What is a sentence fragment?
A sentence fragment is a group of words that is only part of a sentence and does not express a complete thought. Usually sentence fragments are pieces of sentences that have become disconnected from the main clauses.
In addition, a sentence without a subject or without a verb is a fragment of a complete sentence.
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In addition, a sentence without a subject or without a verb is a fragment of a complete sentence.
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Since fragmented means ....describes something that is Broken into pieces ......the glass mirror was badly fragmented, so they couldn't fix it
A SENTENCE FRAGMENT fails to be a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by itself. It does not contain even one independent clause. An independent clause is a sentence th…at can stand by itself in its own sentence. (MORE)
Almost always sentence fragments are caused by the writer using a period in a sentence where all that was really needed was a comma. Example fragment: He always felt at home …in the city. Having spent so much of his childhood there. ("Having spent so much of his childhood there." is the "fragment," because it has been "broken off of" the sentence it belongs to.) The sentence should have been, "He always felt at home in the city, having spent so much of his childhood there." (MORE)
Two of the most common problems in writing are sentence fragments and run-on sentences. These are both structural errors that greatly inhibit the flow of ideas within a paragr…aph, so it is important to know how to avoid them.Fragments are issues that happen when an incomplete sentence is punctuated as if it were complete. Very often, these fragments can be fixed by linking them to a main clause (complete sentence) or by adding words to make the sentence complete. Before you can repair these fragments, you have to know what to look for.1) The sentence must have a main subject.Example: John is the valedictorian of his class. Worked hard every year of school.The second sentence is the fragment because it lacks a subject. Despite "John" being established as the subject in the previous sentence, his name or a pronoun must still be included in the second to make the sentence complete.Example: John is the valedictorian of his class. He worked hard every year of school.2) The sentence must have a predicate (a word or phrase that contains the main verb)Example: John achieving the highest scores on all his exams."Achieving" is a verb, but in this case, the sentence is missing the auxiliary verb that is required to complete the predicate and clarify the meaning.Example: John was achieving the highest scores on all his exams.3) The sentence lacks a complete predicate.Example: The determined John.The word "determined" is classified as a verbal, or a word that looks like a verb but functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb; it is an adjective in this sentence. Therefore, the fragment must be attached to a predicate to finish the thought.Example: The determined John spent many hours studying on nights and weekends.4) The sentence is a subordinate clause (a group of words that lack a main subject and predicate) and is the most common fragment mistake.Example: When John applied to Harvard.As it reads, the clause is missing valuable information to address what happened when John applied to Harvard. To repair this problem, you will need to include a comma after the subordinate clause, and then a pronoun (main subject) and predicate.Example: When John applied to Harvard, he (pronoun) knew (predicate) he had a chance of being accepted.A run-on sentence occurs when two main clauses (complete sentences) are joined together as if they were one sentence. There are two different types:1) Using a comma to separate the two main clauses. This is also called a comma splice.Example: There are so many books that I would love to read, I just don't have the time.2) Using no punctuation and just linking the sentences together.Example: There are so many books that I would love to read I just don't have the time.There are four ways to appropriately correct a run-on sentence.1) Add end punctuation after the first main clause.Example: There are so many books that I would love to read. I just don't have the time.2) Separate the clauses with a semi-colon.Example: There are so many books that I would love to read; I just don't have the time.A semi-colon acts as a period between two complete sentences that are related in topic.3) Separate the clauses with both a comma and a coordinating conjunction.Example: There are so many books that I would love to read, but I just don't have the time.The coordinating conjunctions are listed as: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet.4) Add a semi-colon and a conjunctive adverb between the two main clauses.Example: There are so many books that I would love to read; however, I just don't have the time.You may have noticed that published authors sometimes use sentence fragments in their writing to add emphasis to a thought, produce a special effect, or emulate realistic dialogue. When they do so, published authors use fragments purposely and sparingly. If you are writing a formal or academic piece, you should avoid fragments entirely.Because sentence fragments make writing sound choppy and run-ons make writing lengthy and confusing, it is important to find these two common errors when you go back through your piece to edit. (MORE)
