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What is Irish history?
Most Irish people are Roman Catholic, but since the Reformation the growing number of Protestants have grew. In the 1100s the British took control of The Republic of Ireland.… Since the 1600s most Irish peopel had become farmers on Britains land. The Irish had problems with each others religon. Most of Britan is Protestant, and the Irish are mostly Roman Catholic. In the 1840s millions of people from Ireland moved to the U.S, because of potatoe famine and Irelands poor economy. I would write more but I don't have much time I have a science project due. So ill try to write some more tomorrow may 9, 2008. If you still mneed the help.
Irish people are neglected Scots that moved down to form there own country.
Irish comes from Ireleand. Ireleand a small country in europe near the UK. Irish Flag Colors Green white and Orange. Irish have big holiday aka St . Pattricks Day. Irish have …Many history.
Irish Soda Bread was originally made because it required few ingredients. This meant it did not cost much to make, and the poor were able to eat.
There were many events in Irish History which could be classified as 'main' or as primarily responsible for helping to shape the evolution of the island. Here are a few …which I personally believe played an immeasuable role. 1) In 1169 the Norman Army, at the request of Dermot MacMurrough, landed in County Wexford. This was a huge turning point from a native perspective and arguably marked the beginning of the end for a way of life that had continued for thousands of years. 2)The Statutes of Kilkenny(1367) were implemented to prevent the continued hibernicisation('Hibernis ipsis Hibernor'-more Irish than the Irish themselves) of the Anglo-Irish settlers. They were drawn up by the Earl of Ulster, Lionel of Antwerp, and were aimed solely at reintroducing sectarian tensions into Irish life. While they were complex, and often over-stretched in there meaning, they essentially tried to divide the society back into the pre-existing structures. The intermarriage of the native Irish and the native English was forbidden, the English fostering of Irish children was no longer tolerated, and the English adoption of Irish children and use of Irish names and dress was to be completely outlawed. This marked a huge turning point in Irish History. It was the first time that the English had intervened to directly segregate Irish life and it showed a clear separation developing between the native anglo-irish and those who viewed Ireland as an alien often inhospitable place. 3)The Tudor re-conquest of Ireland in the 16th Century, led by Henry viii and subsequently by Elizabeth the 1st, forever changed Irish life. It was designed to crush growing discontent following the failed Fitzgerald rebellion(Geraldines) and to re-inforce English rule. Following the continued Hibernicisation of the 'old' English, and the now ever-present Racial Protestant connoctations associated with the British Empire, it was agreed that strong and direct action would be needed. The system of occupation was based around the 'plantation' scheme, which meant the native people were dispossessed and a whole network of towns were established. They would only trade, marry, and work with other English Protestants. This resulted in the complete ostricisation of the native folk and the emergence of a cult of resistance that would gradually blossom in Irish life. While the system inevitably broke down, albeit gradually and never fully in the Northern part of the country, it did lead to a continued sense of divide in both peoples. The Platation of Ulster, the only one that really succeeded in its mission, led to a huge unintegrated population who were openly hostile and fearful of the hostile natives outside of their enclosed settlements. This led to the creation of a 'siege mentality' shaped by the unknown frontier and fed by a religious paranoia born out of the reformation. It is arguably still present in certain parts of Ulster today. 4) The Flight of the Earls(1607) marked the defeat of the native Irish rulers and the complete victory for the English forces. It carries an almost symbolic meaning to Irish Republicans, who view the departure as the 'end for Ulster', and has an equally 'holy' meaning for Unionists who view it as the moment that they had 'won' their own land. It was lead by Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, and Rory O'Neill, Earl of Tyrconnell(Donegal) and involved them travelling overland from France to Spain and even into Italy. Most of them died here in Exile. 5) Grattans Parliament was established on the 16th of April 1782, following years of negotiations between the Irish Protestant ascendancy and the British Government, in the hope of restoring some form of Autonomy to Ireland(only Protestant land-owners could be members) and re-establishing free trade between both countries. Grattan once exclaimed "I found Ireland on her knees... I watched over her with a paternal solicitude; I have traced her progress from injuries to arms, and from arms to liberty. Spirit of Swift, spirit of Molyneux, your genius has prevailed! Ireland is now a nation!". He was a liberator in the eyes of future Republicans(even though the Parliament was so exclusively Pro-English and Anti-Native Irish) and a villain to future Unionist supporters who can not reconcile the situation of the time with their own ideologies. He died in 1820 and his life is a good point of study for anyone interested in Ireland at this period 6) The Act of Union(1801) repealled Irelands parliament and restored direct control to Britain. 7) The Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829 8) The Great Famine(1845-51) was due to the failure of the Potato crop and the British Governments failure to grasp the enormity of the crisis that was unfolding. When it had finished a million people were dead(arguably more) and a million and half had been forced to emmigrate. 9)The Land Acts of the late 19th century(1872,81 etc), led by Gladstone and the British Liberal party, allowed the Irish peasants to gradually purchase their lands. 10)The Irish Republican Brotherhood(1840's-1916) played a huge role in the emerging nationalist movement. Their failed rebellion in 1867 and their attacks on the English mainland changed the nature of the Republican conflict. 