What is the different forms of autism?
there is mild, moderate and severe.
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ADHD is a disorder where the individual is hyper-active and cannot focus his/her attenion on a perticular objject for the normal length of time. Autism is a disorder where the individual have poor Social Skills, don't know how to read body language and lack the ability of empathizing with others…. This may be as a result of lack of mirror neurons in the brain. Try to read about mirror neurons in order to know what exactly they are. (MORE)
There are not different kinds of autism, but there is a spectrum of conditions with traits similar to autism, also known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It includes autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), Asperger's syndrome, Rett syndrome, and Childhood Disin…tegrative Disorder (CDD). Some people use the term "autism" to encompass these conditions, rather than the correct label of "autism spectrum disorders" or "pervasive developmental disorders". . Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (SPD), also known as pragmatic language impairment (PLI), is a developmental disorder that might be closely related to autism spectrum disorders. Nonverbal learning disability (NLD or NVLD) is very similar to Asperger's Syndrome, but it is not typically recognized as a medical diagnosis. Savant syndrome, also not typically recognized as a medical diagnosis, tends to occur only in people with a developmental disorder or brain damage, so some people associate it with autism, but most people with an autism spectrum disorder do not have savant syndrome. Although there are not different medically recognized categories of autism, some people use terms that seem to distinguish between types of autism. Some people differentiate between infantile autism and late-onset autism, where late-onset autism means it was not diagnosed until after age 2 or 3 (although there were often symptoms that went unrecognized prior to that time). PDD-NOS is sometimes referred to as atypical autism. Asperger's Syndrome is sometimes viewed as high-functioning autism. (MORE)
Autism and Asperger's syndrome are both autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and pervasive development disorders (PDD). People diagnosed with any type of autism spectrum disorder are either social avoident or socially inappropriate. Asperger's Syndrome is considered to be "high-functioning." It i…s identified in people who have average or above average intelligence. They may have sensory integration disorder(s), which means any of their senses might be overloaded and overwhelming to them. People with Asperger's Syndrome also have self-stimulation (or "stimming"); in other words, obsessive and narrow interests (e.g., trains; video games; cars; astronomy). Most people diagnosed with Asperger's Syndrome don't have problems in language, although it has been noted that speech can be unusually fast, jerky, loud or quiet. Some researchers speculate that there is a difference between high-functioning autism and Asperger's Syndrome. So, it is possible that the people with high-functioning autism have problems with language while those with Asperger's Syndrome do not. Most notabily, individuals with Asperger's (like with autism) have social skill impairments including problems with the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction. Also, like with autism they may have trouble developing peer relationships appropriate to developmental level. Autism and PDD-NOS (a moderate form of Autism that can't specified by any other spectrum disorder) is considered to be "low-functioning." People with Autism or PDD-NOS have "stimming" that are considered to be "unusual" behavior (e.g. flapping their hands; rocking back and fourth; spinning things; rolling around in blankets). They may have sensory integration disorder(s), which means any of their senses might be overloaded and overwhelming to them, which they can't make sense of. Many people with Autism and/or PDD-NOS are non-verbal. (MORE)
Hyperlexia can be a symptom or a "splinter skill" occurring in individuals on the autism spectrum, or it can be a condition on its own. I found a great article on this (http://www.wisconsinmedicalsociety.org/savant_syndrome/savant_articles/hyperlexia) that basically states there are three different …types of hyperlexia: hyperlexia in neurotypical children, hyperlexia in autistic children, and hyperlexia in neurotypical children with autistic-like symptoms. In the first type, Type 1, hyperlexia occurs without any related social or behavioral symptoms. These are children who read and comprehend at an unnaturally early age, but grow up to follow the typical patterns of development. The skill tends to level off as the child ages, meaning that while the child starts off well beyond his or her age group when the hyperlexia first presents, the gap typically lessens as the child gets older. Children in this age group tend to be intelligent and gifted students, but are otherwise indistinguishable from their peers. Type 2 is hyperlexia occurring as an aspect of an autism spectrum disorder. While not a reliable symptom for diagnosing autism or a related condition, hyperlexia