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What is the difference between xylem and phloem?

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Both xylem and phloem are vascular tissues found in a plant. Xylem is a tubular structure which is responsible for water transport from the roots towards all of the parts of the plant. Phloem is also a tubular structure but is responsible for the transportation of food and other nutrients needed by plant. Xylem imports water and minerals while Phloem transports water and food. Xylem exists as non-living tissue at maturity, but phloem is living cells.

Xylem: Hard wall cells transport water and mineral nutrients
Phloem: Relatively soft -walled cells transport organic nutrients

"Hardness and softness" is a function of the amount of lignification and extractive content of the individual cell walls not there location in the tree.

Xylem:
  1. It is a dead complex permanent tissue. Sapwood is xylem and mostly alive
  2. It is the principal water conducting tissue of vascular plants.
  3. Xylem consists of tracheids , vessels , xylem parenchyma and xylem fibres. Also ray parenchyma Also the xylem of softwoods (Gymnospermae) do NOT contain vessels.




Phloem:
  1. It is a living complex permanent tissue. Inner phloem is alive. Outer phloem is dead.
  2. It is the principal food conducting tissue found in vascular plants. Actually only the first .2-.7mm of the phloem is functional in food transport. The rest is non-functioning (ref. Esau's Plant Anatomy, 3rd ed. 2006, Chap.14) also (ALFIERI, F. J., and R. F. EVERT. 1968. Seasonal development of the secondary phloem in Pinus. Am. J. Bot. 55, 518-528.)
  3. It consists of sieve cells , sieve tube elements , phloem parenchyma and phloem fibres. There are also phloem ray cells.




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Xylem consists of the inner heartwood (the dead part) and the outer portion called the sapwood (the mostly living part.) Xylem "wood" from the Greek xylon. The actual transport of the water and minerals from the roots (sap) is carried out by the outer portion of the sapwood (nearest the bark).The largest percentage of the sap is transported in the first few growth rings.
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What are xylem and phloem?

Xylem and phloem are the two types of vascular tissues found in plants. Xylem tissues transport water from the roots throughout the plant, while phloem transports food (suga

What does phloem and xylem do?

Xylem transports water and dissolved minerals up the plant and  phloem transports carbohydrates up and down the plant

Could you tell the difference between a xylem and a phloem in a plant just by looking at the direction in which substances move in these tissues?

No; they're both hidden in the vein, plus, the substances in each the xylem and phloem travel upward. The xylem carries water absorbed by the plant's roots up into the leaf, a

What are some similarities between xylem and phloem?

I will tell you both the similarity and difference between them. Both xylem and phloem are vascular tissues found in a plant. Xylem is a tubular structure which is responsible

What are the differences between a xylem and phloem?

They are both types of vascular tissue in plants, but phloem moves food down the plant from the leaves to the roots, whereas xylem moves water from the roots up to the rest o

Difference between xylem and phloem tissue?

xylem have hard wall cell. it is a dead complex permanent tissue. it is a water conducting tissue. PHLOEM; Phloem have relatively soft wall cell. it is a live complex permanen

How does the arrangement of xylem and phloem in stems differ from that in roots?

Dicot Plants: Root - adradial arrangement = Xylem makes a cross in the centre, phloem is in the corners of the cross. No pith. Stem - Perradial arrangement = Xylem and phl
In Biology

How does phloem differ from xylem?

Xylem is deeper inside the plant (near the trunk) and transports  water up to the leaves. Phloem is near the outside and transports  sugar and other materials all throughout
In Biology

How do xylem and phloem tissues differ?

Xylem is deeper inside the plant (near the trunk) and transports  water up to the leaves. Phloem is near the outside and transports  sugar and other materials all throughout