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What is the advantages and disadvantages of virtual organization?
Save money on office space and labor while maintaining a high level or professionalism. Disadvantages may be that it isn't scalable and the virtual office locations may be limited (should you ever need a place to meet with clients)
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What is Virtual Reality? -Simply put, VR is a computerized simulation of natural or imaginary reality. Often the user of VR is fully or partially immersed in the en…vironment. Full immersion refers to someone using a machine to shield herself from the real world. Partial immersion happens when a person can manipulate a VR environment but isn't tucked or locked away in a machine. However, virtual reality doesn't necessarily have to be "full immersion" to be considered a true VR simulation. Games like Second Life on the PC and control devices like the Nintendo Wii remote are VR-based products. These items let users interact with a VR environment that is a computer simulation. These VR environments can be anything from a typical game, such as Super Mario Brothers, to a fully detailed city reconstitution or a fictional fantasy land. The only limit to a VR environment is the imagination and the resources that the creator has available. Disadvantages - The disadvantages of VR are numerous. The hardware needed to create a fully immersed VR experience is still cost prohibitive. The total cost of the machinery to create a VR system is still the same price as a new car, around $20,000. The technology for such an experience is still new and experimental. VR is becoming much more commonplace but programmers are still grappling with how to interact with virtual environments. The idea of escapism is common place among those that use VR environments and people often live in the virtual world instead of dealing with the real one. This happens even in the low quality and fairly hard to use VR environments that are online right now. One worry is that as VR environments become much higher quality and immersive, they will become attractive to those wishing to escape real life. Another concern is VR training. Training with a VR environment does not have the same consequences as training and working in the real world. This means that even if someone does well with simulated tasks in a VR environment, that person might not do well in the real world. Advantages - Although the disadvantages of VR are numerous, so are the advantages. Many different fields can use VR as a way to train students without actually putting anyone in harm's way. This includes the fields of medicine, law enforcement, architecture and aviation. VR also helps those that can't get out of the house experience a much fuller life. These patients can explore the world through virtual environments like Second Life, a VR community on the Internet, exploring virtual cities as well as more fanciful environments like J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle Earth. VR also helps patients recover from stroke and other injuries. Doctors are using VR to help reteach muscle movement such as walking and grabbing as well as smaller physical movements such as pointing. The doctors use the malleable computerized environments to increase or decrease the motion needed to grab or move an object. This also helps record exactly how quickly a patient is learning and recovering. Another advantage of Virtual Reality is that it can be applied for positive purposes, such as Education. Whether it is a Virtual Reality tour of Museums or tours of college campuses (like those on SchooLinks.com), students can learn while also saving money on potentially-expensive trips. It's not every day that students can travel to places like Egypt, to see the pyramids, but now Virtual Reality can help bridge the gap, to help students see and learn more.
Advantages : Data is delivered in ordered. Reliable.Packets don't contain destination address and hence headers are very small. Disadvantages : If one of the device does not w…ork properly or fails, the complete connections is lost.In cases of crises, It won't be able to handle a lot a traffic.Load is not distributed in the network, Some routers may be overused, while others underused.
