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What is Irish history?
From 1640 - 1650 Ireland had a population of 1.5 Million. 600,000 were killed (Genocide) and England (Cromwell) shipped 300,000 abroad as slaves. Irish Catholics were not boug…ht and sold like others - but were simply taken. African slaves cost more because of shipping & the fact that England paid the African Govts for their people. So, they started "breeding" the Irish & African slaves to make more money, hence the term "black Irish." See Shaquille O'Neal. By 1700 there were more Irish Catholic slaves in America than there were Colonist. And yes - the first American slave was Irish (Catholic) and they outnumbered the African ones. A monument to commemorate Cromwell's Irish victims exists in the Caribbean.
There were many events in Irish History which could be classified as 'main' or as primarily responsible for helping to shape the evolution of the island. Here are a few …which I personally believe played an immeasuable role. 1) In 1169 the Norman Army, at the request of Dermot MacMurrough, landed in County Wexford. This was a huge turning point from a native perspective and arguably marked the beginning of the end for a way of life that had continued for thousands of years. 2)The Statutes of Kilkenny(1367) were implemented to prevent the continued hibernicisation('Hibernis ipsis Hibernor'-more Irish than the Irish themselves) of the Anglo-Irish settlers. They were drawn up by the Earl of Ulster, Lionel of Antwerp, and were aimed solely at reintroducing sectarian tensions into Irish life. While they were complex, and often over-stretched in there meaning, they essentially tried to divide the society back into the pre-existing structures. The intermarriage of the native Irish and the native English was forbidden, the English fostering of Irish children was no longer tolerated, and the English adoption of Irish children and use of Irish names and dress was to be completely outlawed. This marked a huge turning point in Irish History. It was the first time that the English had intervened to directly segregate Irish life and it showed a clear separation developing between the native anglo-irish and those who viewed Ireland as an alien often inhospitable place. 3)The Tudor re-conquest of Ireland in the 16th Century, led by Henry viii and subsequently by Elizabeth the 1st, forever changed Irish life. It was designed to crush growing discontent following the failed Fitzgerald rebellion(Geraldines) and to re-inforce English rule. Following the continued Hibernicisation of the 'old' English, and the now ever-present Racial Protestant connoctations associated with the British Empire, it was agreed that strong and direct action would be needed. The system of occupation was based around the 'plantation' scheme, which meant the native people were dispossessed and a whole network of towns were established. They would only trade, marry, and work with other English Protestants. This resulted in the complete ostricisation of the native folk and the emergence of a cult of resistance that would gradually blossom in Irish life. While the system inevitably broke down, albeit gradually and never fully in the Northern part of the country, it did lead to a continued sense of divide in both peoples. The Platation of Ulster, the only one that really succeeded in its mission, led to a huge unintegrated population who were openly hostile and fearful of the hostile natives outside of their enclosed settlements. This led to the creation of a 'siege mentality' shaped by the unknown frontier and fed by a religious paranoia born out of the reformation. It is arguably still present in certain parts of Ulster today. 4) The Flight of the Earls(1607) marked the defeat of the native Irish rulers and the complete victory for the English forces. It carries an almost symbolic meaning to Irish Republicans, who view the departure as the 'end for Ulster', and has an equally 'holy' meaning for Unionists who view it as the moment that they had 'won' their own land. It was lead by Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, and Rory O'Neill, Earl of Tyrconnell(Donegal) and involved them travelling overland from France to Spain and even into Italy. Most of them died here in Exile. 5) Grattans Parliament was established on the 16th of April 1782, following years of negotiations between the Irish Protestant ascendancy and the British Government, in the hope of restoring some form of Autonomy to Ireland(only Protestant land-owners could be members) and re-establishing free trade between both countries. Grattan once exclaimed "I found Ireland on her knees... I watched over her with a paternal solicitude; I have traced her progress from injuries to arms, and from arms to liberty. Spirit of Swift, spirit of Molyneux, your genius has prevailed! Ireland is now a nation!". He was a liberator in the eyes of future Republicans(even though the Parliament was so exclusively Pro-English and Anti-Native Irish) and a villain to future Unionist supporters who can not reconcile the situation of the time with their own ideologies. He died in 1820 and his life is a good point of study for anyone interested in Ireland at this period 6) The Act of Union(1801) repealled Irelands parliament and restored direct control to Britain. 7) The Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829 8) The Great Famine(1845-51) was due to the failure of the Potato crop and the British Governments failure to grasp the enormity of the crisis that was unfolding. When it had finished a million people were dead(arguably more) and a million and half had been forced to emmigrate. 