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What is a US Supreme Court justice?

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The US Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the United States for cases involving federal law and constitutional issues. It is also considered the head of the Judicial branch of government.

The function of a "Justice" is similar to that of a judge, but the term justice is used on most high courts, as a sign of respect. The US Supreme Court comprises nine justices that sit en banc (as a single group) to determine whether decisions in cases they've granted certiorari (agreed to review) are in keeping with federal and constitutional law. Sometimes, the law itself is being judged for constitutionality, under the Supreme Court's authority of "judicial review." Other times, the application of law is in question. The Supreme Court Justices are responsible for interpreting the Constitution and applying their interpretation to cases that set legal precedent for the lower courts to follow.

Supreme Court justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate (per the "Advice and Consent Clause" of the Constitution, Article II, Section 2, Paragraph 2) for lifetime commissions.

Justices may choose to leave the court through resignation or retirement, may serve in office until death, or may be impeached by the House and tried in the Senate for "high crimes and misdemeanors" (serious legal and ethical violations). The only justice to be impeached was Samuel Chase, in 1804. He was acquitted of charges by the Senate and served seven more years on the bench, until his death in 1811.
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Who nominates US Supreme Court justices?

The President of the United States (Executive branch) nominates US Supreme Court justices and other federal judges. The Senate must approve the nomination by a simple majori

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How many justices are on the US Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) has nine justices:one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. The Judiciary Act of 1789 provided for a 6-member Court, wit

Where do the US Supreme Court Justices work?

The US Supreme Court has had many homes over the years, but as of 1935, its permanent location is in the Supreme Court building, on One First Street Northeast, Washington, DC.

What do US Supreme Court Justices do?

The Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court interpret the law. When we say "the Court" (meaning the U.S. Supreme Court), we mean the Justices of the Supreme Court. The Court (the J

What powers do the US Supreme Court Justices have?

The US Supreme Court justices have ultimate authority over constitutional interpretation, allowing them to declare challenged federal laws unconstitutional under judicial revi

Who were the justices on the US Supreme Court in 1869?

There were only eight justices on the bench in 1869: Chief Justice Salmon P Chase Associate Justices Samuel Nelson Robert Cooper Grier Nathan Clifford Noah Haynes Sw

How are US Supreme Court justices nominated?

The President of the United States (Executive branch)  nominates members to the Judiciary branch of government, including  District Court judges, US Court of Appeals Circuit

Which justices were on the US Supreme Court in 1812?

The US Supreme Court comprised seven justices in 1812: Chief Justice John Marshall (1801-1835) Associate Justices Bushrod Washington (1798-1829) William Johnson (1804-18

Which US Supreme Court justices are not married?

Justice Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan are the only unmarried justices on the current Court (as of September 23, 2010). Justice David Souter, whom Sotomayor succeeded on the

Why are there justices on the US Supreme Court?

"Justice" is just a high-falutin' term for "judge." In the early days of the Court, there was a desire to establish the significance of the federal judiciary. And let's face i

How are US Supreme Court justices compensated?

In 2011, the salary for the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is $223,500 per year; the salary for the Associate Justices is $213,900 per year. They receive the same medical

Who can become a US Supreme Court justice?

There are no constitutional requirements for appointment to the US Supreme Court; therefore, anyone the President nominates and the Senate approves may become a justice. The P

Who were the US Supreme Court justices in 1947?

Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson (1946-1953) Associate Justices Hugo Black (1937-1947) Stanley Forman Reed (1938-1957) Felix Frankfurter (1939-1962) William O. Douglas (1