can occur in autistic children. Here, the hyperlexia is just a part of the greater condition. Type 3 occurs in children who are not autistic, but still present with "autistic-like" symptoms. These children have the precocious reading ability, but unlike the Type 1 children they have specific deficits alongside this skill. They may have delayed language. Acquisition of speech doesn't occur at the same rapid pace the child is acquiring reading skills; early speech is often repetitive and limited to scripted responses. While the child's language may be superficially perfect, the situation in which it was used may not be. The understanding of language may also be affected. These children may not understand as much as they can read or may have trouble with abstract concepts. Beyond language skills, other autistic-like symptoms may be present. They may show an intense need for routine or sameness, have sensory issues, or stim. They may often be socially active and affectionate among family members, but be extremely reserved outside the home. According to some experts, the Type 3 children grow out of these issues, typically within the first years of school, and go on to meet the expected developmental milestones. According to others, hyperlexia is a life-long condition in which individuals have a continued fascination with language, social problems, and figurative language problems. Some say that if hyperlexia is present it is unconditionally indicative of autism, while others say that it is a similar but wholly unrelated condition. There is no clear consensus on the matter because hyperlexia is such a new and relatively unstudied condition. (MORE)
No. If you're asking whether people with autism have higher intelligence than people without, it depends on what autism spectrum disorder they have. A person with aspergers or high-functioning autism will probably have higher intelligence than those without, and a person with low-functioning (severe…) autism will have mental handicaps.. If your question is whether people with autism have a special form of intelligence that other people don't have, then here is how I would put it. The vast majority of the information that a non-autistic person absorbs and remembers is social ("I think he was angry with me," or "Jill's birthday is April 28") or relevant to everyday life, (Which maybe why the adaptable, insightful social butterfly's brain completely shuts down in math and chem class. They aren't unintelligent. They have a great amount of social intelligence.), whereas the vast majority of the information that an autistic person absorbs and remembers is factual or sensory (the appearance of the bricks of a building, the equations taught in class, minute details relating to their "fixation" topics.). If your question is whether the experience of an autistic person is superior to that of a non-autistic person is somehow divine, the answer is no. The experience of an autistic person allows them a very unique perspective on the world, and may even lead them to make great contributions in an area of their fixation or interest, but it is the abilities of a non-autistic person that allow you to make friends or go grocery-shopping. Both types of people and experiences are needed in the world, and no type is superior. As to whether the experience of an autistic person is divine, probably not. It is hard enough to find a convincing argument for God's existence, and it's assuming a lot to say that autism is a divine experience or "God's will." (MORE)
Yes. May studies link towards psychedelics, which are present in the urine of these subjects. Psychedelics are known by many drug takers to expand the mind. Hence, autism is a result of greater intelligence.
Yes i do have autism I'm on the spectrum I have very mild Asperger's syndrome. Why are you asking a general "you" this question? mys sister has autism and dispratsia and attachment and sensory issues and aspergers and i have trates every1 here autistic dont understand how much people try to ma…ke your lives happy and then the slightest thing wrong you think that they dont love you because they do and even if the dont show it Y WOULD THEY HATE YOU people hate people the same every single one of you atre unique in your own ways (MORE)
Mental Retardation is basically having an IQ below 70, Autism is a mental disorder that causes social difficulties etc, but many people with autism have an IQ well above 100. Mental retardation is a catch-all term that refers to people who fall outside the norm in skills that we all take for gra…nted, and who usually need some sort of supervision or assistance in coping with daily life. People with autism have a neurological disorder that is not yet completely understood. It affects the way they relate to the world, but not necessarily their ability to learn to function in it. In fact, the insights that come from their unique viewpoints have proven in some cases to be extremely valuable Mental Retardation is still a co-morbid of autism, so they often come together, but they're also many autistics are the oppesit of Mentally Retarded. (MORE)