9)The Land Acts of the late 19th century(1872,81 etc), led by Gladstone and the British Liberal party, allowed the Irish peasants to gradually purchase their lands. 10)The Irish Republican Brotherhood(1840's-1916) played a huge role in the emerging nationalist movement. Their failed rebellion in 1867 and their attacks on the English mainland changed the nature of the Republican conflict. 11)The Irish Volunteers and the emergence of militant Republcanism in the early 20th Century. 12)The Ulster Volunteer Force(UVF) and the growth of 'Orangeism' in Northern Ireland. 13)The Great War in Ireland(1914-1918) marked the emergence of the IRA as a huge force in Irish life. The campaign against inclusion in the Military Service Act(1916) brought future IRA men, such as Peadar O'Donnell, into contact with both the IRA and with various trade union leaders. 14)The Easter Rising(1916) changed Irish life forever. It is arguably the most influential event in Irish History and its effects are still being felt today almost a hundred years later. It brought the 'cult of sacrifice' into Republicanism, brought the reality of Republican militarism to the attention of paranoid Unionists, and managed to bring a whole wave of Socialists in behind James Connolly and the IRA. The effects and complexities surrounding this are too intricate to explain in such a short time. For more information check out some of the countless books written about the IRA/UVF/PIRA/RIRA/IVF etc etc. 15)The First Dail(1919) was declared by the IRA following the mandate it received in the election of 1918. It was never formally dissolved and many Republicans still claim to follow its mandate. 16)The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 marked a cessation of hostilities between the two countries and formalised partition. It gave the South 'Free State' status, of Saor-Stat as it was known, which meant it remained a dominion within the Empire. It was unacceptable to Republicans who viewed it as 'treachery' and demanded a return to War. However, it was passed in the Dail by seven votes and it meant conflict seemed inevitable. 17)The Civil War(1922-23) was fought between Pro-Treaty Republicans and Anti-Treaty supporters. It was a bloody conflict which led to widespread death and destruction. 18)The Sinn Fein Split and the emergence of Fianna Fail(1926) as the leading force in Irish Republcanism. In order to fully understand this I would recommend looking at the life of Eamonn De Valera arguably the most astute politician in Irish 20th Century Politics. 19)The 1932 election and the rise of Fianna Fail 20)The Economic War(1933-38) between Britain and Ireland. 21)The Sean Lemass Years 22)Jack Lynch(1968-79) and the Arms trial. **I would also recommend looking at the life of Charles J. Haughey and the complex relationship he enjoyed with hard-line Republicanism and also with the many wealthy investors who surrounded him.
Because the Scots-Irish were mostly nomadic, they developed strong physical characteristics, and since most were poor, they posses a strong work ethic passed down through fami…lies.
History is the study of events which occurred before the present time. It includes who lived in past societies and how they lived. Much of history is about famous people and w…hat they have done. It is a very intricate and precise branch of study, and exists as written texts and images. Historians and archaeologists uncover the way things were, and analyze why events happened as they did. History is the study of past events in chronological order from ancient times to the present. Students of history learn about what happened long ago, often discovering the mistakes of the past to avoid their repetition in the future. History means: 1. the study of past events, particularly in human affairs. 2. the whole series of past events connected with someone or something. History is a written record of past events, and particularly that of past human events. History includes diverse spheres of human activity, but most especially the political and economic spheres.
Answer Try checking out these websites. The first URL is a very good one. www.irishabroad.com/culture/traditions/ www.irishweddingsonline.com www.irishcultureandcu…stoms.com Irish weddings have several key traditions that can be traced back through history. Usually, these traditions have to do with religious beliefs and some element of superstition. Here is a quick outline of some traditions of Irish weddings: * 'Marry in May and Rue The Day'. The Irish used this rhyme to show their superstition of May weddings. They believed it was luckier to marry in April instead, and they had another rhyme about April weddings, "Marry in April if you can, joy for maiden and for man. * Horseshoes for Luck: Irish brides would carry horseshoes on their wedding day: they are thought to bring good fortune to the bride and groom. The horseshoe should be carried turned up, according to Irish tradition. * Music: Irish music is always featured at a true Irish wedding. The joyous, lilting sounds of Irish music are an important part of any Irish celebration. There are many other Irish wedding traditions, which are fun to learn about, and easy to incorporate into your own wedding. This website has a section dedicated to Irish weddings: http://www.irishcelticjewels.com/irish_weddings.htm
Did Michael Collins have an impact on world history or did he just affect Irish and British history?