Advantages of a sole proprietorship 1. Simplest and least expensive form of business to establish and to dissolve. 2. The owner is making all the decisions and controlling t…he whole operations. 3. All profit flows directly to the owner. 4. It is subject to fewer regulations. 5. It has tax advantage: any income is declared as the owner's personal income tax return, therefore there are no corporate income taxes. Disadvantages of a sole proprietorship 1. The owner is responsible for all the obligations of the business. 2. It is difficult to raise capital: it can only use the owner's personal saving and consumer loans. A Partnership is a business with two or more individuals owns and manages the business. Partners share the unlimited liabilities of the business and operate the business together. There are three classification of partnerships: general partnership (partner divide responsibility, liability and profit or loss according to their agreement), limited partnership (in additional at least one general partner, there are one or more limited partner who have limited liability to the extent of their investment), and limited liability partnership (all of the partners have limited liability of the business debts; it has no general partners). Advantages of a partnership 1. It is relatively easy to form but considerable amount of time should be invested in developing the partnership agreement. 2. It is easier to raise capital compared to a sole proprietorship as there are more than one investor. 3. Any income is declared as the partners' personal income tax returns, therefore there are no corporate income taxes. 4. Employees may be motivated and attracted to the business by the inventive to become a partner Disadvantages of a partnership 1. Partners are jointly responsible for all the obligations of the business. 2. Partners must make decision together therefore disputes or conflicts may occur. It may eventually lead to dissolving the partnership. Advantages of a corporation 1. It can raise additional funds through the sale of stock. 2. Shareholders can easily transfer the ownership by selling their stock. 3. Individual owner' liability is limited to the value of stock they are holding in the corporation. Disadvantages of a corporation 1. It is restricted by more regulations, more closely monitored by governmental agencies and are more costly to incorporate than other forms of the organizations. 2. Profit of the business is taxed by the corporate tax rate. Dividends paid to shareholders are not deductible from corporate income, so this part of income is taxed twice as the shareholders must declare dividends as their personal income and pay personal income taxes too
The main advantage is that you don't have to buy two computers, and you don't have to stand up from one computer and walk to the other (or buy a KVM switch). The only disa…dvantages are that they are really slow, and not quite as stable. Advantages Increase the hardware utilization of your machines Decrease capital and operating costs High availability You can run other programs in a VM that may not necessarily be in the same OS as the host machine (e.g. running Windows or Mac OS X VM on a Linux host machine, and vice versa) Some VM solutions allow you to save machine states that will allow you to revert back to a previous state should an error occur Generally VMs are somewhat isolated from the host machine in the case of infection by malware, the host will not be affected Disadvantages If the host is down, the VM will be inaccessible Increased memory and processor usage as part of overhead introduced by the VM With the statement of the VM being "isolated", it also depends on how you configure your machine. If your VM has stuff like shared clipboard/file folders or if there's a feature that allows hardware passthrough (available to a select amount of hardware) it may still expose your host machine to the same threats as if you will with a VM.
Advantages of organic Fertilizer!Organic fertilizers are excellent for the soil. The organic matters in such fertilizers are essential for microorganisms, which build up the s…oil rich in humus.The organic fertilizers release the nutrients in a slow and consistent rate that the plants can utilize. Since the microbes break down the materials, there is little risk of over concentration of any element.The plants are provided balanced nutrition because of the presence of a broad range of trace elements.Organic fertilizers are safe for all types of plants and there is no danger of burning due to salt concentration.Organic matter binds to the soil where the roots can access it. So, it is long lasting as the organic fertilizers do not leach out.The fertility level of the soil can be maintained with less work once the healthy soil condition is reached.There is also less risk of over stimulation. Organic fertilizers do not lead to exceptional growth, which can lead to a variety of problems. The plants grown on organic fertilizers have a controlled growth.Organic fertilizers also make the plants stronger to resist disease and pest attacks. Plants fed on organic fertilizers are also able to resist the advance of weeds and other parasitic plants. Disadvantages of organic FertilizerOrganic fertilizers release the nutrients in a slow manner as in some cases the cooler soil temperatures hinder the release of the elements.Organic fertilizers are dependent on microorganisms to break down the organic matter. If the soil is deficient in these beneficial microbes then the plants cannot get the full benefits of the organics.They are very expensive compared to the same amount of chemical fertilizers.Some types of organic fertilizers are difficult to apply in large areas. As a result, they are less convenient.Organic fertilizers are difficult to get in some areas and also they may not be available in large quantities. Depending on the locality, the choice and blends of the organic fertilizers may be offered in limited quantity.
Advantages and disadvantages of non-organic foods: Advantages: They are more abundant and available than organic. They are often less expensive. Disadvantages: They …often contain preservatives and additives that are not healthy. They may contain GMOs, which many people prefer not to eat. They may have been sprayed with herbicides and pesticides. Cow's milk and other dairy products may be from cows given hormones and high levels of antibiotics.
