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What is the Neo Malthusian theory?
A neo malthusian is somebody of malthus beliefs neomalthusians on population growth and control the neo-malthusian theorists may be presented as a splinter group. essentially they agree with malthus that control of population is inevitable. however they disagree with malthus that factors like war and famine are the key to population control and reject such simplistic notions. instead they promote a number of ideals for exapmle planned parenthood as a method of population control. Mustapha, Nasser (2006) Sociology for Caribbean Students: Development and Social Change.
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According to Malthusian theory of population, population increases in a geometrical ratio, whereas food supply increases in an arithmetic ratio. This disharmony would lead t…o widespread poverty and starvation, which would only be checked by natural occurrences such as disease, high infant mortality, famine, war or moral restraint. His main contribution is in the agricultural sector. According to this theory there are two steps to control the population: preventative and positive checks. Preventative means control in birth rate, and uses of different methods to control birth; and positive checks means natural calamities, war, etc. His theory was wrong because Malthus only considered two factors when he established his basic graph: food supply and population growth. Other factors such as improvements in technology proved him wrong. He was right at his time but development made him wrong. If it wasn't for outside influences on population growth and food supply, his mathematical reasoning which proved his theory and was right.
The Malthusian Theory . That was the theory of Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), the English Cleric, author of the Essay on the Principle of Population and originator of t…he perception of economics as "the dismal science". Malthus reasoned that human population tends to grow at a geometrical rate, while our ability to prooduce subsistence increases at a merely arithmetical rate -- and so we find ourselves in an ever-deepening spiral of suffering caused by overpopulation. In Malthus's view this process could only be slowed by the "preventive check" of decreased fertility, or the "positive check" of increased mortality.
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The Malthusian Theory has been criticized by a number of people.These criticism are based on the grounds that Malthus' pessimisticconclusion were not a part of Western Europea…n countries, it isbased on law of diminishing returns and it is also compared withincrease in food production.
The Malthusian theory is correct because the prosperity of humans depend upon the resources available in this world. Suppose there is some organic content that makes some perc…entage of earth's mass. And suppose that humans and other living things are formed of that organic content. And further suppose that humans need that organic content to survive i.e. humans consume that organic content. Now more the humans born, more is the requirement for that organic content and lesser will be the amount of that organic content. Hence no absolute prosperity. That proves the Malthusian theory.
In Nigeria the argument is relevant because is for reducing the family size. According to Malthusians theory there are two ways of controlling population these are ;prevention… and positive checks.prevention here means controll in birth rate, and the use of different methods to control birth while positive checks means natural calamities like war e.t.c. to match the available resources for supporting the individuals. This agree to Malthus argument that there should be a balance between population growth and the means of production.
This theory, dated 1821, stated that population tends to increase at a faster rate than its means of subsistence and that unless it is checked by moral restraint of disaster, …widespread poverty and degradation inevitably result. This theory is more relevant today than the day it was written. Today's world has translated this theory into practise
Malthusian theory in which people multiply will grow at a rate faster than resources. He believed that there are natural checks on the human population like disease, natural d…isasters, and war in order to maintain social order and keep the human race from dying out from not having enough resources. Based on this theory no action from any party or institution to prevent mass catastrophes or disasters from effecting certain populations because those proportions of the population need to die off in order for the rest of the population to live and have enough resources to survive.. One of the counters of Malthusian theory is that the world population is actually leveling off because of demographic transition. Demographic transition states that with greater wealth and education the birth rate decreases. Malthus also doesn't recognize the role of technology, efficiency, and human ingenuity as a factor that overcomes the problem of scarce resources.
The DTM is used to classify countries into general groups. Hence, it is unable to take into account evolutionary changes in the process of population growth and classify diver…se population into distinct but coherent stages of the development process. Neo-Malthusians argue that the long-term fertility of a population depends on the most rapidly-breeding subgroups within the population. In the short term, the overall population growth rate may slow as most of the existing people have fewer children, but if a rapidly-breeding subgroup sustains its high fertility, it will eventually expand its numbers and restore the whole population to high fertility. This is similar to the evolution of resistance to pesticides in insects, and to antibiotics among pathogens: the first applications kill large numbers, but a few surviving resistant individuals may eventually make good on the losses through exponential growth. In other words, a criticism of the DTM is that it is only valid if the fertility-lowering social changes that caused the DTM in present-day industrial nations permanently lower the fertility of every subgroup within each nation. Garrett Hardin doubted that purely voluntary birth control could achieve that result; Hardin argued that voluntary birth control merely selects against the people who will use it
Simplified, the theory says that overpopulation brings about poverty, famine, starvation and disease. A devotee might claim that Haiti's problems are the result of too many pe…ople on that part of Hispanola rather than the interrelated effects of poor education, corruption, natural disasters and lack of business opportunity.
food will be outstrippen and if nothing will be done there will be hunger, poverty and misery and that inorder to curve he was to improve the environment and women should be s…elf esteem and to use contraceptives to curve the population
Malthus' theory of population can be used to explain the dynamicsof the relationship between population and resources in lessdeveloped territories. Since the Caribbean is cons…idered to be lessdeveloped in comparison to other nation-states eg the US, France,England etc... we can say to the Malthusian theory of populationcan be applied to explain population-resource issues in theCaribbean, however it is limited in its scope and explanations, dueto the diversity of the individual Caribbean territoriesthemselves. Marx's theory of population, tends to be a bit more plausible inexplaining the relationship between population and availableresources, with respect to the Caribbean. From a Historicalperspective, given the fact of plantation slavery and colonialism,the Marxist theory of population provides a better explanation ofpopulation in the Caribbean when compared with Malthus's theory ofpopulation.
uncontrolled population growth
Malthus was an economist who proposed that human population grows exponentially but food production does not, hence starvation is inevitable. He did, however, argue that there… are positive checks on population growth ( ie, plagues, wars) and preventive checks (lower birth rate) to limit exponential growth for too long a time, but scarcity will continue.
The Anti-Malthusian theory is the idea that survival supplies will not run scarce and the population of the world will control itself naturally.