Amanda Baggs, advocate of rights for autistic people . Marty Balin, singer and songwriter with Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship . Lucy Blackman, university educated author . Alonzo Clemons, American clay sculptor . Tony DeBlois, blind American musician . Jonathan Jayne, contestant on A…merican Idol . Christopher Knowles, American poet . Bhumi Jensen, grandson of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand . Leslie Lemke, blind American musician . Jonathan Lerman, American artist . Jason McElwain, high school basketball player . Thristan Mendoza, Filipino marimba prodigy . Tito Mukhopadhyay, author, poet, and philosopher . Derek Paravicini, blind British musician . James Henry Pullen, gifted British carpenter . Matt Savage, U.S. autistic jazz prodigy . Birger Sellin, German author . Henriett Seth-F., Hungarian autistic savant, poet, writer and artist . Daniel Tammet, British autistic savant . Richard Wawro, Scottish artist . Stephen Wiltshire, British architectural artist I do. Oh, and so does Dan Aykroyd. (MORE)
Children with Cerebral Palsy have muscle control problems which may affect their speech and movement. Children with Autism have trouble with being able to look someone in the eyes and otherwise relate to the world outside themselves. Autism has nothing to do with muscle control problems. They are to…tally different conditions. Of course a child can have both conditions, but they are not the same thing. (MORE)
There are a lot of different speculations about why people get autism. Some researchers have theorized that autism is caused by heavy metal buildup in the body, but other evidence has shown that theory to be somewhat shaky and possibly untrue. Other evidence suggests that autism is primarily a genet…ic disorder. This theory seems to be gaining popularity, and so far no studies have been able to disprove this theory. In fact, there have been several reported cases of parents being diagnosed with asperger's syndrome (a more mild form of autism) after their children have received the same diagnoses. Well said above and additionally, there is an environmental factor that triggers the genetic predisposition that basically kicks the autism into gear. What the trigger is remains unknown and has been speculated it varies from individual to individual. (MORE)
The diagnostic criteria change periodically. It must be remembered that autism falls on a spectrum, ranging from very serious cases to very mild. Everyone is different. The three most commonly discussed types of autism are classic autism, Asperger's disorder and PDD-NOS, which stands for pervasive d…evelopmental disorder-not otherwhise specified. (MORE)
There is one type of autism. However, there are multiple types of pervasive developmental disorders, of which autism is one. . The pervasive developmental disorders, also known as autism spectrum disorders, include five disorders that affect social and communication skills as well as motor and lan…guage skills. The five disorders are: Classic Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, Persuasive Developmental Disorder (PDD-NOS), Rett's Syndrome and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. (MORE)
Autism is what is known as a "spectrum disorder," ranging from the low end (low-functioning autism) to the high end (high-functioning autism). Asperger's is a sub-type of autism that falls on the mid-to-high end of the autistic spectrum. Other disorders such as Pervasive Developmental Disorder are …also on the spectrum. The spectrum can be demonstrated like this, layed out on a line (spectrum): low functioning autism ------- PDD ------ PDD-NOS -----Asperger's ------high functioning autism That is only a representation and is not perfect in that some kids with Asperger's may fall "below" kids with PDD, and vice versa. Knowing the functioning level of someone with a spectrum disorder helps us understand more about their potential, etc. And, the level can change throughout the lifetime of the person so that they become higher functioning over time, or, conversely, they regress and become lower functioning (less likely). (MORE)
A child with autism will not be able to communicate the same way, he may also 'stim' which can be vocal *just noise* to movement stims *arm flapping is a pretty common one, as well as walking around in circles.. A child with autism also may not play with toys, but like play with the door handle ins…tead, or may just hold something and roll the wheels of a car. I hope this helps a little bit (MORE)
I usually argue that autism is a higher category (like a higher taxon, to borrow from taxonomy) than Asperger Syndrome and thus Asperger Syndrome is a subset of autistic conditions. Autism exists as a spectrum, with Asperger Syndrome at the 'high functioning' end of it. Truly autistic people grow up… with delayed language, not speaking until two or older. The isolation is probably thus more severe for true autistics. Also, it is often said that true autistics are delayed in learning or cognitively impaired with lower Intelligence Quotients compared to those with Aspergers. Autistics also have the tendency to line up objects and follow strict routine behaviour. Asperger-conditioned people share the lining up of objects attribute with strict routines perhaps. But very often, Aspergers are not delayed in language, have average to high Intelligence Quotients. I am not sure whether the restricted interest attribute is restricted to Aspergers. Aspergers tend to become hooked on restricted interests. Cars, dinosaurs, plants, astronomy, chemistry, trains are all interest areas possible for Aspergers. I presume that the more difficult the subject matter the more superficial the study in the case of any autists (true autist or Asperger) who are of lower IQ or of lower cognitive ability. In relation to language, true autists are portrayed as really struggling, whereas Aspergers are inclined to develop complex vocabularies, often more pedantic and proper than those of their peers. (MORE)
