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This is called the choir
This is usually the largest part of the cathedral where the congregation sits, so called from the Latin Navus meaning 'boat' because it looks like an upturned boat. The …nave is behind the choir (where the choir sits) which is itself behind the Chancel (where the clergy sit and where the furniture like lectern is situated, which is in turn behind the sanctuary (the site of the communion table or 'altar').
My humanities teacher gave us a labeled hand out of the Chartres Cathedral to memorize of our final. I believe she got the picture from a book. These are the parts of th…e cathedral, counter clockwise: crocket, spires, tower, trefoil, gable, string course, rose window, lancets, jambs, archivolts, portals, west portal, engaged column, pointed arch, buttress pier, compound pier, triforium, side aisle, nave, flying buttress, tracery, buttress, engaged colonnette, finial, pinnacle, south porch, south portal, rose window, arcade, gables, lancet, apsidal chapels apse, choir, crossing transept roof framing(19th c.), scaffold (used when constructing vaulting), rib vaulting, clerestory.
Cathedrals are differentiated by: arches, vaulting, and buttresses. And it also depends on which era you are talking about.
apse (a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical dome)
It's the apse.
The sanctuary. Parts of a church: Nave - where congregation sit Chancel - where the choir and clergy sit Sanctuary - where the altar is and the priest celebrates mass
Yes. A nave is the main approach to the main altar - the center of the Church, usually.
The best man and maid of honor only stand at the altar if it's a chapel wedding. In a traditional wedding the best man along with the groom and ushers stand to the right of th…e altar. Before the bride comes down the aisle (if there is a flower girl or ring bearer) they go first; then the bridesmaids; then the maid of honor and the bride comes down last holding onto her father's arm. Once at the altar the Minister will ask if the father agrees to give his daughter away and he will reply 'yes.' Then the father sits down on the left side beside his wife in the front pew. The bride and groom then face each other to begin their vows. The maid of honor stands off to the side behind the bride in order to take her bouquet once the ring ceremony begins and the bridesmaids are in a row just off to the right of the maid of honor. The best man stands behind the groom in order to give the groom the wedding ring and the ushers stand behind and to the right of the best man.
The Altar is usually front and center- there may be auxiliary altars on the left and right side transepts- usually dedicated to St. Mary ( to Port) or St. Joseph- to Starboard…. master altar ( as the French call it) is dead Center. There is no panorama deck around the altar area- as IS the case in Russian Ortho churches which facilitates the ( Three times around the Horn) wedding ceremony. Some big cathedrals have various auxiliary chapels that are used for devotionals, possibly funerary rites- but not regular masses. this is probably in accord with the Biblical line- In my Father"s house... there are Many Mansions! The Front and Center altar, is as the French call it- in French - the Master Altar.
The word altar is a noun. The plural form is altars.
The word cathedral can be used as a noun = The cathedral is immense. or as an adjective: The new house has cathedral ceilings.
The altar is always in front so everyone in the Church can see the Priest, or who ever is leading the services, (such as a lay leader).