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What is recursion explain with example?
Recursion is when a function (procedure) calls itself.
int Fib (int n)
if ((n==1)(n==0))return 1;
else return Fib(n-1) + Fib(n-2);
int Fib (int n)
if ((n==1)(n==0))return 1;
else return Fib(n-1) + Fib(n-2);
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This is not a question, this is your homework. For a start, read this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eight_queens_puzzle
define BCNF. Explain with appropriate example
recursive definition of a function is defined in which the function is defined in terms of itself.here the fuction calls itself repetitively.
there is no a prior limit on the depth of nested recursive calls (that a recursive function may call itself any no. of times), we may need to save an arbitrary number of regis…ter values(return values of the recursive functions, that may be used latter to find the actual solution). These values must be restored in the reverse of the order in which they were saved, since in a nest of recursions the last subproblem to be entered is the first to be finished. This dictates the use of a stack, or ``last in, first out'' data structure, to save register values. We can extend the register-machine language to include a stack by adding two kinds of instructions: Values are placed on the stack using a save instruction and restored from the stack using a restore instruction. After a sequence of values has been saved on the stack, a sequence of restores will retrieve these values in reverse order. Vishal Srivastava MCA, LU source : http://mitpress.mit.edu/sicp/full-text/sicp/book/node110.html
Encapsulation is also known as information hiding, it is to protect data from the client using the classes but still allowing the client to access the data, but not modi…fy it. Through a public interface, the private data can be used by the client class without the worry of the user messing with the private data. An example of encapsulation is declaring an instance variable private, and having an accessor method that allow access to the variable.
Assuming you mean "recursion", recursion is a function calling itself. A good example of when you would use recursion is for a directory walker. You would call the function, p…assing it a directory path. The function would call itself for all the directories in the directory you passed in. It would then do whatever processing it needed to on all the files in the directory.
hi frns,consideration in communication means preparing the message keeping receiver in mind and understanding the consequences of your speech.
The phenomenon where the object outlives the program execution time & exists between execution of a program is known as persistance
adjectives describe things (nouns). A large dog. The adjective is large it describes the dog (noun). A big black dog. The adjectives are big and black they describe the do…g (noun). She is hungry. The adjective is hungry it describes she (pronoun). Your dog is bigger than my dog. This is a comparative adjective it compares two things (your dog and my dog). My dog is the biggest. This is a superlative adjective it tells us that something has some feature to a greater degree than anything it is being compared to.
Recursion is the technique of a function calling itself, rather than iterating through the use of loops. The classic example of a recursive function is the computation of N Fa…ctorial... int nfact (int n) if (n 2) return n else return n * nfact (n - 1); If you call this with n 5, for instance, it will call itself an additional 3 times, so you will have 4 stack frames where the local value of n is 5, 4, 3, and 2. When you get to the last call, you unwind the stack frames, and the multiplication of 2, 3, 4, and 5 takes place. This example is for illustration only. It fails miserably with even small values of n (13, using 32-bit arithmetic) due to integer overflow, because N Factorial get large quickly.
In computer programming, a function can call another function. If a function calls itself, it is said to be recursive. Doing this correctly can it quite simple to solve certai…n problems, that otherwise look very complicated. In math, a function is defined as recursive when it is defined in terms of itself. For example, the factorial of a number is the product of all numbers up to this number. Thus, the factorial of 4, written 4!, is equal to 1 x 2 x 3 x 4. A common definition for this function is as follows: 0! = 1, for all numbers "n" greater than zero, n! = n x (n-1)! For example, the factorial of 4 (which is 4 x 3 x 2 x 1) is equal to 4 times the factorial of 3 (which is 3 x 2 x 1).
