What is the advantages and disadvantages of virtual organization?
Save money on office space and labor while maintaining a high level or professionalism. Disadvantages may be that it isn't scalable and the virtual office locations may be limited (should you ever need a place to meet with clients)
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The main advantage is that you don't have to buy two computers, andyou don't have to stand up from one computer and walk to the other(or buy a KVM switch). The only disadvanta…ges are that they arereally slow, and not quite as stable. Advantages . Increase the hardware utilization of your machines . Decrease capital and operating costs . High availability . You can run other programs in a VM that may not necessarily bein the same OS as the host machine (e.g. running Windows or Mac OSX VM on a Linux host machine, and vice versa) . Some VM solutions allow you to save machine states that willallow you to revert back to a previous state should an erroroccur . Generally VMs are somewhat isolated from the host machine inthe case of infection by malware, the host will not beaffected Disadvantages . If the host is down, the VM will be inaccessible . Increased memory and processor usage as part of overheadintroduced by the VM . With the statement of the VM being "isolated", it also dependson how you configure your machine. If your VM has stuff like sharedclipboard/file folders or if there's a feature that allows hardwarepassthrough (available to a select amount of hardware) it may stillexpose your host machine to the same threats as if you will with aVM.
Only natural fertilizers (such as manure) are used, the food is said to taste better and be healthier, the crops are grown without the use of machinery which creates more jobs… for farmers. However, less crops are grown because they are harvested by hand, which means that the food is more expensive to buy which is difficult for people below the poverty line.
Adrian from cic Trinidad form 2-9 say it have nothing
Advantages You can run more applications at once You can run larger applications with less real RAM You don't have buy more memory RAM Disadvantages Applications ru…n slower It takes more time to switch between applications Less hard drive space for your use.
There are so many disadvantages of virtual organization. Some ofthem include system failure, low productivity as a result of lackof direct supervision and so much more.
It is great for situations where you must train for dangerous situations or situations where you may put people's lives in jeopardy . If you die in virtual reality, you don't …die in real life. So if you crash a plane, get killed by a criminal, or kill a patient, there won't be real life consequences. Such technology also helps to reduce the amount of cruelty in science, since you can just as easily dissect a virtual frog as you can a real one. The disadvantages would be that things are not quite like the real situations and that they can only present scenarios that have been programmed into the system. This is partly why the best role-playing games still involve dice, a manual, and a deck of cards, since the situations and scenarios are endless when they come from real human interactions. To even come close to such possibilities, a computer would have to store tremendous amounts of data.
What is Virtual Reality? - Simply put, VR is a computerizedsimulation of natural or imaginary reality. Often the user of VR isfully or partially immersed in the environment. F…ull immersionrefers to someone using a machine to shield herself from the realworld. Partial immersion happens when a person can manipulate a VRenvironment but isn't tucked or locked away in a machine. However,virtual reality doesn't necessarily have to be "full immersion" tobe considered a true VR simulation. Games like Second Life on thePC and control devices like the Nintendo Wii remote are VR-basedproducts. These items let users interact with a VR environment thatis a computer simulation. These VR environments can be anythingfrom a typical game, such as Super Mario Brothers, to a fullydetailed city reconstitution or a fictional fantasy land. The onlylimit to a VR environment is the imagination and the resources thatthe creator has available. Disadvantages - . The disadvantages of VR are numerous. The hardware needed to createa fully immersed VR experience is still cost prohibitive. The totalcost of the machinery to create a VR system is still the same priceas a new car, around $20,000. The technology for such an experienceis still new and experimental. VR is becoming much more commonplacebut programmers are still grappling with how to interact withvirtual environments. The idea of escapism is common place amongthose that use VR environments and people often live in the virtualworld instead of dealing with the real one. This happens even inthe low quality and fairly hard to use VR environments that areonline right now. One worry is that as VR environments become muchhigher quality and immersive, they will become attractive to thosewishing to escape real life. Another concern is VR training.Training with a VR environment does not have the same consequencesas training and working in the real world. This means that even ifsomeone does well with simulated tasks in a VR environment, thatperson might not do well in the real world. Advantages - . Although the disadvantages of VR are numerous, so are theadvantages. Many different fields can use VR as a way to trainstudents without actually putting anyone in harm's way. Thisincludes the fields of medicine, law enforcement, architecture andaviation. VR also helps those that can't get out of the houseexperience a much fuller life. These patients can explore the worldthrough virtual environments like Second Life, a VR community onthe Internet, exploring virtual cities as well as more fancifulenvironments like J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle Earth. VR also helpspatients recover from stroke and other injuries. Doctors are usingVR to help reteach muscle movement such as walking and grabbing aswell as smaller physical movements such as pointing. The doctorsuse the malleable computerized environments to increase or decreasethe motion needed to grab or move an object. This also helps recordexactly how quickly a patient is learning and recovering. . Another advantage of Virtual Reality is that it can be appliedfor positive purposes, such as Education. Whether it is a VirtualReality tour of Museums or tours of college campuses (like those onSchooLinks.com), students can learn while also saving money onpotentially-expensive trips. It's not every day that students cantravel to places like Egypt, to see the pyramids, but now VirtualReality can help bridge the gap, to help students see and learnmore.
