What is the difference between technical writing and technical communication. Can anyone give me information of good institutes in Hyderabad where these training are given?
Technical communication is a method of researching and creating information about technical processes or products directed to an audience through media. The information must be relevant to the intended audience. Technical writing, a form of technical communication, is a style of writing used in fields as diverse as computer hardware and software, engineering, chemistry, the aerospace industry, robotics, finance, consumer electronics, and biotechnology.
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I've been a teacher and a student at both technical and community colleges. So I've seen things from both sides. Essentially the difference is in the main focus of the school. Technical colleges are mostly geared towards the "technical" fields--computers, autmotive, welding, medical, electrical, con…struction, etc. So they're basically trade schools that train you for a specific industrial trade. By contrast, community colleges are geared for broad training in a wide variety of fields, technical and non-technical. But are shorter and more concentrated in the major than a 4 year college or university. Now this is the basic difference. However, there are many technical colleges that offer training programs beyond technical fields. In other words, some technical colleges focus on just providing training in a particular trade, such as Medical Assistant or Mecical Records. Others offer a variety of technical programs and non-technical programs. For example, you can get a degree in Network Security or in General Business. However, one HUGE difference between community and technical colleges is this. Community college credits are 100% transferrable to 4 year schools! So if you take a business or science class at a community college, you know it's transferrable if you decide to go on for a Bachelor (4 year) Degree. But with classes at technical colleges, most of their credits are not transferrable at all. In other words, if you decide to go to a community college or a 4 year school, then those credits generally won't transfer over. Another difference is that most community colleges only offer 2 year degrees--Certificates to Associate Degrees. Technical colleges can offer this, plus 4 year Bachelor Degrees and even a Masters. Now as far as the quality of training goes, you can get quality training from both. In other words, you have your good and bad schools out there. But with community colleges, they're all part of the state college system. So they're all considered public colleges owned by the state. This means they're primarily state-funded. But with technical colleges, they're usually private. This means they're owned by corporations and are mainly privately-funded. THIS IS NOT COMPLETELY CORRECT!!! community college credits do not transfer 100% of the time. you have to do the transfer curriculum to make sure they are going to be able to transfer your credits! (MORE)
I wanna say that one Two Three Person use is a technics and Multiple using anythig is a Technology That is.
There is very little difference between a modern Macintosh and a so-called "PC." They use the same processors, memory, and drives; the same expansion slots, the same input ports, etc... The key differences are: . The use of EFI as opposed to the traditional BIOS. The BIOS found in most PCs is de…signed for backwards-compatibility to allow the use of older software and operating systems. As Mac OS X has nothing that tied it to the BIOS, it was free to use an alternative firmware that eliminates some of the shortcomings of the BIOS. EFI is not exclusive to Macs, however; motherboards can be purchased off-the-shelf that support EFI, and some computer retailers use it as well now. . Non-standard motherboard form factors. The motherboards in all current Macintosh models do not correspond to a form factor found in other retailer's computers, such as ATX or ITX. . Unique case deigns. Macintosh cases are designed to be slightly more "classy" looking than those found with the standard "white box" PC. . Incompatible expansion cards. Because of the aforementioned use of EFI, off-the-shelf expansion cards such as graphics cards cannot be used in a Mac. Similar models designed for use with EFI can be purchased from the Apple store, at a typically higher markup price. This,too, will probably change as EFI becomes more widespread. It really depends what Mac and PC you are comparing each other to. Let's say we are talking about an iMac and a Dell Desktop. Hardware: The iMac is an all-in-one, meaning the "guts" of the computer are completely encased in the monitor space. This means that the amount of wires you need is much less. iMacs nowadays only need one wire for the whole computer. A Dell desktop which isn't an all-in-one, has a separate computer tower and monitor, possibly separate speakers aswell. This allows you to change things around, but means wires are common. You will need a wire to connect the monitor to the mains, the PC tower to the mains, 2 wires to connect the monitor to the PC tower and wires to connect the speakers to the PC tower. The iMac is much simpler design than any PC, with all the ports on the back, and the diskdrive on the side. A PC will have all the ports on the front, and on the back, the fan and all the wires from the back. The main difference separating a Mac and PC is the Operating System though. Mac uses Mac OS X and PC usually uses Windows. (MORE)
I THINK TECHNICAL ARE THE THINGS THAT ARE MADE BY THE HANDS AND TECHNOLOGY ARE THOSE ARE MADE BY THE HANDS BUT THEY ARE ELCTRONICAL
In Technical Writing, we eliminate technical jargons and write in such a way that it is understandable by laymen. We need to make sure the meaning of the original technical word doesnt change. Non-technical Writing doesnt include or relate to technical stuff. This covers a vast range like - essay w…riting, blogging etc. (MORE)
Dr. Shoaib ashraf jatt apni kitab "MAIN OR MERY SHARARTI TAJURBY"men likhty hen k Mere khyal k mutabiq "The difference betweencreative writing and technical writing is that creative writingdeals with writing from your imagination, with no guidlines orrules, while technical writing deals with writing… off a basis ofrules that must be thoroughly proofread. (MORE)
User documentation is a method of communicating technical information to non-technical people to help them do something. (Rob McKilliam 1985)
Technical writing is usually about how to do something, or how something works. An instruction manual about how to make a light bulb is an example of technical writing. Expository writing "explains" something. A book about how the light bulb was invented is an example of expository writing.