Many small discs in your back cushion the bones that form your spine to help stabilize your spine and allow your back to move, bend and rotate. However, a herniated or rupture…d disc can cause a fragment of a disc to become displaced and to press on the spinal nerves, which often produces severe pain and swelling in your back. If you are suffering from a herniated fragmented disc, it helps to understand the medical treatments that provide treatment for a herniated disc.You can help treat a herniated disc by resting and immobilizing your back. The rest and immobilization help alleviate the pain and restore the functioning of your spine. You should avoid placing your back into painful positions, refrain from lifting heavy objects, and lie down on a soft surface on a consistent basis. Additionally, you can further reduce the pain by either icing or heating your back. After about two months of rest and immobilization, the herniated disc fragment should be repaired.There are many medications available to relieve the pain and diminish the swelling that often accompanies a herniated disc. Over-the-counter pain medications that help reduce the symptoms of a herniated disc include Advil, Motrin, Aleve and Tylenol. Your doctor can also prescribe you more powerful narcotic medications, depending on the severity of your symptoms. Narcotic medications that treat a fragmented disc include Vicodin, Percocet and Lortab. You can also treat the injury with nerve pain medications such as Neurontin or Lyrica, as well as with muscle relaxers such as Valium and Flexeril. Additionally, you can have a cortisone injection, which allows your doctor to inject corticosteroids directly into the area of the spinal nerves.There are many professional therapists who can help provide effective treatment for your herniated disc. During physical therapy sessions, your therapist can teach you the correct positions, movements and techniques that you should use to reduce the pain and improve the functionality of your back. Your therapist can also show you beneficial stretches and exercises that increase your core strength and enhance the stability in your back. These exercises quicken the rehabilitation process and prevent future injuries from recurring. Your therapist might also use techniques such as traction and electrical stimulation.If you are experiencing a severe herniated disc with extreme symptoms or if your injury keeps recurring, you can opt to have surgery to provide treatment. Several different types of surgery help reduce or eliminate the symptoms of the condition. For most procedures, your doctor cuts an incision in your back, removes the protruding portion of the fragmented disc and reconnects the vertebrae with metal hardware. In extreme situations, your surgeon can implant a new artificial disc. Although a herniated disc is a painful injury that can impair your ability to utilize your back and body effectively, there are many medical treatments available to help reduce the symptoms and accelerate the recovery process. When selecting among the treatments for a herniated disc, choose a treatment that is most appropriate for your body and for your particular injury.Although the medical community still debates the efficacy of alternative treatments for herniated discs, they may help you relieve some of the pain you experience. Herbal remedies are among the more popular choices for treating internal ailments. Slippery elm may reduce inflammation, and St. John's wort may relieve neurological complications. (MORE)
Continuing on from ["Identifying Different Sentence Structures: Simple and Compound Sentences,"](http://english.answers.com/sentence-structure/how-to-write-a-simple-sentence-c…ompound-sentence-complex-sentence-or-compound-complex-sentence) the next two types of sentence structures are complex and compound-complex. These two forms are more complicated to create, but if you can remember what independent and dependent clauses are, then you will have a much easier experience.To review, independent clauses are often called main clauses and express a complete thought, meaning they can stand alone as sentences. These sentences have a main subject and main verb or verb phrase (predicate). An example is "The dog chews the shoe." Here, "the dog" (subject) is performing the action "chews" (verb). Dependent clauses, or subordinate clauses, do not have a main subject or verb and cannot stand alone as a sentence; for instance, "While I was at the party this past weekend." If you wrote this in your essay, could you classify it as a complete thought? Your readers would be left with this question: what happened while you were at the party this past weekend? Because the clause is vague, it cannot stand alone. To fix a mistake such as this one, you would need to attach an independent clause that would explain who is doing what at the party. It would look something like this: "While I was at the party this past weekend, Tammy and John had an argument and ruined everyone's mood." Now the sentence has the appropriate information to describe who was at the party and what happened.It is important to recognize independent and dependent clauses because complex and compound-complex sentences contain both types, but in different numbers.Complex sentences have one independent (main) clause and one or more dependent (subordinate) clauses. When the dependent clause comes before the independent clause, divide them with a comma; otherwise, no punctuation is necessary. Here are a few examples:If you work hard in school, you will be able to attend a reputable