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What is a US Supreme Court justice?

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The US Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the United States for cases involving federal law and constitutional issues. It is also considered the head of the Judicial branch of government.

The function of a "Justice" is similar to that of a judge, but the term justice is used on most high courts, as a sign of respect. The US Supreme Court comprises nine justices that sit en banc (as a single group) to determine whether decisions in cases they've granted certiorari (agreed to review) are in keeping with federal and constitutional law. Sometimes, the law itself is being judged for constitutionality, under the Supreme Court's authority of "judicial review." Other times, the application of law is in question. The Supreme Court Justices are responsible for interpreting the Constitution and applying their interpretation to cases that set legal precedent for the lower courts to follow.

Supreme Court justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate (per the "Advice and Consent Clause" of the Constitution, Article II, Section 2, Paragraph 2) for lifetime commissions.

Justices may choose to leave the court through resignation or retirement, may serve in office until death, or may be impeached by the House and tried in the Senate for "high crimes and misdemeanors" (serious legal and ethical violations). The only justice to be impeached was Samuel Chase, in 1804. He was acquitted of charges by the Senate and served seven more years on the bench, until his death in 1811.
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How are US Supreme Court justices nominated?

The President of the United States (Executive branch)  nominates members to the Judiciary branch of government, including  District Court judges, US Court of Appeals Circuit

Who were the US Supreme Court justices in 1947?

Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson (1946-1953) Associate Justices Hugo Black (1937-1947) Stanley Forman Reed (1938-1957) Felix Frankfurter (1939-1962) William O. Douglas (1

Who were the justices on the US Supreme Court in 1869?

There were only eight justices on the bench in 1869: Chief Justice Salmon P Chase Associate Justices Samuel Nelson Robert Cooper Grier Nathan Clifford Noah Haynes Sw

Who are the Associate Justices of the US Supreme Court?

The eight Associate Justices of the US Supreme Court, in order of seniority, are: Antonin Scalia Anthony Kennedy Clarence Thomas Ruth Bader Ginsburg Stephen Breyer

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Who nominates US Supreme Court justices?

The President of the United States (Executive branch) nominates US Supreme Court justices and other federal judges. The Senate must approve the nomination by a simple majori

Where do the US Supreme Court Justices work?

The US Supreme Court has had many homes over the years, but as of 1935, its permanent location is in the Supreme Court building, on One First Street Northeast, Washington, DC.

Who appoints justices to the US Supreme Court?

Under Article II of the Constitution, the President appoints  Supreme Court justices with the "advice and consent" (approval) of  the Senate.    Simply put, the Presi

Why are there nine justices on the US Supreme Court?

One possible reason (amongst many presumably) are that any vote taken by the justices can never result in a tie - a decision will always be made one way or the other. In 18

What do US Supreme Court Justices do?

The Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court interpret the law. When we say "the Court" (meaning the U.S. Supreme Court), we mean the Justices of the Supreme Court. The Court (the J

Why are there justices on the US Supreme Court?

"Justice" is just a high-falutin' term for "judge." In the early days of the Court, there was a desire to establish the significance of the federal judiciary. And let's face i

Can a US Supreme Court Justice be terminated?

US Supreme Court justices can only be involuntarily (and prematurely) terminated if they commit an act the US House of Representatives considers an impeachable offense. The st

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How many justices are on the US Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) has nine justices:one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. The Judiciary Act of 1789 provided for a 6-member Court, wit