be taxable to you. You are insolvent when your total debts are more than the fair market value of your total assets. Certain farm debts: If you incurred the debt directly in operation of a farm, more than half your income from the prior three years was from farming, and the loan was owed to a person or agency regularly engaged in lending, your cancelled debt is generally not considered taxable income. Non-recourse loans: A non-recourse loan is a loan for which the lender's only remedy in case of default is to repossess the property being financed or used as collateral. That is, the lender cannot pursue you personally in case of default. Forgiveness of a non-recourse loan resulting from a foreclosure does not result in cancellation of debt income. However, it may result in other tax consequences.
Discharged? Done, over, a fin compli....you can't nor would you ever want to in any possible way or circumstance Is that a shark fin? Until the case is closed you may be able …to convert it, although you will need a very good reason after discharge. Short of fraud by a creditor causing the debt to be excluded, it is unlikely. You may be able to file a chapter 13 after the 7 is closed, if you need to keep a house in foreclosure, for example. Consult an experienced bankruptcy in your area.
Absolutely not. Even in the BKs with the highest powered of lawyers...and Corporations....the last things done before filing BK is pay the sales and withholding taxes! In …most all states or taxing jurisdictions, (with California being one large notable exception), these are not taxes on "you", but money the business collects from others (customers or employees) on behalf of the State. They are trust funds....they not only won't ever be discharged....they carry direct, pierce any corporate shield, to the officers and involved parties, responsibility. Better take care of them one way or another ASAP. In the few places they may be legally considered the responsibility of the vendor, they may be discharged in the BK, (as situational as anything else), and would be a priorty claim and even allowed an extended bar date for filing a proof of claim.
A basic, rough primer: BK is always done under FEDERAL Laws, in a Federal Bankrutpcy Court. Basically State makes little difference. (Yes the BK Courts operating in… certain areas have certain special exemptions and such, minor in the overall, generally intended to make things adhere to the local laws and customs better). In a personal bankruptcy, YOU go bankrupt. Not a debt, not a loan...not a car...not a this or that. ALL of your assets, of all types, MUST be disclosed and reported in BK, and ALL of your liabilities/debts must be too. No exceptions, no picking and choosing. They are all, always involved in some way. The court will then order each of them in priorities according to the laws. Some things may be exempt from use or discharge (like your personal furniture and retirement accounts are exempt and child support cannot be discharged) - and the rest may be used. With one to pay the other. (All possible creditors are contacted and asked to say what they are owed....you may be required to even take advertisments out to make sure everyone is notified). Any deal you've done for several years is open to scruitiny and review. The court can reverse them, take them out of the BK, or even have them prosecuted as trying to defraud your creditors. (So, no you can't sell your boat to your brother and then declare BK). Debts secured by an asset (say a car) have first call or right to the money received from that asset. If it isn't enough to pay the debt, the remainder of that debt becomes a general or unsecured claim against the BK., and has a chance to payment on that level too (albeit a lower priority than those who have yet to receive anything). The end/remaining amount that can't be satisfied is generally discharged by the court...meaning you no longer owe it. You get a fresh basically debt free start....many of those you owe don't get paid what they had expected and relied on, if anything. There are many other considerations too. BK will severly hurt your ability to get credit for a very long time for example. It is on your credit report for at least 10 years...and employers refer to that too, as do landlords and more. Many do not trust people with bankruptcies in their past, especially in the last few years. Many more things. Not disclosing all items is frequently tried and easily discovered, in which case - as you are swearing under oath to the court you included all info - your case is dismissed, and regularly, fraud charges are pursued. (Courts don't take to being lied to well). Many seem to fall into the trap thinking that they can trick or change or especially shortcut the system, or want to believe what they wrongly understand overrides things (like I don't have to report that asset because it is exempt). It simply ain't going to happen. The courts, Judges, laws, bankers, all those zillions of attornies, etc, have been through this thousands of times for many, many years. The processes are fairly well worked through and prepared for tricks and games. It is unlikely you would discover one that hasn't been tried a zillion times before! The Cos that claim they can change your record, or make magic happen (either before or after BK), are scams, and getting caught doing something unsavory (intentional or not), other than screwing up your bankruptcy filing, is frequently considered and persued criminally. (Think your financial troubles are bad, try adding in criminal ones). The legal process and system is demanding even for those experienced with it. Many of your creditors will have an attorney to assure they get as much as possible, even groups of lawyers, who specialize only in bankruptcy. Simply you should/better/need to have one too
If you filed Chapter 7 bankruptcy on a repossession balance and the bank never came to repossess the car and the debt was discharged can you get the title?
Answer Unless a secured lender has received a "lift of stay" on a debt included in bankruptcy, they must wait until the BK has been discharged before they c…an repossess or begin legal procedures to retrieve a vehicle. A vehicle is considered a secured debt and is not dischargeable in a chapter 7. The borrower/debtor should contact the BK trustee and/or the lender to clear up the matter or he or she may face complicated litigation in the future. The title will still show a lien holder and the DMV will not issue a duplicate one until the lender signs the vehicle over to the borrower.
Answer IF you list it on the B/K. it goes away, you dont owe it anymore.