If both cover the same subject, there is no difference. In the software industry, the terms are interchangeable.
Downloading saves files on your PC while browsing doesn't save any files (well, maybe cookies).
Technical writing is one of the few forms of writing which routinely uses '2nd person' narrative. Where novels usually use 3rd person (he went to the shop) or 1st person (I went to the shop), technical writing is usally in the form of instructions and therefore in 2nd person (you go to the shop). …Technical writing is also quite sparse in tone, with little use of adjectives. The best technical writing will be able to tell the reader how to do something clearly and unambiguously using as few words as possible. (MORE)
There are many different types of technical report writing. Someinclude annual reports, white papers, planning studies, trainingmaterials, and research articles.
Technical writing, a form of technical communication, is a style of formal writing used in fields as diverse as computer hardware and software, chemistry, the aerospace industry, robotics, finance, consumer electronics, and biotechnology.
Technically a recession starts with two quarters of negative growth. If there has only been one such quarter published but it is clear that things are going to get worse before they get better then it may be clear that you are in a recession even if not technically so.
1. Writers should always have in mind a specific reader, real or imaginary, when writing their report and always assume that they are intelligent but uninformed. 2. They should decide on their exact purpose in writing. 3. They should use simple, concrete and familiar language. 4. They should c…heck/review their writing from time to time. 5. They should make the paper as neat and as attractive as possible. (MORE)
1) General communication is personal & subjective but technical communication is impersonal & objective. 2) General communication is done for all but technical communication is done for specific people
Technical writing concerns a specific technical topic. It is brief, logical and explanatory. It is often in basic or simplified language, but may include techical language or jargon. It is designed to communicate information rather than to examine the entire scope of the subject. Traditional or con…ventional writing can be narrative, descriptive, persuasive, eloquent, or flowery. It can be on any topic and include whatever the writer feels is appropriate. However, as the reader may have little knowledge of the subject involved, any details should be accompanied by the basic information required to understand them. (MORE)
A technical college gives you hands on learning experiences in your own chosen field. A technical college may only have programs for 2 years, rather than 4. Which puts you out on the job market in less time. Technical colleges are not always specific to just your degree. Technical colleges often cos…t less than Universities. A University requires other courses of their 4 year students. Where you must complete a track of courses in order to finally start your "degree" specific studies in your Junior or Senior year. If you plan on being something other than what your University has for core classes, you will have to attend another school to obtain your final degrees. To jump start your learning career, try taking your first 2 year classes online. (MORE)
The format for technical information has been decided by the manufacturer, constructor or legislative body. They have used the format that may be most suitable for the given task. Progress has made it difficult to standardise all technical data.