List of Figures Of Speech Personification Personification is all about adding a human trait to an inanimate object or an abstraction. For example: The picture in that magazin…e shouted for attention. Simile A simile is a figure of speech that compares two unrelated things or ideas using "like" or "as" to accentuate a certain feature of an object by comparing it to a dissimilar object that is a typical example of that particular trait. For example: as big as a bus, as clear as a bell, as dry as a bone, etc. Analogy An analogy is a figure of speech that equates two things to explain something unfamiliar by highlighting its similarities to something that is familiar. This figure of speech is commonly used in spoken and written English. For example: Questions and answers, crying and laughing, etc. Metaphor A metaphor compares two different or unrelated things to reveal certain new qualities in the subject, which you might have ignored or overlooked otherwise. For example: The streets of Chennai are a furnace. Alliteration Alliteration is the duplication of a specific consonant sound at the start of each word and in quick succession. Although alliterations are all about consonant sounds, exceptions can be made, when vowels sounds are also repeated. This figure of speech is commonly seen in poems. For example: "Guinness is good for you" - Tagline for Guinness Hyperbole A far-fetched, over exaggerated description or sentence is called as hyperbole and is commonly used in jokes and making backhanded compliments. For example: When she smiles, her cheeks fall off. Onomatopoeia This figure of speech is partly pleasure and partly business. It is used to replicate sounds created by objects, actions, animals and people. For example: Cock-a-doodle-do, quack, moo, etc. Imagery Imagery is a figure of speech, which employs words to create mental images in the mind of the reader. It is a powerful tool and mostly used by poets, lyricists and authors. For example: "Cloudless everyday you fall upon my waking eyes inviting and inciting me to rise, And through the window in the wall, Come streaming in on sunlight wings, A million bright ambassadors of morning." - A portion of the lyrics to the song 'Echoes' by the band Pink Floyd Symbol Symbol refers to the use of an object or symbol to represent or indicate something else. For example: The symbolism of a red rose (love), the symbolism of a white flag (peace), etc. Pun A pun is a figure of speech that plays with words to give away obscured meanings. A pun is also known as paronomasia. For example: My son wanted a scooter. When I told him they are too dangerous, he moped around the house. Allegory An allegory is nothing but an improvised metaphor. It is a figure of speech, which involves the use of characters or actions in a piece of literature, wherein the characters have more to them than meets the eye. For example: The Trojan Women by Euripides, Aesop's Fables by Aesop. Tautology Tautology is needless repetition of words to denote the same thing. For example: CD-ROM disk, PIN number, ATM machine, etc. Palindrome A palindrome is a series of numbers, words or phrases that reads the same in either direction. For example: Malayalam, A Toyota's a Toyota, etc. Euphemism Euphemism is a figure of speech where an offensive word or expression is replaced with a polite word. For example: David: Do you have a few minutes? Ryan: No, I'm busy. David: Ok, listen... Ryan: No, you listen, when I said 'busy', I meant leave me the hell alone. Assonance Assonance is a repetition of the vowel sounds. Such a figure of speech is found most commonly in short sentences or verses. For example: And murmuring of innumerable bees. Idiom An idiom is a phrase, expression or group of words whose implication is not clear when you go by the literal meaning of words. For example: As easy as pie, at the eleventh hour, pull someone's leg, etc. Funny Metaphors Funny metaphors are metaphors that ring aloud with humor. For example: That's like trying to thread a needle with a haystack. Allusion An allusion is an indirect or subtle reference made about a person, place or thing in a work of literature. For example: I am no Prince Hamlet. Antecedent An antecedent, in grammar, is a word, a phrase, or a clause that is usually replaced by a pronoun in a sentence, but regularly so in a following sentence. For example: When I arrived to meet Caleb, he wasn't to be seen. Jargon Jargon is the kind of language that is specific to a particular trade, occupation, professionals or group of people. For example: I need your vitals. Double Negative A double negative is a figure of speech that occurs when two negative words or two forms of negation are used in one sentence. For example: I won't not use no ladder to climb the building. Adjunction An adjunction is a phrase or a clause that is placed at the start of a sentence. An adjunction, in most cases, is a verb. For example: Runs the leopard past us as we stray deeper into his territory. Antithesis An antithesis is a figure of speech where two very opposing lines of thought or ideas are placed in a somewhat balanced sentenced. For example: Man proposes: God disposes. Apostrophe An apostrophe is used when a person who is absent or nonexistent is spoken to. For example: "Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are. Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky." Climax In a climax, the words are placed in an ascending order, depending on their significance. These words generally revolve around a central theme and are arranged in an increasing order to create a strong impression on the mind of the reader. For example: "There are three things that will endure: faith, hope, and love. But the greatest of these is love." - 1 Corinthians 13:13 Metonymy A metonymy is a figure of speech where one word or phrase is used in place of another. With metonymies, a name of a particular thing is substituted with the name of a thing that is closely related to it. For example: "We have always remained loyal to the crown." Oxymoron Oxymoron involves the usage of contradictory terms to describe an object, situation or incident. For example: open secret, tragic comedy, exact estimate, original copies, etc. Synecdoche This is figure of speech where a part of a particular object is employed to throw light on the whole thing. For example: