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What is the Latin meaning of the word 'mortgage'?

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The word 'mortgage' comes into Middle English by way of Middle and Old French. All three words are the same, and have the same meaning of 'dead-gauge' or 'dead security'. The notion tracks back to ancient Roman times. But the word for mortgage in ancient, classical Latin was 'pignus', in the noun form; and 'pignori dare' and 'obligare', as verbs. In both forms, they related to giving and respecting an 'assurance' or of a 'pawn, pledge, security, or token'. Additionally, they related to giving and honoring a 'bet, stake, or wager'.
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