Academic writing primarily deals with topics and thesis statementsregarding a variety of academic fields, such as literature orpsychology. This type of writing is done most often by collegestudents, professors, researchers, or experts in their fields.Technical writing has to do with writing about ce…rtain technicalfields such as engineering, and it often utilized the jargon andterminology that would make sense only to those who are specializedin that field. (MORE)
Academic vs. technical writing . Subject : Academic vs. technical writing From : Chaim Chatan Date : Fri, 27 Mar 1998 16:29:29 +0200 . Since there is a discussion of the differences between academic writing and technical writing, let me give you the perspective of someone who has done… both. There are very important differences between academic and technical writing. One must also realize that there are also different types of academic writing and different types of technical writing. First of all, the purposes and audiences are different between academic and technical writing. The purposes of academic writing can be: 1) to present the results of one's knowledge, 2) to present the results gained from one's personal research, and 3) to present one's point of view. Of course, both technical and academic writing is laden with jargon, but the jargon is used for different purposes. As far as technical writing is concerned, the purposes of technical writing can be: 1) to teach someone how to use a specific product or service; and 2) to describe the procedures that are employed by companies for carrying out various tasks. The audiences are completely different. The academic is writing to fellow scholars, and often, depending on the journal or publication, to the general public. The technical writer is writing to the user of the product or the service, or to government inspectors who need to see how the company carries out certain tasks. Users, of course, differ from product to product. In addition, technical writing differs from area to area. For example, writing documentation for software is different from writing documentation for hardware. When I took a technical writing course as part of my professional retraining, I had to unlearn a lot of what I had been doing as an academic writer. We are dealing with different styles of writing altogether. Also, there is good and bad academic and technical writing, and a good academic writer may not become a good technical writer and vice versa. I have seen downright awful academic writing, where the author wrote extremely unclear and obscure prose, and I have seen extremely garbled technical writing, where it was difficult to follow the instructions. The important variable here is teachability. If an academic writer who wants to become a technical writer is not teachable, especially coming from the academic and liberal arts world, he/she will not be a good technical writer. Good academic writing is not enough--teachability is the most important factor. One of the most important tasks of interviewers of candidates for technical writing jobs, especially candidates who have not had professional experience, is not just simply to look at the writing samples of the candidates, but to assess how teachable they are. If the candidate has both academic and technical writing samples, the interviewer should be able to assess whether the candidate has grasped the differences between the two types of writing. This is one way to measure teachability. A bit of advice for academics who want to go into technical writing is to peruse all the various types of manuals and documentation written by technical writers to get a sense of what is involved in technical writing. (MORE)
a lavatory is strictly for hand-washing while a sink is considered miscellaneous and can be used for service, utility, kitchen and laundry basins.
There are many differences between technical and academic writing. Technical writing generally consists of taking a complicated concept and simplifying it for the reader. This is evident in instruction manuals and employee handbooks. Academic writing, on the other hand, can include analysis and opi…nion. Also, it often requires specific use of references. Some technical writing may have references, but most does not. Finally, the most obvious difference, outside of those taking a technical writing degree, would be that one is done for school and the other is a career path. (MORE)
Technical Writing vs. Academic Writing Since there is a discussion of the differences between academic writing and technical writing, let me give you the perspective of someone who has done both. There are very important differences between academic and technical writing. One must also realize t…hat there are also different types of academic writing and different types of technical writing. First of all, the purposes and audiences are different between academic and technical writing. The purposes of academic writing can be: 1) to present the results of one's knowledge, 2) to present the results gained from one's personal research, and 3) to present one's point of view. Of course, both technical and academic writing is laden with jargon, but the jargon is used for different purposes. As far as technical writing is concerned, the purposes of technical writing can be: 1) to teach someone how to use a specific product or service; and 2) to describe the procedures that are employed by companies for carrying out various tasks. The audiences are completely different. The academic is writing to fellow scholars, and often, depending on the journal or publication, to the general public. The technical writer is writing to the user of the product or the service, or to government inspectors who need to see how the company carries out certain tasks. Users, of course, differ from product to product. In addition, technical writing differs from area to area. For example, writing documentation for software is different