What is the difference between syndication of loan and consortium finance?

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syndication of loan is arranged by a lead arrangers and it is on common terms which is finalised between borrower and arranger where as in consortium loan borrower has to arrange the finance himself from different bank this finance on different term and at different pricing
Loan Syndication and Consortium finance is resorted to when a client needs a huge loan which a single Bank either cannot provide or cannot take risk to provide.
In Loan Syndication, a large bank approaches the client, fixes up the terms and conditions, interest rates etc. Thereafter, he approaches other Banks for "selling" of this loan. The other banks ,if agree, "purchase" a part of the loan on the same or different terms and conditions. In Loan Syndication, the client deals with one Bank only.
In Consortium Finance, a Large Bank approaches the client, collects the information about amount of loan, terms and conditions and then calls a meeting of other Banks. Those who agree to lend the money approach the client and the client fixes up the loan with each of them separately. The follow-up and other jobs is done by the Leading Bank of the consortium which is mutually decided by the participating Banks.(Need not be the highest lender).
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