Autistic children do not interact well with others, and often the primary caregiver can tell by the first year that something is different about them. It's really how the child interacts with others and with the world around them, where you can tell the difference. They have difficulty empathi…ze with others--they don't seem to "get" humor, or understand someone's emotional state from their expression. Or smile when others smile, that kind of thing. Basically they don't understand emotional contexts without being explicitly told. They don't seem to be interested in others, don't make appropriate eye contact, often speech/language is delayed or not there. They don't respond appropriately to what other people do, such as respond to a question, or play and share with others. They sometimes have mannerisms like rocking back and forth, hand fluttering. Often they may repeat a word or phrase inappropriately ("echolalia") rather than use language to interact appropriately (such as respond to a question, or to say they're hungry, etc. They like their environments to be the same and predictable (routines, etc). Often they are fussy because their threshold for becoming agitated is much lower, such as minor environmental changes, sounds, changes in schedule, etc. (MORE)
Yes. Autistic brains generally have more connections on the small scale; those of people without autism will have more large-scale connections. That makes sense--autistic people are often very detail-oriented.
Autism is caused by certain genes and by damage to those genes by environmental factors e.g. exposure to chemicals, allergies, immunizations, and drugs in utero. Just as each child is impacted differently by autism, the causes are just as unique from child to child. One example of a known and sc…ientifically recognised cause of autism is the anticonvulsant drug sodium valproate (epilim / depakote) which, when taken by pregnant women, causes a 10% risk of autism in unborn babies. This drug is still marketed to women of childbearing age, most of whom are not warned of the risk to their unborn child. You can't "catch" autism, any more than you can catch blue eyes or brown hair. There is no known cure for autism, although various therapies (e.g. gluten-free, dairy-free diet, although it is a very small percentage that benefits from this diet) do make a difference to outcomes for people with autism. Most beneficial and scientifically proven treatment is Applied Behavioral Analysis utilizing the verbal behavior approach. Genetic therapy is looking promising for the future of people with autism. Usually when you're conceived in your mother's womb The autism spectrum often involves genetics. There is no one cause for autism, and the reason for most cases remains a mystery beyond genes. (MORE)
Some would claim that 'Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified' (PDD-NOS) or 'Atypical Autism' is the least severe (note: I did not use the term 'mildest' as Autism is never mild) form of Autism, but it has become widely acknowledged of recent that these separate categories are be…st included under the heading of 'Asperger's Syndrome' as there are no real valid reasons left existing for them to have separate labels.. More and more, professionals are realising that the differences between people with Asperger's syndrome, and their developmental differences especially, are the result of the myriad of strategies such people employ to cope in an often hostile or aversive world, a result of the unlikeliness of any given person with AS being influenced much by those around them, a result of the wide range of impacts their environments and upbringing have on them. E.g. it is possible for a person to be mute at one end of the Asperger's spectrum and yet another to be prosaically articulate and exceedingly verbose at the other end. With every permutation imaginable between. (MORE)
Autism - A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by severe deficits in social interaction and communication, by an extremely limited range of activities and interests, and often by the presence of repetitive, stereotyped behaviors. Down Syndrome - A congenital disorder, caused by the prese…nce of an extra 21st chromosome, in which the affected person has mild to moderate mental retardation, short stature, and a flattened facial profile. . There is a physical difference between Autism and Down Syndrome as well. (MORE)
The forms of autism are Perfond autism, Classical auism, Pervasive Development Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, High Functioning Autism, Ragressive Autism, Rett Syndrome and many more.