from writing documentation for hardware. When I took a technical writing course as part of my professional retraining, I had to unlearn a lot of what I had been doing as an academic writer. We are dealing with different styles of writing altogether. Also, there is good and bad academic and technical writing, and a good academic writer may not become a good technical writer and vice versa. I have seen downright awful academic writing, where the author wrote extremely unclear and obscure prose, and I have seen extremely garbled technical writing, where it was difficult to follow the instructions. The important variable here is teachability. If an academic writer who wants to become a technical writer is not teachable, especially coming from the academic and liberal arts world, he/she will not be a good technical writer. Good academic writing is not enough - teachability is the most important factor. One of the most important tasks of interviewers of candidates for technical writing jobs, especially candidates who have not had professional experience, is not just simply to look at the writing samples of the candidates, but to assess how teachable they are. If the candidate has both academic and technical writing samples, the interviewer should be able to assess whether the candidate has grasped the differences between the two types of writing. This is one way to measure teachability. A bit of advice for academics who want to go into technical writing is to peruse all the various types of manuals and documentation written by technical writers to get a sense of what is involved in technical writing. (MORE)
1) General communication is personal & subjective but technical communication is impersonal & objective. 2) General communication is done for all but technical communication is done for specific people
A technical certificate is the 'taught' element of a qualification generally delivered in a college or training environment. The NVQ is work based assessment. Normally within apprenticeship frameworks you would be taught the technical element and then assessed on whether you can implement it in the …work place. (MORE)
Conceptual Design â¢ written in customer's language â¢ explaining the observable external characteristics of the system â¢ contains no technical jargon (If it does, define it.) â¢ describes the functions of the system â¢ is independent of implementation â¢ is linked to the… requirements documents Technical design â¢ describes of major hardware components and their functions â¢ shows hierarchy (organization) and functions of the software components â¢ shows data structures and data flow â¢ shows interfaces (MORE)
I'll readily discover some overlap between technical writing and business writing, the two have many distinct differences, both in terms of subject matter and document format, whereas commerce and the business community govern the subject matter of business writing, technical writing deals primarily… with the hard sciences and industial community. the primary documents of business writing are letters, memorandas and business reports, the primary documents of technical writing are technical reports, manuals and instructions. By.Yassein Hassan. (MORE)
Universal Technical Institute Avondale , Arizona The school is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges. I cannot speak for the schools reputation, however, the coursework and degree one completes through this institution will not be recognized by the tradition…al regionally accredited colleges and universities. Universal Technical Institute, Inc. offers specialized technical education programs under the banner of several well-known brands, including Universal Technical Institute (UTI), Motorcycle Mechanics Institute and Marine Mechanics Institute (MMI) and NASCAR Technical Institute (NTI). Annual tuitition (Fall 2009) Tuition and fees: $16,015 For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section (College Board) indicated directly below this answer section. (MORE)
"Technical writing conveys specific information about a technical subject to a specific audience for a specific purposeâ¦ The words and graphics of technical writing are meant to be practical: that is, to communicate a body of factual information that will help an audience understand a subject o…r carry out a task." A majority of technical writing involves revising, editing, and improving existing documents, not creating new documents. Characteristics of Technical Writing: â¢ Clarity - easily understood by intended audience â¢ Accuracy - factual, correct, free from bias â¢ Comprehensiveness - all necessary information included â¢ Accessibility - headings, indexes, table of contents â¢ Conciseness - clear without excess verbiage â¢ Correctness - grammatical and follows conventions While general writing, the writer must place himself in the shoes of a reader to see the effect of his own writing. Writing a weak piece of prose is not that serious when compared to a piece full of errors. This is when the readers get confused and distracted. People respect high quality writing and tend to take the writer seriously when the piece is error free and the message comes out clearly. (MORE)
Technical writing is a specific type of writing designed to provide steps a person can use to take advantage of a technology. For example: To ask a question on WikiAnswers: . Click an insertion point in the Ask box at the top of the page. . Type your question. . Choose to search either: . …All sources . Community Q&A . Reference Topics 4. Click Go. In this example, the structure is consistent. Terminology used is reflected in the labels used on the page. Steps are few and simple. Technical writers always use the present tense, active verbs, and write in a third-person voice. Other types of writing allow much wider flexibility in tense, verb use and voice. (MORE)
in my view point it is gathering information wherein a topic that you need to look for .