Describing a whole vehicle as just "wheels". Stereotype A stereotype, as far as the figures of speech are concerned, is a convention, a predisposition or a set approach to any particular issue. For example: All blondes are dumb. Anastrophe An anastrophe refers to an inversion or rearrangement of a group of words that usually appear in a certain order. For example: Gold that glitters is not all that not. (All that glitters is gold) Anaphora An anaphora is an expression, which refers to another and can be ambiguous. For example: The tiger ate the snake and it died. Longfellow Antonomasia This figure of speech uses the name of a person on another person or persons possessing characteristics that are similar to the characteristics of the former. For example: He was the Adolf Hitler of the school. Litotes Litotes are nothing but an understatement. It can be used when you are looking to underplay a positive with a negative. For example: The food at that restaurant is not bad at all. Paralipsis A paralipsis is a figure of speech that focuses on any particular thing without really making it obvious. For example: I know who ate the last apple, but I will not mention Karen's name. Rhetoric Rhetoric in writing refers to an unexplained and undue use of exaggeration. For example: When I reached the peak of the mountain, I stretched out my hands, touched heaven and took a quick look at the Almighty! Zeugma Zeugma refers to the employment of a word to bridge two or more words, but here the word makes sense to one word or all words in dissimilar ways. For example: She lowered her standards by raising her glass, her courage, her eyes and his hopes. Anticlimax An anticlimax as a figure speech refers to the building up a climax that results in something that cannot really be described as a climax. For example: On discovering that his friend was murdered, with vengeance on his mind Ravi rushed back to his college, only to find his friend sipping on coffee in the college canteen. Consonance Consonance refers to the repetition of consonant sounds, within the limits of a sentence or a certain number of sentences. For example: "Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here. To watch his woods fill up with snow." - Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost Irony Irony is used to stress on the opposite meaning of a word. When people are looking to be sarcastic, they employ irony. For example: He was so intelligent, that he failed all his tests. Polysyndeton Polysyndeton refers to that figure of speech which makes good use of conjunctions and in close succession. For example: He ran and jumped and laughed for joy. Rhetorical Question A rhetorical question is a question wherein the answer is more than obvious. For example: A person enters a dark room and asks out loud - 'Has someone turned off the lights?' Anadiplosis Anadiplosis refers to the repetition of a significant word in a sentence in the second part of the same sentence, usually with a slight change in its meaning or an exaggerated word for the same. For example: "Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering." -Yoda, Star Wars Appositive Appositive is a word or phrase that is used in juxtaposing related issues. For example, Jeanne, Diane's eleven-year-old beagle, chews holes in the living room carpeting as if he were still a puppy. Enthymeme An enthymeme is a figure of speech where an argument that is being made has no definite conclusion or is not completely expressed. For example, "With a name like Smucker's, it has to be good." Parallelism In the English language, parallelism refers to balance created between two or more similar words and sentences. For example, I like rich desserts, fast card-games, and difficult riddles. Asyndeton This is a figure of speech that conveniently ignores the use of conjunctions. For example, She has provided with a chance to earn a living, with self-respect, with satisfaction. Parenthesis Parenthesis refers to a self explanatory and contradicting word or sentence that breaks the flow in a series of sentences, often without affecting the flow in an obvious manner. Commas and dashes are employed when a parenthesis is used. For example, Would you, Kris, listen to me? Antimetabole An antimetabole is a figure of speech, where the second half of a sentence, phrase or series is in the exact opposite order of the first part. For example, E,F,G - G,F,E Epistrophe Epistrophe or epiphora is the repetition of the same word or words at the end of consecutive phrases, clauses or sentences. It is extremely emphatic and is usually employed to stress the last word in a phrase or sentence. For example, "What lies behind us and what lies before us are tiny compared to what lies within us." -Emerson Understatement Understatement is a figure of speech that is used to undermine the due importance of a statement. For example, "A soiled baby, with a neglected nose, cannot be conscientiously regarded as a thing of beauty." - (Mark Twain) Chiasmus hiasmus is another important figure of speech wherein two or more clauses are joined together through a reversing the syntax to convey a bigger point. For example, "I flee who chases me, and chase who flees me." - (Ovid) Epithet An epithet can be best defined as a descriptive title that commonly involves a word or a phrase that is used in lieu of the real name. For example: Alexander the Great. Verbal Irony Verbal irony is one of the most commonly employed tropes in literature that is pregnant with hidden connotations and usually has more to eat than meets the eye. It usually denotes the opposite of what is expressed. For example: "Yet Brutus says he was ambitious; And Brutus is an honourable man." - Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare False Analogy An elaborate comparison of two dissimilar things is called false analogy. For example: There has to be life on other planets because as of today no one has been able to conclusively prove that there is no life. Above mentioned were definitions and examples of the figures of speech. The definitions and examples should help you acquaint yourself to the figures of speech. However, it might take you sometime before you become an expert in using these figures of speech. Here's wishing you best of luck as you strive to master figures of speech and exploit it to polish your language skills.