Advantages are that everything in the virtual world is going to beorganized for you. Disadvantages are that it is difficult toorganize things in a virtual world.
Advantages of Virtual Office is you can hire many part-time workers. Less expenses for office rentals, tax exemptions, facilities for your employees. While the disadvantages a…re communication with your workers, physical meeting and physical location of the business.
Virtual PC allows you to run multiple operating systems under the same physical hardware simultaneously. Of course, multiple operating systems will have to share the same mem…ory, disk drive and failure of the main OS will affect the Virtual PCs
advantages & disadvantages of microorganisms in our life
Disadvantages of VLE: . Non technical teacher may have problem with using it . If internet in school is not working, you can't use VLE
Advantages : . Data is delivered in ordered. . Reliable. . Packets don't contain destination address and hence headers are very small. Disadvantages : . If one of th…e device does not work properly or fails, the complete connections is lost. . In cases of crises, It won't be able to handle a lot a traffic. . Load is not distributed in the network, Some routers may be overused, while others underused.
the andvantages are its support and doesnt tire your fingers out as much as a wire keyborad and the disadvantages are can cause neck problems and bad eyes.
\n \n Normal \n 0 \n \n \n \n \n false \n false \n false \n \n EN-US \n X-NONE \n X-NONE \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 \n \n \n \n \n \n… \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n The\ncommittee form of organisation offers following advantages: \n \n(1) It is an excellent medium of discussion and education and of communication\nbetween \nmanagement and workers. \n \n(2) It is extremely useful in coordinating plans as well as in facilitating\ntheir execution. \n \n(3) Setting organisational objectives, and developing and finalising plans and\npolicies require \npooling of information, abilities and expertise, as well as integration of\nconflicting interests and view \npoints. It is not one man's job, and is best performed by committees. \n \n(4) Sometimes problems are so complex or of inter-departmental nature that they\nare best solved \nby committees composed of concerned executives. \n \n(5) It is able to serve as a mechanism of participative decision making. By\nparticipating in \ndiscussions or decision, a member feels motivated in accepting a situation or\nimplementing a decision. , \n \n(6) Committee form of decision making is, of course, a democratic process. It\nreduces the tyranny of \nexecutive authority and provides for participative decision-making. \n \n(7) It is extremely useful in coordinating plans as well as in facilitating\ntheir execution. \n \nDemerits or Disadvantages \n \nThe disadvantages of the committee organisation are as follows: \n \n(1) It is an expensive device both in terms of time and cost. \n \n(2) Nobody is accountable for committee decisions. A committee decision is\nnobody's decision just \nbecause it is everybody's decision. \n \n(3) Often committees result into more conflict than problem solving. \n \n(4) The decisions taken in committee organisation are the result of compromise\nand hence they are \ngenerally slow in forthcoming and weak. \n\n \n\n 1.\nPooling of knowledge and experience: \n\n The personal skills and Hence of\nseveral persons are pooled together .\nGroup deliberations and combined judgment of all the members can be\nbrought to bear on important problems. There can be a more realistic and\nobjective appraisal of the problem from all angles. This helps to improve the\nquality of decisions. Business problems are multifaceted and require breadth of\ndecision. Subjective and unbalanced decisions can be minimized. "When\nseveral people study and deliberate on each critical problem, there is more\nassurance that every facet will be thoroughly explored and weighed in terms of\nthe interests of the company as a whole." 1 A group of people\ncan bring to bear a wider range of experience and a more thorough probÂing of\nfacts than a single \nperson. \n\n 2.\nImproved communication: \n\n Committees serve as important means\nof communication between the members of an organisation. InformaÂtion and ideas\ncan be easily transmitted both upward and downward. Unwritten policies and\nobjectives can be explained effectively through deliberations of a committee.\nCreative ideas emerge from interactions among the members. Doubts and ambiguity\ncan be removed on the spot. \n\n 3.\nFacility of coordination: \n\n Participation in committee meetings\nproÂmotes mutual understanding, team-work and cooperation among employees.\nCommittees serve as an important technique of coordination by bringing together\nmanagers from different departments. Members of a committee come to appreciate\neach other's point of view and they can pursue a common course of action. A\ncommittee is a useful means of integrating and unifying various points of view. \n\n 4.\nBetter motivation: \n\n Committees help to improve the\nmotivation and morale of employees by providing them an opportunity to express\nthemÂ selves. Participation in the decision making process not only improves\nquality of decisions, it creates a sense of belonging. Employees are keen on\nthe execution of decisions in the making of which they have taken an active\npart. \n\n 5.