Michael Collins only really affected Irish and British history while he was alive, though if you think more about it, he did some things that indirectly had an effect on the w…orld stage. Through Collins' influence Ireland became the first small nation to challenge the British Empire. Surely this had some impact at the time in other parts of the Empire, which was massive at the time. yes but not as much as his fellow cork man Terence McSwiney who probably affected the world more then any other Irish person. He was arrested during the war of independence whilst being lord mayor of cork but refused to acknowledge the jusisdiction of the court. He went on hunger strike and died 74 days later. It was a massive worldwide news story. Strikes were held all over the world to protest. He was also an author and poet and his books and actions led to him being a massive influence on India's ghandi and vietnams Ho Chi Minh among others. an ANSWER people who have made a difference to our colllective human history ( for good and bad, big or small) have to varying degrees done so because of our animal instinct, natures programming. the need to exist...to sustain are essentially to the bone primeval...animal...not a veg or mineral. I don't know much about what animals think beyond that protect kill eat and move on... some do some don't to varying degress, i guess who .Hey...there's times when we're all guilty of being thoughtless now and again. So what's really changed..What happened to us.. when did we cease to adopt to r environment and make it adopt to us...we haven't changed we're flawed capable of greed so much that by now the guy who started it all had many elite money men...making it good from the greatest swindle in history.. so.change of environment or change in person....answer: BOTH?? my hunch is it's both afterall we coexist..one living animal...living in another..perhaps a question for another time. So, what made the difference and has been for the better? Ignorance is bliss, yes, no..depends on the individual. No we have sustained..bettered...advanced, made life alot easier to survive than back in the hunter gathers daysSo why did this happen, what sets our species form the resT?...WHY ARE WE WRITING HISTORY AND NOT THE ANIMALS...SOUNDS STUPID BUT THE TRUTH THEY DO..IN THEIR OWN TRIED AN TRUSTED WAY...COMMUNICATION..STORY TELLING..THE SPOKEN Word...indeed with very passsing millenia, century, year that passed in our history....the spoken word was on a beatin ticket!!!!It'a hard to believe now we used to travel with the very words ..msg..that needed passing on..........and now we're so clever we can convey msgs n communicate from the spot where u stand regardless of distance on or of the planet!!!!!!!!!!!1........................................most significant in all this was and to a lessor degree today because of our money problems mainly people got a work to pay for all stuff...and/or go into dbt ...actually 100% debt ...of course we are...there isn't enough money for us cos what little the money guys pay is just not as important looking after no. 1. a role did mans 'curiosity' play...the hunger learn...undestand..puzzle solve and the of on pure mankind ..human nature..and a sense of advancement..personality, strength of character.. passions, determination arguably, all very sound attributes .. and equally significantly.. because of fear...hatred...greed...weakness...anger... the very essence of human existence itself. belief in ones convictions the ability forsee a future promised a better life. In changing the present situation of all those around him, Michael Collins did not merely just effect Irish/british history..he changed it forever... and with that the lives and future lives of the Irish people...all over the world!!!...lets not overlook the impact of the famine and the exodus of those who had just 1 last thing to hold onto our inbreed animal insticts, the need to sustain our being yes but more importantly mans curiosity..animal instinct also? However, Collins done a lot more than that...in fact if you want to guage just one offshoot of the global effect of his lifes deeds..may i suggest...for example look no further than the spawning of the term 'terrorist'' now firmly planted in our collective conciousness. Yes, we cannot overlook the power of the written word..we only need to recall a certain printing press in 1500's that shook Europe to it's very bones...I don't know if i could decide upon who did a better service to the people of Ireland...politicains...revolutionaries...poets...musicains..perhaps in some cases..warrior poets... the rest they said....is history!!! what's in the past is past and whether we agree or not is an individual mans choice but when you look at the bigger it just keeps getin bigger..until it'll get so big it will explode....and wasn't that how we all got started out...haha.... ...they do say history has a habit of repeating itself!!! *apoligies about spelling and grammatical errors that mey hove accursed ....bit yiu get thi jist? He inspired many other reveloutinaries, namely Ché Guevara, and even today is studied by many Special Forces, Army's, and the U.S. Marine Corps.
