What is India?

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India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi).[16] It is bordered by Pakistan to the west;[17] China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean.
Home to the Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.[18] Four major religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated here, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread non-violent resistance.[19]
India is a republic consisting of 28 states and seven union territories with a parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates and the fourth largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1991 have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies in the world;[20] however, it still suffers from poverty,[21] illiteracy, disease, and malnutrition. A pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.


The name India (pronounced /ˈɪndiə/) is derived from Indus, which is derived from the Old Persian word Hindu, from Sanskrit सिन्धु Sindhu, the historic local appellation for the Indus River.[22] The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi (Ινδοί), the people of the Indus.[23] The Constitution of India and common usage in various Indian languages also recognise Bharat (pronounced [ˈbʱɑːrʌt̪] ( listen)) as an official name of equal status.[24] The name Bharat is derived from the name of the legendary king Bharata in Hindu Mythology. Hindustan ([hɪnd̪ʊˈstɑːn]( listen)), originally a Persian word for "Land of the Hindus" referring to northern India, is also occasionally used as a synonym for all of India.[25]

The Constitution of India, the longest and the most exhaustive constitution of any independent nation in the world, came into force on 26 January 1950.[42] The preamble of the constitution defines India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic.[43] India has a bicameral parliament operating under a Westminster-style parliamentary system. Its form of government was traditionally described as being 'quasi-federal' with a strong centre and weaker states,[44] but it has grown increasingly federal since the late 1990s as a result of political, economic and social changes.[45]
The President of India is the head of state[46] elected indirectly by an electoral college[47] for a five-year term.[48][49] The Prime Minister is the head of government and exercises most executive powers.[46] Appointed by the President,[50] the Prime Minister is by convention supported by the party or political alliance holding the majority of seats in the lower house of Parliament.[46] The executive branch consists of the President, Vice-President, and the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet being its executive committee) headed by the Prime Minister. Any minister holding a portfolio must be a member of either house of parliament. In the Indian parliamentary system, the executive is subordinate to the legislature, with the Prime Minister and his Council being directly responsible to the lower house of the Parliament.[51]
The Legislature of India is the bicameral Parliament, which consists of the upper house called the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the lower house called the Lok Sabha (House of People).[52] The Rajya Sabha, a permanent body, has 245 members serving staggered six year terms.[53] Most are elected indirectly by the state and territorial legislatures in proportion to the state's population.[53] 543 of the Lok Sabha's 545 members are directly elected by popular vote to represent individual constituencies for five year terms.[53] The other two members are nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian community if the President is of the opinion that the community is not adequately represented.[53]
India has a unitary three-tier judiciary, consisting of the Supreme Court, headed by the Chief Justice of India, 21 High Courts, and a large number of trial courts.[54] The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over cases involving fundamental rights and over disputes between states and the Centre, and appellate jurisdiction over the High Courts.[55] It is judicially independent,[54] and has the power to declare the law and to strike down Union or State laws which contravene the Constitution.[56] The role as the ultimate interpreter of the Constitution is one of the most important functions of the Supreme Court.[57]
India consists of 28 states and seven Union Territories.[58] All states, and the two union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments patterned on the Westminster model. The other five union territories are directly ruled by the Centre through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were formed on a linguistic basis.[59] Since then, this structure has remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts.[60] The districts in turn are further divided into tehsils and eventually into villages.
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What is India like?

Frankly... India had too much pollution. all this pollution is from lots of cars because of India's population. It has too much pollution. There is poverty. In some places roa

What is India famous for?

India is famous for the Taj Mahal, Khajuraho Temples, Agra Fort,Golden Temple, Indus Valley Civilization (in the border betweenIndia & Pakistan). "So far as I am able to judg

What is India known for?

India is known for many things, personalities, culture, religions, spritualism, yoga, monuments, forts, languages etc. India is mostly known for Mohandas Gandhi,who fought for

What is India national anthem?

Jana Gana Mana is the India national anthem and is written in Sanskritized Bengali. . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jana_Gana_Mana

What is India nickname?

Bharat, but its unnoficial.. (P.S I don't know about it I just heard it somewhere)

What is India near?

It is near the Indian Ocean, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh,and Nepal

What is India good at?

India is good at farming and at humanism at the place where all the countries are low in it.

What is India flag colour?

The Indian flag is a tricolour design, saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the centre is the Buddhist chakra symbol.
In India

What is India Nepal?

India and Nepal are adjacent countries. Said another way Nepal is acountry sandwiched between India and China.