\nExecutive development: \n\n A committee is an useful device for\neducatÂing and training subordinate managers. Participation in committee\nmeetings provides opportunity for learning through experience. A manager learns\nto take an integrative view of organizational problems by serving on various\ncommittees. Executive development ensures conÂtinuity of management in the\norganisation. \n\n 6.\nDemocratic management: \n\n As a plural executive, a committee\nhelps to avoid the risk of concentration of too much authority in the\nindividual and the danger of abuse of power. There is no fear of delegating too\nmuch authority to one individual. The tyranny of a powerful head can be\nreduced. Group authority makes for diffusion of power and demoÂcratic\nleadership. \n\n 7.\nRepresentation of interests: \n\n Various interest groups can be given\nrepresentation on a committee. Such representation may be necessary to secure\nthe commitment and cooperation of people. Members can be enlightened on policy\nmatters and ideas beyond the capacity of one individual can be generated. \n\n 8.\nConsolidation of authority: \n\n The manager of every department or\nsection may have a portion of the total authority required to take a deciÂsion.\nSuch authority is known as splintered authority. In such a case, a committee of\ndifferent managers may be constituted to consolidate the authority. In this way\nthe decision can be taken without reference to the higher level. However,\nfrequent need for consolidation of splintered authority is the sign of a poor\norganisation structure. \n\n 9.\nAvoidance of action: \n\n Sometimes, committees are\nconstituted to postpone or avoid action. In order to cool off agitation and\ntemper on the part of employees, the matter may be referred to a committee.\nDelaying of action through a committee is a strategy for overcoming resistance,\npressure or opposition from affected people. \n\n Disadvantages: \n\n The committee form of organisation\nsuffers from the following weaknesses: \n\n 1.\nIndecisiveness: \n\n In general, it takes longer to get\ndecision or action from a committee than from an individual. Members of a\ncommittee tend to indulge in lengthy, discussions. Every member has the right\nto speak and be heard. Matters are unnecessarily dragged. Opinion is divided\nand decisions get delayed. Group decision processes are not appropriate where\nprompt action is required. Due to conflicting viewÂpoints, a committee fails to\nreach a decision in time. \n\n 2.\nHigh costs: \n\n A lot of expenditure and time is\nincurred in convening meetings and giving travelling or other allowance to\nmembers. ThereÂfore, committees are an expensive form of administration. As\nsuch a committee should be appointed only when the gains of committee work\njustify the s costs. Committee work is very time-consuming. \n\n 3.\nCompromised decisions: \n\n Committee decisions are often\nmediocre compromises between conflicting viewpoints. The ultimate decisions may\nreflect the opinion of none so that there is little enthusiasm for them.\nIndividual thinking is expected to conform to the average or group thinking.\nSuch leveling effect or log-rolling reduces the quality of deciÂsion. The\ncompromise is often arrived at the least common denominator. Therefore,\ncommittee decisions are not necessarily the best decisions but merely\nacceptable ones. \n\n 4.\nDiffused responsibility: \n\n No member can be individually held\nresponsible for a wrong decision taken by a committee. As no one feels\naccountable for results, members shirk their responsibilities. The committee\nbecomes an organized means of passing the buck. According to committees do not\nnecessarily increase the democratic process administration. \n\n 5.\nDomination by few: \n\n A few aggressive or vocal members\noften dominate committee's deliberations. A minority group exercises an\nunwarranted tyranny ignoring the interest of other members. Members frequently\nseek to protect their narrow sectional interests. There is a tendency to cloud\nthe real issues and bring in extraneous matters for discusÂsion often a\ncommittee becomes a battle-ground for warring camps to settle personal scores. \n\n 6\nPerpetuation: \n\n Committees have a tendency to\nperpetuate themÂ selves even after the purpose is served. There exist too many\ncommittees even for routine problems. Sometimes committees are appointed to\njust avoid actions. Such committees serve no useful purpose and the aggrieÂved\npeople remain aggrieved. It is often difficult to dissolve a committee even\nwhen it has outlived its utility. \n\n 7.\nLack of secrecy: \n\n It is difficult to maintain secrecy\nregarding the decisions and actions taken by a committee. A large number of\npersons participate in committee meetings. \n\n Due to its weaknesses and misuse, a\ncommittee has been described as "a group of unfits engaged by the\nunwilling to do the unnecessary." Some people remark that a committee is a\ngroup of people who indiÂvidually can do nothing but who can meet together and\ndecide that nothÂing can be done. Such remark reflects wide-spread frustration\nand disÂillusionment with committees. \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n
advantages-chelsea are rubbish, Aston villa are worse