Parnell and Davitt were members of the Irish Nationalist movement of the 19th century. Parnell and Davitt were leaders of the Land League movement which sought to redist…ribute land owned by the landed gentry to the ordinary farmers of the country. Parnell was also a Member of Parliament and campaigned for Irish Home Rule.
Answer Checking out any English-Irish dictionary would tell that the English pronoun "I/me" is said "mé" (may) or "mise" (mishe) in Irish. The second form is more emph…atic.
Irish soda bread was first exposed to Ireland in the mid 19th century, sometime around the 1840's.
Irish history timeline For a timeline of the history of Ireland that begins in 10,000 BC, please go to the rootsweb.com link to the right. 'Irish History Links' also pr…ovides a detailed timeline for this period. You can find a comprehensive Timeline of Irish history on Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Irish_history The BBC offers a Timeline of Key Events in Northern Irish history... http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/special_report/1998/northern_ireland/10657.stm Here's a concise Irish History Timeline from 10,000 BC/BCE to 1998 AD/CE... 10,000 BC Earliest settlers arrived in Ireland in the Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age period The first settlers crossed by land bridge from Scotland 600-150 B.C. - Celtic tribes settled on the island 100 BC Arrival of the Gaels 432 AD - Arrival of St. Patrick to help convert pagan Irish Gaelic Kings to Christianity 800 Ireland attacked by Viking Norsemen 920 Vikings established settlements at Limerick 940 Brian Boru was born who was the son of a leader of one of the royal free tribes of Munster Brian Boru defeated Vikings in 999 1167 Arrival of Normans at Baginbun in Co. Wexford which initiated the struggle between the English and the Irish Reign of Rory O'Connor who was the last native High King of Ireland (1166-1175) The Statutes of Kilkenny of 1388 forbade Irish/
If you were born in Ireland, have lived there most of your life, were educated there and so on, then you are Irish. If you did those things in another country, then you ar…e not Irish. If your parents or grandparents or other ancestors were Irish and you were born and grew up in another country, then it is your ancestors, not you, that are Irish. You may be entitled to an Irish passport through having Irish parents or grandparents. By all means celebrate your Irish ancestry and some Irish culture, but in reality unless you are actually from Ireland and spent most of your life there, then you are not really Irish.
"A Modest Proposal, published in 1729 in response to worsening conditions in Ireland, is perhaps the severest and most scathing of all Swift's pamphlets. The tract did not sho…ck or outrage contemporary readers as Swift must have intended; its economics was taken as a great joke, its more incisive critiques ignored. Although Swift's disgust with the state of the nation continued to increase, A Modest Proposal was the last of his essays about Ireland."
Why is it that although ancient Ireland has so much documented history that so few people including Irish people know about it?
Propaganga is the answer to that question my dear cousin. Because the government of Britain who run northern Ireland cover it up and only tell you what they want you to… know. Because working class stiffs don't read 17th century books on anything. Apart from that, teaching history seems to be dying out in Irish schools and that may not be a bad thing, given that much of it was propaganda anyway. Anybody who is interested in Irish history can read all they want online. There are masses of history sites. Hope the British government doesn't find out. :) Lads the British government is not going to stop people in 2006 from reading about Irish history Answer Irish people are not that uneducated!!!!!!! And also, the British government doesn't control Ireland anymore!!! It's not some kind of conspiracy! Honestly, where did you get that? Also"working class stiffs". A bit racist, there, sweetheart!!!! If anything, Irish history isn't known about because nobody cares because they have to do eleven other subjects. This is 2008!!! Seriously people!!! Irish history isn't very interesting anyway. It's all famine, scratchy wool, tuatha na Rí, emigration and Celtic traditions. Which are actually pretty cool. But Irish is a huge section in our history education. Most people drop it after the Junior Cert. though. "Propaganda"????? Nobody bears a grudge against Britain and all that Norhern Ireland stuff is way better, so be informed before you answer the question.
the original fianna were legendary warriors who fought to protect Ireland from various invaders, witches, demons etc. led by the great Fionn Mac Cumhail, and including the sag…a of Diarmuid and Grï¿½inne. they ended after the return from tir na nï¿½g (the land of youth), after many centuries, of Oisï¿½n, who falling from his horse instantly became a very old man and died. since then in the 19th and 20th centuries some groups used the name "Fianna" in an attempt to establish a sort of respectable cultural pedigree. most famous is Fianna Fail, irelands largest political party. the term fianna or fine just means warriors/soldiers or even more loosely, a tribe.
Answer In an english/Irish dictionary!. Available at read ireland.com