college.Finding the independent clause first might be the easiest approach. The main subject and verb of this sentence are "you will be able to attend," so all the words after the comma make up the main clause. The phrase before the comma, "If you work hard in school," cannot stand alone, so it is the subordinate clause.If you work hard in school, you will be able to attend a reputable college that values each student's learning potential.This sentence is still complex since "that values each student's learning potential" is another subordinate clause.Because the restaurant is a private franchise that won't be opening more locations, it draws many customers who are willing to wait a few hours to be seated.Scan this sentence for the main subject and verb. Hopefully you were able to isolate "it draws many customers" as the independent clause. Different from the previous two examples, this sentence contains three dependent clauses: "Because the restaurant is a private franchise," "that won't be opening more locations," and "who are willing to wait a few hours to be seated."Compound-complex sentences have two or more independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. This structure will use a comma and a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to separate the independent clauses.Many students who join clubs and sports teams have trouble managing their time, and they often fall behind in their academics.This example is a bit tricky since the first subject/verb pairing is interrupted by the subordinate clause. "Many students...have trouble managing their time" is the first independent clause that is broken up by the dependent clause "who join clubs and sports teams." After the comma, "they often fall behind in their academics" is the second independent clause.Though Eric typically enjoys horror movies, he rented a science fiction film and he enjoyed it very much.Again, the first part of the sentence, "Though Eric typically enjoys horror movies," is the dependent clause and "he rented a science fiction film" and "he enjoyed it very much" are independent clauses.When you experiment with different sentence structures in your writing, remember to check for appropriate punctuation so you don't end up with either run-ons or fragments that will hinder the quality of your piece. Until you get the hang of these structures, compare your own sentences to the examples provided to determine where you will need to add the punctuation.Most writers provide a variety of compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences throughout their works, relying on the occasional simple sentence to provide a thought-provoking punch. They, too, learned these structures over time, so keep practicing and you will be writing sentences like the pros. (MORE)
Writing the perfect sentence is essential to all professions: businesses need periodic reports, scientists need documentation, and politicians need research to write specific …laws. However, writing a perfect sentence is easier than it looks. A perfect sentence can capture attention, convince readers to change their minds, and even help people make important decisions. When a sentence is poorly or even vaguely written, it can distract people, dissuade them from listening to reasoning about a contentious issue, or even annoy them so that they stop reading altogether. Here is a list of dos and don'ts that can help you build the perfect sentence that can turn that report or document into a sure winner.Are you writing a formal research report, or a feature article for teens? Keep your target audience in mind as you write your sentence, and as you write every sentence that comes after. This will keep your tone consistent.A complete sentence will have at least one subject and at least one verb. It might have a direct object as well. However, some writers like to write fragmented sentences, which contain only a subject or a verb. While these might add drama to works of fiction, fragmented sentences can be distracting in formal documents.The rules of tenses sound simple enough, but they are easily forgotten when writing begins. If an event has already taken place, use past tense. If the event has yet to take place, use future tense. If the event is happening as you speak, use present tense. When putting sentences together, avoid jumping tenses: keep your tenses consistent within and across sentences, or you could end up writing a distracting document.The rules of subject-verb agreement are also simple, but they are not always followed when the stress of writing takes over. Singular nouns call for singular verbs, so the sentence "John writes reports for CNN" is correct. The sentence "John write reports for CNN" is wrong. Plural nouns call for plural verbs, so the sentence "Writers need editors" is correct. The sentence "Writers needs editors" is wrong.Some formal scientific reports will require writing in passive voice, but overall, you need to avoid it in order to write an engaging report. In the passive voice, events happen to things: the glass was placed on the counter by the mother; the tree was planted by the boy; the network was hacked by a girl. In the active voice, the thing brings about the event: the mother placed the glass on the counter; the boy planted the tree; the girl hacked the network.A sentence contains a subject and verb; it also contains a single idea. For instance, "Anne went to the store to pick up some bread" is correct. On the other hand, the sentence "Anne went to the store to pick up some bread, which she would use