Virtual PC allows you to run multiple operating systems under the same physical hardware simultaneously. Of course, multiple operating systems will have to share the same mem…ory, disk drive and failure of the main OS will affect the Virtual PCs
The committee form of organisation offers following advantages: (1) It is an excellent medium of discussion and education and of communication … between management and workers. (2) It is extremely useful in coordinating plans as well as in facilitating their execution. (3) Setting organisational objectives, and developing and finalising plans and policies require pooling of information, abilities and expertise, as well as integration of conflicting interests and view points. It is not one man's job, and is best performed by committees. (4) Sometimes problems are so complex or of inter-departmental nature that they are best solved by committees composed of concerned executives. (5) It is able to serve as a mechanism of participative decision making. By participating in discussions or decision, a member feels motivated in accepting a situation or implementing a decision. , (6) Committee form of decision making is, of course, a democratic process. It reduces the tyranny of executive authority and provides for participative decision-making. (7) It is extremely useful in coordinating plans as well as in facilitating their execution. Demerits or Disadvantages The disadvantages of the committee organisation are as follows: (1) It is an expensive device both in terms of time and cost. (2) Nobody is accountable for committee decisions. A committee decision is nobody's decision just because it is everybody's decision. (3) Often committees result into more conflict than problem solving. (4) The decisions taken in committee organisation are the result of compromise and hence they are generally slow in forthcoming and weak. 1. Pooling of knowledge and experience: The personal skills and Hence of several persons are pooled together. Group deliberations and combined judgment of all the members can be brought to bear on important problems. There can be a more realistic and objective appraisal of the problem from all angles. This helps to improve the quality of decisions. Business problems are multifaceted and require breadth of decision. Subjective and unbalanced decisions can be minimized. "When several people study and deliberate on each critical problem, there is more assurance that every facet will be thoroughly explored and weighed in terms of the interests of the company as a whole."1 A group of people can bring to bear a wider range of experience and a more thorough probing of facts than a single person. 2. Improved communication: Committees serve as important means of communication between the members of an organisation. Information and ideas can be easily transmitted both upward and downward. Unwritten policies and objectives can be explained effectively through deliberations of a committee. Creative ideas emerge from interactions among the members. Doubts and ambiguity can be removed on the spot. 3. Facility of coordination: Participation in committee meetings promotes mutual understanding, team-work and cooperation among employees. Committees serve as an important technique of coordination by bringing together managers from different departments. Members of a committee come to appreciate each other's point of view and they can pursue a common course of action. A committee is a useful means of integrating and unifying various points of view. 4. Better motivation: Committees help to improve the motivation and morale of employees by providing them an opportunity to express them selves. Participation in the decision making process not only improves quality of decisions, it creates a sense of belonging. Employees are keen on the execution of decisions in the making of which they have taken an active part. 5. Executive development: A committee is an useful device for educating and training subordinate managers. Participation in committee meetings provides opportunity for learning through experience. A manager learns to take an integrative view of organizational problems by serving on various committees. Executive development ensures continuity of management in the organisation. 6. Democratic management: As a plural executive, a committee helps to avoid the risk of concentration of too much authority in the individual and the danger of abuse of power. There is no fear of delegating too much authority to one individual. The tyranny of a powerful head can be reduced. Group authority makes for diffusion of power and democratic leadership. 7. Representation of interests: Various interest groups can be given representation on a committee. Such representation may be necessary to secure the commitment and cooperation of people. Members can be enlightened on policy matters and ideas beyond the capacity of one individual can be generated. 8. Consolidation of authority: The manager of every department or section may have a portion of the total authority required to take a decision. Such authority is known as splintered authority. In such a case, a committee of different managers may be constituted to consolidate the authority. In this way the decision can be taken without reference to the higher level. However, frequent need for consolidation of splintered authority is the sign of a poor organisation structure. 