Autism is a brain abnormality. Its primary symptoms are communication problems, difficulty with social interactions, and extreme sensitivity to physical contact. Some autistic persons are gifted in some way- they have the ability to perform something extraordinarily well. Not all autistic persons ar…e gifted, and only a small percentage of gifted persons are autistic. (MORE)
According to the DSM criteria one is diagnosed with autism when the have deficits in language and social skills and a presence of repetitive or ritualistic behaviors. These deficits and excesses are apparent before the age of three and usually include delays in appropriate play behavior such as symb…olic and imaginative play. Currently in the research the earliest signs of autism are seen with deficits in Joint Attention. (MORE)
ADD is when someone can't focus on something for a long period of time. Autism comes in many forms but mostly means someone has troubles connecting emotionally and socially with others. There are many more qualifications for Autism, though--not just trouble connecting.
no not really , but that depends on the individual , my son cant have food that touches each other on the plate , some children have to have certain foods on a certain day , but everyone is different
Autistic spectrum disorder , it ranges from very mild to serious , mild autism is called aspergers syndrome , people can live very independently just like you or i , but on the other scale of the spectrum they will need 24 hour care
Asperger's syndrome is a form of autism where the person is more highly functioning. People with Asperger's are often very talented in some areas.
Pervasive developmental disorders, often known as autism spectrum disorders, include the following conditions. . autism . Asperger's Syndrome (AS) . pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) . Rett Syndrome . childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) Sometimes, the… term autism spectrum disorder refers only to autism, Asperger's Syndrome, and PDD-NOS. It has been mentioned that in future editions, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) will remove Asperger's Syndrome as a separate condition, including it under autism. Some of these conditions can be known by alternate terms: . Autism can also be referred to as Kanner syndrome, early infantile autism, or childhood autism. . Asperger's Syndrome might be the same as high-functioning autism. . Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified can also be called atypical autism. (MORE)
Asbergers is actually a kind of autism. Asbergers is better than most autism. They have bigger brains and can do many things that other children can't. Also,They are obsessed with their hobbies. To learn more, e-mail me, email@example.com .
kanners autism, or more commonly known as classic autism. It is low functioning and sufferers usually have below average IQ. There are other types of autism like savants (rain man) which is extremely rare. Also Aspergers syndrome is under the autistic spectrum although there is speculation whether i…ts a condition of its own, sufferers usually have average or above average IQ and can often be classified as high functioning autism. I have Aspergers syndrome. (MORE)
No, rocking back and forth isn't a form of Autism - Autism is aneurological difference, it comes with many characteristics, notjust rocking back and forth. The rocking can be a characteristic ofAutism, it's a form of stimming which is self-stimulation Autisticpeople use to calm themselves.
This can be true. AS is considered a high functioning autism however it is within its own case. AS brains are noted for having significantly different developement of the white matter in comparison to others so it isn't a milder form of a different autism.
No, of course colour blindness is not a form of autism. Autism is aneurological difference that results in social and communicationproblems, along with other issues like sensory problems andexecutive functioning problems. Autism isn't even comparable tocolour blindness.
Asperger's Syndrome is a form of autism which excludes clinicallysignificant intellectual disability and delayed speech. Some alsoinclude clumsiness in the description, but there was neveragreement on that. The ICD-10 calls it "A disorder of uncertain nosological validity",and it has been removed co…mpletely from the DSM 5. A new patientmight be told they have an "autism spectrum condition" in the U.K,or an "autism spectrum disorder" in the U.S. (MORE)
Asperger's syndrome is less severe than autism. There is an autism spectrum. Some people argue that Asperger's does not lie on it, others do. There is still so much that can be found out about Autism and Asperger's that it is hard to tell.
There's not a reason. This is not a question, but a typical case of 'Humans shape the world around them' = We define what is the same, or what differs. For example; a bee with a slightly lighter colour could be called a freak, but also an entirely new species. We define what it is.
When you have Aspergers you are not stupid! People with autism have certain specific interests like art, history, or maths. When you're Autistic you are unaware of people laughing at you. Austistics wear things only for comfort, even if it doesn't match. A person might not wear contrasting patterns,… but if they have autism they wouldn't care as long as it's comfy. They don't care how they look. This doesn't make them thick headed because even though their emotional age might be 5, their intellectual age may well be higher. Another type of Autism found in the Autism spectrum is Rett Syndrome. This has been found mostly in the females, however some males have it. You can tell you have this if you have small hands or feet, or if your head is small for your age (the rate it grows slows down). It may also look like anxiety with the way they move their hands. There is no cure for this, however there are treatments. Treatments involve anti-psychotics (to contain any self-harm), therapy, changing up your social medication, and increase your communication skills. (MORE)
I think autism only ranges between mild to severe. it doesn't have a profound form.im not suree abt it..coz i came here searching for the same question myself.