to complement her Italian dinner, which she had just cooked" is not. While convoluted sentences might add tension to a work of fiction, they can make formal documents confusing.Homonyms are words that sound alike, but don't mean the same thing. For example, "there," "their", and "they're" all sound alike, and they are mistakenly used interchangeably. Also commonly mixed up are "its" and "it's"; as well as "your" and "you're". Do your research before using any word, and then check if the sentence makes sense.You need, at most, 20 words to make your sentence work. Read your sentence out loud without pausing. If you're out of breath by the time you reach your period, then you should cut that sentence into several parts.These are only a few tips that you can follow as you construct your perfect sentence. Building the perfect sentence requires a good deal of research and practice, so don't give up. The best sentences often don't simply pop out of the imagination. They are the products of tireless editing and good knowledge of the rules of grammar and punctuation. With patience and research, you can build perfect sentences that will form the foundation of your best written work.Still in doubt? Don't fret: in writing, you might start alone; but in editing, two heads are always better than one. Have a colleague read the document that you wrote. Ask for critique and tips on how you can write better. In particular, ask if there are sentences that should be clarified; or if there are ideas that sound vague. Editing is a long, painstaking process, so be patient. When you are done writing, clear your head and step away from your work. You need to be refreshed when you look at your work again. You need to see your work with a new pair of eyes before you can hope to edit it correctly. (MORE)
In the English language, especially in relation to writing in all its forms, there are different type of sentence structures. These different sentences types are simple, compo…und, and complex. It is important to differentiate between these different types and understand how to formulate these sentences properly. Whether you are interested in writing or would like to understand the grammatical concepts of sentence structure, here are answers to commonly asked questions regarding the complex sentence.A complex sentence has a special way in which it is created. An independent clause in a complex sentence is joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence must also always have a conjunction such as since, after, although, when, or because. A relative pronoun, such as that, which, or who, can replace a conjunction in a sentence. When a complex sentence starts with a conjunction, it is important to remember that a comma must be placed at the end of the dependent clause. A comma should not be placed before a conjunction if it appears in the middle of the sentence.Here is an example of a complex sentence and what each part of the sentence means: " When she handed in her test, she forgot to give the teacher the first page." The subject of the sentence is "she," the verbs are "handed" and "forgot," and the conjunction is the word "when." Notice that the sentence has a comma after the word test, which ends the dependent clause because the complex sentence started with the conjunction "when."To understand a complex sentence fully, it is important to understand what the opposite of this sentence is: The simple sentence. A simple sentence is also known as an independent clause. An independent clause must have a subject and a verb and complete a full thought. An example of a simple sentence is, "Jules sings songs every day." This is a simple sentence because it has a subject, "Jules," a verb "sings," and it makes a complete statement.In understanding complex sentences, it is also important to understand the compound sentence, too. A compound sentence has two independent clauses that are joined together by a conjunct. A conjunct, or otherwise known as coordinator, are the words for, and, nor, but, or, so, or yet. These coordinators must always have a comma placed before it. An example of a compound sentence is, "I play the piano, and he played the guitar." This is a compound sentence because it combined two independent clauses by used the conjunct "and."Although complex appears in its name, complex sentences are actually relatively simple to understand. It is important to learn simple and compound sentences, and how each is formed when learning the complex sentence structure so that you have something in which to compare the sentence. Sentence structure and formation may seem like a basic tool to learn, but it will help with communication and all forms of writing.A sentence that contains an adjective clause also serves as a complex sentence. (MORE)