The basic answer is that a litre is a unit of volume and a kilogram is a unit of mass. A litre defines how much space something takes up and mass defines how much substance is in an object. It may help to think of a litre being equal to 1/1000 of a cubic metre, which is the actual definition o…f a litre. So if you have a cube measuring one metre along each side this cube would be equivalent to one cubic metre in volume, now imagine this cube being made up of 1000 separate and equally sized boxes. Each of these boxes is one litre in volume. Mass on the other hand is the only base unit which is defined by a physical object, this object is a piece of alloy that weighs (on earth) one kilogram. There is much confusion between weight and mass because in everyday use the are, to all intents and purposes, the same thing. However if you transport this mass to another place, such as the moon, the amount of substance there is the same as it is here, but if you put it on a set of scales they would read differently. So it has the same mass (amount of substance) but a different weight. In addition a litre of water weighs (on earth) approximately one kilogram so people tend to equate a litre as being a kilogram. This is untrue of anything except water. Imagine if you took two of those 1000 boxes from above. Fill one of them with water and one of them with hot molten lead. Both would be one litre but the mass or weight would be different. The water would have a mass of about one kilogram the lead would would have a mass of about eleven kilograms. (MORE)
U ninterruptible P ower S upply) A device that provides battery backup when the electrical power fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage level. Small UPS systems provide power for a few minutes; enough to power down the computer in an orderly manner, while larger systems have enough battery for …several hours. In mission critical datacenters, UPS systems are used for just a few minutes until electrical generators take over. UPS: The mains power comes to the UPSThe AC is converted to DC and this DC is constantly charging the battery. The output of the battery is fed to the Sine wave inverter and it converts DC to AC and this feeds the equipment. Since power out is always drawn from the battery, there is no time lag when mains switches off; it just stops the battery from being charged and the UPS continues to supply power till the battery runs out. Inverter: The mains powercomes to the Inverter. This is directly sent to the output but the AC is also converted to DC and this DC is constantly charging the battery. A sensor and relay mechanism checks whether the mains is ON or OFF. When the main switches OFF, the relay actuator triggers to switch from mains to inverter. Rest is same like the UPS. Because of this sensor and relay, there is a gap between triggering While both provide backup power during mains outage, with the UPS the switch is instantaneous whereas with the Inverter there is a gap of a second or two. This gap is OK for household gadgets such as lights, fans, fridge, etc. but not OK for computers. (MORE)
Poetic communication could be used by art students or others and differs from general communication in that it uses poetic language - so instaed of using the word sleep it would use balm of hurt minds, sore laborers batch Technical communication likewise uses technical language that is not necessar…ily used in general communication. If I were to communicatye technically with my boss I could uses phrases like SMO, SMO-20, DOSS and DOM and he would understand perfectly. In general communication, we use everyday language that is universally understood to an English ( or other) speaker (MORE)
The difference between technical writing and composition writing is that \nthe technical writing deals with writing off on the basis of rules that must be thoroughly proofread, while composition writing deals with writing from your imagination, with no guidelines or rules.
Six Principles of Technical Writing If you take a technical writing workshop, the materials will address numerous areas; some are very specific while others are more general in nature. A good starting point is to look at six principles of technical writing. Reviewing these basics can provide a grea…t platform from which we can launch forays into specific areas of interest and documentation. 1. Use Good Grammar 2. Write Concisely 3. Use the Active Voice 4. Use Positive Statements 5. Avoid Long Sentences 6. Punctuate Correctly Principle One: Use Good Grammar Your readers expect technical documents to be written in standard English. Certain grammatical errors can actually cause your reader to misinterpret the information. However, because technical documents must be precise and accurate, readers expect documents to be professional, polished, and flawless. Principle Two: Writing Concisely In technical writing, clarity and brevity is your goal. Principle Three: Using the Active Voice Imperative sentences, or command sentences, are written in the active voice. The active voice is more natural to people when they speak, but technical writers often turn to the passive voice when writing technical documents. One of the main reasons you should use the active voice rather than the passive in technical writing is the active voice more closely resembles the way people remember and process information. Principle Four: Using Positive Statements Technical writers should word instructions as positive statements. Whenever possible, phrase commands in a positive manner. Principle Five: Avoiding Long Sentences Short sentences are easier to understand than long sentences. For this reason, it is best to write your technical documents in short sentences. If you are asking your readers to perform several actions, begin the step with an active verb. This highlights the action itself Principle Six: Using Standard Punctuation Your readers expect standard punctuation when they read your documents. Complicated or "creative" punctuation will confuse them. One suggestion is to select syntax that minimizes the need for punctuation. You may wish to divide compound or complex sentences into shorter sentences to avoid excessive or confusing punctuation. (MORE)
Creative writing can be about any subject; technical writing is about technologies. Creative writing should engage a reader, so that a reader's imagination can soar; technical writing should inform a reader, so that the reader can complete a task.