Autism Spectrum Disorders are a range of neurological disorders that most markedly involve some degree of difficulty with communication and interpersonal relationships, as well as obsessions and repetitive behaviours while dyslexia is a neurological disorder that interferes with the acquisition of p…rocessing language, specifically in reading, writing, spelling, and handwriting. (MORE)
Autism is a class of brain disorders involving the processing of information, especially social cues. The degree of impairment differs based on the type of autism, which is why autism is often called a spectrum disorder. Idiot savant is the pejorative and now-defunct term used for a person with… savant syndrome, defined as having an extreme or excessive talent focused in one well-defined area, such as: photographic memory, large-number calculation skill, calendar calculation ability, or a near-intuitive talent or drawing or sculpting. While being autistic or mentally impaired certainly isn't a requirement for savant syndrome, they make up the majority of those who do have it; which is how the original term came about in the first place. (MORE)
There really is no difference between Autism and Asperger Syndrome,thus why the two diagnosis have now been merged - many doctorssimply diagnosed Asperger Syndrome to avoid stigma of Autism. Theonly real difference was that Autistic children showeddevelopmental delays, however that in itself does no…t mean thatAsperger Syndrome was a seperate disorder just that differentchildren develop at different rates. (MORE)
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder ( CDD) has several characteristics of autism involving developmental regression in communication and motor skills, but doesn't share the exact same framework of autism. CDD represents a much more drastic loss of skills, and occurs at an older age than autism. Class…ic autism typically occurs between 15-30 months of age, when kids learn to speak, walk, and eat with utensils. CDD typically doesn't occur until 3-4 years of age, thus affected kids may have been toilet trained, and learned everything they should up to that age, and then their developmental trajectories suddenly stop and reverse cycle, going all the way back to infantilism; diapers, nonveral, etc. CDD is much more related to profound mental retardation than typical autism. It's also much less common than autism. Autism affects about 1 in 150 children, and CDD affects about 1 in 100,000 children. (MORE)
One of the biggest differences when dating an autistic person isthat there is no game playing or expecting that partner to justmagically know what it is you expect them to do - you have to bevery upfront and clear about what you want. A big positive todating autistic people is that autistic people t…end to be verytrustworthy and loyal so a lot less likely to cheat thanneurotypical people. (MORE)
Asperger is different from autism because people with Aspergers are less restricted with behavioral interactions than those with autism. Asperger's is a form of autism, but it is high-functioning and Aspergers is not as severe as actual autism is (Take it from me: I have aspergers and my younger bro…ther has autism) (MORE)
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that involves problems with perception of reality. Autism is a developmental disorder that involves problems with theory of mind and sensory difficulties. While both disorders involve inappropriate affect (expression of emotion) and problems integrating sensor…y input, the disorders are completely different. (MORE)
Hi! My name is Kate and I have Autism. Approximately 1 in 68 children have autism (1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls). Autism can be caused by a number of factors (no vaccines DO NOT cause Autism), including genetic factors and mutations which are the two main causes. No one gene causes Autism, but ra…ther it is caused by a number of genes. Anyone of any gender, race, nationality, socio-economic level, etc. can have Autism, and it appears between 1-3 years of age in most cases. (MORE)
The different types of treatment include Behavioral training and management which uses self-help, positive reinforcement and social skills training to help improve behavior and communication. Another treatment is the use of medicine which is used mainly to treat only related conditions such as anxie…ty, hyperactivity and OCBs. (MORE)
No, autistic children look no different to neurotypical children. Autism is a neurological difference, so it is about how our brain functions and how our mind works. As autism is neurological there are no physical signs of autism outside of our behavior, appearance alone we look like anyone else.
Autism is a disorder in which there are a number of impairments,social skills being one of the most obvious.