Good writing is based on good paragraph and sentence structure. If a document is not well-crafted, it will lack coherence. The main ideas will not flow in an organized or effe…ctive manner. The reader of a poorly constructed document is left confused and unsure of what point the writer is trying to make. The basis of a coherent document is its thesis statement, and each paragraph acts to support that statement. In turn, the paragraphs need focus and organization, and that is provided by the topic sentence.In a paragraph, the topic sentence is a statement that describes the idea that will be expanded upon throughout that paragraph. Overall, your essay requires a thesis statement that expresses your main idea; nearly every paragraph requires a topic sentence. In other words, the topic sentence serves as a thesis statement for a single paragraph.In general, a topic sentence appears at the beginning of the paragraph. The following sentences are written in a way that supports the idea expressed in the topic sentence. That is not always the case; the topic sentence can conceivably be anywhere in the paragraph. The paragraph should be organized so that the main idea stands out clearly.The topic sentence is a statement of the defining idea of the individual paragraph. The paragraph is organized and guided by that idea. The sentences in the body of the paragraph are all related to the topic sentence; anything unrelated belongs in a different paragraph. Each topic sentence relates back to the original thesis of the entire document or essay. As a whole, the paragraphs and topic sentences should all work together as a common thread that ties the entire work together.When preparing your written work, an outline is helpful in providing structure. Each outline point should act as a guide for how you write the topic sentence and organize the sentences that follow. Certain words can help in smoothly transitioning from one paragraph to the next. Some examples of transition words are first, next, lastly, consequently, and therefore.In general, a paragraph always requires a topic sentence. As with most aspects of the English language, there are exceptions to the rule. If the paragraph is a continuation of a description of a chronological series of events that began in the previous paragraph, it is permissible to simply transition from one to the next without repeating the topic sentence or composing a new one. Sometimes it will take more than one paragraph to adequately explain a given idea. In that case, a fresh topic sentence is not necessary.To communicate your main idea or thesis, you need clear topic sentences to direct the logic of the paragraphs making up the overall essay. The topic sentence guides the reader through the paragraph. It provides focus for the individual paragraph, which in turn provides support for the main idea of the document. An effectively written document acts as a system with all the components working together to express an idea. The topic sentence is a vital part of the system.When creating a topic sentence, it can help to keep in mind that one paragraph should cover one idea. To accomplish this, eliminate all extraneous or irrelevant ideas within each paragraph. The topic sentence expresses that single idea and provides the focus for the supporting sentences. (MORE)
They are not "fragment sentences" but sentence fragments (fragments of sentences). Fragments are word groups that do not complete a thought. An example of a fragmented senten…ce would be: "Went to the beach with her friends." (there is no subject) But usually sentence fragments are disguised by length or by included clauses: "The largest single diamond ever discovered, found in the 18th century and brought back to England." (The word found is part of a clause, not the predicate. That sentence could be repaired by dropping the comma and adding was. "Because we were in a hurry." (Starts out well, but it is just a clause) People use fragments all the time in conversation. But by themselves, in written form, they can be confusing. "Why did the chicken cross the road?""To get to the other side." (the understood part is "It crossed the road...") Fragment sentences often appear in lists, as in a resume. For example, a person may list some of his/her job experiences with fragment sentences such as: Worked as a sales associate in a convenience store for seven years.Provided excellent customer service.Assisted management with product orders and inventory. These sentences have no subject and are, therefore, incomplete. It is assumed that the subject is "I" since it is understood that the resume is about this particular person. The use of fragment sentences in cases such as this, is usually acceptable in a resume or similar document, but not recommended for use in formal or business correspondence. (MORE)
A sentence that isn't a complete sent. Example: I have. *or* I Like. They both have subjects and verbs but no predicates.
Today I woke up half a century old. I am not ready. Too much yet to do. Too much everyday living. Too much left unsaid, unimagined. "Late afternoon. The sky hunkers down, pre…sses, like a lover, against the land. Small sounds. A far sheep, faint barking. Time to drive on, toward Strathpeffer, friends, a phone call from my father. (Judith Kitchen, "Culloden," Only the Dance. Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1994) "Since the term 'sentence fragment' carries with it a pejorative association, let me use the term 'minor sentence.' A minor sentence is any punctuated sentence which does not contain at least one independent clause." (James Alatis, Language, Communication, and Social Meaning. Georgetown Univ. Press, 1992) "Departures from 22 North American gateways. Connections to over 170 European destinations. Making the world seem ever smaller." (ad for Lufthansa) "The sentence fragments used for their stylistic effect are not the kind that teachers mark with a marginal 'frag'; those are usually the result of punctuation errors, often a subordinate clause punctuated as a full sentence. But experienced writers know how to use fragments deliberately and effectively--noun phrases or verb phrases that add a detail without a full sentence and invariably call attention to themselves." (Martha Kolln, Rhetorical Grammar. Allyn and Bacon, 1999) (MORE)