by Catherine Hibbard If you take a technical writing workshop, the materials will address numerous areas; some are very specific while others are more general in nature. A good starting point is to look at six principles of technical writing. Reviewing these basics can provide a great platform from …which we can launch forays into specific areas of interest and documentation. . Use Good Grammar . Write Concisely . Use the Active Voice . Use Positive Statements . Avoid Long Sentences . Punctuate Correctly (MORE)
General communication for all but Technical communication for specific peoples . Because technical communication has a proper way to communicate but in general there is no proper way to communicate.
general communication is basically a normal way of talk between two individuals which includes the use of simplest language which is understandable to both the parties. technical communicaton is a communication on the buisness & professional level by the use of proper profesionall words or language…s. (MORE)
Technical writing is employed in a wide array of fields, such as computer programing, engineering, finance, and consumer electronics. The main goal of technical writing is to convey information, about a product, service, or device, from one group of people to another. The most common examples are th…e owner's instruction booklets that come with most "assembly required" products, large electronics, and automobiles. In a corporate atmosphere, technical writing would be used to describe the progress of projects, as they are transferred from one department to another. Another application could be in a lab setting where common formulas and equations need to be accessible to everyone. Legal writing is very similar to technical writing, and is considered by many to be another sub-set. In legal writing, the material is used primarily by judges, lawyers, and legislators to interpret and decide the correct course of action in accordance with the law. Legal writing uses more citation than most technical writing; the citations follow the protocol set by the Association of Legal Wiring Directors (ALWD). It also follows a strict vocabulary, where the words are formal and have very specific meanings (this helps to rule out the possibility of misinterpretation). There are also several subsets of legal writing; Predictive Analysis, Persuasive Analysis, Legal drafting and Legal Writing in Academia. (MORE)
Degree vs Diploma Both degree and diploma are awards conferred on to a person on the successful completion of an educational course.
Technical writing has the goal of informing the public and presenting truthful facts together with the bases of those facts. Creative writing, on the other hand, deals with anything under the sun. A creative writer can write about anything and everything without finding any proof of those. It doesn'…t have to be truthful, it doesn't have to concrete. It does not even require you to present evidences to support your ideas. (MORE)
I am not quite sure of your terminology but I will try and show you how most 2-yr colleges work with degrees. There are usually completion programs, technical certificates and associates degrees. Completion programs - semester or 2 of training, usually end with a certification, Examples: Certif…ied nurse assistant, Cosmologist, Emergency Mobile Technician Technical Degrees - Usually 9 months or a bit over 1 year programs, they end with a technical certificate in the field of your study. Examples: Auto technicians, Medical Assistants, etc AA, AS, and AAS are 2 year associate degrees - These are full length typical 2 year programs that have specific courses to achieve the degree. They are usually 62 credit programs, and require a certain amount of electives with general/specialized course work. AGS - Associates in General Studies AA - Associates in Arts AAS - Associates in Applied Science AS - Associates in Science Associates in Science is generally accepted as the higher of the 2 year degrees, since the requirements usually require more natural science classes and are usually tougher in comparison to the other 3 degrees. (MORE)
A technical report is meant for people within the industry and isusually filled with numbers and facts. A non-technical report ismeant for the general public and often employs more common terms.
The basic difference between language and technical writing is that in language we have the scope to add glossary,imaginary views for enriching the quality of the language. On the contrary, in technical writing, we are to limit ourselves within the technical datas,analysis etc. and there is no scope… for superfluous description and/or narration for enhancing the quality of the writing. (MORE)
They are almost the same, but tekkit is for multiplayer, whereas technic is for singleplayer. There is a slight difference in mods for example: in technic the Mo' creatures mod is included, which is not in tekkit. I am sure there are a few more different mods that are included in the one but not the… other, but I cant think of any right now ;) (MORE)
A technical drawing is drawn precisely to a scale. Measurements taken from the drawing can be scaled up to produce or build a full size structure or machine, etc. A freehand drawing could be a simple sketch, detailed drawing, rough doodle, of a subject and is classed as a picture.
Both reports may answer the same technical question, but theTechnical Report would assume a technical background on theaudience and explain accordingly. The Non-technical Report wouldassume a general background of the audience, and must explaintechnical terms so the ideas come across.