9. Avoidance of action: Sometimes, committees are constituted to postpone or avoid action. In order to cool off agitation and temper on the part of employees, the matter may be referred to a committee. Delaying of action through a committee is a strategy for overcoming resistance, pressure or opposition from affected people. Disadvantages: The committee form of organisation suffers from the following weaknesses: 1. Indecisiveness: In general, it takes longer to get decision or action from a committee than from an individual. Members of a committee tend to indulge in lengthy, discussions. Every member has the right to speak and be heard. Matters are unnecessarily dragged. Opinion is divided and decisions get delayed. Group decision processes are not appropriate where prompt action is required. Due to conflicting viewpoints, a committee fails to reach a decision in time. 2. High costs: A lot of expenditure and time is incurred in convening meetings and giving travelling or other allowance to members. Therefore, committees are an expensive form of administration. As such a committee should be appointed only when the gains of committee work justify the s costs. Committee work is very time-consuming. 3. Compromised decisions: Committee decisions are often mediocre compromises between conflicting viewpoints. The ultimate decisions may reflect the opinion of none so that there is little enthusiasm for them. Individual thinking is expected to conform to the average or group thinking. Such leveling effect or log-rolling reduces the quality of decision. The compromise is often arrived at the least common denominator. Therefore, committee decisions are not necessarily the best decisions but merely acceptable ones. 4. Diffused responsibility: No member can be individually held responsible for a wrong decision taken by a committee. As no one feels accountable for results, members shirk their responsibilities. The committee becomes an organized means of passing the buck. According to committees do not necessarily increase the democratic process administration. 5. Domination by few: A few aggressive or vocal members often dominate committee's deliberations. A minority group exercises an unwarranted tyranny ignoring the interest of other members. Members frequently seek to protect their narrow sectional interests. There is a tendency to cloud the real issues and bring in extraneous matters for discussion often a committee becomes a battle-ground for warring camps to settle personal scores. 6 Perpetuation: Committees have a tendency to perpetuate them selves even after the purpose is served. There exist too many committees even for routine problems. Sometimes committees are appointed to just avoid actions. Such committees serve no useful purpose and the aggrieved people remain aggrieved. It is often difficult to dissolve a committee even when it has outlived its utility. 7. Lack of secrecy: It is difficult to maintain secrecy regarding the decisions and actions taken by a committee. A large number of persons participate in committee meetings. Due to its weaknesses and misuse, a committee has been described as "a group of unfits engaged by the unwilling to do the unnecessary." Some people remark that a committee is a group of people who individually can do nothing but who can meet together and decide that nothing can be done. Such remark reflects wide-spread frustration and disillusionment with committees.
advantages: quickly configurable exchangable of great use in cloud computing disadvantages: overhead poor software support
the andvantages are its support and doesnt tire your fingers out as much as a wire keyborad and the disadvantages are can cause neck problems and bad eyes.
Only natural fertilizers (such as manure) are used, the food is said to taste better and be healthier, the crops are grown without the use of machinery which creates more jobs… for farmers. However, less crops are grown because they are harvested by hand, which means that the food is more expensive to buy which is difficult for people below the poverty line.
Advantages: - no artificial fertilisers...therefore less CO2 released(energy from combustion of fossil fuels is required in manufacturing). - Using 'green' fertlizers means… that the soil structure is much better due to increased humus content increases the water retention of soils and prevents exhaustion of soil. - Reduces risk of pest epidemics as over use of pesticides speeds up the process of natural selection. Also reduces problems linked with over use of pesticides eg bioaccumulation and biomagnification (a good example being DDT) - Reduced use of artificial nitrogen fertilisers reduces the risk of eutrophication. - No use of antibiotics in meat production etc...reduces risk of antibiotic resistance. These make this method of farming much more sustainable compared to intensive agriculture. - Eating organic keeps pesticides, antibiotics, hormones, nitrates, GMO and refined foods out of our body, keeping it in the best possible condition. Disadvantages: - high labour inputs required - lower crop yield compared to intensive agricultural systems at present although some experts say that the yield of organic farming can meet and exceed these crop yields. - Organic food is usually more expensive and sometimes difficult to find.
Advantages You can run more applications at once You can run larger applications with less real RAM You don't have buy more memory RAM Disadvantages Applications run… slower It takes more time to switch between applications Less hard drive space for your use
Advantages: save a life Disadvantages:?
Advantages are that everything in the virtual world is going to be organized for you. Disadvantages are that it is difficult to organize things in a virtual world.
If there are different kinds of living things, then no matter what happens regarding the weather or pollution, there should still be things that are adapted to survive. Th…is means that life will still exist on Earth in many different situations.