11)The Irish Volunteers and the emergence of militant Republcanism in the early 20th Century. 12)The Ulster Volunteer Force(UVF) and the growth of 'Orangeism' in Northern Ireland. 13)The Great War in Ireland(1914-1918) marked the emergence of the IRA as a huge force in Irish life. The campaign against inclusion in the Military Service Act(1916) brought future IRA men, such as Peadar O'Donnell, into contact with both the IRA and with various trade union leaders. 14)The Easter Rising(1916) changed Irish life forever. It is arguably the most influential event in Irish History and its effects are still being felt today almost a hundred years later. It brought the 'cult of sacrifice' into Republicanism, brought the reality of Republican militarism to the attention of paranoid Unionists, and managed to bring a whole wave of Socialists in behind James Connolly and the IRA. The effects and complexities surrounding this are too intricate to explain in such a short time. For more information check out some of the countless books written about the IRA/UVF/PIRA/RIRA/IVF etc etc. 15)The First Dail(1919) was declared by the IRA following the mandate it received in the election of 1918. It was never formally dissolved and many Republicans still claim to follow its mandate. 16)The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 marked a cessation of hostilities between the two countries and formalised partition. It gave the South 'Free State' status, of Saor-Stat as it was known, which meant it remained a dominion within the Empire. It was unacceptable to Republicans who viewed it as 'treachery' and demanded a return to War. However, it was passed in the Dail by seven votes and it meant conflict seemed inevitable. 17)The Civil War(1922-23) was fought between Pro-Treaty Republicans and Anti-Treaty supporters. It was a bloody conflict which led to widespread death and destruction. 18)The Sinn Fein Split and the emergence of Fianna Fail(1926) as the leading force in Irish Republcanism. In order to fully understand this I would recommend looking at the life of Eamonn De Valera arguably the most astute politician in Irish 20th Century Politics. 19)The 1932 election and the rise of Fianna Fail 20)The Economic War(1933-38) between Britain and Ireland. 21)The Sean Lemass Years 22)Jack Lynch(1968-79) and the Arms trial. **I would also recommend looking at the life of Charles J. Haughey and the complex relationship he enjoyed with hard-line Republicanism and also with the many wealthy investors who surrounded him.
When St. Patrick came to Ireland, he is said to have driven all the snakes off of the island.
Beidh tú ins na leabhair staire
It depends on your view on things but personally I would have to say Michael Collins
During the potatoe famine in Ireland many left the country to America ( New York)
The flag, so I am told, is supposed to represent a new era of Irish indepedence and nationality. This is in opposition of the Catholic vs Protestant outlook that had been so p…revalent in Ireland. The green represents catholics the orange represesnts protestants and the white represents the new unity between the two groups. When decideing the design, it was thought best to pay homage to the French, and the ideals and values of the French revolution, so the tri-color was adopted
1916 Easter rising, 1922 new constitution & recognition as a free state. The famine (1845-~1850)
he was the minister for agriculture when Cumman na nGaedheal was in govt. from 1948-51, he set up the agrigultural credit corporation , a farmers bank
The plantations in irish history are not like that of the american south, and were not composed of wealthy landowner's with slaves. Rather, they were comprised of protestant s…cots whom the english had granted the rights to land that they had previously displace irish catholics from, mostly in the north, in an attempt to place Ireland more soundly under british control. This plantation system is a major cause of overcrowding, and subsequent famine that cause the mass migration of many Irish, it is also why several immigrants began calling themselves scotch-irish, to show that they were not Irish Catholics, but rather descendants of the scots that were part of the plantation system of the english
more commonly known in the uk as an irish hunter. its a cross between a thoroughbred and irish draught. It has been given recognition as a separate breed. It is commonly bred… from parents who are also Irish Sport Horses, in addition to being bred from the definitive parent breeds.
There have been two occasions referred to as Bloody Sunday in Irish History. One was in 1920 and the other in 1972. The first was in Dublin on the 21st of November 1920, duri…ng the Irish War of Independence. In total, 31 people were killed: fourteen British agents and police personnel, fourteen Irish civilians, and three Irish republican prisoners. That morning, an Irish Republican Army (IRA) operation, organised by Michael Collins, went to assassinate a team of undercover British intelligence agents. IRA members went to a number of addresses and shot dead fourteen people. In retaliation, that afternoon, members of the Auxiliary Division and RIC opened fire on the crowd at a Gaelic football match in Croke Park, killing fourteen civilians and wounding at least sixty. That evening, three IRA suspects being held in Dublin Castle were beaten and killed by their captors, who claimed they were trying to escape. The second Bloody Sunday happened on the 30th of January 1972 in Derry, Northern Ireland. British soldiers shot 26 unarmed civilians during a protest march against internment. Fourteen people died: thirteen were killed outright, and another man died four months later due to his injuries. Many of the victims were shot while fleeing from the soldiers and some were shot while trying to help the wounded. Others were injured by rubber bullets or batons, and two were run down by army vehicles. The march had been organised by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association and the Northern Resistance Movement. The soldiers involved were members of the 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment. They claimed that those they fired at were armed and had fired at them first, but in reality they were unarmed and the soldiers had just fired at them.