left-value: an expression that can be target of assignement. eg: array[x+1]->field = 100; # okay 100 = 200; # NOT okay: not lvalue intvar = 100; # okay (char *)intva…r = "STR"; # NOT okay: not lvalue *(char **)&intvar = "STR"; okay
Acrynym fider has 119 meanings for NP which one(s) are you interested in? Nurse Practitioner Nepal National Park Northern Pacific Noun Phrase New Patient No Problem Not Possi…ble Newport (postal code for Newport, Wales) Nuclear Power Not Present North Pole Not Provided No Point New Process Non-Pro (hardware) Nobel Prize New Plymouth (New Zealand) Now Playing No Place National Party Natalie Portman Na Przyklad (Polish: for example) Nail Polish Neptunium Neopoints (Neopets) Net Profit Napalm Notary Public Null Pointer Ngee Ann Polytechnic (Singapore) North Point (place name) Nintendo Power (magazine) Network Protocol Nintendo Power New Party (Taiwan) Natural Phenomena New Providence (New Jersey) No Page Non-Public Nonylphenol Number Portability (Mobile Services) Neupreis (German :price if new) Nonpolar (chemistry) North Port (Florida) Negative Pressure Newbury Park (California) No Post New Production Nonproliferation National Product (band) No Pets (classified ads for rentals) Network Programming Network Processor no penalty No Picture Nonviolent Peaceforce Nondeterministic-Polynomial Numbering Plan Negative Polarity Neper (unit used to express ratios, such as gain, loss, and relative values) National President Network Provider No Parking No Patience Nature Photographer North Pocono (Moscow, Pennsylvania) New Paragraph (proofreading) Nationalista Party (Philippines) Nucleoside Phosphorylase Network Port Non-Polynomial Non-Parity National Primary Nosler Partition (bullet) Norsk Petroleumsinstitutt Non-Deterministic Polynomial-Time (computer programming) Norma Portuguesa (Portuguese: Portuguese Norm) Neurophysin Nasal Polyp Napolean Dynamite (movie) Notes Payable Natural Parenting Normandy Park (Washington) Number of Pitches (baseball) Neoprint Nolle Prosequi (Latin: Not Prosecute; legal motion) No Publisher NewPlayer (gaming) New Pence (English penny) No Protest Nicolo Paganini (classical composer and violinist) Nice Pass Network Planner Naturopathic Practitioner No Passes Number Pooling No Proceedings Network Protector NASA Publication NeoPets, Neopia Nasal Prong (airflow) Navigation Processor Nonpay Nonpublished (number) New Production Reactor (US DOE) Nose Plug Neighbourhood Park Negro Please Nonproblematic Namibia Post (Windhoek, Namibia) Occupation Newspaper (Scott Catalogue prefix; philately) No Pistons (referring to rotary engines) New Paper - Singapore Nerd Paradise Bureau of Non Proliferation (US Department of State) Network Pause (ANSI) Noteworthy Practice Neighborhood Processor National Parks Non Profit non-pregnant Noun Phrases Nurse Practitioners 4-nonylphenol New Profiles Nickel Plated p-nonylphenol 1-nitropyrene Name Price Nuclear Physics National Partitions Network Protocols North Park North Platte North Pacific National Program Normal Point Northern Plains Non Physician Practitioners Nuclear Plant Noise Pollution Niemann Pick Novelty Phone Nuclear Plants New Professionals non participation nominal phrase Natural Park National Partnership 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl nucleus pulposus Newsprint Paper New Persian Newbie Patrol Night Patrol Nepal Pictures Nasal polyposis nasal polyps natriuretic peptide nosocomial pneumonia Nisi Prius negative priming nucleotide pair nucleotide position New Philharmonic influenza virus nucleoprotein Navy Public Northeast Power 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl acetyl necrotizing pancreatitis neuritic plaque nucleocapsid protein neck pressure normal pregnant normal prostate neuropathic pain normal pregnancy normal pregnant women sodium nitroprusside Norton Publishers hapten (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)acetyl metabolite norpropoxyphene normal plasma normal-phase Nijhoff Publishing Nitrogen Pressure normal propagation Near Pasco Nominating Petition anti-(4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)acetyl Naval Prison normally propagated Newton Proposed nostril and placement Ngo Proposed Northside Pw Northwest Peninsula